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it is to trace a mail-coach in its progress, it had access, that very article of dress, from one town to another; and, I greatly which every consideration, connected with wonder, that it did not strike the Commit- a desire to keep himself clear of inputatée, that a man, so clever as the Hoaxertion, must necessarily have urged him to must have been, would naturally go to hide or destroy! -The Bow-street ofsome intermediate house between the coach ficer is said, by the Committee, to have asand his place of refuge ; betwen the coach serted, that the man servant of Lord Cochand the residence of his associates. The rane has been since sent away, and that he reader will observe, that we are here talk- hears, that the said man servant has been ing, not of a hasty and unadvised act; not sent into the country. Now, supposing of a thing done upon the spur of the mo- this to be true, and I merely suppuse it for ment. We are talking of the execution of the sake of the argument (not believing one a scheme, which must have been the sub- word of the matter), the man must either ject of long deliberation amongst acute men. have been turned away, or, he must have They had had leisure to digest all the parts been sent out of the way, for fear he should of their plan, which was not difficult of give disagreeable evidence. If the former, execution, excepe in as far as related to the it is too ridiculous to suppose, for one moavoiding of detection. This must have ment, that his master thought him the debeen the thing to which all their skill was pository of a dangerous secret ; if the latter, directed. And, with the knowledge of this is the country a place to hide a man in ? in their minds, how could the Committee Or, is he gone to the mines, or to some caconclude, that a part of the plan would be vern in some wilderness in this woody and for the Hoaxer to go, in open day, directly desert island, where he is fed by ravens, as to a house, where he appeared to be fami- the Prophet of old? Why not bring him " liar," and that the associate in the hoax forth, Mr. Sayers? Why not ferret him lived at that house? Upon the face of out? -But, did it ever occur to any man the thing, this one single circumstance must in his senses, and particularly to the deep be conclusive, in the mind of any impartial contriver of a plot, to let a dangerous witman, that Lord Cochrane could have no ness out of his own hands? If my Lord participation in the hoax. ---- But, the Cochrane had disguised the Hoaxer for the Hoaxer's fur cap was found at Lord Coche purpose of avoiding detection, would he rane's house; another pretty good proof have called his servant to assist in the that his Lordship was wholly ignorant of work? Would he have suffered a servant the hoax; for, otherwise, having furnished to see the work of disguising going on? his associate, or, rather, his agent, as they could he not have got the disguise and would have it, with a disguise, would he have fitted out the Hoaxer himself? What not have taken care to destroy, or hide this devil, what bungling imp could have remarkable cap; this memorial of Cockney prompted hiin to call in a footman, without gullibility? Dennis, in his most witty and the smallest necessity for it, and to make admirable critique on the stupid tragedy of him a party lo a fact, which he had taken Cato, makes one burst one's sides with so much pains to hide from all the rest of laughter at his remarks on the circumstance the world? -But, suppose all this to have of the conspirators coming from their own been the case. In spite of the incredibility, houses, in all parts of the town, to hold and almost the impossibility of it, suptheir conferences in Cato's Hall. " What! posing all this to have Irappened, why here again," says he ; " can you, you fools, should this same footman be sent away? “ find no other place than this to deliberate !f my Lord Cochrane thought bim faithful, “ on a plot against the governor !". But he, of course, could have no inotive for Syphax and his associates were not half so getting him out of the way, seeing that no foolish as Lord Cochrane, supposing him to one had authority to question him upon have been a party to the hoax; for he, this oath touching the matter. If he thought deep-plotter, this grand schemer, has no him unfaithful, disposed or liable to betray scruple to bring his brother hoaxer to his his master, or apt to get drunk and to blab; own house, and, in the face of his servants, if watchfulness over him was necessary, if and even by their agency, to furnish him bribes were wanted to be supplied, where with a disguise, and then to take special could he have been so effectually watched, care to preserve, and leave hanging up in where could he have been kept so comhis hall, the famous fur-cap, in which the pletely out of the way of temptation, as Hoat had been performed ; leave hanging under the roof of his master? Was it up in his hall, or, at least, in some unluck likely that that master, if he wished to ed part of his house, to whicla every one in keep locked up the lips of his footman,

