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transactions, and from the reading of that single leather against any one single fact, paper, I was convinced that the charge alleged by Captain, now Admiral, Foote, against Captain Gampbell was wholly un- relative to the transactions, the ever memofounded, my judgment, too, being in some 'rable, the indelible, transactions of the Bay degree biassed by the papers shown me of Naples; therefore, as a friend to the Briwith regard to the condict of. Mr. Mant, tish navy, and, of course, 'in that view of who had preferred these charges; but, I the matter, a friend to Captain Campbell, have now seen lists of vessels and divers I take the liberty to recommend to him a other papers, to which, as it appears to me, plain and full answer to this statement of that letter to the Admiralty dues not give Mr. Mant. - It may be said, that Capan answer; 'does not, sufficiently, explain tain Campbell is not bound by any rule of

This statement of Mr. Mant's, in moral action to enter the lists in print with which, I repeat, is colitained matter, affect- every person who may chuse to write and ing, and deeply affecting, the vital interests, print respecting his conduct. This is very and still inore the honour of the navy and crue; but, it appears from Mr. Mant's the nation, is in print, let it be reidenber- pamphlet, that it was not Mr. Mant who ed. It is in print, and its author pledges began the work of publication : for, Mr. his character for the truth of -it. He also Mantinserts the copy of a letter from puts in jeopardy his property and his per- Captain Campbell to him, in which sonal liberty, if it be not true. Therefore, fleuer Captain Campbell seems clearly to it is very desirable, that this staiement admit that he had stown papers, relative should receive a flar' and 'plain contradic- .to these Transactions, to several persons at tion; or, that it should be shown, that the Southampton, which was a sort of publicastatement, if true, brings to light nothing tion, not so general, ' indeed, as that of Mr. unlawful. There can I imagine, be no Mant, but still, it was a publication. And, difficuhy at all in proving, by niany wit- it was a sort of publication, "LO0, which nesses, the latseliood of such a statement as was calculated better than any other to this, if it be false'; and as to the lega- produce all the consequences that have fol. Jity or illegality of the acts, that ques lowed. Captain Campbell

, therefore, tion might be settled at once by an appeal must, I think, be regarded as having given

to the iustructions, or to the act of Parlia- the challenge. He, in some sort; comment, under which these sales of prizea pelled Mr. Maot tu publish, and if Mr. goods and these coinpromises, as they are Mant did publisb, it was absolutely neces. called, took place. I really should be very sary for him to state the transactions, or at happy to be the means of promulgating a least, some part of the transactions, the exrefutation of this statement altogeiher; for, istence of which gave rise to Captain Campthere does, upon the whole, appear to be bell's charges against hinx. It appears, something so terrible in the acts alleged, therefore, very clearly that Captain Campthat one cannot think of them without feel bell cannot refuse to meet Mr. Mant in ing some degree of shame for one's country. print, upon the grounds above stated, and

Captain Campbell is an officer of great that his silence cannot fairly be attributed merit in his profession; he long ago distinto a contempt of his assailaut, with respect guished himself by his bravery; he was, I to whom he thought it necessary to proobserved, highly praised in a public dis mulgate charges. Thus far we have patch of Lord Collingwood, for his conduct. viewed the transactions above mentioned in the Mediterranean; and, as I am inform- solely, as they relate to the commander; ed, he is still very well thought of' at the but, upon a supposition, that the stateAdmiralty. But, though these circum- ment of Mr. Mant with respect to those stances have, and ought to have, great transactions, be true; upon the supposition weight, they could noi, if they were fifty that they were what he states them to have times as numerous and fifty times as strong, been, and that they were, as he says they do away any one undeniable fact.---The were, ' “ unwarrantable” and “illegal," fame of Lord Nelson ; all his vigilance, all we must not omit to observe, and to bear his skill, all his wonderful activity, all his in mind, that Mr. Mant, according to his bravery, all his honours, all his titles, of own account, had a pretty considerable Baron, Earl, and Duke; yea, the loss of his share in thein. He was the person who life in the arms of the most glorious naval negociated the compromises spoken of ; he victory that ever was won; all these put to was the person who sold the prize-goods ; gether, do not, in the mind of any just, any he was the person who received the money, generous, any merciful man, weigh as one and who caused it, as he says, to be trans


