Abbildungen der Seite

The Emperor NAPOLEON AND HIS ARMY. " Our armies are at present more numerous

- It is now to be hoped that those who and finer than ever," and told them, “ in so very lately believed in the total annihi- order to judge of the events of the war, lation, the complete defeat of Bonaparte's you have only to enquire of the inhabitants army by Blucher, will, at least, acknow of Laon, concerning what happened on the ledge that they were somewhat mistaken ; 9th and 10th of this month, on which days that, instead of the French Emperor having the French army, commanded by the Endisgracefully fled, first to Paris, and after peror Napoleon in person, was totally dewards to Normandy with only 15,000 feated under the walls of that town: ask of troops, and without any chance of ever them if they did not see the army Ay before again recovering himself, he neither re our victorious troops, if they have not seen treated from the scene of action, nor was the trophies of our victory, consisting of 50 worsted in the field of battle ; but, on the pieces of cannon, of numerous caissons, and contrary, kept possession of the ground, in some thousand prisoners? And it was, spite of the superior army which was op- besides, only a part of the army entrusted posed to him, and was only induced to sus to my command which gained this decisive pend his operations in the North, that he victory, while another part made themselves might drive back the Austrian army which masters of St. Quentin, where they took 45 had again advanced in the South. The pieces of brass cannon, and while the grand reader will recollect, when the subject of army, after having on the 3d and 4th deNapoleon's military exploits was last under feated near Troyes, the corps opposed to consideration, in the Register of the 19th, it, is advancing on the other side towards ult., at which period the people of Eng- your capital." Without stopping to enland were rejoicing over his fall, and cele- quire whether this proclamation is genuine brating the event by discharges of cannon, or not, I shall subjoin the French official that I did not hesitate in advancing an'opi- account of what happened on the 9th and nion directly opposed to that which was 10th, which, perhaps, will enable us to then almost universally received ; that I form a more correct opinion on the subject : frankly avowed my disbelief of the intelli “ On the 9th, at day break (says the gence which had been promulgated ; that I French bulletin), we reconnoitred the eneregarded the battle of the 9th, if any was my, who had joined the Prussian corps. fought on that day, as a mere partial affair; The position was such as to be deemed unand concluded my observations with this attackable. We took a position. The remark, that whether “Blucher engaged Duke of Ragusa, who had slept on the 8th the French on the 9th or not, I have no he at Corbone, appeared at two in the aftersitation in saying, that the result of this noon at Veslud, overthrew the enemy's adbattle, even admitting the loss to be as vanced guard, attacked the village of Al. great as stated, will, in my opinion, have thies, which was carried, and was successlittle or no effect on the grand scale of ope- ful during the whole day. At half-past rations upon which Napoleon now appears six he took up a position. At seven the to be acting.” The result, at least as enemy made a dash of cavalry, one league far as things have yet gone, has shown that in the rear, where the Duke of Reggio had I was not altogether mistaken in my opi- a park of reserve. The Duke of Ragusa nion. Dispatches having been received proceeded thither quickly, but the enemy from Colonel Lowe, containing details of had time to carry off 15 pieces of cannon. the affairs before Laon, to the 12th ult., it A great part of the personnel was saved. appears from these that, though there had -On the same day General Charpentier, been a good deal of hard fighting, during with his division of the young guard, carwhich, he says, the Allies were in part ried the village of Clacy. On the next successful; yet that, at the close of the day the enemy attacked the village seven contest, Blucher remained on the heights times, and were seven times repulsed. of Laon, while the French army occupied Gen. Charpentier lost 400 prisoners. The the plains below, almost close to the walls enemy left the avenues covered with his of that place. " The fires of his bivouack dead. The Emperor's head-quarters were (says Colonel Lowe) were apparent along on the 9th and 10th at Chavignon.-His á very extended line at the beginning of the Majesty, judging that it was impossible to night; but in the morning it was discover- attack the heights of Laon, fixed his headed he had retired."--Marshal Blucher quarters on the 11th at Soissons. The Duke addressed a proclamation to the French of Ragusa occupied on the same day Bery from Laon on the 13th, in which he said, au Bac.". -I shall say nothing here of the

