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sa long duration of his life and health. would fain divide us from our ruler ;
-What! and do we understand you hut, in this you never will succeed as 'rightly, when you express your dislike long as we continue to see, that his ene
of the return of peace to Europe, be..mies are the enemies of the power, the cause then your navy will “ find no 'glory, and happiness of France ? * prizes?" We would fain not believe you Such would certainly be, in substance, the serious here. The ideas we have always answer of the French people to any invita
heretofore had, and expressed, of the tion that the everlasting-war faction might justice and generosity of the English give them to assassinale Napoleon; and, character must, at least, make us con- therefore, whatever converts they may
chude, that those Englishmen, who ex- make at home, they may, with respect to press such sentiments are few in number; the people of France, follow the old preOtherwise we must suppose, that your cept, and “ keep their breath to cool their nation has been so much changed by the porridge.” And, I am of opinion, too, war and by the writings of mercenary that the Allies would not be very anxious writers, as to have become most shockingly to get many more bloody noses in a war, debased. What! would you continue which was to have the above objects in ' war with all its miseries for the purpose, view. The powers of the Continent would
in part, at least, of enabling your naval | hardly run any very considerable risk for 6 officers and seamen to enrich themselves at the sake of upholding our war-taxes, though • the expense of innocent traders ? Would these sentiments of the writer in the Times • you see the world remain in its present may furnish them with information that • unhappy state ; would you keep in exist- they were not possessed of before. .ence all those millions of evils which hu• manity deplores, for the sake of putting MR. MANT AND CAPT. CAMPBELL.
prize-money into the pockets of a part of In consequence of the article, containing • the English nation ? And would you have the Statement and Affidavit of Mr. Mant, «us murder Napoleon, because he is, as which was published in the Register of the
you infer, an enemy to your making those 19th of February, Capt. Campbell has • gains ? - Again, you object to peace thought it necessary to publish, through with Napoleon, because it will give us the same channel, a very short statement colonies and commerce ; and thus you of facts, unaccompanied with any reasonshow how sincere your regard is for us, ing upon the subject, and also an Affidavit
, • how firm a reliance we may place on your not made by himself, but by Capt. Wilson, friendship, at the same tiine that you of the Navy, who was, as will be seen, at
make a happy discovery of your own mo- the time referred to, the First Lieutenant • deration, your abhorrence of conquests of the Frigate Unité, on board of which 6 and ambition, and you give a clear eluci- Mr. Mant served, and which Affidavit he • dation of that disinteresledness, with which submits to a comparison with that of Mr. you have laboured in the deliverance of Eu- Mant.--- Capt. Campbell states, that, rope. So that your war, after having with regard to the point which is the most been, first, a war for social order and re- important to him and to the public, namegular government ; secondly, a war for ly, the illegality of the selling of prizes, The “ blessed comforts of religion," as and the other transactions, of which Mr.
