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ple saw nothing worth fighting for. At effects of the excellent code of laws which least, having had a trial of Buonaparte's he has established; whatever were their government, they were not, perhaps, so motives for acting the part they did, it is very tired of it as to determine, all at once, certain they never gave that support to the to sacrifice their lives for the new king, of new government which it was asserted they whose government they had had no trial, had given. On the contrary, though Naand which had nothing more favourable in poleon was compelled, by reverse of forits aspect than the former to recommend it. tune, almost to abandon Holland to its fate, This train of reasoning was naturally to be “the Sovereign Prince of the Netherlands" expected of a people so proverbially phleg- has not been able to clear his kingdom of matic as the Dutch. The page of history French troops, even with the assistance of no doubt represents that nation, al one pe- at least 10,000 of our best troops, an incalriod, engaged in a gallant and successful culable quantity of military stores, and a opposition to foreigu doinination. But in sum of money from this country fully adethat case the consequence of submission was quate to his views. But men and money the entire loss of independence, while the can accomplish nothing in the cause of a advantages of resistance were manifest and sovereign, when that cause, as is evidently incalculably great. In the present instance, the case here, is not also the cause of the and supposing them to have been stript of people. This is a fact of which we ought to, their political rights by Buonaparté, it no (and I am certain might) have informed our where appears that the Prince of Orange selves better than we did, when we espousintended to restore them. On the contra ed the interests of the house of Orange. ry, his Royal Highness took upon himself Had we acted in this cautious and prudent the title of a king, and, it is to be pre- manner, we might have avoided the dissumed, he has since exercised all the powers grace which must attend the withdrawing of sovereignty. It is true, the noise and our troops from Holland, without accomclamour which the first news of this coun- plishing the object for which they were sent ter-revolution occasioned, and the impor. thither; and we might have saved the tance which government attached to it, ope. Prince of Orange the mortification which rated, for a while, to make some believe he must feel if, as is likely to happen, he that the people of Holland had in truth should be forced to relinquish a crown, thrown off the French yoke. In the House which was assumed without any calculation of Commons it was said, by Lord Castle of chances as to the probability of his being reagh, that this revolution was “ the result able to retain it. But instead of acting " of the spontaneous and unanimous wish in this way, the proceedings were goue into of the people of Holland of all parties;" — with the greatest rashness by the managers and the event was every where hailed as a in this political drama, and the lookers on, triumph of freedom over oppression. But without any regard to the consequences, the less credulous were not long in discover- displayed the most consummate folly in the ing that the people had nothing to say in the applause which they gave to the first act of business; that they interested themselves as a piece which so very soon disappointed Jittle, perhaps less, in the fate of William their hopes, and which may now, in all the first, the “Sovereign Prince of the probability, terminate fatally to the indivi. " Netherlands," as what they did in the duals who were urged on, by the most flatfate of the Emperor Napoleon. In no tering promises, to become the chief actors. shape did they justify Lord Castlereagh's But this is not all. Our news-paper press, statement; for if the impulse had been with its usual regard for truth and justice, spontaneous and unanimous in favour of has commenced an indiscriminate and William, this would have been seen in its abusive attack upon the people of Holland corresponding effects. All Holland would and the house of Orange, because the result have been in arms to make good the clains of the event which they were so active in of the house of Orange. Like France, the promoting (and on the failure of which voice of the sovereign would have aroused every judicious person might easily have the people; like France they would have calculated) has not been what they expectunited their fortunes to his; and, like ed, and what they were so forward in tellFrance, they would have discomfited the ing the public it would assuredly be. The armies, and baffled the projects of all the Times paper, which takes the lead when combined Powers of Europe. But no- any dirty work is to be performed, has the Dutch were actuated by no such feel- opened its budget of abuse with the follows ing. Whether they were attached to Buo- ing article: 66 The Dutch proceed very naparté, or had experienced the beneficial | leisurely in their efforts to distinguish
