Abbildungen der Seite

" higher expectations." But who, I ask, accomplished when stimulated by that oldgave them ihat right? Upon what are fashioned phrase. It cannot have escaped these expectations founded ? Not, surely, his memory, that it was this same love of on the accounts which have already arrived country-the possession of the comforts of successes obtained by the Austrians, but and advantages they enjoyed under a gothe contrary. It appears, while Buonaparté vernment chosen by themselves, which was engaged with the army of Blucher, enabled the French people to resist every Schwartzenburgh pushed on to Nangis, attempt made by combined Europe to in only 40 miles distant from Paris. Here, terfere in their internal affairs. He knows however, the Austrians were attacked by well that the same causes usually produce Napoleon in person, who, according to the similar effects; hence his caution; hence latest official accounts, defeated them, took his tardiness in approaching the “scene of “ 6,000 prisoners, among whom were se

16 contest."

He must, long ere this, have 66 veral Generals, and a great number of ascertained the fate of Blucher's army, and " officers, and 14 pieces of cannon.' the extent of the Austrian reverses. If, in These accounts add, that “his Majesty was possession of these facts, he advances from “ following up his successes.” Is it this Cologue, he must be aware that he ennew disaster, then, which excites the "high dangers the safety of his whole army; be" expectations” of the enemies of France ? cause, in the event of Buonaparté routing Do they see nothing but victory and pros- the Austrians, he may then turn his attenperity in what common sense tells us is mis- tion lowards the Crown Prince, who, ia fortune and defeat? Are they determined that case, would run the risk of being deto shut their eyes, even against conviction, seated in the field, or of having his retreat till they are compelled to open them by cut off by the French garrisons occupying some terrible and overwhelming event ? the fortresses on the Lower Rhine, who

-But, say the Times, "new adversaries only want the signal of the Emperor to press

daily towards the scene of contest; pour out their numerous legions, and in6 and if Blucher has been forced to retire tercept the retreating foe. Besides, Co6 towards Soissons and Rheims, this is the logne, where Bernadotte was on the 12th

very ground which the Crown Prince's instant, is at least 170 miles north of 66 army is destined to take up. A bulletin Rheims, the place to which he intends - of his Royal Higliness's army, dated at marching his troops. In the present state " Cologne on the 12th instant, announces of the roads, he could hardly be expected 6. his having crossed the Rhine in person to move an army of 70,000 men with all " on the 10th, and having resolved to unite its artillery, its baggage, and its waggons, " his whole army upon a line between the to so great a distance, in less than 10 or 6 cities above mentioned, there to act as 12 days. This would make it the 22d or " circumstances shall require. Yes, 24th of this month before they reached Bernadotte is very right to keep at a re- their place of destination. Even then, spectable distance from Buonaparté; to be Bernadotte would be four days' march a looker on, while his former master cuts from the head-quarters of the Allies, supup the Russians, the Prussians, and the posing them to remain at Nangis when he Austrians in detail. I have no doubt his arrived at Rheims. But the fact is, the Royal Highness has sufficient penetration Allies were driven from that place, as we to discover what is likely to be the issue of have already seen, on the 17th instant ; the contest, and that he is prepared to "act and it is more than probable, that the next " as circumstances shall require." He is accounts will inform us, that they had been a Frenchman by birth; he fought in the compelled to fall back on Troyes, or, perranks with Frenchmen for the liberties of haps, ou Bensancon. In any view, therehis country; and though his elevation may fore, that can be taken at present of the have a little changed his former views as to advance of the Crown Prince of Sweden, ! patriotism, and led him to take up arms do not see how it can afford a rational against the land which gave him birth. ground of hope favourable to the cause of Though, I say, the recognition of his claim the Allies. In my opinion, there is noto the Crown of Sweden by this country thing to which they can look for safety, and the other allied powers, may have but in peace with Buonaparté. The chance somewhat allered his notions as to the of dictating this at Paris, if ever any exvulgar meaning of the words " to love one's isted, is


The French peo“ country;" yet he cannot have forgot ple, who never betrayed any want of conwhat Frenchmen, at one period, actually fidence in their Emperor, view him now


o manity.

with greater affection than at any former " which continually made the air resound period. When he returned to Paris from " with cries of vive l'Empereur!'' The Leipsic as a supplicant who had lost two tops of the houses, situated upon the thirds of his army, they received him with Boulevards, and in Castigleone-street, cordiality; they consented to enable him to re were filled with people.