described by George Rose; thirdly, a Mant, in his pamphlet, speaks in so loose a 6 war for indemnity for the past and se- manner, the transactions were all made
curity for the future;" fourthly, a war matter of charge against him by Mr. Mant • for the deliverance of Europe,"is, now, to the Admiralty, in 1812, while Capt. • agreeably, to the language of your fac- Campbell was abroad, and after he had, . tion, a war for the keeping of our con- by writing to the Transport Board, prescripts in prison, for preventing your vented Mr. Mant from being appointed to war taxes from falling off, for giving a Prison Ship: that, upon receiving this prizes to your navy, and for (what our charge against him, the Lords of the Ad
Emperor has always, as you say, falsely miralty ordered Sir Edward Pellew, then • accused you of) engrossing all the colonies become the Commander in Chief in the 6 and commerce to yourselves. Away, Mediterranean, to inquire into the matter; therefore, with your advice! Your de- that Sir Edward Pellew, after such inquiry, clarations, if they were as numerous as informed their Lordships, that there was yourqutes or the millions of your debt, no ground for the charge, which he denowould have no weight with us. You winated a base attempt; that the Lords of
the Admiralty hereupon informed Sir Ed- | which Affidavit, he is persuaded that no ward Pellew, that his report was perfectly person will need any thing more in answer satisfactory to them; and he states, that, in to any charge resting upon the veracity of the transactions, as far as they really did Mr. Mant. take place, there was nothing contrary to the laws and usages in force, and in con
Mr. Wilson's AFFIDAVIT. stant practice in the Mediterranean. He John Wilson, commander in the Royal states, that, with regard to the commence- Navy, maketh oath, That in the years ment of this dispute, Mr. Mant not only 1806, 1807, and until Oct. 1808, he began it by preferring charges against hiin was senior Lieutenant of His Majesty's while he was abroad, but that he found, ship Unité, of which ship, and during upon his return home, that Mr. Mant had which time, Mr. Thomas Mant was Sure long been in the practice of showing to seve- geon ; that Captain Patrick Campbell took ral respectable persons about Southampton command of the said ship (then off Cadiz) the papers of which he speaks in his in August 1806, and was immediately orpamphlet, and also of reflecting most scan- dered, with command of a small squadron, dalously on Capt. Campbell's character, to the Adriatic. That the said Mr. Thoinas which induced Capt. Campbell to show the Mant, in consequence of his knowledge of papers he possessed, in his own vindication, the Italian language, was intrusted to mato his friends, and particularly to his bro. nage the prize concerns of the squadron at ther officers in that neighbourhood; and Trieste, &c. ; that in the month of October that the real reason why he declined fur- 1807, the ship then off the Island of Lussin, nishing Mr. Mant with copies of the papers on her way to cruize off Corfu, information was, that he thought the request quite im was received, that passes intrusted by Cappertinent, seeing that Mr. Mani knew so tain Campbell to Mr. Mant, to deliver to well what the nature of the charges was, merchants at Trieste, had been sold, and and seeing that the papers were, for the that Mr. Mant had derived emolumeng most part, in his own hand writing; be- from such sale, and also received money sides which, Capt. Campbell wished, of for undervaluing prizes. That on the ship's all things, to avoid any thing like a contro- arrival at Malta in December following, Versy with Mr. Mant.Capt. Campbell Mr. Mant made application to Captain has no desire to add to the weight with Campbell to be allowed to go home, on which Mr. Mant is loaded, and would fain pretence of ill health, or to exchange into avoid saying one word as to bis conduct in another ship, which Captain Carupbell the transactions referred to; but, justice to refused, and told him, in the Deponent's himself and to the public demands a fact presence, of the accusations against him, or two on that subject. He, therefore, of receiving money for passes and understates, that, with regard to Mr. Mant's ig- valuing prizes, and until these charges were norance of the pretended illegality of the done away he could not comply with his transactions, and to his having resigned his request. That on the ship's return to the occupation as agent in the concerns when he Adriatic early in 1808, this Deponent indiscovered their illegality, the fact is, that formed Mr. Mant, that George Jursovich, he was removed by ihe captors, on account who accused him (Mr. Mant) of receiving of their conviction, that he had acted un- two hundred dollars for letting him (Jurfairly in the business, and was, from the sovich) have, on advantageous terms, prize same cause, excluded from messing with goods which he bought, was then on board, the officers in the Unité, as he had former- and that it was necessary he (Mr. Mant) ly done, which facts are known to so many should clear himself from such accusation, persons, that they must be deemed indis. or that he should be considered guilty of putable. -As to the fact, alleged so the charge; his reply was, that Jursovich stoutly by Mr. Mant, and to which so much was a damned