vast difference in the above two accounts as reasons, you considered it the best policy to the number of cannon lost by the French; not to risk a general engagement at Laon,' nor shall I make any remarks upon the the moment may again arrive when you statement of Blucher, who asserts, that the shall have an opportunity of humbling your French army was commanded by Bona- haughty opponent, as effectually as you parte in person, though Napoleon express- humbled him at Leipsic.--But while the ly says, that his “ head-quarters were on gallant Marshal was thus endeavouring to the 9th and 10th at Charignon.” But if, intimidate the people of France, Bonaparte as Marshal Blucher says, his army was was employed in following up his successes. more numerous and finer than ever, how Learning that a division of Blucher's army came he to shut himself closely up in Laon, had surprised and taken possession of and to decline marching this firie and nu-Rheims on the 12th, the French Emperor merous army against the French, who proceeded next day in person to that city, were confessedly inferior in every respect ? from which he drove the Prussians, who According to our accounts, Blucher's force lost“ 22 pieces of cannon, 5,000 prisoners, amounted to 90,000 veteran troops, while and 100 artillery and baggage waggons. the French had only 60,000 raw undisci. Meanwhile, the grand army, as it is called, plined conscripts. With such a superiority under Schwartzenberg, taking advantage of of force, one would have expected that the the absence of Bonaparte, made a moveredoubted, the valiant, and the enterprising ment, in advance, towards Provins and Blucher, would have carried every thing Nangis. Immediately on receiving intellibefore him ; would, in reality, have anni- gence of these operations, Napoleon set out hilated the unskilful, the cowardly Bona- for the South ; passed the Aube and the parte, and made good his march to Paris. Seine on the 19th; and reached Arcis-surBut no ; instead of descending to the plain, Aube on the morning of the 20th, the and punishing the audacity of his insignifi- Russians and Austrians flying in all direccant rival, he considered it more advisable tions on hearing of his approach. The to remain snug within the walls of an im- head quarters of the Allied sovereigns, pregnable fortress, and wisely preferred which were at Arcis-sur-Aube on the 18th, security and safety, in the protection afford- were transferred, in all haste to Troyes, ed by the cannon which bristled on the ram- and thence to Bar-sur-Aube, where by the parts with which he was surrounded, to last official accounts, they took up a posivain-glory in the field of battle, of which tion on the 18th. Thus we find that Nahe did not stand in need : instead of wield-poleon has driven the Allied armies much ing the sword to destroy “ the enemy of farther from Paris than he had done at any the human race," and restore enslaved Eu- period since he set out to command his rope to its former happy condition; instead army. Blucher was 80 miles north, and of wasting his time on the “ vile caitiff,” Schwartzenberg was fully 120 miles south the “ bastard Corsican," he manfully seiz- of the French capital. The Courier, with ed the pen, and sent forth an address to the its usual confidence, tells us that " another people of France, to make it known, " that blow has been dealt by the hand of the The towns and villages whose inhabitants venerable and heroic Blucher, and it should shall dare to take up arms against our seem as if it were ordained that the humtroops, or oppose our military operations, bling of the coarse oppressor of Prussia, SHALL BE BURNT, painful as it will be to was especially reserved for that high spirit me, to be compelled in this manner to pu- which could never brook that oppression, nish the innocent wilh the guilty.Humane and which remained erect amidst the prosand feeling old man! No one can doubt that tration of his country.” --" This intellia vengeance so exemplary, was painful gence (continues the same writer) has been to you: No one will suppose, that you confirmed by accounts received by governcould be driven to the dire necessity of thus ment." But if government had received outraging you tender feelings ; of lacerat accounts of this as other blow," is it to be ing your kind and benevolent heart, but by believed that they would not have given circumstances which you could neither for them to the public in one form or another? see nor controul your case is indeed a hard -The fact is, this is the era of hoaring, one ; but there is one source remaining, to and those connected with the Courier, who which you can still apply for consolation, perhaps know more of the late Exchange and it is this,--that “ the race is not al-affair, than is generally believed, wished ways to the swift nor the battle to the very probably to have another slice of the strong.” Though, from the most profound | Omnium before it fell below their notice.