- The public cover his fallen fortunes. Now that he has in *joy was manifested in the most expressive part succeeded in this : now that he has given “ manner, but it had nothing uncivil in it additional proofs of his extraordinary ta " towards the prisoners. Frenchmen trilents, and has again been forward in ex umph over their enemies, and know how posing his person in battle; now that vic "to respect the conquered.--After have tory has once more crowned his efforts; it ing passed some moments with the Etatappears to me that no power on earth can “ Major-General of the place, the enemy's separate him from the affections of his peo “ Generals went into a carriage, and set ple. What, then, has France to fear from out for their destination.

The prin200,000 Austrians? Were they ten times "cipal places of the different Mayoralties, the number; were even Paris itself envi. at this moment, present a spectacle well roned with this host of foes, Buonaparté, " calculated to interest the friends of hupossessing the same regard, the same al

There are seen arrive from tachment which all Frenchmen bear towards " morning till night carriages or porters hiin at this moment, would, in my opinion," laden with voluntary gifts, offered by ultimately prevail, and compel the enemies "s citizens of all classes. Sone send beds of his country to respect her. If, indeed," complete, others shirts, handkerchiefs, the Powers of Europe, who are at present “ stockings, caps, in short every article leagued against France, do not soon em « which can be useful to the sick or to the brace the opportunity so favourable which " wounded. In many houses the women now offers of making peace with Napoleon," and young girls abandon their usual em. it may, perhaps, not be long till he again "ployment to make bandages and lint. dictates his own terms in one of their capi-" The sums of money that buve been depotals. The affairs of France were at as low "sited for the same purpose are already an ebb, if not lower, about 20 years ago,

very considerable.

- Everyone has than they were lately; yet the French peo “ hastened to bring his offering. Persons ple rose above all their difficulties, gave the who live by the labour of their hands, law to their invaders, and annexed a larger“ and who are scarcely above want, have portion of territory to their dominions than “ deprived theasselves of many necessary was enjoyed by any of their ancient kings. " things to dedicate them to the service of It was only through the treason of her al. " suffering humanity. They expect no lies, that she fell from this pre-eminent sta " other recompense than that heartselt sation. She is now, however, fast recover tisfaction which accompanies virtuous ing from the blow. France, in reality, is " actions. They know that their brethren, herself again. Who, then, will take upon “their defenders, are in want, and they him to say, if she is goaded on by the pre “ fly to their assistance. - If benevolence sent' as she was by the former coalitions," is a duty, it is especially so when it is that the reaction which this must create,

66 exercised towards those brave warriors will not prove more fatal in its consequences

" who shed their blood in a cause so just to Sovereigns than what it has done at any as that which we maintain. We are prior period ?

" threatened by enemies who wish to deThe following article from Paris, will prive us of all that is dear to us. The show pretty clearly the nature of the feel. “cannon no longer thunders on a foreign ing which pervades France as to its present

" land--.blood flows in our towns and in government : .“ Paris, Feb. 17.-To our fields. It is not to deliver some of " day, at one o'clock, the Russian General " our provinces only; it is to save the

Alsuffieu, and two other Generals taken “ country itself, the bosom of which is “ prisoners in the late battles, entered torn by cruel enemies ; it is to defend “ Paris on horseback by the barrier of Gate " our hearths, our wives, our children ; it " Saint Martin, escorted by some gens" is to prevent a stranger from treating us * d'armes. They were all in uniform ; " as an enslaved and conquered people, " one of them is decorated with several " that the Sovereign calls us to the field of as orders. From the entrance of the " honour. What gratitude do we not “ suburb to Place Vendome, they alighted, owe those brave men who repel with " they'were followed by an immense crowd, “ such magnanimous courage all the at

