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3dly. Mr. Mant, in regard to the after, Mr. Mant refused his assistance to 66 commencement of the dispute," says he them, the Pilot, Haire, entered on the has no recollection whatever of preferring agency, as so particularly described at page charges against Captain Campbell, when 38 of the saiá pamphlet ; and further reabroad, and positively denies the " show- specting his " not messing as usual," he ing of papers, to several respectable gen- also observes, that Captain Campbell never tlemen at Southampton," (and this can refused to sit down with him at his messeasily be refuted by his mentioning the table, till December 16, 1808, although names) and but in a very partial manuer the charges had been known to Captain elsewhere; nor did he ever show papers, Campbell, in the latter part of September, or did he ever speak of Captain Camp- 1807 ; and this circumstance, of such a bell in any disrespectful way, prior to considerable time having been suffered to Captain Campbell's writing to the Trans- elapse, before the objection was resortport Board, and exposing those papers heed to, surely must in the minds of his circulated against Mr. Mant, in this neigh- readers experience a powerful convicbourhood; and it is certainly most extraor- tion, that this act did not proceed altodinary," where Captain Campbell says, he gether from the subject of the supposed un. wished of all things to avoid anything like a fairness in conducting the prize-affairs, but controversy with Mr. Mant," that he should in a great measure owing to the informanot recollect, that he was through this tion, Mr. Mant felt himself obligated to channel, regarded as having given the render to the officers of the Unité, which challenge, now strengthened by his last took place on the 10th of December predeclaration, viz. “ of having reported Mr. ceding, respecting the present of 1,500 Mant's conduct to the Transport Board, N. Zeechens sent to Captain Cainpbell, previous to the circumstances rendered to the and which he had received ; the statement Admiralty of himself," and further corro- of which is made at p. 30 (vide Pamphlet); borated by the statement of Mr. Mant, in and for which statement lie was confronted his said pamphlet, page 46, viz. "exwith Captain Campbell, on the said 10th pressive of his unwillingness to enter into a of December, in the presence of the thea further controversy with Capt. Campbell, first Lieutenant, C. H. Watson, and &c. being in some measure satisfied wiih the Haire, the pilot, when Captain Campbell justice, that had been rendered his cha- could not contradict the facts; therefore racter, by the extract of that letter Cap- this circumstance is somewhat different; tain Campbell sent to Lord Collingwood, and certainly both the facts, as Caplain as the explanation of the several reports, Cumpbell calls them, now become disviz. “ to the purport of informing his pulable ; particularly as it was not the lordship that, after a diligent search, &c. wish of every member of the mess for Mr. he could nol find any thing to criminale Mant to quit it, but of a partial occur. him ;" and moreover the perfecl acquittal rence, of which he now furnishes a proof, of the several charges, &c., by the Depu- by inserting the following declaration, letation's letter to Captain Campbell, with gally authenticated, of an officer of the whom the peculation was said to have ex- Unité, who did and must ever stand high isted, and both which may be seen at in the opinion of Captain Campell and pages 20 and 24 of the said pamphlet. others, to this effect, viz. “ in regard to

-4thly. Mr. Mant also observes, that your quitting the iness (meaning Mr. Mant), his integrity will not permit him to feel was contrary to my wish; and as to your that weight, which Captain Campbell so general character, I have only to say, to pileously commiserales ; as he can with the the best of my knowledge and belief, that purest truth say, he never had any idea of your conduct during the whole time we the illegality of the proceedings, till Captain served together, nearly four years and a Campbell, had acquainted him of the ca. half, appeared to be strictly conformable lumnious reports, and then at Malta ; for to that of the officer and gentleman;" and on his return to the Adriatic, he was so- Mr. Mant now asks, what officer in the licited by the deputation to re-commence navy would not be obliged to comply with their negotiations, which he refused, and his Caplain's desire for the exclusion of a was never informed his services would not member from his mess, whether deserving be required further on his agency, by any of it or nol?_Again, Mr. Mant asserts, one; nor did it ever appear to him, that that Caplain Campbell never did show any the deputation, after his resusal, &c. ever disposition to confront him with Jursovich, continued their negotiations, as very soon and always refused him a personal inter