would have suffered that footman to ramble of the Committee themselves. The sole forth into the world with his pockets stuffed basis of that charge is the fact, which I, with money, to booze and blab in every for argument's sake, admit to be true, that pot-house and brothel at the West end of the Hoaxer went directly from the Dartford the town ? - It is said, and the circum- chaise to Lord Cochrane's house; and, if stance is dwelt on, that Mrs. Durand, who that fact, and the other facts, relating to lets the furnished house to Lord Cochrane, the cap, the footman, and Mrs. Durand, has been seen to wear the famous fur cap. be all true, the charge against his lordship So, here is Mrs. Durand, whom, the must be false, unless you can show, that, conspiralors," as the Times news-paper in this particular instance, human nature calls them, took care to provide before-hand underwent a complete revolution.--Now, as a witness against themselves! These then, as to Mr. Cochrane Johnstone, where conspirators beat hollow Syphax and his are we to look for the probabilities of his associates. They could not get a fur-cap having been concerned in the Hoax? You at any shop in London! They must needs will observe, reader, that the whole charge, have a fur-cap; and nothing will suit them as shown by the Comınittee, rests upon but the identical cap of Mrs. Durand, and the before-mentioned circumstances, and, a cap, too, that she had been in the habit if those circumstances themselves demolish of wearing publicly, and of so remarkable the charge with regard to Lord Cochrane, a description into the bargain, that her how can they affect Mr. Cochrane Johnneighbours knew it, at once, from all the stone? Had he been one of the "conother caps in the world :- Mrs. Durand “spiralors," would he have brought the was a party with the conspirators, or she Hoaxer to the house of his Nephew? Would was not. if she was not, would they have he, who is so attached to that Nephew, borrowed or bought of her, living close in who lives upon such terms of kindness with the neighbourhood, so remarkable a cap? him, have made his house, above all the If she was ; if she was a party, and must houses in London, the entrepol of the Iloaxer? have been anxious to avoid detection, would Would he not, on the contrary, have taken she have dressed the Hoaxer in her own great care, that the Hoaxer should change notorious cap? If the Committee of the his dress in no house, to which the name Stock Exchange could believe either of these of Cochrane could be traced ? Must he not propositions to be true, they must be per- have known, must he not have been well sons so credulous and foolish as to merit no aware, that a natural association of ideas more attention than so many worms; and, if would, at once, have connected him with they believed them to be false, what are we to a hoaxer, taking refuge in the house of his say of their stating them to the world as nephew;, and must not any man, and grounds of charge?--As far, therefore, as re- especially such a man as Mr. Cochrane lates to my Lord Cochrane, every circumstance, Johnstone, have perceived all ihe consebrought forward and promulgated by this quences of so suspicious a circumstance ? Committee with a view to throw odium on Was Mr. Cochrane Johnstone a likely man him, has a clearly contrary effect; and, to borrow, or buy, the notorious fur-cap upon their own showing, it is made appear, of Mrs. Durand ?' Was he a man to do not only to have been improbable, but al. this? I should as soon suspect him to be most impossible, that his lordship should capable of borrowing, for the purpose, the have been privy to the Hoax, supposing wig of Lord Chathanı out of Westminster that gentleman to have been the Hoaxer Abbey, with the consent, in writing, of who went to his house. My Lord Coch- the Dean and Chapter Well, then, rane, in his affidavit, gives a very circum- what have we now remaining to prop up, stantial, natural, and satisfactory account to give a colour to, this stupid charge ? of the fur-cap and its wearer. But, though Why, the fact, that niy Lord Cochrane, I would sooner believe his lordship's bare his uncle and Mr. Butt, a gentleman, who, word than the oaths of all his aspersers put it seems, was connected with them in together, I will not appeal to that affida-stock-business, took advantage of the rise, vit, which, if I had been to advise, would occasioned by the hoax, and sold out stock never have been made, it being my opi- to a great amount, by which they gained nion, that it was beneath the character of 30,000l. I am sorry to see, from the afhis lordship to enter the lists, to put even fidavit of Lord Cochrane, that, as far as his word iu competition, with any thing relates to him, this fact is false, and most that his aspersers were able to say, or sincerely hope it to be true as far as it republish. I will not appeal to the affi- lates to Mr. Cochrane Johnstone. But, I davit. I take the charge upon the showing will, as I said before, rest nothing upon