themselves among the allied nations. Gor- that which respects the Allies. It appears, cum was taken possession of on the 20th that it was at one time in contemplation to justant; but Naarden, even yel, shows no enlarge the ancient boundaries of Holland indication of an intention to surrender. Il by " new accessions of territory," and this is difficult to say whether this supineness idea is fully warranted by the new title reflects more discredit ou the people or on which William the First assumed when he the government ; but we cannot help think. landed in Holland. But it is not so clear ing, that one or the other must be nuch to that the allied powers were parties to this blame to suffer the existence of any foreign arrangement, or that it had even been garrison in the lieart of their country so long communicated to them prior to that Prince's after all external dauger has been removed declaration. It seems to have originated from the frontiers. Do they still allow the entirely with this country; and as a proof trailor Verhuel to insult them with impu- that neither the sovereigns of Russia, Ausnity? Do they not look on the fortresses tria, nor Prussia were consulted in the occupied by a foreign force, as the very business, we find them, at the breaking badges of their recent slavery, most into out of the counter-revolution, offering to lerable to the eyes of freemen?—The Napoleon to recognise the title of liis broother allied powers have a right to expect ther Louis to the crown of Holland. It that Holland shall not set an example of was our interest undoubtedly, in the event apalhy in the sacred cause. Unless they see of a family compact, that that kingdom in her a spirit to maintain her independence, should be enlarged. Though this might they will hardly venture to guarantee, much not give us direct possession, it would exless to secure it by stronger barriers, or tend our influence on the Continent; and, new accessions of lerrilory; and if the what is of lar greater consequence, enable House of Orange does not act up to its he- us to cripple the maritimne power of Buo. reditary greatness, it will be ill suited to naparıé. Here is the true secret of our an union with that of Brunswick." So, auxious wishes for the restoration of the if the Dutch people, according to this Orange family. Not the emancipation of writer, do not make common cause with the Dutch people from the tyrant of France, the Allies against France, they are to be but the establishment of an order of things punished with the loss of independence, in Holland, which would enlarge our poand of new accessions of territory; and if litical influence, and increase our means of the Prince of Orange does not do what his annoying our greatest enemy. Hence our subjects will not let him do; if he does not wisla to get possession of Antwerp; hence accomplish an impossibilily, he is to be pu- our anxiety to burn or get into our power nished also, by denying to his son his affi. the Scheldt Heet, and hence the virulence anced bride, the Princess Charlotte of of the Times, the Courier, and the whole Wales, who, we have long known, was tribe of hireling writers, against Admiral destined to be the wife of the hereditary Verhuel, whom they impudently denomiPrince of Orange. I dare say the Dutch nate a traitor, because he is acting in strict people feel themselves very little interested conformity to his oath of allegiance, and in in the business. To them it must appear a way which does credit to his valour and a matter of indifference whether the man to his integrity. Instead of landing the who is to be their ruler marries a greasy army under General Graham at a point Hottentot or a refined European. Their where, from the well-known skill and couviews chiefly centre in commerce, and from rage of that gallant officer, something might the experience which they have acquired have been effected, in conjunction with the during the last 20 years, I am inclined to Allies, of importance to the common cause, think, if the question were asked them, that these troops were ordered to take the nearthey would preser an alliance with Buona. est route to Antwerp, in the expectation, parte's family to that of every other, because no doubt, that that place, amidst the conthey would find it more conducive to their sternation and confusion which prevailed, interesi, But 10 punish the house of would be taken by surprise, or present a Orange for the fault of another ; for mis- feeble resistance to a besieging army. placed confidence in the patriotism of a na- Could the Allies be ignorant of all this? cjon, after being assured by Lord Castle Are they so stupid as not to have discoreagh that that nation had spontaneously vered in this proceeding the particular uband unanimously declared in their favour, ject we had in view ? is it to be supposed would be a species of cruelty and injustice that they are not aware of the policy which unexampled in history. The most absurd influences Great Britain in her hostility and curious part of the Times' statement is, against France ? that it is the annihilation
