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white cockade; they called out for the Duke found it a very difficult task to distinguish of Angouleme." Then came an Extraor- what was false from what was genuine. dinary Gazelle, and the firing of the Park But, taking the whole of the above stateand Tower guns, to announce to the good ment to be true; admitting that the people people of London the happy intelligence. of Bordeaux really received the British Were I to say all that I think as to the troops, as friends; expressed a hope that no manner in which it was thought proper to peace would be made with Bonaparte; went frame this Exlraordinary Gazette, I know seven miles to welcome Marshal Beresford I would soon hear of this from a quarter, as their deliverer ; rent the air with their which would probably make ine repent of acclainations; hoisted the Bourbon colours; my temerity. “But though I am resirained and displayed the white cockade. Supin my remarks upon it, I am not prevented posing, I say, this to be no exaggeration of laying it before the reader, nor can he be the state of the public mind in Bordeaux, hindered forming his own opinion upon the what must be our opinion of a people who morceau that has been given to the public, could, with these sentiments in favour of instead of the entire letter which it is ad- the former dynasty, submit so long as they mitted was received from Marshal Beres have done to the tyranny and oppressions ford.
of Bonaparte ? nay, not only submit to his “ dire, March 14, 1814.-1 inclose exorbitant impositions, but actually furnish Marsbal Sir William Beresford's private him with the means of perpetuating their letter to me, written after his arrival at own slavery. We must either believe them Bordeaux, from which you will see that to be the most contemptible and servile the Mayor and people of the town have wretches on earth, or we must withhold adopted the white cockade, and declared our assent to the representations which have for the house of Bourbon."
been given of their warm attachment to the “ Marshal Sir W. Beresford's private Bourbons. We cannot safely question the letter, to which Lord Wellington's dispatch latter statement, because we have the resers, is dated Bordeaux, 12th Mareh, authority of Government for believing it. 1814.-It states, in substance, that he el. We must, therefore, adopt the former; we tered the city that day; that he was met must believe that the inhabitants of Bora short distance from the town, by the civil deaux, when they took the oath of allegiauthorities and population of the place, and ance to Bonaparte, swore against their own was received in the city with every demon-consciences, and that their whole conduct; stration of joy.-The magistrates and the all that they have said; all that they have city guards took off the eagles and other done in support of Napoleon's government, badges, and spontaneously substituted the for these ten years past, has been nothing white cockade, which had been adopted else but reiterated perjury and hypocritical universally by the people of Bordeaux. adulation. If this be the case, and who Eighty-four pieces of cannon were found in can doubt it after reading the Courier, what the city; and an hundred boxes of conceal-reliance are we to have upon the declaraed arms had been produced already." tions of such a people? Where is the
The Courier lately told us, that the dis- rule, where the criterion, by which we can patches received from our foreign agents determine that the whole inhabitants of a were uniformly laid before the public in the place, who have been uttering nothing but exact form and shape in which they are re lies for so long a period, are now telling us ceived. How comes it, then, that a letter the truth ? are now sincere in their profesof such magnitude as that which announced sions ?->Were it not that I might be the rising of the people of France against called to account for questioning the autho“the usurper," and their spontaneous de. rily of au official statement, I might be disclaration in favour of the Bourbons, should posed to think that some mistake had inad. not have been published at full length? vertently crept into our Gazette. I might, How is it that we have been deprived of perhaps, contend, that it was more consistthe felicity which the perusal of so precious, ent with human nature to suppose, that the 80 interesting, so valuable a document must people of Bordeaux were on this occasion have afforded to every friend of social order acting a part more consistent with their own and unlimited monarchy? I leave it to safety, and their own interest, than with others, more known than I am, to answer their loyalty to the house of Bourbon. these questions; for, in fact, the news-pa- They could not be ignorant, if an invading pers have dealt so much of late in garbled army entered their city as conquerors, that quotations and garbled extracts, that I have they would be subjected to severe imposi