the affidavit, which, I repeat it, was an have sold out at a cerlain gain, while not ill-advised act; and will, for argument's to sell exposed him to the chance of a loss? sake, take the fact for granted, in its very --Reader, when you consider these cir. fullest extent. And, then, let me ask, cumstances, what need have you of fur whether, if they had been the authors of caps and Mrs. Durands to account for the hoax, they would have sold out all this this selling out ? There were scores of stock in their own names? They might, persons to sell out as well as Mr. Cochrane in five minutes, have transferred it to their Johnstone. Were they all concerned in black-servant or chamber-maid, or to John the Hoax? Was nobody to doubt of the of Noaks and Tom of Styles, and have sold truth of such a humbug story, because it out in their names instead of their own. some persons believed it? · Because the If they had been the authors of the hoax, rabble at the 'Change and in the streets be. they must necessarily; I do not say, probably, lieved that Napoleon had been torn piecebut necessarily, have been apprehensive, that meal by the Cossacks, and, in spite of the the selling out of all their stock, and such an dictates of reason, common sense, and immense sum, would create suspicion and known facts, believed that the people of lead to a discovery, which, in the settling, Paris had hoisted the White Cockade, was would defeat their purpose; and, therefore, Mr. Cochrane Johnstone to believe the it is beyond the scope of credibility, that, same; and is he to be abused and most if they had been the authors of the Hoax, foully calumniated because he acted upon they would have sold out in their own names, his disbelief ? Really this is a mode of it being perfectly optional with them, whe- judging of the actions of men hitherto un ther they should do so or not.---But, known, I believe, in the annals of injusthey did sell out, and how came they to do tice; and, for my part, I am only sorry, so at that particular and lucky moment? that the accused parties should have thought

- There is a much better reason for this it necessary to give to their accusers any than any that the Committee of the Stock other answer than that which might have Exchange have been able to discover. The been gathered from their silent contempt. reason was, that the possessed information I must stop here, for the present. In generally, and sagacity superior to the my next I will take up the questions, 1. mass of Stock-dealers, or gainblers in the whether it was peculiarly improper in my funds. : Mr. Cochrane Johnstone, coming Lord Cochrane and his uncle io be confrom the West end of the towni, in the cerned in dealings in the funds ; 2. Whedaily habit of conversing with military ther my Lord Cochrane acted improperly meni, with well informed persons out of as to Mr. Berenger; and 3. Whether Mr. the army, knowing the actual situation of Berenger, supposing him to have been the the hostile armies, being able to form a Hoaxer (and I shall admit the fact only for probable conjecture as to the truth or false argument's sake) was guilty of any thing hood of the report in circulation, was more either unlawful or immoral, supposing likely than almost any person in London, gaming in general not to be immoral With or, at least, any persou that I can think of, this latter admission, which the Stock to form a correct estimate of the worth of gamblers, at any rate must make, I have the intelligence received. And, this is no doubt of being able to shew, that all quite sufficient to account for his being, as these three questions ought to be decided i most anxiously hope he was, a fortunate in the negative. Men are too apt, espegamester on the day of the Hoax. He was cially, when their pockets are touched, to not a person to be so hoaxed; and that is rush on to conclusions without any examithe sum total of the grounds of charge nation into premises ; but, to call names, against him. It is very natural for losers to deal in insinuations and charges withto be out of temper, and to find out an ex- out being prepared with either facts or cuse for their losing and a pretence for not arguments, is to act the part of a Billingspaying wbat they have lost; this may be the gate Trull. case in the present instance; but this is no ground for accusation against the win Dutch Affairs. The failure of the