" tacks of the enemy. Our armies have free representation, are now absorbed by " shewn him, that ihe French are espe- the establishment of unlimited monarchy. " cially invincible when they fight to There is one individual, however, whose “ deliver their territory under the eyes of views must have been sadly balked by the " their Sovereign. The successes which change in Norway, and that is, the Crown

we have just gained have animated our Prince of Sweden. We all know that this “ army with new courage, and ought to be magnanimous prince, besides receiving " a presage to the other armies of the co- £00,000 a month, of our money, was " alition, of the fate that awaits them. promised the sovereignty of Norway, as a " Let us preserve then the attitude which reward for joining the coalition against his " becomes the French. Each of us has former sovercign and native country. One of “ duties to fulll, and it is by fulfilling the articles of the treaty which he concluded “ them that we shall prove to all Europe with us, did, in fact, stipulate that we were “ that the French nation is worthy of the not only not to oppose any obstacle to the " high rank which it occupies among ci-annexation and union in perpetuity of the " vilized nations. What sacrifice can be “ kingdom of Norway as an integral part

100 great when it is made to second the “ to the kingdom of Sweden, but also to “ views of Goverument-assist our brave" assist the views of his Majesty the King “ defenders and save the country?” " of Sweden to that effect, either by our

"good offices, or by employing, if it should Declaration of INDEPENDENCE IN Nor

" be necessary, our naval co-operation in WAY.-These sort of things called Decla concert with the Swedish or Russian rations of Independence are become quite “ forces.”—The Danes nu doubt ceded Northe fashion now-a-days. We had lately way to Sweden by trenly, for which Densomething of that sort from Holland, mark, in return, received Pomerania, and of which created a great noise and bustle for a which, there is as little doubt, she has by this little time; which excited an ephemeral timne obtained full possession. But after the joy among all ranks, who hailed the event court of Copenhagen had thus succeeded in as the harbinger of the downfal of Napo- her views, and very likely got possession of leon. But how is it, that the Norwegian the £200,000. agreed to be paid her by Engaffair has not produced similar effects? how land, it conies out that the cessation of Nor. is it that the Park and Tower guns have not way was all a fudge; that the Norwegians been fired to celebrate the era of the na- had previously declared for independence; tional independence of the people of Nor- had separated themselves from Denmark, way? Do the regular governments begin and, consequently, that the Danes had no to think, that they have avowed too much right to dispose of their territory, or to inin behalf of the rights of humanity; that terfere in any shape with their internal they have been too forward in recognizing government. It also appears, that the the general principles of liberty ? Or do Prince whom the Norwegians have chosen they wish to discountenance the act of the for their King, is a member of the royal Norwegians; to set their face against the family of Denmark-a circumstance which emancipation of nations which they have not clearly shews that the Danes, if they did not been active in promoting, or which may interfere directly in the affair, were at least run counter to what they consider the acquainted with what was going on; and, balance of power, and the territorial ar- of course, that it was a mere humbug on rangements which they have determined their part to put their name to a treaty, on, as necessary to the repose of Europe ? which conveyed and guaranteed to Sweden Whichever of these views have been taken the possession of a country over which Denof the subject, it is certain that the Decla- mark had lost all right of control. Here ration of Norway, has not met with that then is a pretty piece of business to exercise cordial reception here which was lately the ingenuity of our political jugglers. We given to that of the Dutch. To me it ap. have pledged ourselves to employ force; to pears that neither of these events are calcu- give our naval co-operation towards renlated in any way to benefit the people. It dering Norway an integral part of Sweis only a change of sovereigns that we hear" den.' Shall we, or shall we noi, ful6l of in both cases. The claims of the inha- that pledge? - The Morning Posl says, bitants to a restoration of their just and na- that, to pacify Bernadotte, we can give hiin tural rights, have not once been mentioned another island. But why not two islands in either of the countries. In Holland, when our hand is in the business? We indeed, all their former pretensions to a have plenty of thein 10 spare which, in one