This sort of stock which was lately so - Mr. Vansiltart replied, that with re. high as 334 was on Wednesday down as gard to the second question, he shoul: have low as 12 per cent. In the morning it had thought that the Honourable Member would opened at 16; but its rapid decline having have been aware, that in the present situabeen perceived, an attempt was immedi- tion of affairs it would not be fit to give any ately made to counteraet this.A report answer upou the subject. On the first inwas industriously circulated, that the Allies quiry we understood the Right Honourable had defeated Bonaparte in general en Gentleman to put a negative; but the low gagement, and the Courier stopped the tone of voice in which he spoke would not press at an early hour, to announce the in- permit what he said to be distincuy heard telligence in the following paragraph: in the gallery." -The Times of the same Courier Office, Two o'clock. ---It is day, reported the conversation as follows : reported in the City, but we have not been 266 Mr. Brand wished to ask the Right able to trace upon what authority, that Honourable Gentleman opposite, if any neBlucher gained a great victory over Bona- gociation were now carrying on with the parte, in which the latter lost 25,000 men, ruler of France.---The Chancellor of the in killed, wounded, and prisoners." This Exchequer (as far as we could collect) denew attempt to impose upon the credulity clined to answer the question, upon prinof the public, was, however, soon detected, ciples of public duty." It is clear, from and the Omnium market closed at a pre- bath these statements, that the negociations inium of 1.24 per cent. Considering that have not made that progress which the the head quarters of Bonaparte and of the country were long ago led to expect, partly Allies were little more than thirty-five in consequence of the frequent prorogations miles from each other when the last ac of Parliament, and partly from the statecounts came away, it is very probable we ments of the Courier, which has asserted, may soon hear of some iraportant results more than once, that the preliminaries were from that quarter, providing the Allies do actually signed, and on their way to this not, as they have hitherto frequently done, country to be ratified. It is some time since decline the battle offered them by Napoleon, it was known, that the conferences for an and seek for safety in a precipitate retreat. armistice had failed, in consequence of the If a general engagement takes place, it is terms proposed by the Allies having been my opinion that it will have a very differ considered by Bonaparte as unjust. “We ent termination from that reported by the were agreed (said the French Emperor) Courier. But if there has been no battle, upon the points of occupation in the North no general affair, it is difficult to say, ac- and East, but the enemy wished not only cording to the present mode of conducting to extend his lme upon the Soane and the the war, when it may be brought to a con- Rhone, but to inclose Savoy in it. We clusion.

replied to this unjust pretension, by pro

posing to adopt the status quo, and to leave PEACE OR WAR?—The prospect of the Duke of Castiglione and Court Bubna peace seeins to become the more distant as to settle it upon the line of their advanced the parties advance in the negociation. 1 posts. This was rejected.” I have no have uniformly stated, that this was not a doubt that the line of demarkation agreed matter which could be so soon or so easily upon in the North and East, was on the seliled as most people imagined. In the German side of the Rhine. But be this as House of Commans, on Wednesday event- it may, I cannot help thinking, that it was ing, the following conversation, as it ap- rather asking too much, for the Allies to de peared in the Morning Chronicle of Thurs-mand, that their troops should be allowed day, took place on this interesting subject to extend their line on the South ; that they

-- Mr. Brand rose for the purpose of should be permitted to enter territories puuing twa questions to the Right Honoar which they had not been able to overrun ; able Gentleman fthe Chancellor of the Ix and which, it is more than probable, if the chequer), ta answer which he hoped there war continues, that they never wilt. Nowould be no objection. First, whether thing could be fairer, in my opinion, than to Government had sent out, or was about to leave the generals opposed to each other in send out, a ship to convey the Duke of that quarter, to settle the boundary " upon Berri 10 Bourdeaux ? — and, Secondly, the line of their advanced posts. This whether Negociations were still carried on was the proposal of Napoleon ; but it was at Chatillon between the Ambassadors of rejected, and with this rejection terminated the Allies and of the Emperor of France ? all conferences for a armistice. The Gou

rier has since published the following bul-layed. That we may control il, reinforceletin, respecting the negociations for peace : ments are arriving from all quarters.