view with other persons, who had prefer- latter part of December, 1807, at Malta; red charges against him of a greater mag on which information, Mr. Mant desired to nitude, and never fully informed him of recall his application, requesting Captain the accusations against him, or of the names Campbell to use the most proidpt measures of his accuser, or ever talked to him about for procuring an investigation of the busithe said Jursovich's charges, till the early ness, assuring him at the same time, he part of the year 1809, when near to Malta ; would lend Captain Campbell every assistand when going to the Commander in Chief, ance in his power, for promoting so desirable as before said, for an explanation of the an object, and this stands in print. circumstances, or ever till this moment, 2dly. Mr. Mant, respecting the charge of has Captain Campbell showed to Mr. Jursovich, &c." declares, that he made Mant the Declaration of the said Jursovich. answer to Mr. Wilson, by saying, as Capt.

Mr. Mant having now replied to the tain Campbell had promised hiin a formal essential points, stated in Captain Camp. investigation of all these matters, shewing, bell's Declaration, wishes to observe, yet (as has before been stated,) been already trusts he need not point out to the candid denied “ a meeting with some of his accureader, that Captain Campbell has con- sers, that had preferred charges of a greater fined himself principally to those charges magnitude," that he should wait the event said to reflect on Mr. Mant's conduct, hav- of the investigation ; but acknowledges to ing, but in a very slight manner, louched have said, that the fellow was a damned on Mr. Mant's " statement of facts," which rascal, and that his word was as good as appeared in a former register, and ex- Jursovich's. Mr. Mant, respecting " to tracted from his pamphlet, viz. the taking the other conversation" also asserts, that and compromising for neutrals, &c. and his reply to Mr. Wilson on this circumprocuring a bond as an indemnification for stance was, that “ his conscience was perihe money received, drawn up in his own fectly easy on the subject, but he must dediction and writing, &c.; nor has Captain cline giving any further answer, 'till the Campbell publicly accounted for the 40,000 inquiry on his conduct had been instituted, Spanish dollars, and the apparent giving as this was the counsel of a friend, whose away of the “ four valuable vessels, &c. advice he had received at Malta." -And to a particular person at Trieste" (a circum- finally, as to Mr. Mant's not expressing auy stance very desirable), as the Document in compunction, (of the “ 999th part of a Captain Campbell's own hand-writing and thousandth) of his share of the supposed signature now exists; but this matter ap- illegal proceedings, says, it is scarcely pears either to have been most artfully worth speaking about, but it is notorious, evaded, or it must have ensued from want and has been for several years, that he did. of memory; it must be evidently manifest, refuse lo continue the agency, and such has that the reason Captain Campbell has en been likewise, a considerable time in print deavoured to render so much injustice to in this country. -Mr. Mant having now wards his character, proceeded chiefly also replied to the principal accounts confrom private motives, and of a mere per- tained in Captain Wilson's affidavit, obsonal nature, and not as might have been serves, that Captain Wilson must have supposed to have originated from a pure made those assertions, just alluded to, froin desire of protecting the respeciability of inferences in his own mind, drawn from the that service to which he belonged, and conversation that passed between them, for the honour and interest of the particularly as Mr. Man's explanation, as officers and crews of those ships, which said before, has been transcribed from had been placed under his orders, during notes made at the time, Mr. Mant therethe ever memorable command of the Adria fore cannot allow 10 go forth to the world, lic squadron. - Mr. Mant now notices what his own words will not, or cannot the several accounts contained in Captain warrant, and further in order that the pubWilson's affidavit, and having made notes lic may not remain uninformed of the full of the very matter, at the time, and having cause, that prevented his speaking about the also lately referred to them, declares the particulars of Captain Wilson's affidavit. circumstances of the case to be, as follows, Mr. Mant now publishes the following, viz, ist. That Mr. Mant having ap- viz.That immediately at the period, to plied for leave to return to England, in con. which Captain Wilson alludes, Mr. Mant sequence of ill health, was informed by was in daily expectation of answering to a Gaptain Campbell, of some of the malicious public, a full investigation of all these matreports now in question, and this at the ters, in consequence of some calumnious