say, to clear
of her maritime power which we aim at ; | which have been used to bring Murat round and that, this once effected, they may perhaps to the cause of the Allies, I could not for a find it necessary at no very distant period, to moment have hesitated as to the fact. It arm against us in defence of their own naval no where appears that Britain is to allow rights. In these circumstances, it is ridi- the King of Naples a subsidy in money, as culous to talk of the Allies having a right we do Bernadotie for his magnanimous conto expect any thing from the people of duct. But Murat has received, and actualHolland. It must, in the first instance, ly taken possession of territory, as a bonus be shown that the Sovereigns of Europe are for joining in the “ sacred cause," equal in disposed to forward our views as to that point of real value to the whole kingdom of country; that they are willing the succes. Naples. The Courier at first told us sion to the crown should be fixed in the that Murat was "to have an accession of Orange family; that the proposed matrimo-" territory from the Papal States.” It apnial alliance with this country should be pears, however, he has not only got a part, carried into effect; and that they are inclined but the whole of these States; he has taken to submit to the vast accession of maritime “ possession of the south of Italy as far as power which this would eventually gives the right bank of the Po." Why the us. It is proper, I
these Allies should have given up so much; why necessary points, before we presume to they should have sacrificed so large a porthreaten the Dutch people or the house of tion of this fine country, for the inere coOrange; because we inight, perhaps, find, operation of a Power like Naples, has excited as we have often done, when it was too a good deal of surprise. Our newspapers, late, that it is one thing to manage a go- such as the Times and the Courier, have vernment and a people when they look upon attempted to create doubts as to the arus as friends, and another when we have rangement, on account of the very advanmade them our enemies by our arrogant tageous ternis obtained by Murat.-Others and unjust pretensions. Whatever the age again, while they give implicit credit to gregate of the English nation may think, it the fact, have thought they discovered some is very clear to me, that the allied powers symptoms in the trausaction of a scheme, a will not stand by and sulfer Great Britain stratagem, on the part of Napoleon, to to maintain the sovereignty of the seas, save Naples froin falling into the hands of wbile their own rights, as naval powers the Allies, at a moment wlien, from the possessing a large extent of sea coast, are dangers which threatened him on all sides, compromised; nor do I believe they he could not afford her any succours in will perinit France, Holland, or the other case she should be attacked by a superior maritime states, to become a prey to the force. -As to the apparent defection of inordinate ambition of any sovereign, be Murat, I see no reason to doubt this behis power and pretensions what they may. cause he was obtained better terms than the
Times and Courier would have allowed MURAT, King or NAPLES. I dare bim. But I have not discovered any thing say the Emperor Napoleon begins to think which enables me to form a positive opinion that the kings he was lately so active in as to the other point-namely, that the making, have turned out rather scurvy whole is the result of a deep policy on the fellows. First, Bernadotte deserts his part of Napoleon to preserve Naples. This cause, leagues with the Allies, and then may be the case'; it is likely enough; but, invades France, regardless of what fools as för as is yet seen, nothing positive can be may say about patriotism, and rebellion advanced on the subject. Still, sufficient has against one's country. Then comes the al transpired to satisfy me, that Murat has leged defection of Murat, a personage not been a willing instrument in the busiwhom, we had every reason to believe, vess, but has yielded only to circumstances, was the particular favourite of Buonaparté, which he could not control. In short, and who always evinced a decided attach- that it was necessily, as in the case of the ment to his cause. It was some time, I Danes, which led him to join the Allies. confess, before I could persuade myself that In proof of this, we have his own proclathis last sovereign of Napoleon's creation mation, published at Milan, on the i7th of had followed the example of the “great January, which runs as follows:-“ Mi. " Prince of Sweden," and, like him, taken lan, Jan. 30th. The King of Naples, up arms against his native country. But " on the 17th inst, issued the following this reluctance on my part, I now find, was