rascal, and his word was as weight is given in his defence ; namely, good as Jursovich's. The ship was several that he was not fully informed of the accu. months up the Adriatic after this conversations against him, nor of the name of his sation took place; and although Jursovich accuser, until it was too late to confront was frequently on board, which Mr. Mant him with that accuser, a fact, if true, of could not be ignorant of, yet Mr. Mant, to very great importance, Captain Campbell the Deponent's knowledge, never attempted states nothing, but refers the public to the to clear himself. In another conversation subjoined Affidavit of Capt. Wilson, who nearly about the same tine, which the was, at the time referred to, the First Lieu Deponent had with Mr. Mant relative to tenant of the Ship; after the perusal of the sale of passes and undervaluing prizes,
the Deponent asked Mr. Mant, if he could / panions, gave them, wliat may be justly lay his hand on his heart and say, he (Mr. called, a good dinner; namely, roast beef, Mant) had never received money on either plum pudding, and four gallons of porter. account ; Mr. Mant answered the Deponent On that very day, a friend of inine called by saying, it was nothing to him whether at the donor's house, where he found a he received any or not, that he had taken wise and live children who actually had not the opinion of counsel on the subject and bread to eat, until clie uncle (for such my was desired not to criminate himself. This friend really was to the infants) gave the Deponent further saith, That he never inother a guinea to purchase lood. I need heard Mr. Mont express any compunction not tell you, Sir, that such a character was for the share he bad in the supposed ille unworthy the name of a husband and a fagality of the disposal of prize property in ther, and a disgrace to both. Will not which he was a voluntary agent, and in the same observation, when applied to an stead of withdrawing himself from the said individual, hold good as to a nation that agency, from any such compunction, he acts in a similar manner ? You have was removed froin it by the captors, they beard of a gentleman who, in a tavern having lost their confidence in bim. speech, lamented that he was not so high
J. Wilson, Captain, in the church as his nephew was in the
Royal Navy. army. I suppose the good man (for I Sworn before me at Southamp
verily believe him to be a good man) ton, Ist March, 1814,
meant, that if he was a bishop, every paThomas Ducell, J. P. for
'rish church in huis diocese should be opened the Town of Southampton.
for a collection for the suffering Germans.'
He has since tried the experiment in his GERMAN SUFFERERS.
own chapel, and I am informed that he SIR,--We are not called upon to ransack collected 4001. Very well; let the sufthe library of the novelist for melancholy fering Germans have it; and if those warm and affecting tales; the common occurrences advocates for these Germans had made pri.. of life will always furnish mankind, at least vate subscriptions amongst themselves ; those of a mental furn, with matter suffi- nay, had they sent their whole fortunes lo cient to depress the powers of levily. But Germany, they would have heard nothing cominon concerns are of little moment when from me. But why make a parish affair of compared with those which now command it? The hint, Sir, is taken by the church, the attention of Europe, and in which the and you may be sure that it will spread fate of millions of human beings are deeply to the utmost corners of the empire. involved. Emperors, Kings, and Princes Every minister that will not open his are tearing their subjects from the bosom mouth for the suffering Germans, will be of their families, to die-Where?-why, looked upon as disaffected to the state. in what they are pleased to call the field of But that is not the extent of the evil. The honor. But, however honorable such a parish officers will hold the dishes (for death may be in their estimation, I can plates will be too small) at the church - : hear but of one, amongst the whole group, door. They know each housekeeper; and who makes a point of coming within the every inhabitant who may think that his range of a cannon-ball; the rest rather poor suffering neighbour has a greater choosing, for reasons of state, to preserve claim to his bounty ihan the suffering Gertheir valuable lives to the latest period, mans, and chooses to pass the dish withthat they inay then pour out their last out a donation, will be immediately debreath on the bed of ease and indolence. nominated a Jacobin, an enemy to his
However, this reflection is not the country, and a friend of Buonaparté. only motive which induces me to solicit a But a small donation will not do. The page in your useful Register, and which, minister, who is to preach next Sunday if I am refused, will neither hurt my pride for the benefit of the suffering Germans, nor wound my feelings, as I shall enjoy declared, that he expected his congregathe consolation of having used my endca. tion to be very liberal ; it was for the vour to prevent an evil which appears to me honor of the nation. I know “ Church calculated to promote animosities and dis- and State” to be an old song. Religion, cord in many parishes.--A good name is that is to say, genuine religion and policertainly valuable; but let me take just and tics, have no affinity to each other, and . proper methods to acquire that good name. can no more claim an union than the mire