reports, which were at that moment in The EMPEROR NAPOLEON AND HIS Army,, general circulation, documents of which, Contrary to general expectation, nothing Captain Campbell had said he held, and decisive has lately transpired respecting the had promised to bring forward. Mr. operations of the contending armies, though Mant therefore considered, that any con. some circuinstances have occurred which versation whatever, on a subject, whereon justify the view I have taken of the operaa formal trial was pending, and especially tions of the campaign, and the more than with a parly interested, would not only be probable result of the contest. The last highly improper, but it might experience official accounts from the French headan unjust representation, and at any rate it quarters were dared Troyes, the 26th ult. would have been a " supreme act of folly," which city was evacuated by the Austrians well knowing the powerful effects of pre- on the night of the 23d, and next day ocjudice, which was then in exisience, (and cupied by the Freoch. It appears that since so prevalent in other quarters,) and of Buonaparié, previous to this, had, with so forcible a nature, as not to suffer even such admirable skill and promptitude, real " truth a fair chance of success ;” and brought forward the great mass of his this was also the counsel of his friend at troops, that Troyes was actually invested, Malta, a major in the army; and in conse- and the greater part of Prince Schwartzenquence, Mr. Mant avoided giving the then burgh's army in danger of falling into his required explanation of Captain Wilson ; hands. At this critical moment "a Rusand Mr. Mant now submits this declaralion sian Aide-de-Camp came to the advanced of the several accounts, likewise lo a com- posts to demand time to evacuate the city, parison with those of the two Captains, and otherwise il would be burnt.” What a states in regard to his own veracity, that he trying circumstance for a inind like Bonahas a full authority from numerous friends, parte's. He had almost the whole of the and of the greatest respectability, to pub. Austrian army in his power; they were in lish, that his veracily stands unimpeached, fact encompassed as if they liad been caught and which at any rate, has been ever con- in a net. What a triumph it would have sidered as equal to that of either Captain been to his ainbition, had he availed himCampbell or Wilson; and it ought to be self of the opportunity which this afforded remembered, that the channel through of annihilating, by one blow, the flower of which Captain Campbell, &c. has always an army which had threatened to dictate received these reports, &c. said to reflect on terms to him in his own capital ! Had he Mr. Mant's conduct, have been obtained, been that blood-thirsty, that sanguinary tychiefly, by the means of the said Haire, or rant which his enemies represent him to be; his associates. Men whose characters were had he been as regardless of the comforts such, as few persons would have listened and happiness of his subjects as we are told to. Mr. Mant lasıly observes, that as he he is; and had he, as is said, been a total has been very recently informed, that stranger to the feelings of humanity, he Captain Campbell does not intend to enter would not have hesitated one moment in atinto any defence on the charges made tacking Troyes, notwithstanding the threat against himself, and Mr. Mant being fully of burning it held out by a Russian General, convinced his affidavit, as inserted in the and that the place contained about 60,000 Register of the 19th ult, remains uncon- inhabitants, and ranked as one of the printroverted, declines troubling the public fur- cipal cities in the empire. But no, Bonather with this controversy, at least by this parte is not the tyraut he is held out to be ; mode of conveying his sentiments, yet he is not the sanguinary unfeeling wretch trusts his readers will do him the justice, that could sacrifice so many interests even if not already 100 much satiated, with the for the glory, great as it was, which was recollection of the base allempls, that has within his reach. He had done enough for been so invidiously, but so unsuccessfully glory; but he felt that he never could do aimed at his reputation, to read with leisure too much for humanity. “This considerand aitention the whole contents of his ation arrested the movements of the Empepamphlet, and candidly bear in their ror:" Troyes was saved; and the Austrian minds, the substance of the paragraphs army, which had frequently before been in contained in the pages, 42 and three follow- the power of the conqueror, experieaced, on ing, together with those of 55, 56, and 57, this occasion, a singular mark of his forof the same publication—and which may bearance and moderation. What a conbe had gratis at Southampton.

trast does the conduct of the French Empe

THOMAS MANT. ror, in this instance, present to that of those Southampton, March 7th, 1914.

who ordered the burning of Moscow ?