tions; but if invited to come, that both their city in France, so very lately evinced their persons and property might be respected. devotion and attachment to Bonaparte by Accordingly, when it was first reported enabling him to recover his fallen fortunes, that a deputation had been sent from Bor- I am inclined to believe, that the
which deaux to welcome the approach of our has been raised about the hoisting of the army, it was distinctly stated, that this Bourbon standard in the South of France, was " under a stipulation that no injury will turn out like the clamour of Orange should be done to the inhabitants." By Boven, which, whether the Dutch have thus seeming to acquiesce in the occupation derived any benefit from it or not, has had of the place, they were actuated by a very no other effect here but to raise the price natural and judicious policy. Had they of many articles of the first necessity far done otherwise, and offered resistance, they above their real value. But it has been could not calculate on any thing but de- attempted by the conductors of the vile struction, as they had not troops sufficient press of this country, yot only to persuade to oppose the invaders. But there is an- the public, that the people of Bordeaux other view to be taken of the matter, which have proved themselves to be the infamous, appears to me of some importance. Are persons above described, but that " the we altogether certain that the invitation whole of the South of France is in a state given to Lord Wellington by the inhabit of insurrection against Bonaparte.” They ants of Bordeaux, was not the result of a have even gone so far as to assert, that the previous project of Marshal Soul to ensnare British government have given their aid, his Lordship; to place him in a situation their countenance, and their support, tó Where he could not defend himself, as at the royalists who are now in France, and in Torres Vedras, against a superior army; the train of the Bourbous. Had a stateand thus compel him to seek for safety in ment so unqualified as this appeared in any his shipping? This, at least, has the ap- other journal than the Courier, it would pearauce of probability; otherwise it is have merited silent contempt. But appeara, not easy to account for Sqult teaving the ing, as it has done, in a journal claimingroad entirely open for our troops, when he the character of being the organ of governs, must have known (if it be true) that the in- ment, and put forth with all the solemnity habitants of Bordeaux were unanimous in of an official statement, it ought not to be their hostility to his master, and decidedly allowed to pass unnoticed. A pretended attached to the Bourbons. Besides, we find news-paper, said to have been printed and that Napoleon entertains no fears as to our published at Bordeaux " by order," witharmy in that quarter, nor of any attempts out mentioning by whom, or under what which can be made to give importance to authority this order was given, has been the cause of his rival. He withdrew part referred to as evidence of the fact. But it of Souli's army to support his operations in will easily be seen from the nature of the a distant part of the empire, though he language used by the Courier, that the knew full well that the consequence would writer of this journal intended it to be behé the immediate advance of the British lieved, that our government actually párarmy, and that there was a member of the ticipated in the measures adopted by the house of Bourbou with Lord Wellington. partisans of the Bourbons, to restore Louis Considering the active police established in XVIII. to the throne of France. The folFrance, and particularly the late energetic lowing is the article to which I allude: measures taken to counteract all attenipis at " These documents (says the Courier), counter-revolution, it is scarcely credible supposing, which we see no reason lo doubt, that Napoleon could be ignorant of the state that the Bordeaux paper has given a faithof the public mind at Bordeaux ; ,and if it ful report of Lord Wellington's and Mar. is such as has been represented; it is not shal Beresford's assurances, prove that the easy to persuade one's self that he would Brilish Government have DETERMINED LO have neglected all those precautions which afford their powerful support to the legiti, prudence dictated to be necessary, for the nuale cause, to the rights of Louis XVIII. purpose of counteracting the mischief which as King of France. We entered Bordeaux he knew would undoubtedly follow. I may as a city acknowledging Louis XVIII. ; we be wrong in supposing that an understanding entered it as a city belonging to an ally. subsists between Soult and the pcople of Bor- Our General caused this to be distinctly undeaux; but when I consider the above circum- derstood. He sanctioned the conviction in the
stances, and also recollect that the inhabi- minds of the people that we treated the - tants of that place, as well as of every other Bourbon cause as our own. The sacred
