Abbildungen der Seite
[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

enemy's position along the Partha river. under Captain Bogue, to form on the left of General Blucher gave to the Prince Royal a Prussian battery, and open upon the coof Sweden thirty thousand men, infantry, lumns retiring. Congreve's formidable cavalry, and artillery, of his army, and weapon had scarce accomplished the point with this formidable reinforcement, the of paralysing a solid square of infantry, Northern army was to attack from the which after one fire delivered themselves heights of Faucha, while General Blucher up (as if panic struck), when that gallant was to retain his position before Leipsig, and deserving officer, Captain Bogue, alike and use his utmost efforts to gain possession an ornament to his profession, and a loss to of the place.

- In the event of the whole his friends and country, received a shot in of the enemy's forces being carried against the head, which deprived the army of his either of the armies, they were recipro- services. Lieutenant Strangways, who succally to support each other and concert fur- ceeded to the command of the brigade, ther movements: that part of the enemy's received the Prince Royal's thanks for the force which for some time had been op- services they rendered. During the acposed to the Prince Royal of Sweden and tion twenty-two guns of Saxon artillery General Blucher, had taken up a very good joined us from the enemy, and two Westposition on the left bank of the Partha, phalian regiments of hussars and two battahaving its right at the strong point of lions of Saxons; the former were opporFaucha, and its left towards Leipsig- tunely made use of in the instant against the To force the enemy's right, and obtain pos- enemy, as our artillery and ammunition session of the heights of Faucha, was the were not all forward; and the Prince Royal first operation of the Prince Royal's army. addressed the latter by an offer, that he The corps of Russians under General Win. would head them immediately against the zingerode, and the Prussians under General enemy, which they to a man accepted. Bulow; were destined for this purpose, and The communication being now estathe Swedish army were directed to force the blished between the grand attacks and that passage of the river at Plosen and Mockau. of these two armies, the Grand Duke Con

-The passage was effected without much stantine, Generals Platoff, Milaradovitch, opposition. General Winzingerode took and other officers of distinction, joined the about three thousand prisoners at Faucha, Prince Royal, communicating the events and some guns.

-General Blucher put carrying on in that direction. It seems his army in motion as soon as he found the the most desperate resistanee was made by grand army engaged very hotly in the the enemy at Probothede, Stelleritz, and neighbourhood of the villages of Stollintz Counevitz ; but the different columns bearand Probestheyda, and the infantry of the ing on these points, as detailed in my forPrince Royal's army had not sufficient time mer dispatch, finally carried everything to make their fank movement before the before them. General Bennigsen taking enemy's infantry had abandoned the line of the villages upon the right bank of the the river, and retired over the plain in line Reutschove, having been joined by General and column, towards Leipsig, occupying Bubna from Dresden, General Tolstoy havSomerfelt, Paunsdorff, and Schonfeldt, in ing come up and relieved the former in the

strength,s. protecting their retreat. A blockade of that city, and General Guilay • very heavy cannonade and some brilliant manæuvering with twenty-five thousand

performances of General Winzingerode's Austrians upon the left bank of the Elster, cavalry : marked chiefly here the events of General Thielman and Prince Maurice the day, except towards the close, when Lichtenstein's corps moved

upon General Langeron, who had crossed the river, and the result of the day was, that river, attacked the village of Schonfeld, the enemy lost above forty thousand men in met with considerable resistance, and at killed, wounded, and prisoners, sixty-five i first was not able to force his way. He, pieces of artillery, and seventeen battalions

however, took it, but was driven back, of German infantry, with all their Staff : when the most positive orders were sent and Generals, which came over en masse - him by General Blucher, to re-occupy it at during the action. ----- The armies remain

the point of the bayonet ; which he accom- ed upon the ground on which they had so plished before dark. Some Prussian bat- bravely conquered, this night. The Prince falions of Ceneral Bulow's corps were Royal had his bivouac at Paunsdorff: Gewarınly engaged also at Paunsdorf, and the neral Blucher's remained at Witteritz, and enemy'

were retiring from it, when the the Emperor's and the King's at Roda. Prince Royal directed the rocket brigade, | About the close

of the day, it was under

the same


[ocr errors]

stood the enemy were retiring by Weissen LONDON GAZETTE, Nov. 2, 1813. fels and Naumburg; General Blucher re