mitted to his Captain. He lays great stress grossly and scandalously criminal, as the upon the circumstances of Captain Camp- statement of Mr. Mant gives us to underbell being his “commanding officer,” and stand, to excuse Mr. Mant himself from all of his acting in “ obedience to his orders;" share of the criminality.Thus far with but Mr. Mant was not a person likely to be respect to the first branch of this subject, uninformed of the fact, that he was not into which, I continue to think, that some bound to obey any unlawful command of his serious inquiry is now become inevitable. commanding officer, Mr. Mant was a sur-The example is of so dangerous a tendency; geon in the navy. The health of the crew the evil of such an example may be so depended, in some measure, upon him. great; the mischief that it may produce The necessity, therefore, must have been may affect the nation in so many ways, that, very urgent which could have justified bis at any rate, it should be made apparent to being so long absent from his ship, upon all the world, that it has not the counteany account ; and, I should have thought nauce of the government.---We now that a person in his situation would have come to speak of the second part of the subbeen likely to hesitate, and even to remon-ject; namely, of the charges preferred strate, before he consented to leave the against Mr. Mant by Captain Campbell, ship, to go and reside on shore, and that, the substance of which is this: that the too, in the not very respectable capacity of former, while he was employed as the maan agent in compromises and a vender of nager of prizes and of compromises, reprize goods. He certainly was not, in ceived secretly sums for his own private duty, bound to take upon him this office; benelit, no part of which, of course, he and, it is impossible that even his warmest paid over to the Captain or crew.-.-In friends can attempt to justify the act, even my first article upon this subject, I said, upon the supposition of his laaving been that I thought, that Mr. Mant had sucwholly ignorant of the illegality of the cessfully defended himself against this transactions in which he was concerned. charge. In my last Number, having, ja Of this circumstance, he says in his state- the meanwhile, been shown two documents ment, that he was ignorant at the time on which this charge rested, I stated the when he first accepted of the office. He substance of them, the effect of which has does not say when it was that he discover been necessarily a strong suspicion, at least, ed his error ; but his friends must sincerely that the charge was well founded. This lament, that he did not, the moment he has very naturally brought from Mr. Mant discovered it, make a communication, either an explanation of the circumstances conto the Admiralty or to the commander in nected with these unfavourable documents, chief in the Mediterranean, of those trans- and also an affidavit, which will be inactions, which he had then discovered to serted at the foot of this article.The 'be so unwarrantable and illegal, and in documents here mentioned, relate to two which, he had, through ignorance, taken separate transactions, in the first, of which so prominent a part. Yes, the friends of

Yes, the friends of Mr. Mant is asserted to bave taken the sum Mr. Mant must all sorely regret, that he of 200 dollars from a person, to whom he reserved all communications of this sort, sold prize goods, as a bribe to let that perthrough a space of two or three years, and, son have the said goods on advantageous until afser Captain Campbell, as appears terms; as a factor, or salesman, or comfrom Mr. Mani's own publication, had mission merchant, might, if a rogue, take thwarted him in his wish'd-for appoine- money of a purchaser as a compensation ment to another ship, and until, as is ma- for defrauding his employer... This charge, nifest, his resentment urged him to do that if well-founded, is quite decisive of a man's which his friends must wish to have pro- character; and, confess, that, with a ceeded from a sense of duty to that country | view of only one side of the matter, I lookin whose service he was engaged. It is ed upon the proof as complete. But, upon very certain, that, if the blame of these hearing the explanation of Mr. Mant, my transactions were divided into a thousand | opinion is a good deal changed, and I must paris, nine hundred and ninety-nine would see further proof in support of the docufall to the lot of Captain Campbell, to ment before I regard him as guilty. I will whom the ship, her çrew, and the inte: now, however, submit Mui. Mani's explarest and credit of the nation, as far as this nation to the reader, together with such ship was concerned, were consided; but, remarks as it naturally suggests, and then still, it is impossible, upon the supposition leave him to form his own judgment. that the transactions were criminal, and so The document, upon which this most foul