Hame spreads, under the belief that it is suppose that they would have committed it nourished and cherished by this great na- without being authorized.”—Certainly tion. Having broken the power of usurpa- | not. If they were authorized to pledge tion in Portugal and Spain, we have en the assistance of our government, they did tered France, and taking a Prince of the right to commit it. They could not with legitimate family in our hands, he has pro-propriety have done otherwise. But then claimed his object to be, supported by us, how are we to reconcile this pledge, with the overthrow of the usurpation of Bona- the repeated professions of ministers for parte and the restoration of Louis XVIII. these last ten years, that they had no inLord' Wellington and Marshal Beresford tention of intermeddling with the internal have COMMITTED THEIR GOVERNMENT, and government of France? How account for it is impossible to suppose that they would their recognition of the title of Bonaparte, have committed it without being authorised. by sending Lord Castlereagh to enter into The knowledge of this will spread with ra negociations with his minister, by acknowpidity from the South to every other part of ledging his title of “ Emperor of the France, and sure we are that it will be a French” in our public parliamentary detown of strength to the good cause. The bates, and in a variety of other instances ? principle is now fairly afuot : it has room -How, I say, can we reconcile this markto act, and we shall be surprised indeed if ed and unequivocal sanction which our goits progress be not as rapid as the most vernment has given to Napoleon's claim to the sanguine friends to the cause could wish. crown of France, with what the Courier Guyenne is the most populous province, we now tells us has all along been the secret believe, in France. Guyenne, Gascony, and hidden intentions of ministers? Either and Bearn, have declared themselves. the Courier deceives the public (and this Poitou and Saintonge are said to have ma is nothing uncommon) as to the views of nifested the same disposition, and we can government, or this country is acting a part not permit ourselves to doubt that Brittany the most disgraceful imaginable, and which will be eager to throw off the accursed must reader it an object of contempt among yoke. The proper steps have been taken all other nations. if the former is the case, to make the events that have taken place on then ought the author of these lies to suffer the banks of the Garonne, known through the punishment which his conduct merits. out France. Above all, the tranquillizing If there is such a thing as a libel upon a assurance, that no change is intended in the government, surely the individual who atstate of property, an assurance which re- tributes to its actions that which is manifestly moves one of the main props of the Usurp- infamous, ought rather to be made to feel er's authority, is likely to bave the most the weight of an ex-officio information, heneficial effect. Under all these circum-than he who, perhaps inadvertently, has stances, so full of hope and promise to the told too much of the truth. In a subsegood cause, a cause in which are involved quent Courier, something appeared like a the real repose and happiness of the world, retraction of what it had previously adwe cannot suppose that any of the Allies vanced respecting the alleged countenance will longer entertain the idea of making given by our government to the Bourbons. peace with Bonaparte. Indeed he is not
-The Times newspaper also, which now Master of France ; he cannot give se- carries its viperation even farther against curity for the fulfilment of the terms of the the French Emperor than its brother in treaty. He might be deprived of the so- iniquity, would fain recal all that it advereign authority the very week after this vanced upon the subject. It even gives treaty had been signed with him." the lie direct to the Courier, when speaking After perusing the above statement, will of the assurance said to have been given by any one for a moment doubt that our go- Lord Wellington and Marshal Beresford to vernment had long ago made the cause of the partisans of the Bourbons. “ No such the Bourbons the cause of Britain,-and had occurrence (say the Times) took place in det ermined to prosecute the war until they the present instance; and, indeed, if it had overturned the throne of Napoleon ? had, the government would still have been " The British government have determined at perfect liberty to disavow the unauthoto afford their powerful support to the le- rized acts of its officers." But the Courier, gitimate cause, to the rights of Louis XVIII. feeling indignant at this treatment, and evias King of France." "Lord Welling. dently repenting its former concessions, ton and Marshal Beresford have commilled now thinks proper to reiterate the original their government, and it is impossible to statement in the following terms: " It
we are at war.