" We understand the Preliminaries of Thousands have hocked to my standard Peace are in substance agreed upon. France from Bohemia and Hungary, and others are is to be reduced to her ancient boundaries hastening from Belgium and from Holland,

- those of 1789. But the Allies insist from Prussia, and from every district of upon certain fortresses in Old France being Germany. Entertain, then, no fears for given up to them as securities till a defui- | the result; that is obvious and certain; and tive treaty of peace.

- These are, Stras- in the painful interval be assured that no burgh, Metz, Valenciennes, Lisle, Bay. means shall be neglected for your consolaopne, and Perpignan.--Upon the question, while you remain in a state in which tion of the surrender of these fortresses you must necessarily be exposed to many of alone, if not entirely, we understand, the the miseries of war."--To this I shall signature of Preliminaries stands over. only add the following extracts from a proIt is said that Bonaparte is willing to sur. clamation of the Duke of Dalmatia (Scult), render some of them; the Allies, of course, which though dated the 10th of March, to retire to the frontiers of Old France. may be read as an answer to the above;

Now, upon this statement, I would and then leave the reader to form his own remark, that if the Allies have really gone opinion on the subject. -- "Soldiers, you so far as to demand of Bonaparte the pos- are called to new combats: there will be na session of any of the fortresses in Old France, repose for us, whether we be the assailants as securities till a definitive treaty, it is or the assailed, till this hostile army, forinimpossible they can be sincere in their pro- ed of such extraordinary elements, shall be fessions of peace; or that Napoleon will annihilated, or till it shall have evacualed ever listen to their terms. If he held it to the territory of the empire, whatever be its be an unjust pretension in the Allies to wish numerical superiority, and whatever proto extend their line upon the Soane and the gress it may make. It does not suspect the Rhone, which may be considered mere dangers which surround it, nor the perils frontier rivers, how much more unjust must which await it': but time will teach this he consider it in them to insist on the posses-army, a3 well as the General who comsion of severalstrong holds in the very heart of | mands it, that it is not with impunity that this kingdom?--The demand is, indeed, ofso parts of our territory are invaded; that it arrogant a nature, that one does not know is not with impunity that the French howhether to treat it with contempt or with nour is insulted."-"As for us, our duty ridicule. I cannot believe that the Allies, is marked out: honour and fidelity that after the declaration which they published is our motto. To combat to the last the at Frankfort, in which they sanctioned the enemies of our august Emperor, and of our claims of France to a greater extent of ter- dear France; to respect persons and proritory than she enjoyed under her ancient perty: to pity the misfortunes of those who kings, would, so soon after this, have pre- are for a moment subjected, and to hasten sumed to demand the possession of any part the instant of their deliverance; obedience of old France as the guarantee of a general and discipline, implacable hatred to traitors, peace. But though I do not subscribe to and to the enemies of the French name, iuthis absurdity, it appears to me that terms terminable war to those who should attempt have been proposed to Napoleon which, if to divide in order to destroy us, as well as not departed from, will create a rupture in to the wretches who would desert the Iin. the negociation. How and where the pro- perial eagles to range themselves under any posal has originated, it is not for me to say; other standard. Let us have always in our but when I consider the high and hostile tone minds filteen ages of glory, and the innuwhich has been assumed of late in the pro-merable triumphs which have rendered our clamations of the Generals

, commanding the country illustrious. Let us contemplate opposing armies, I have little doubt that it is the prodigious efforts of our great Emperor, only the sword which can put an end to the and his signal victories, which will etercontest, Let those who think otherwise nize the French name; let us be worthy of read the following extracts from a procla- him, and then we may bequeath to our mation addressed to the French, by Prince posterity, without a stain, the inheritance Schwartzenburgh, on the 15th ult. :-- which we have received from our fathers. “ We will secure your happiness at the Let us be Frenchmen, and let us die with hazard of our own lives, and peace shall not arms in our hands rather than survive our be denied to you, although it may be de- dishonour.”