view, cost us very little ; nor could any one success. Since then, accounts have reachpresume to say, 'on the conclusion of a peace, ed this country from France to the 21st that we were as bad as the Danes for instant, which not only confirm the above giving away other people's property, be statement, but present to the view a series cause, if ronquest is to be held a ground of victories which, for splendour and deciof right, then we are the legitinate propri- sion, stand unparalleled in the history of etors of all the islands we have conquered, the world, and exalt the military character whether from our Allies the Dutch, the of Napoleon far beyond the pitch it had Swedes, or the Danes ; for these last also formerly reached. The first of these euhave become the Allies of Great Britain, gagements, which have terminated so glonotwithstanding all the abuse they loaded rious to the French arms, and so disastrous her with for the burning of Copenhagen. to the invaders, was fought on the 10th, But, says the Courier, in opposition to the at Chateau Thiery, about 60 miles from Post, we have now nothing to do with the Paris, with a division of Blucher's army, affair: “ the Court of Denmark, hy its amounting to about 8,000 men, Buoua“ treaty with Sweden, ceding Norway to parté commanded in person, and the result “ her, and receiving Pomerania in ex. of that affair was from 5 to 6,000 prison“ change, has rendered our naval co-opera- ers ; among whom were the general and “ tion unnecessary." I suspect, however, his staff, with 30 pieces of cannon, and all that this jesuitical answer has not proved so the waggons and baggage of the Russians. satisfactory to Bernadotte as the Courier Next day, the 11th, Napoleon attacked Man would wish. The Crown Prince is and defeated another division of this army not so great a booby as to believe that the near Montmirail, about the same distance mere signing of a treaty is all that is re- from Paris. This was a hard fought battle, quired of the contracting parties; or that, and continued the whole of the 11th. I if deception has been played off on either have not been able to ascertain the number side, it is not the bounden duty of every of troops engaged on both sides, but they one concerned to assist in counteracting the must have been considerable, as the loss of evil tendency of the deceit. I do not say the French" amounted to more than 1,000 that Bernadotte should not accept of the ads“ men killed or wounded,” and that of the ditional island offered by the Post, rather Russians to 8,000, in killed, wounded, and than quarrel with Denmark; but I am prisoners. Nine pieces of cannon, and 6 clear, as we have put our names to a solemn stand of colours, were the fruits of this treaty, by which we are bound to obtain, day's victory. 6. This memorable day," and i hat by force of arms, " the annexation says the French bulletin, " which con“ and union in perpetuity of the kingdom" founds the pride and boasting of the ene" of Norway as an integral part to the " my, has annihilated the elite of the

kingdom of Sweden,” that we cannot " Russian army.” On the 12th, the rerefuse to co-operate with our fleets in ac- mains of this army were pursued by the complishing this object, if Sweden should French cavalry. Their retreat having been require us to do so. I am not here speak- covered by the arrival of some fresh troops, ing of the justice or injustice of wresting these were attacked on all sides; “ an horrible Norway froin Denmark. What I am con carnage" of them was made ; three pieces tending for is, the sacredness of treaties, of cannon, which they had brought with which, I say, ought to be literally and them, fell into the hands of the French, strictly fulfilled, otherwise we violate who also took 2,000 prisoners, and a Rusthe first principles of moral justice. Now sian General. On the 14th, Blucher adthat Bernadotte has crossed the Rhine, and vanced in person at the head of 20,000 men gone into France, a very little time will towards Montmirail. Buonaparté, who was shew, whether he has taken this step on at Chateau Thiery, when he received the acpurpose to fight Buonaparté, or only to sup- counts of this movement, set out from that plicate the interference of the Allies with place at four in the morning, and having respect to Norway.

reached Montmirail about eight, he imme

diately commenced operations against the OCCURRENCES OF THE WAR. In my Russian general, who was stationed at the last I stated, on the authority of French village of Vauchamp. The coutest was official papers to the 15th instant, that not long doubtful. Marshal Blucher was Buonaparıé had commenced offensive ope- defeated, with the loss of “ 10,000 prirations against the Allies, and that these soners, 10 pieces of cannon, 10 colours, had been attended with very considerable and a great number in killed and wounded.