is asked, do Ministers think it necessary Empire, through which he has passed. to justify themselves from the charge of how then we, in this country, can think countenancing the Bourbons in the South?' ourselves capable of bringing about a counTo be sure they do not : war justifies us in ter-revolution; how, single handed, we doing what we can to annoy our enemy. can calculate upon restoring the throne of Our orders to our Naval Commanders are the Bourbons, appears to me to be one of to sink, burn and destroy. By land we the silliest notions that ever entered the must distress the enemy as much as we heads of any people. Even with the forces can; and even if we had no attachment to of nearly all Europe in our pay, and the the Bourbons as the lawful family, still we command of means almost unlimited in should be justified in countenancing them, their extent, we have not been able, after or any other parly that was against Bona- a war of more than twenty years, to make parte. I am willing, for once, to give any sensible impression upon France. She the Courier writer credit for what he says has no doubt been frequently brought to a very about giving his support to any parly that low state, much lower than she is at present; declares against Bonaparte ; for I verily but the greatness of her difficulties, her believe, if he thought he could form a repeated disasters and defeats, have only league with the Devil to overthrow Napo- served as a stimulus to her energies, and, leon, he would put his name to the con- in the end, to place her on a more eletract to-morrow. But I am not disposed vated station than the one she previously to assent so readily to what he says respect- occupied. If, therefore, she has already ing the countenance given by ministers to baffled all the attempts of the former cothe Bourbons. It is true, our commanders alitions; if, when her government was in have a right to annoy the enemy's forces by the hands of feeble administrators, and land and by sea; but this is a very different her armies frequently betrayed by the matter from giving our support to a party, treachery of her generals, she triumphed who meditate the subversion of the govern- over all her foes; if when the South of ment, established by the people with whom France was almost entirely overrun by the
In a recent proclamation adherents of the Bourbons, and the recolof Marshal Soult, he accused my Lord lection of that unfortunate family yet alive Wellington, though I would fain hope un- in the minds of thousands, she was able to justly, of exciting the French to civil war, avert the storm that threatened her ruin ; -to revolt and to sedition. --According how much more must she be capable of to the Courier doctrine, this would be extricating herself now when her affairs are justifiable. Yet how often has this writer in the hands of a chief who knows how to affected to repel the charge, with indigna- govern and how to conquer; who, in all tion, when brought against the Allies by circumstances, appears to possess the full Bonaparte, whom alone he accuses of medi- confidence of his subjects ; who has esta. tating the overthrow of other States, and in blished a code of laws in France, calcuwhom only he considers this to be a crime. lated, in a very superior degree, to promote It is unnecessary to multiply words to show, their happiness; and who has given to perwhat has been so often demonstrated, that sons and to property a greater security ihan no country whatever has a right to dictate was enjoyed at any former period in that the law to another, even in any circum- country. It is idle, it is ridiculous to say, stances ; much less when the people whom that what has passed at Bordeaux affords it is attempted to controul, hold an elevat- evidence, that the whole people of France, ed rank in the scale of nations. In the or even a small portion of them, are prepresent instance, and supposing, all that pared for a counter-revolution; because it the Courier has told us about the Bourbons is quite obvious, even supposing a fair reto be true, it is clear that this country has presentation to have been given of the buinterfered without the concurrence of our siness, that the defeat of Soult, which renAllies. I do not see that Alexander has dered the approach of Lord Wellington's declared himself explicitly on the subject, immense army to Bordeaux almost certain, but there now remains no doubt as to the was sufficient of itself to produce an effect sentiments of Austria, and even the Crown favourable to the Bourbons, whose cause Prince of Sweden, if his interference is to care had been previously taken to make the be considered of any importance, has actu- inhabitants believe his Lordship had esally prohibited, by a formal edict, the poused, and whose misfortunes he was wearing of the white cockade in those parts about to avenge. Restore Bordeaux to its of the Netherlands belonging to the French former situation, by removing our army to
a distance, and thus banishing from the the Prince Regent, and you will form a minds of the people all fear of punishment pretty just idea of the degeneracy of this in their persons or property, and it will body of Christians. -With regard to the then be seen how they will act. It may subscription, however, it should be remarkthen be said, with some appearance of ed, that the country Quakers are more motruth, but not till then, that the sentidest than their London brethren; for they ments which they ayow, are the genu- send up their remiuaqces under one head'; ine and spontaneous effusions of a free while the names of the latter are displayed people.