Downing Street, Nov. 1, 1813. ceived an order from the King of Prussia to A Dispatch, of which the following is an detach in that direction. The movement of extract, was yesterday received at Lord the Prince Royal's army completely ex. Bathurst's Office, addressed to his Lordcluded the retreat on Wittenberg, that upon ship by Field-Marshal the Marquis of Erfurt had long since been lost to them ; Wellington, dated Vera, Oct. 18,1813. the line of the Saale alone remains, and as The enemy moved General Paris's divitheir flanks and rear will be operated upon sion from Oleron to the neighbourhood of duriug their march, it is difficult to say St. Jean de Pied le Port, as soon as our With what portion of their army they may lelt made its movement on the 7th instant. get to the Rhine.-----This moryjog the --On the night of the 12th the enemy town of Leipsig was attacked and carried attacked and carried the redoubt in the after a shone resistance, iby the armies of camp of Sarre, which was held by a picGeneral Blucher, the Prince Royal, and quet of forty men of the army of reserve General Bennigsen, and the grand army. of Andalusia, who were taken, as well as Mavsbals Marmont and Macdonald com one huudred pioneers. There is ceason to . manded in the town; chese, with Marshals believe that they were surprised, as the re

Augereau, ang Victor, narrowly escaped, serve for the support of the redoubt had with a small escort. -Their Majesties not time to give the picquet, assistance. the Emperor of Russia, and the king of this redoubt was certainly more distant Prussia, and the Crown Prince of Sweden, from the bine, and from tle ground from each heading their respective troops, enter-, which it could be supported, thap I had ed the towo at different points, and met in imagided it to be when I had directed that the Great Square. The acclamations and it should be occupied, and it was so near rejoicings of the people are not to be de- to the houses of the village of Sarre as al. acribed. --- Tbe inultipliciw of brilliant ways to be liable to an attack by surprise, achieyeinents, the impossibility of doing. I have therefore not allowed it to be re-ocjustice to the firmpess that has been dis

, cupied. After having possession of the replayed, the boldness of the conception of doubt, the enemy made an attack on the the Commander in Chief, Field-Marshal morning of the 13th, upon the advanced the Prince Schwartzenberg, and of the posts of the army of Andalusia, under the other experienced leaders together with command of Mariscal de Campo Don Pedro the shortness of the time allowed me for Gijan, with a view to regain possession of making up this dispatch, will plead, I bope, those works which they had lost on the 8th,

a sufficient excuse for my not sending a which they constructed in front of the camp : nuore accurate or perfect detail, which I of Sarre.' It was at first imagined and re

bope, however, to do hereafter.I send ported, that the real attack was on the side this dispatch by my Aid-de-Camp, Mr. of the Hermitage af La Rhume, but it was James, who has been distingnished for, his confined entirely to the advanced posts of services since he has been with this army; the army of Andalusia, and was repulsed he has also been with me in all the late by them without difficulty.--I had every events, and will be able to give your Lord, I reason to be satisfied with the conduct of ship all further particulars.

Mariscal de Campo Don P. Giron, and the I have the honour to be, &c. General Staff and other officers, and the (Signied) Chas. STEWART, Lt. Gen.

soldiers under bis command upon this occa

sion. I had again occasion to observe parP.S. On the field of battle this day' an ticularly the steadiness of the regiment of officet arrived from General Tettenborn, Ordenes, under the command of Colonel bringing the information of the surrender of Hore.Nothing of importance has ocBremen to the corps under his orders, and curred. on any part of the line, but it apthe keys of the town, which were presented pears that the enemy have been reinforced by the Pritice Royal to the 'Emperor of by considerable bodies of recruits, raised Russia.


by the recent conscriptions.--I have received no reports from Catalonia since I addressed your Lordship last.