“proclamation :---Having, for sundry owing to inatten.ion; for if I had consider weighly causes, found ourselves ODLICED ed aright the nature of those stimulynts. "lo udobl measures for being
“the Alliance of the States united against may safely be left to his care. Should “ France, we have in this instance been Murat, however, have been influenced by “ successful. We have given up the three motives really hostile towards Buonaparte, - islands situated opposite to Naples, and of which the latter, it must be acknow66 our whole fleet : but for this we are to ledged, is the best judge, he has only him“ have a sufficient compensation. We are self to blame for conliding so much as he “ going to take possession of the South of has done in his generals, and showing so " Italy, as far as to the right bank of the great a partiality for the craft of king“ Po." We shall always remember our making. He may, perhaps, at this moment, “ duty; and those persons in office who be accusing himself, and repenting his ill“ have always performed their's, and who placed confidence; but he should recollect, “ have made no opposition to our measures, that kings are but men, whose vices and “ inay assuredly reckon on our protection, propensities do not always change with a " and on keeping their respective posts. change of circumstances. He should also
From this document it is sufficiently reinember, that he is not the first sovereiga clear, that Murat was obliged, from“ sun- who has had to struggle against the trea« dry weighty causes" not explained, to chery of friends. King Henry the Vth solicit an alliance with the powers " united had much to complain of in that way; and “ against France." It requires very little although I never was a great admirer of penetration to discover what these causes Shakespeare, I cannot resist the temptation, were. He could not be ignorant of the for once, of giving an extract from the recent disasters of France, on which alone above play, which, I think, contains a Naples can depend for assistance in the pretty apt illustration of the point under hour of danger. Surrounded on all sides consideration : by the enemies of that sovereign to whom
But oh! he owed every thing, it was, indeed, a
Whatshall I say to thee, Lord Scroop, thou cruel,
Ungrateful, savage, and inhuman monster! wise and profound policy on the part of the Thou that didst bear the key of all my counsels, Neapolitan king to avert the threatening That knew of the very bottom of my soul, storm by conciliation. Whether this was That almost might'st have coin'd me into gold. the result of Buonaparté's schemes or not, May it be possible that foreign hire
Would'st thou have practis'd on me for thy use? it seems to me that terms have been obtain. Could out of thee extract ove spark of evil ed by Naples, much more favourable than That might annoy my finger Tis so strange, she had any reason to expect. These, That though the truth of it stand off as gross indeed, have excited the indignation of the As black and white, mine eye will scarcely see it.
Treason and murder ever kept together Courier, which exclaims, “A sufficient As two yok e-devils, sworn to either's purpose, 6 compensation with a vengeance! for as Working so grossly in a natural cause, " the Po, having its source in the Alps in That admiration did not whoop at them; “ Savoy, flows into the sea, north of Co. But thou 'gainst all proportion didst bring in « machio, Murat would, besides Naples, And whatsoever cunning fiend it was
Wonder, to wait on treason and ou murder ; " have all the Papal States, Tuscany, That wrought upou thee so preposterously, " Modena, Parma, Bologna, &c. !!". Hath got the voice in hell for excellence: It is no way surprising to find our hireling Do botch and bungle up damnations
And other devils that suggest by treasons press venting its spleen in this way, but it with patches, colours, and with forms, being is somewhat singular, if we can believe fetched Buonaparte serious, to see him censuring From glittering semblances of piety; the conduct of Murat, recalling, as he has But be that temper'd thee bade thee stand up, done, all Frenchmen from Naples, and Unless to dub thee with the name of traitor.
Gave thee as instance why thou shouldst do treason denouncing them defaulters, who would be if that same deinon that hath gulld diee thus, “ pursued by the agents of the public go. Should, with his lion-gait, walk the whole world, "vernment, ” if they did not " return into He might return to vasty Tartar back, " the territory of the empire within the A soul so easily as I won his.