in the daily papers, with all Pharisaical pomp; but this, I suppose, must rest with their Secrelary, Mr. HOWARD, who seems
to know the modern mode of working on French SUEPERERS AND THE QUAKERS.
the benevoleat! Nay, this man has taken “ He that hasteth to be rich hath an evil eye."
upon him to print the games of the Quaker Prov. C. xxviii, v. 22.
subscribers in London, and to send theme Şir,—You have made some very judici. all over England, to excile others to imiqus and sensible remarks on the Quakers tate their example; and, perhaps, to shame making so prominent a part in the list of those sensible and reflecting men, who think subscribers 10 relieve the Germans ; and they can take as much care of their money, you seem to think their principles would and do as much good with it as other peolead thein to do the same for our enemies, ple. The dissenters are continually brawl. the French; for that the latter are in the ing against the degenerate clergy; but with same situation as the former, you have what face can they do it, when such a pro, proved by documents from the Monileur, ceeding as the above is tolerated in that entitled surely to as much respect as the let- sect, where so much manly independence ters published by Ackermain, the print- used to be found! I am afraid I shall seller and caricaturist. I am afraid, how. trespass too much upon your indulgence; ever, that upon due inquiry and observa- but I wish to ask, how it happens, ihat in tion, you will find the Quaker society as this German subscription, the Royal family degenerated as the rest of us, and that they and nobility are quite omitted ? I du noe are guided by a few men, whose wealth perceive one name distinguished either in having brought them into connexion with the political or literary world. Our miGovernment, they are eager on all occa- nisters, also, do not come forward. Have sions to evince their loyally, or, in other no applications been made in these quarwords, their attachment to the Powers that ters? If so, I suppose they think proper be. Commerce has been the evil on which to leave all the charity to the honest and this society has split; commerce, which, well meaning, for such I believe are most as Thomas Paine observed, "they follow of the subscribers, and they only want diswith a step as steady as time, and an appe- crimination to make them good and useful tite as keen as death." The influence of citizens. -I am your sincere well-wisher, this banesul pursuit ļ remember to have
GEORGE TRUEMAN, been first visible during the American war; Pimsica, March 14. but its rapid strides during the present war P.Ş. ---As Mr. Secretary Howard is a are almost incredible. -We have now Quaker, perhaps the public will be furnishQuaker bankers, Quaker merchants, and ed with all the items of expense attending Quaker contractors; yes, Mr. Cobbett, advertisements, &c. &c. &c. occasioned by even contractors; men, whose dress shew the German subscription. thern to be the pillars of “our Israel," will from their silent meetings, and contraçı 19 supply Lord Wellington's army VANITY AND HUMANITY: with four, &c.! Now, if the Society al MR. COBBETT, - It will not, I believe, lows itself, on all public matters to be be disputed, that if a man gains wealth by guided by this description of persons, they his own ability and industry, he certainly must necessarily be widely different from possesses power to dispose of that wealth what they are represented to have been in in any way or manner he may think prothe time of Barclay and Penn, -- Com- per; but if a good name be his object, he pare the manly and nervous address on would take a singular method to obtain it peace of the former of these eminent men by bestowing his bounty upon aliens and to the profligate Charles 2d, and the late foreigners, to whom he is a perfect stranger, sondescript address of the Quaker body to when, and without any cause, he neglects