This, however, is a contrast 'upon which, 1 stand of colours taken from the combined I feel, I cannot enter. It may one day or armies arrived at Paris, and were presented another point a moral or adorn a tale;" | to the Einpress by the Minister of War, but, in the present fettered state of the Bri- who, on that occasion, delivered the followtish press, any attempt of this nature, I am ing impressive speech :-- Madam,fully aware, would be dangerous in the ex New orders from the Emperor lead tue to

But though I am sufficiently alive your Majesty's feet, to lay there new troto this degraded state of what is called a phies taken from the eneinies of press, I cannot allow myself to pass by At the time when the Saracens were deunnoticed, the reception which the inha- feated by Charles Martel, in the plains of bitants of Troyes gave to Napoleon when he Tours and Poictiers, the capital was adornentered their city, not as a haughty con- ed but with the spoils of a single nation. queror, exulting over ruins and devastation, This day, Madam, when dangers equal to caused by his inordinate ambition ; but those with which France was then menaced having obtained a greater victory, a victory have given rise to successes more importover hiniself, which must ever endear him ant, and which were more difficult to obto his subjects, and to all good men. tain, your august Spouse offers you stand“ The Emperor (say the Paris papers) has ards taken from the three great powers of gratified all our wishes, by passing three Europe.—Since a blind hatred has raised days in his good city of Troyes. The house up against us so many nations, even those which he inhabited was constantly sur- which France has restored to independence, rounded by an immense crowd, who always and for whom she has made such great saentertained the hope of seeing his Majesty ; crifices, may we not say that these standbut during these three days the Emperor ards are taken from all Europe ?-When did not stir out once. On the 27th, at our enemies, listening only to the suggestion midnight, his Majesty, surrounded by his of revenge, in contempt of the ordinary rules braye guards, took the road to Arcis. The of war; resolved to penetrate into this einpeople pressed around him in passing. The pire, leaving behind them the vast chain of air resounded with cries of Vive l'Empereur. fortresses which surrounds it on all sides ; The same enthusiasm was excited by the when they designed, by a rash maneuvre, presence of his Majesty, when he entered to get possession of the capital, without vur walls victorious; all thought they could thinking of the means of effecting their renot testify too much gratitude; and, in treat, in the midst of a population whoin fact, the details with which we have been their conduct has exasperated, how was it. made acquainted, could not fail to add to possible that they were not stopped in this our love of the Sovereign. The French gigantic enterprise by their knowledge of army had arrived in a suburb about three the genius, of the talents, of the character in the afternoon; it could have entered tlie of the Emperor? In a few days they have city with the fugitives, but the Emperor learned the falseness of their calculations. chose rather to suspend the march of the The bold and rapid operations which have troops than to expose our city to the fiames, just baffled their designs, recal to every with which it was threatened by an every mind the glorious and meinorable campaign enraged at having been vanquished.—His in Italy in the year five, and those which Majesty passed the night at a miserable succeeded it.--It was against the flower of hamlet, and it was not till eight in the the troops allied against us, at the battles of morning that he made his entrance into our Montmirail and Vauchamp, at the combat city. The circumstances of that happy day of Montereau, that the ten standards were

be effaced from our memory. taken which I present to your Majesty from Every body approached the Emperor, spoke the Emperor. - These pledges of French to him, pressed his hand, thanked him with valour presage to us new and greater suctears. His Majesty seemed affected, and cesses, if the obstinacy of the enemy prosaw in these marks of attachment the joy of tracts the war. This noble hope is in the children on the return of a cherished heart of every Frenchman. You share in father.”-It is unnecessary for me to add it, Madam ; you who, always confiding in any thing to a description so affecting the genius of your august Spouse, in the efAfter the Austrians were allowed to evacu- forts and the love of the nation, have contiate Troyes, they proceeded to Bar-Sur, a nued to shew, in all the circumstances of this retreat of nearly 20 miles from their posi- war, a firmness of mind, and virtues worthy tion at Troyes. While Bonaparté was thus the admiration of Europe and posterity."-it proceeding in his victorious career, several will be seen by the extract given above from