chargé rests, is a Declaration, upon stamping vessel of about 8 or 10 tons; that, seed paper, and made, apparently, before condly, he was under the influence of one some imagistrate or notary in Italy, and it Haire, a person employed by Captain shows, that Mr. Mant received 200 dollars Campbell as a pilot, in Italy, and that “ to cause ME,” says the Declarant, “ to this Haire, having been reproved by Mr. “ have on advantageous terms the goods 1 Mant some time before for most indecent " bought of him." Mr. Mant first ob- conduct on board the ship, swore, in the serves, upon this document, that it is one hearing of an officer, that he would do Mr. of those very papers which Captain Camp. Mant all the injury he possibly could, of bell showed about Southampton, and of the truth of which fact Mr. Mant produces which he was refused'a copy; and, that, a proof in a Declaration (legally taken in though Captain Campbell had the paper in London) attested by the said officer, whose his possession for years, while Mr. Mant name it is not necessary to mention ; that was in the ship with him, he, Mr. Mant, Haire was, at the time alluded to, become has never been allowed to see the paper the agent in the prize and compromise from the day it was written to the present transactions, and that Jursovich was his hour. He further observes, before enter-assistant in the business; that Captain ing on an inquiry into the nature of the Campbell never even mentioned to Mr. evidence thus furnished; that he often Mant any thing of Jursovich's Declaration, pressed for a formal investigation of his until about a year and a half after it was conduct ; that he asked to know and to be made, and after it was in the Captain's confronted with his accusers; and, that it possession; that, at the time when the is very strange that' Captain Campbell Declaration of Jursovich was made, the should now think it proper to be his accuser ship was in the Adriatic, and that the and produce documents to criminate him, whole of the parties were then within reach when he never thought proper to be his of the other, and might have been con accuser with the governmerit, never would fronted, but that, at the time, when Capbring the matter to a legal investigation, tain Campbell first talked of the Declara. never would consent to confront the accusertion to Mr. Mant, the ship was near Malta, with the accused, and would never even and, of course, out of the reach of the show Mr. Mant the document, on which party why made it, as has beeir before the principal charge was founded. The stated by him in his pamphlet ar pages 42 document, upon which the charge is found and 48, where, together with pages: 44 ed, is signed, I think,, by Joseph Jurso- and 45, the whole of this matter will, he vich ; but of this: I will not be certain. Mr. says, be found to be fully explained ; that, Mant states, that this was the name of the Captain Campbell never showed the Deman, who, as he was informed afterwards, claration to Mr. Mant; that Mr. Mant was his accuser.---The affidavit of Mr. earnestly requested the Captain to cause a Mant positively denies the facts; and to formal investigation of all these matters to that affidavit the impartial reader will give, take place, but that this Captain Campbell of course, all the credit that is due to it, never did, saying, that he was convinced bearing in mind, too, that it has been that the fellow'was not to be believed, and made in the place where Mr. Mant resides, that he, Captain Campbell, should destroy aud under the very eye of his circle of the Declaration. Such is Mr. Mant's friends and acquaintances. -But, yet, statement in answer to the charge laid this will not be sufficient in the way of ex- against him byl Jursovich, and such, in culpation; for, if it were, we must adopt substance, is bis affidavit. The public, the principle, that the evidence of the ac- like me, will, of course, in estimating the cused is to be admitted in his own defence, value of a declaration of this, or of any, a principle contrary to all the practice of sort, pay attention to the circumstances : the world and to the dictates of reason and under which it was made ; and, it must be of nature. Something, therefore, is confessed, that the circumstances here are wanted to show the want of credibility in very material. The character of the perthe evidence, and this, I think, Mr. Mant son declaring, the situation in which he does furnish, and especially if we take into was, his not declaring upon oath, his very view the circumstance of the informer lav close connexion with Haire, his interest ing been a party concerned in the foul conjointly with that of Haire, are all copia transaction, of which he gives evidence. cumstances, whichi, unless they can be

Mr. Mant states, that this Jursovich proved not to have existed; must neceswas a very low man, the master of a coast- sarily make greatly in favour of Mr. Mant';

POLITICAL REGISTER. Mr. Mant and Caplain Campbell. (236 hut, then, it must, on the other hand, be is a man, who acknowledges himself to have observed, that this is the statement of Mr. committed, for selfish and base purposes, a Mant himself ; it is the evidence of the most roguish act, to be believed against anaccused in his own defence; and, it, sup- other, upon his simple declaration, unsupposing it all to be true, rests upon the fact ported by any other witness, or by any fact (for which my memory does not warrant in corroboration of the charge? The decision me in vouching), that the name of the of this question I leave to the impartial Declarant was Joseph Jursovich: -But, mind of the reader, who will, however, we now come to the internal evidence, not not fail to take into view the very impordepending upon the word of any inan; tant circunstance, that Caprain Campbell evidence against the credibility of the De kept the knowledge of the Declaration from clarant, furnished by the Declaration itself. Mr. Mant for a long tiine, and until the

I.confess, 'that my last article, above parties were at so great a distance from each referred to, was sent to the press without other as to make it impossible to confronti sufficient reflection. The documents shown them; and, further, that he, as appears 10 me produced a feeling in my mind not from the pamphlet, declined letting Mr. favourable to the right operation of reason. Mant have a copy of the Declaration even If this had not been the case, it would have alier it had been shown about Southamp-, occurred to me, as, I hope, it must have ton. From these facts, which appear, even occurred to my readers, who had more from his own letter, if a correct copy of it time for reflection, that, supposing the do. be given by Mr. Mant, to be undeniable, cument to state truth, the Declarant him- it would seem to follow, that Captain self