“ Thus this army of Silesia," concludes his Lordship may still be supposed to rethe French official accouuts, composed main at that place. “ of the Russian corps of D’Yorck and The messenger who brought over the “ Kleist, and about 80,000 strong, has dispatches from Lord Castlereagh, is said “ been in four days beaten, dispersed, also to have brought accounts from head" annihilated, without a general action, quarters, “ that Marshal Blucher lost in " and without occasioning any loss propor- the whole of his actions with Buonaparté " tioned to such great results." - -After " about 13,000 men, but his corps was Napoleon had thus disposed of Blucher's" re-established at Chalons, and, by the army, we find that he then made disposi- “ reinforcements which he had received, it tions to proceed against Schwartzenburgh, “ amounted to upwards of 50,000 men, in who had reached Nangis, only 40 miles" the highest order, with which he was distant from Paris. Here the French Em- “ marching upon Troyes.”—The same peror attacked him on the 17th ; took messenger states, that he received infor* 6,000 prisoners, among whom were se “mation on the road, that Buonaparte had “ veral generals and a great number of " forced the Austrian corps at Montereau ; “ officers, and 14 pieces of cannon." In but no general batile had taken place." consequence of this defeat, the Austrian - The Courier, from which I have taken general fell back to Montereau, about 20 these accounts, also contains the following miles from Nangis, where he was next article : Advices have, we undermorning again attacked by Buonaparte, “stand, been received from Adairal Young, and overthrown with the loss of 3,000 " in the Roompot, dated the 22d, stating, prisoners, one general and three pieces of " that on the 14th, General Winzingerode cannon.

" had stormed the strong camp of Soissons. From Italy we learn, through the same " Two Generals and between 6 and 7,000 channel, that the arms of France have also " men were killed, 3,000 prisoners, 13 been victorious in that quarter. On the “ pieces of cannon, and many ammunition 8th instant a battle was fought with the "

waggons taken.

of this great victory Austrians on the Mincio, in which the “ not the least mention has been made in Prince Viceroy took “ 2,500 prisoners," the Paris Papers." “ among whom were 40 officers. Five Dispatches have been received from Lord " thousand of the enemy were killed and Wellington ; but their contents have not « wounded." The French admit that they transpired. If it is true, as has been genelost in this affair 6-2,500 men hors de com- rally stated, that transports have proceeded * bat." Another engagement was fought to Holland, to convey General Graham, on the 10th, in which the Austrians had and the troops under his command to the 200 killed, and the same number taken pri. Passages, an attack of the enemy may prosoners; the French 20 killed, and 150 bably be anticipated, against which Lord wounded.

Wellington wishes to provide. Nothing has transpired as to the progress Two French frigates, the Alcmene and of the negociations. Dispatches are said to Iphigenie, have been taken off Madeira, have been received from Lord Castlereagh, by the Venerable, one of our 745, and the dated from Chatillon, the 18th. Of course Cyane a sloop of 20 guis.


to the purposes in view. It is intended to Some of those Gentlemen, who preserve print these documents in the same type, the Register in Volumes, having expressed form, and size of paper with the Register their regret, that the State PAPERS, and itself. The price will, of course, be proother important DOCUMENTS of a public portionably lower, because no stamps will nature, are, in future, to be excluded, and be required, as it will be unnecessary to their representations appearing to have great dispatch this part of the work by post. weight in them, it has been determined on There will be, as at present, an Index Sheet to continue the publication of these Official to the Weekly Numbers, and another Index Papers ; not, however, in the Weekly Num- to the Public Papers. The latter publicabers of the Register, but in a compilation, tion may be taken, to be bound up with the to be published once in 2, 3, or 6 months, Weekly Numbers, or not, at the option of as shall hereafter appear to be best adapted the Reader.

Published by G. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black-Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

« ZurückWeiter »