go, a being, in human form, of the streets can pretend to be sterling in order to gain the esteem of his pot-com- gold : it is a most unpleasant mixture, and
is as unsavory to the mind as a compound of true; but those fears spruug from quite a honey and mustard would be to the palate. different source. Theirs was a fear of los
I say, politics must make a part of the ing their Sinecures and lucrative places, sermon ; the distress of the suffering Ger- which, rather than part with, they premans must be pointed out ; then the cause ferred reducing the nation to what it now of the distress, which is the war.Here is. However those two unmanly spirits I could wish to make a very long pause, are, by the aid of some divines, (Bishops as I cannot help thinking, that there are I suppose) happily laid for a limited period. bundreds of thousands of suffering English Not in the Red Sea, where the old wo-, and Irish in the United Kingdom, who men's spirits are usually laid, but in the have a much greater claim upon the hu- snuff-box of a Minister of State. But: manity and honor of the nation, than the why, in the name of fortune, should there suffering Germans.-- I deny that the be so much sympathy for the suffering Gerinans have any claim upon the gratitude Germans, and so little feeling for the sufof the nation, as a nalion. But I will al-fering English? I have heard of no Tavern low, that they have a claim upon many speeches, proposing a general opening of thousands of individuals in the nation, now church pulpils, (this severe winter) for the living. They have a claim upon the whole benefit of the many, many thousands of body of the alarmists, at the head of whoin our own suffering poor, who have actually, stood that political apostate Pilt; that bitter wanted bread. I know but of one church scourge to Britain and to civil liberty. They in the City of London, the pulpit of which have a clainr upon the life and fortune gen- has been devoted to so laudable a purpose ; tlemen. They have a claim upon the Corporale and, to the honor of the Rector be it Budies. · They have a claiin upon the Role spoken, (whose heart is abundantly blest ten Boroughs, who have bound themselves, with the milk of human kindness and fellow by their signatures to their addresses ; and feeling,) it was that of the church of St. they have a claim upon Government Con- Ann, Blackfriars.--Tue same gentleman, Tractors of every description. All these I understand, proposes, from the best of compose what may properly be called the motives, though he has not taken into conwar-faction. These are the men, the sideration the extent of the injury, to devery men, upon whom the suffering Ger- vote the same pulpit for the Benefit of the mans have a claim. They have been the suffering Germans.
It should be recause, the only cause of the war It is un- membered, however, that the Germans just to say that the suffering Germans have have been fighting, - nol for us, but for a claim upon the nation. -- -Take the na- themselves. They have been fighting tion at large, eighteen out of twenty, were their own battles, in which, as a nationi, against going to war with the French, be- we are not interested. It is true, our good cause they chose to make an alteration in souls have given to the respective sovereigns their Government. The very best friends of Germany, who have caused their troops the nation then had, and still have, were to take the field, many millions of pounds. entirely against the war, and are so to this in hard cash, by way of subsidy ;-and it is hour. Had their advice been attended to, equally true, if there is any comfort in the Britain, in point of circumstances, would information, that our children, and, great, have been just the reverse of what she now great grand children, will have to toil and is, and Germany in a state of tranquillity. labour for nioney to pay the interest of the It is true, the friends of the country wished many millions of hard guineas which have a reform, and I humbly hope they will one so pleasingly filled the coffers of the Gerday obtain it. It is ceriain the real friend man princes. Therefore, it is to their respecof his country did not desire a relormation tive sovereigns, that the suffering Germans before it was greally wanted. It is equally ought to look for assistance. Their princes certain, it was not a revolution he looked have received the British guineas, and their for. The alarmists, to gain their point, princes are in duty bound to attend to the instantly let loose their favourite Hobgob- wants of their suffering subjects. If I. lins, Fear and Dread, twisted, and dress had a few dollars to spare (as for guineas ed
up in the most terrific form and colours. they are all Aed to the Continent,) I should To oppose and attack those two monsters, think myself a base wretch to send them to the whole Regiment of these renowned the suffering Germans, while I have so Knights the life and Fortune gentlemen, many suffering neighbours, who cannot turned out to a man. But the alarmists procure sufficient bread for themselves and were 100 wise to be scared by ghosts of families.--I should, by such an act, be their own raising ; they had their fears 'uis an exact copy of that worthless being !