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fieet-street.


(Price Is.


[34 "Buonaparte was overthrown, has made SUMMARY OF POLITICS,

" this line of policy a sine que non of her ABUSE OF AUSTRIA. - I observed," adherence to that coalition, 't answer, some weeks ago, that the everlasting-war “ that the impolicy of her determination faction were beginning to abuse the Empe- ' should be coinbated in the councils, but, ror of Austria and his advisers. They if that were invincible

, it should be rekavé, from that time to this, been increas-jected in the field by the Alliés. · The ing in the soulness of their insinuations " face of Europe for generations inuse

' not," against that leading Power of the coalition: ought not, to be compromised in the tilt, in the COURIER of the 4th instant, " mistaken feelings or latent ambition of they came to downright abuse : calling - an individual. To that individual, it Austria a disgraced Power; asserting that must be recollectedy Ellroße obes' the the world owes its late degradation to her; disgrace of having grafted a branch of its and, insisuing, that, if she pursue the line ancient dynasties upon the spurious exta of policy marked out in her Declaration, 'crescence of a Corsictin Plebeidn: " Tor she ought to be opposed in the field by the that disgraceful submission; to which the Mies? _ These sentiments are not ex... loss of empire and of life, in the reprepressed in a brief, hasty paragraph; but' sentative of the Czesats, should have are stated in an elaborate essay, evidently been preferred, we owe the present awintended to prepare the public mind for the ful and fatal pause in the decision of the adoption of measures agreeing with such "destinies of Europe. The degradation of sentiments. The writer, notwithstand- " Austria, alas !) in the decline of lier fora ing the sentiments of the Allies have been tunes, has fornished the means for the so clearly expressed in their Declaration degradation of the world, in her elevafrom Frankfort, has the hardihood to speak " tion. I feel ALMOST PROPHETI of the rejecting of any peace, which should CALLY WARNED to the conţiction, permit! Napoleon to retain even his throne." that she will fall the first victim to the The writer appears to treat that Declaration " vigour of the refreshed giant, and that as the product of folly, which ought to be her fate will be the precursor of the subchecked in its progress; and to be prepared "jugation of Europe. The reader to make war upon all those who issued it. will, I am sure, agree with me," that this He speaks, too, like one who is in no fear of is, at least,..a verty violent attack upon the punishment for this impudent attack upon House of Austria ; not uport the Covera? the principal of the allied Powers ; like one inent only, but upon the person and family who is confident that he runs no risk; like of the Savereign. It is an attack in that one who feels that he stands upon, sale part where truman' tiature tells us“ intén feel ground. Seeing the vast importance of most acutely; and, therefore, under the che conduct of Austria in this crisis ; seeing preséut circumstances, it must be clear to that the duration of the war and the na- every one, that, even if just, such an at ture of the peace, if peace be made, inust tack' was very iropolitic and imprudent. depend materially, and almost entirely apon But, as I said before, the writer seems to her wilt, it seems to me to be of the utmost have wished to prepare the public mind for consequence, that the people of this court actual measures corresponding with his try should entertain correct notions relative sentiments; and, if so, it might be deemed

the conduct of that. Power. I will prudent to begin by times to endeavour ro therefore, extract the particular passage excite, in the people of England, suspicion which has thus excited my, autention, and and comempt of the Government and Sosvill offer a few remarks upon it, "If," vereiga of Austria.-I, however, look gays this writer, "it be urged, that Aus- upon this attack as being conjust as well as ** trid, whose accession to the coalition was impolitic; and, as I most -arxiottsly wish "the greät Tever by which the power of that a peace may be made, founded on the