Without, however, supposing recent attack upon the enemies' formidable Mr. Cochrane Johnstone to be possessed of position at Bergen-op-Zoom, is fraught more than ordinary sagacity, what was with important and useful instruction to there unnatural in his selling out ? There the people of this country, if they would

a certain gain presented itself, and only open their minds to receive it. In the was not that, of itsell, inducement enough Register of the 5th inst. I stated, that the 20 sell out? Who but a fool would not ! troops which were sent to Holland under



the “ gallant Graham," could never be ex immense sums of money, and, when the pected to effect any thing there which would business was every day assuming a more be of service to the common cause ; and this unfavourable aspect, led to the slaughter of opinion I was led to form in consequence of thousands of our brave countrymen. It is observing, that the military operations idle to talk now of the Dutch people having which we were carrying on in that quarter, deceived us. It is folly to pretend that we were not supported by the Dutch, nor have been abandoned by the Allies; for it countenanced by any of the allied powers. is a well known fact, that the people of It would be base to exult over the dreadful Holland never called for our interference, disaster which has overwhelmed so many and that the Allies, if they were consulted families with despair. It would be cow. at all in our designs as to the House of ardly to censure the anode of conducting Orange, never gave these designs any counoperations, which terminated so fatally, tenance. These important and decisive merely because the result has not been at facts are demonstrated by this circu castance tended with those benefical consequences alone that, in the assault made upon Berwhich were expected by those who pro- gen-Op Zoom, there were no other troops jected the expedition. But while the rela- employed but the native troops of this tives of our brave countrymen who fell in country. Not even a Dutchman, in whose the “fatal strife," who expired on that cause we fought so bravely, appeared to “ bed of honour" which, now-a-days, is give us any support. That the Dutch and so much coveted; while these relatives are the Allies would act in this way, appeared deploring the loss of their fathers, their to me very probable when the first accounts sons, their nephews; while they are feeling of a comiter-revolution in Holland renderthe bitter pangs which a separation, for ed the people here almost frantic; when the ever, from their dearest friends occasions, cry of Orange Boven resounded from the it appears to me proper that they should palace to the cottage ; and when the whole not only feel their situation, but that they country was intoxicated with Dutch lishould also think ; should also reflect, should berty. If this was my conjecture, with also carry in their minds the why and the the limited means of information which I wherefore that led to the dreadful catas. then possessed, how much more ought those trophe which they so deeply deplore. It is who had the chief management of the not my intention here to go back to the business, to have knowo better? And, commencement of the war, or to enter upon having that knowledge; being fully apan examination of the causes to which it has prised that the Hollanders manifested been ascribed, and which have been as va- a parliality in favor of the French Emrious as the changes of the cameleon's skin. peror, and would not take up arms for It is sufficient for my present purpose to re- the Prince of Orange, how came these wen mind the reader of a fact to which I very to involve us in a contest which has ended Jately directed his attention, namely, that so fatally? These are questions which those the endeavours of this country and the who feel the baneful effects of these meagreat sacrifices we were making of blood sures ought to ask themselves; ought not and treasure to bring about the restora- only to ask themselves, but ought also to tion of the Orange fainily in Holland, ask those who were the first to tell the would not be productive of any good, people of England, that this counter-revobecause the people of that country lution was " the result of the spontaneous seemed no way desirous to aid and assist and unanimous wish of the people of Holus in our views. The representations of land of all parties ;” who were the foremost the state of the public mind there, with in crying up Dutch independence, and in which we were a few months ago amused, giving currency to opinions which, to our have turned out completely fallacious. We sad experience, we have found to be entirely no more hear of the “groaning of the groundless. The Courier writer by way Dutch under the weight of Bonapartean of consoling its readers for the disgraceful tyranny.” The accounts which now reach termination of our interference in Dutch us are of a very different complexion. By affairs, “thanks God it has to discharge these we learn that the people of Holland but rarely, the task of communicating the

appear to manisest a partialily rather failure of a British expedition.” When than a hatred for the French.' Yet this servile journalist congratulated himself it was to assist these lovers of the French ; in this way upon what he calls a rare octhese friends of Napoleon ; these admirers currence, he seems to have forgot the very of his code of laws, that we sent British recent attempt against Antwerp, in which troops to Holland, lavished upon the Dutch we completely failed after the loss of many