And tell the legions, I can never win space of three months." Napoleon is
King Henry the Vth, Act the 2nd. either acting a double part in the business, or he is become quite unreasonable if, as Peace OR WAR?--If we are to judge Murat says, he was actually obliged to from the altered tone of that vile press, adopt measures for being admitted into the which has, .for twenty years, sacrificed alliance. By that step he has not only every principle of justice, of honour, and preserved Naples from being invaded by of humanity, to its interested clamour for ihe Allies, but all 'Italy to the south of interminable war, the great question is now the Po; and young Beauharnois has shewn about to be settled, and Europe once more by his late successes, that the rest of Italy restored to a state of peace. Not many
days have elapsed since we were told in the amicable termination of the negociation. Courier, that the Allies bad determined not With such shallow-minded people, Great to make peace with the Emperor of France Britain is every thing ; she is the fulcrum until they were in possession of his capital. which moves and directs all the proceedings This insolent language was doubtless suited at Chatillon; she is the pivot upon which to the narrow views of those who had been the whole must turn. To say nothing of all along endeavouring to persuade the France, with a population of 30 millions countrys that France was sunk in a state of of people, who are now in a condition to apathy, and unwilling to continue the con- dictate terms to their invaders, Russia, test any longer in support of its present Austria, Prussia, and the whole of the government. It was language quite con- confederates must, according to these sage sistent with the assurances they gave their politicians, submit to be controlled by the readers, that the Allies were actually in pos- whim and caprice of this country; must session of Paris, and were about to “de- prosecute the war if England resolves on throne the tyrant,” and restore to France war; must make peace if it suits her pleathe " mild and virtuous sway of the house sure. Highly absurd and ridiculous as of Bourbon.” In fine, it was language this must make us appear in the eyes of every way becoming men who talked and other nations, it is a sort of language not boasted thus in the absence of the intelli- only to be found in the mouths of thousands gence of Napoleon's victories, which, like who can neither read nor write, but, to à powerful talisman, has in one instant their eternal disgrace, of thousands more overthrown their vain and towering hopes, who have received a liberal education, and, and converted their imperious exultation of course, ought to know better. In fact, into dolesul lamentations. Those, in par. the same false ideas with regard to national ticular, who were the most active in sound-importance and national superiority, pering the everlasting war-whoop, and who vades all ranks, and disgustingly obirudes piously told us that " to make peace with itself upon our notice in every news-paper Buonaparté would be to make war against and political pamphlet which issues from virtue and against God," are now the most the press. The period is fast approaching forward in proclaiming their expectations when the eyes of mankind will be open to of an immediate peace. It has been this this horrible delusion, and when they will expectation, they say, which has led to be made sensible of the folly of treating another prorogation of parliament to the every other nation with contempt that does 21st instant, before which day, they con- not bow to the mandates of an unjust and fidently assure us, the preliminaries will imperious domination.
But let peace come have been signed; not merely by the minis- when it may, it will be found, to our sad ters of Russia, Prussia, and the other con experience, that it would have been more tinental powers, but also by Lord Castle- to the advantage of Great Britain if, instead reagh in behalf of this country. This is of assuming a dictatorial tone, and being what the newspapers, who pretend to be in the
prime mover in the greater part, if not the secret, and who, only the other day, in all the coalitions that have been formed told us a very different story, would now against France, she had confined her views have us to believe is the state of the nego-to the improvement of her manufactures, to ciation for peace. It is possible that what her agricultural pursuits, and to the enthey say may at last be true ; these lying courageinent of the other useful arts. Then, oracles may for once have spoken the truth, indeed, she might have been great ; then and many of their former dupes, notwith- she might have had reason to be proud of standing the repeated proofs they have had her superiority. But she preferred a state of their total disregard of all honest prin- of ruinous warfare, which has had the ciple, may credit every iota of it. For my effect of giving to the people against whom part, however, I confess that peace, a ge- she fought, the pre-eminence she might neral peace such as these newspapers have have enjoyed ; and caused hersell to tremble described, is an event which does not appear at the prospect of peace, which she dreads to me so very near. The recent dis- because it must be fatal to millions, and asters of the Allies, may have disposed the place, the country in a situation in which miods of those who manage our affairs at it will poignantly feel all the pernicious home, to pursue more peaceable measures effects consequent on the destructive system with the French Emperor than we were which has so long desolated Europe. No lately taught to expect; and this may have one can suppose ine an enemy to peace, superinduced a persuasion in some minds, without supposing me destitute of the comthat nothing now stands in the way of an mon feelings of humanity. But I cannot