[ocr errors]

principles of the Declaration of our Allies, as fighting for us as much as for themselves; dated at Frankfort on the 1st of December, nay more than for themselves, because we I shall endeavour to: show; that Austria, are not satisfied with that peace, which, in with whom, I hope, we shall continue in their own opinions, would give them percordial alliance for the purpose oi making fect security, and that would ensure happipeace, does not merit the abuse, which ness to their several dominions. :: The Dethis lover of war has heaped upon her; or, claration says, that they will not lay down at least, that she is free of all blame upon their arms, till they have ensured the perthe points which he has selected as malters manent peace and stability of all the Stales? of accusation against her. This writer of Europe; and yet this writer abuses Ausinsists, that no peace ought to be inade with tria, looking upon her as the author of this Napoleon; that he vuglit to be extinguish- Declaration, which he imputes, as we shall ed; that the Bourbons ought to be restored; see by-and-by, to a selfish and even a base or, at the very least, that he ought to be motive. It will be said, perliaps, that shut up within the ancient boundaries of that Declaration was issued without consultFrance; and, of course, that the extended ing us. Very likely; but, if it was, what limits, of which, the Declaration speaks, could it exubrace more than the independ. ought not to have been offered, and ought ence, the permanent security, the happinot to be conceded.---Now, in the first ness, the honour, of all the States of Eu.. place, it does not appear, that Austria alone rope? And, I beg to know, who was to, issued that Declaration. It was, on the issue this Declaration but those who had contrary, issued by all the continental Al- the arius in their hands ; but those who had lies: by their Imperial and Royal Ma won the victories which had driven the " jesties." Supposing, therefore, that in- French across the Rhine?

Were the strument to contain what is wrong, I see Powers, whose territories bordered on no reason for accusation against Austria, France; were they, to whose people peace any more than against Russia and Prussia. and safety were of such great importance, Why, therefore, this virulence against Aus- to stop till they liad the leave of England tria alone? It has always been the custom to declare the grounds upon which they, of the everlasting war; faction to fall foul were ready to sheathe the sword? The upon the continental Powers, upon the idea is' so presumptuous, that the bare startslightest surmises, when those seemed in- ing of it is enough to excite disgust. disposed to sacrifice their all to gratify the Besides, what claim had we upon the Alselfisha views of this horrible faction. Is it lies? Had we avowed our readiness tu any wonder if England is disliked upon the submit to them the settling and determinContinent, and if her cheerings to war are ing the extent of our power?-_-They had listened to with caution?—+But, suppos- won the victories themselves, and that, 100, ing the Declaration to have been owing sole- at the risk of their very crowus. Theic ly to Austria, and that her design was and capitals 'had been once entered by the is to leave Napoleon an extension of terri- Power with whom they had to contend. tory. How can she be reasonably blamed Those capitals had been spared; but they for this by us? What right have we to might not have been spared again. They complain of her anel to abuse her for this ? risked their all; perhaps the very existence She is, surely, the best judge of the means of the Sovereigns themselves, and, if they of giving peace and security to her own do- had failed; should', we have indemnihed minions and to the pesty States within her theni ?' Upon what ground, then, can we, vortex. It is possible that she may be de- who risked nothing, condemn them for ceived; it is possible, that she may leave offering such terms of peace as to them apFrance too strong for her; but, what have pear likely to ensure the permanent stabiwe to do with that? How does that justify lity of their thrones and the happiness is in endeavouring to- rouse and arm the of their States ? And, more especially, rest of the Powers against her? I shall what ground could we have to complain, be told, perhaps, that if her Declaration if we had not made known to the in our were put in execution, it would leave readiness to submit our, conquests and the France too strong for us; and that, there- limits of our extended power to their disfore, we have a right to complain.-----But, cussion and control ? -_- So far from this, if we stand upon this ground, we make a however, we see' it' daily asserted by the very awkward figure; for, the fact escapes, very same writers who are most forward in that, after all our professions of disinterest- abusing Austria, that our maritime rights edness, we, at boliom, look upon the Allies and pretensions; that our blockading even