have mentioned above, who, to gain a States General, and erecting in its stead a good name, indulged Jack Noaks and Tom hereditary kingly government, “ a sovereign Styles with a good dinner, while his feel-“ prince of the United Netherlands." Obing heart left his wife and family without serve, I say, how soon these men changed bread. No! rather let me attend to the their note, when the giving of a king to wants of those dear children, those sixty Holland was done in a way which conformout of seventy school-boys, who had noted to their views, and in which they somewherewith to break their fast, until the what participated. The measure became, hamanity of the school-master supplied all on a sudden, a grand and sublime effort their craving wants. ---How many, many of the genius of this country; a bright thousands of my fellow countrymen are at emanation from that "happy constitution" this very moment in a similar situation, which is the “ envy of the world,” and of who have a much stronger claim upon my which none can form a just estimate but bounty than foreigners, for I am taught to those who live under its “benign influbelieve, that " charity begins at home." “ ence.” Here the magnanimity of Eng.
You are at liberty to bestow what I lishmen had reached its climax; for what name or appellation upon me you please, could be more generous, what more noble, but I am convinced, from my own feelings, what more elevated, than to confer a porthat I am a FRIEND TO HUMANITY. tion of that liberty which Englishmen enBlackfriars, 2d March, 1814.
joy upon a people who were no way solicit.
ous about it?-One would have thought Dutch INDEPENDENCE.
-It appears at that this unlooked for favour ; this unexlast that the wise-acres, who lately excited ampled generosity; this anxiety to restore the clamour of Orange Boovan, and saw no a whole nation to independence, to happithing in the restoration of the house of ness, and to security, equal to what we enOrange but the overthrow of Napoleon's joy under the best government on earth,” dynasty, begin to think that they were too would have called forth the warmest ac. sanguine in their expectations, and that the knowledgments of the Dutch; have stimuDutch, like all other nations who have once lated them to throw off the Napoleon yoke; tasted of liberty, are not so wedded to the have roused them to expel their oppressors; divine rights of kings, or to hereditary mo and led them to present a barrier to the funarchy, as to be insensible of the difference ture encroachments of Buonaparté, which between a free representative government, even all his legions could never overthrow. and that in which the dictum of one indivi- Had this people been in reality the unwill. dual is paramount to the law. When the ing and abject slaves of the ruler of France; French Emperor ventured to give Holland had their sufferings been even less severe a king, the enormily of the deed was stig. than they were represented, it was unquesmatized as without a parallel : it was held lionably the fittest moment they could have up as an instance of despotism far surpass- chosen to emancipate themselves from this ing all his former acts of tyranny, and the disgraceful vassalage, when the power of deplorable situation to which the Dutch their oppressor was broken, where he himpeople were thereby reduced, was said to self was under the necessity of becoming 2 be infinitely worse than that of the most supplicant, and when the whole strength abject state of slavery recorded in history. and resources of Great Britain were emThe miseries of the poor Hollanders were, ployed in endeavouring to cruslı him for indeed, painted in such glowing colours, ever, and to raise from the dust all those that even the “ Ainty heart of their tyrant" nations who had been compelled to acknowwas said at times to relent, when he con- ledge his “ tremendous sway."'-lt aptemplated the “ fell havock" which his pears, however, that the Dutch entertained s cursed ambition' had made amongst this a very different view of the matter from gallant people. But mark the difference what was held on this side the water. If, when the inauguration of a sovereign, vest- they were in reality oppressed by one soveed with the same unlimited powers of a reign, they seem to have thought that they Buonaparte, came to be the act and deed, might be oppressed by another. Buonaat least to receive the countenance and sup- parté had altered the form of their governport of the good people of this country; ment, in lieu of which he had established when they assumed to themselves the his own sovereignty. The Prince of Orange right of establishing a new order of things, had supplanted this assumption of power of putting down even the bare semblance by declaring himself the sovereign prince of a Republic, and of destroying the last of the Netherlands. Here, then, was a remains of liberty in the extinction of the mere change of masters, in which the peo