will neve

the French papers respecting, the reception allowed to leave it unmolested, the propoof Napoleon ai Troyes, that, after remain, sal of an armistice mentioned in the French ing in that city for three days, le set out bulletin, its subsequent occupation by Boto Arcis on the 17th ult. This movement, naparte, nor his departure from it on the which carried him nearer to Paris ihan 27th, to proceed against Marshal Blucher. Troyes, is now explained by the arrival of These were circumstances surely which dispatches from Colonel Lowę, who accom- could not fail to attract his lordship's notice as panics Blacher's army. The previous ac of some importance, particularly that which counts brought by Mr. Robiuson informed respected the arnistice, yet none of them us, that, in consequence of considerable are alluded to in his dispatches.' This reinforcements which the Marshal had re- silence in the Gazelle is the more extraorceived, he was then at the head of a new dinary that the official bulletin, which

was army of about 60,000 men. With this issued on the receipt of the dispatches, left force, and while Bonaparte was pursuing no doubt in any one's mind that his lordSchwartzenberg, Blucher madeja rapid mave ship had given the details of the above ment towards Paris, and reached Meaux occurrences. In that bulletin, as it appears, on the river Marne, ouly 25 miles north of in the Courier, I find the following statethai capital. Here he had spread out his ment: “ Intelligence being received that troops in various directions, evidently for Bonaparle was marching with a part of his the purpose of forming a junction with the army on Sezanne lo acl aguinst Marshal different reinforcequenis adyaucing through Blucher, Prince Schwartzenberg had or-, Germany. In his advance to Meaux, dered an immediate advance upon Troyes. Blucher encountered a French division It is understood that Bonaparte, leaving under Marmont; and, in a partial affair 45,000 men on the line of Troyes, had with these troups, lie was slightly wounded. marched with the rest of his ariny against, The intelligence of the progress of Blucher Marshal Blucher," If the information immediately

, drew Bonaparte from Troyes, communicated in this bulletin was obtained where he left 45,000 men to watch the from Lord Burghersh, how came his dis motions of Schwartzenberg, while he pro- patches to be afterwards published willione ceeded with the main body of his army containing any allusion to Bonaparte's towards Meaux. Very, important intelli- " marching to act against Llucher,” Oy gence may, therefore, be soon expected “his leaving 45,000 men on the line of frotn that quarter, sas Bonaparıé, occupied Troyes?”It is possible bis lordship, may. as he is with two separate armies, must have not said anything as to these and the bring one of them into immediale action, in other qmissions which I have noticed, order to prevent the other from reaching though I should think it very extraordinary Paris. That this has been attempted by if this turned oui to be the fact. But even che Austrian general since Napoleon sei out then, if these particulars were actually, from Troyes, is evident froin dispatches drawn from auother source; if they were, received from Lord. Burgheçsh up to the the substance of dispatches from another, 2nd inst. -By these it appears that there accredited agent, I should still think that had been some hard fighting at Bar-sur- these dispatches ought to have been pubAube, during which Schwartzenberg was lished, or some very good reason assigned wounded, but that these encounters ter for keeping them back. Until some such ininated in favour of the Allies, who had reason is given, I am afraid there are many in consequence determined again to "ad- who will continue to believe, with me, vance upon Troyes.". It is rather singular, that they are not put in possession of all however, that Lord Burghersh has furnish- the information which, in my opinion, the ed us with no details of the particulars public, who are the principal parties inwhich immediately preceded and accom- terested, have an undoubted right to ex. panied the eyacuation of Troyes by the pect. With regard to the complexion of Allies. He speaks of General Wittgen- the military intelligence contained in our stein having " quitted the positions of No- official dispatches, it does not appear to gent and Pont-sur-Seine,"'. He mentions me of sufficient importance to influence the some intended movements upon the road question one way or another, whether the is between Bar-sur-Seine and Chatillon," French Emperor will be successful or not places considerably in the rear of Troyes, in repelling the invasion of the Allied brut he no where notices the investment of powers? I have distincrly stated it to be Troyes itself by Napoleon, the threat to my firm persuasion that he will drive them burn it if the Austrian army were not 'out of France. Nay more, that he will

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