of the ports of the Allies; that our prac- dynasty " upon the spurious excrescence of tice of stopping neutrals upon the high" a Corsican Plebeian."--Now, withseas and of taking persons out of them at out commenting upon the indecency of this the discretion of our officers ; that none of language, does not every one see how base these are to be suffered to be brought into is this accusation? This writer is daily discussion by the Allies: and yet, these praising the Crown Prince of Sweden; he sare writers abuse the government and knows that we have acknowledged the leinsult the Sovereign of Austria, because gitimacy of his authority; that we have that power is willing to leave Napoleon ceded an island to that Prince ; and that with an extension of territory! And be that Prince is one of the very dynasty for cause she has dared to do this without first uniting himself with which this writer obtaining our approbation !—These writers censures the Emperor Francis, calling the seem always, in these cases, to forget that union disgraceful, and imputing it to the we, too, have been, and are, conquerors. basest of all possible motives! Besides, They dwell at great length on the ambition why, if this were just ground of censure, and on the conquests (which they call rob. confine it to the Emperor Francis ? Has beries; of Napoleon; but, they overlook not the Elector of Bavaria given his daughour conquests; they overlook our capture ter in marriage to Eugene Beauharnois ; of colonies and of whole kingdoms; they and is not our late Princess Royal (the overlook that extension of maritime power, Queen of Wirtemberg) the mother-in-law which has enabled us to engross all the of Jerome Buonaparte ? Why, then, is commerce of Europe ; they overlook that this malicious and foolish charge confined extension of power, by the means of which to the Emperor of Austria ? How can it we have been enabled to dictate the law have been disgraceful to him to ally himupon every coast, to shut out or let in, to self with the head of that family of which seize or give pass-ports at our will and the Crown Prince is a member, unless it pleasure. But, if they overlook these be disgraceful to us to have recognized the things, do they suppose that the Allies will validity of the Crown Prince's title? Ausoverlook them too, and that the latter, be- tria is, by this inflammatory writer, said fore they abridge the power of France to to have been degraded by the marriage of the degree requested by England, will not the daughter of the Emperor with the Einask a question or two about the increased peror of France ; and yet, we are by no extent of the English power? Or, do these means degraded by our recognition of the vain men imagine, that the Allies are not Crown Prince's title, which stands upon only to go on reducing France merely to no other base than that of the recommendaplease us, without inquiring what use we tion of this same Emperor of France.shall make of our increased power, but, it is to be observed, too, that this writer that they will run the risk of being again puts the connexion in the most odious light. beaten, and of being totally ruined, in the He represents Austria as having cousented contest; in a contest for us, who will not to the marriage ; namely, as having been suffer them so much as to discuss the sub. i produced by the fears of Austria: as is the ject of our pretensions ;- no, not even where Emperor Francis gave up his daughter as ihose pretensions affect themselves? Do the price of his own safety ---I is added, these wriiers imagine this? I believe they that he ought to have preferred the loss of do; but, if their imaginations are acted empire and of life too to such disgraceful upon, it is not difficult to foresee, that the submission. This is the way of these result must be disappointment and disgrace. writers. They think nothing of the loss of

The writer, upon whose sentiments i empire and of life amongst the powers of am commenting, is ready, it seems, to set Europe. They think, or, at least, they Austria at defiance, in case she does not write as if they thought, that all those change her policy. Of this brilliant pro- powers were created and are sustained for ject I will speak by-and-by, when I have no other earthly use, than that of fighting adverted to the other accusations against against those whom we wish to pull down. this power.

The writer says, and he It is very easy for us, safe behind the speaks like a man who feels no fear on the ocean, to talk thus lightly of the loss of score of the libel law, " that Europe owes empire and of life. But, when it suited “ ils disgrace to Austria," and desires it our purposes to make peace, we made in, to be “ recollected,” thal, out of fear, the and left our ally the King of Sardinia to. Emperor of Austria, disgracefully submit- shift for himself. We made peace with ted io the ingrafting a branch of its ancient Napoleon, leaving him in Italy and in part


« ZurückWeiter »