OCCURRENCES OF THE WAR. The by the expectation of the immediate arrival great length to which the important case of of King Ferdinand, who, it is well known, Lord Cochrane and the Hon. Cochrane was lately advised to return to his kingdom Johnstone extended in the last Number of by Bonaparte. It is even said, that he reached the Register, having excluded the usual Madrid on the 17th ult. Whatever may be the notices under this head, it becomes neces. ulterior views of Napoleon in promoting sary that they should be here introduced. this measure, it is certain that a strong

- Marquis Wellington, before effecting persuasion exists, both in Spain and Porthe passage of the Adour, attacked the tugal, that he calculates upon effecting our French army under Marshal Soult near expulsion from these countries, by the reOrthes, and obtained over it a signal vic- storation of the former dynasty. The foltory: the battle was fought on the 27th of lowing extract of a letter from Lisbon, February, and was contested for sometime dated the 26th February, to a gentleman with great obstinacy. " The enemy (says in London, may give some idea of the feel. the official dispatch) retired at first in ading of the public mind upon this subject. mirable order, taking every advantage of I have seen the original, which never has the numerous good positions which the coun- been published :— The news from Spain try afforded. The losses, however, which is bad to-day, as the nobles and clergy they sustained in the continued attacks of want to ratify Ferdinand's treaty with Bony; : our troops, and the danger with which they and the Cories and people are against it. were threatened by Lieut.-Gen. Sir Row. There will be some trouble in that country. land Hill's movements, soon accelerated The Portuguese here are very jealous of the their movements, and the retreat at length English, in consequence of the loss of the became a flight, and their troops were in Brazil trade, which the English have althe utmost confusion.”——No account bas most monopolized, and from that trade (the been published of the extent of the enemy's Brazilian) the Portuguese principally deloss. Ours has been stated at 1,610 men rived their revenues. Lisbon has dwindled killed and wounded, among which there away very much in a commercial view; the were 14 officers killed and 104 wounded. The number of English merchants are diminishPortuguese lost 70 killed and 500 wounded one half." -To show that the writer ed. On the 1st of March, part of our of this letter cannot be charged with jacotroops passed the Adour, while Soult re- binism, I have subjoined the following extired, first towards Agen, and then to

.“ As I shall deviate one point Tarbis, leaving the road open to Bordeaux, from the line of conduct I have chalked which was alterwards occupied by a divi- out, I can only do it for your advantage, sion of our army under Marshal Beresford. being a palriot—that is, before you again Lord Wellington, however, did not cross censure what you consider a flaw in the the Adour, but remained at Aire; and, British administration, just take a voyage, from a dispatch of his Lordship's, dated at and see the conduct and management of that place on the 14th ult., it appears, that other countries, and, take my word, you Souli had effected a junction with the army will consider it your greatest pride to call of Catalonia, commanded by Suchet, and yourself an Englishman." was collecting “ a considerable force in the neighbdurhood of Couchez," a sinall town in the rear of Lord Wellington, and only a few miles from Aire. It is probable,

NOTICE. therefore, that we may soon hear of another The next Register will be published at engageinent having been fought in that di No. 91, Strand, where all communications rection.

Accounts from Spain mention, that a and orders (post paid) are requested to be very general interest has been excited there forwarded in future, addressed as usual.


Published by G. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden,

LONDON: Priated by J. M*Creery, Black-Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

« ZurückWeiter »