valuable lives, and he appears to have lost cognised by the head of one of the old regusight of the ever memorable Walcheren lar governments of Europe. It so much Expedition, which proved the grave of thou- resembles my ideas of liberty that, if it sands of our best troops. To these might were not "for some other points connected be added the Buenos Ayres, the Corunna, with this Prince's sentiments, at least with the Helder, and the Dunkirk disasters; what he has been advised to utter along with the Quiberon and the Toulon Expeditions, this declaration, I should be half inclined besides a number of others equally fatal, a to consider him a real friend of freedom, recurrence to which is sufficient to show such as I understand it to be, and which that our failures, instead of being rare, has procured for me, and many others who have of late years been more numerous, think as I do, the honourable title of jacoand more disgraceful, than at any former bin. But though the Courier and the Times period. But though they had been fewer have been as severe in their abuse of the in number and less disastrous, this circum- Prince of Orange for the sentiments he stance could, in no view, alter the nature has uttered, as they could have been were of our connexion with Holland, or af- he the most incorrigible of jacobins, I am ford a ground of justification to those free to admit, that it would be unjust and who have so basely and so wantonly slanderous, nay libellous, to bestow that deceived as to the state of the appellation upon this Prince. I say, Wilpublic mind in that country, and which has liam is not a jacobin, and, I think, his led to the terrible calamity that is so much own words will bear me out in this asserand so generally lamented. Whether the tion. He says, at the commencement of Prince of Orange, when he set out for Hol- his Declaration, that he was inviled to the land, joined in the project to deceive others, Sovereignty by the people of Holland. I. or was himself deceived, it now seems have heard of a meeting at Amsterdam of a that his Highness, who has been several few merchants, about a dozen or so, who months in that country, and must unques. were closely connected with this country, tionably have strained every nerve to excite with whom the measure, of sending a dean interest in his favour, appears at last to putation here to invite the Prince, altogehave formed a correct idea of public feeling, ther originated. Even this step they would and to be convinced that he has no chance of not have dared to take, had not the state of sueceeding in the competition he has set up the French Emperor's affairs at that time, with Napoleon ; unless he concedes to the obliged him to withdraw his troops from people as much at least as his rival has several of the towns in Holland. The indone; unless he gives them a constitution difference which the people have since under which they will enjoy advantages shown to the Orange cause, renders it inequal to those enjoyed in France; and disputable that they never were consulted which will guarantee all their civil and in the business, and consequently that his religious rights as effectually as they were Highness was not invited by them to assume guaranteed under the Code Napoleon. the sovereignty. His Highness seems Impressed with this conviction, he has to have been rather unfortunate in that caused a new constitution to be prepared, part of his appeal, where he speaks of which, he says, is calculated to " secure the terrible experience which the Dutch the freedom of his subjects against all pos- have had of a foreign lyranny, and of their sible abuses :" which, he tells them, is having sighed, of late years, under the most “ built upon their manners, their habits, oppressive yoke ; for, if this yoke had been and corresponding to the wants of the pre- so terrible, this tyranny so oppressive, how. sent time."-At first sight, the conduct of came it, when their tyrant and oppressor William of Orange, appears entitled to was overthrown at Leipsic, and forced to approbation. It was certainly a great ef- return to France with a mere handful of fort in a prince, educated in the corrupt soldiers; how did it happen when he found school where he acquired his notions of it necessary to withdraw the greater part liberty and maxims of governnient, to bring of his troups from Holland, and when the his mind to acknowledge, that the people advance of innumerable and victorious le., have rights which ought to be secured gions guaranteed the integrity of the Netheragainst all possible abuses, and that their lands? How was it, I ask, that the Dutch manners, their habits, and their wants, people, with such an opportunity of liberaare objects deserving the consideration of iing themselves from the chains of Napo. sovereigns. This, I confess, was 'ad leon, did not avail theinselves of it? How, mitting a principle which I little expected, came they not to join in the general chase, would, at this time of day, have been re which was intended to hunt down this op

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