. must have been a dishonest man; for, Campbell himself did not think, for a long if it was dishonest or dishonourable in Mr. while, at least, very highly of the credit Mant to take the two hundred dollars, it due to this document, which aims such a. was not less so in Jursovich to give the two deadly thrust at the character, at the comhundred dollars. The sum was in the na- mon honesty, of Mr. Mant; and, I submit ture of a bribe, and in all cases of bribery, to every candid man, whether, if it was the briber is looked upon as the most cri- not thought necessary to confront Mr. Mant minal of the two. One would, indeed, with his accuser, if it was not thought nemore readily excuse, or rather, be less cessary to bring him to trial, if it was not disposed to wonder at, such conduct in a thought necessary, afterwards, even to let man like Jursovich, than in a man in Mr. him see and have a copy of his accusation, Mant's situation in life; but, in whatever it was, or could be, necessary or righ, to degree we are inclined to excuse him on promulgate that accusation through the account of the groveling nature of his mind circle of his friends and acquaintances.and habits, in that same degree we must, Therefore, after a cool and impartial rein justice to Mr. Mant, deduct from the view of all these circumstances, I must credit due to the declaration. We know, say, that the evidence of this Declarant apthat the evidence of accomplices is, some- pears to me to be worth little or nothing at times, regarded as suficient, but, then, all; and that, as far as relates to this there must be strong circumstances to back principal and most odious charge, the acit, and the probabilities of the case must cusation against Mr. Mant must be regarded be decidedly in favour of the truth of such as unsupported by proof, and, of course, evidence, which they certainly are not in as without foundation. The other charge the present instance. It is very natural agaiust Mr. Mant, as stated in my last to ask, why the Declarant, who had got, article was this: that, by means of an as he says, the benefit of the sale of gouds interlineation in a passport, granted by to him, in consequence of a bribe, should Captain Campbell, the foriner extended 2010 Captain Campbell and give informa- the license of a trading vessel, and that he uon of his own rascality; why, he should received three hundred dollars for so doing, go and declare himself to have been a which he kept lo himself. The extendvillain? It is impossible to suppose that ing of the license; we must set. down he would have done this, without some very amongst the other illegal transactions, if powerful notive, and some motive of self-they were : illegal; and, really, amongst interest, too; and, is it very likely, that a the mass, this appears, in itself, a. crise, man, who was not ashamed to declare, unworthy of any particular mark of disapand put his name to it, that he had been probátion. Mr. Mant, in his affidavit, a villain, should scruple to declare what says that he made the interlineation with was false? The question is simply this: the Captain's consent; but, if the great

mass of the transactions, described by Mr. time when his accuser might have been Mant, were such as he describes them to confronted with him; that, as, the act, have been, the mere alteration, or even charged was very criminal, Captain Camp.: the fabrication, of a passport, or a liçense, bell ought to have caused inquiry to be can only be looked upon as part of a wide- made into it on the spot, where the parties sweeping system, in the carrying on of all were. He asks, who this third person · which he was concerned, but of the ille- was? and I do not recollect; he asks, why'. gality of which he solemnly asserts his Pazzi's evidence was not taken? he asks, ignorance. It is the taking of the three if Pazzi refused to sign the certificate, and hundred dollars for the interlineation; or, rejected the offer of the 300 dollars, made more properly speaking, the keeping of by Mr. Mant in person? how could it them to himself, that forms the sting of the happen that Mr. Mant should leave the charge, and, especially with those, who certificate with him, and should not take it are disposed to excuse the transactions in away ? he asks, il Pazzi carried the certi.. general. But, even in this light, the ficate back to the ship, why a declaration : charge falls greatly short, in point of dis- was not taken from hin, and why he was , honesty, of the foregoing one. There he not immediately confronted with Mr. Mant? was accused of taking into his own pocket, he asks, if Pazzi did not carry it back, who in the shape of a bribe, money due to his told the Captain that it ever had been preCaptain and shipmnates. Here he is ac sented 10 Pazzi ? he aska, whether it be cused of taking money to himself indeed, likely that such an offer should be made in. but money, which, or the worth of which, the presence of a third party, especially his shipmates had never possessed, and when the intention must have been io smo- , would never have possessed, if he had not ther a disgraceful transaction? he asks, taken it. This was, as it appears froin whether a inan, who, for the sake of lucre, the representation on the other side, one of could give 300 dollars, in the shape of a those transactions which but too often occur | douceur, was likely to refuse to take them between those who have power and those back again in the shape of bush money?: who have money, and who have a ritual and, above all things, he asks, how Capdesire to soften the rigour of instructions, aiu Canupbell, if he deemed the Declara- : regulations, or law. But, still, wetion of this third party to be good evidence, must hear the explanation of Mr. Mant; could reconcile irio any sense of his duty as : and see on what sort of evidence this second a Cominander, or to any principle of justice charge is founded. There were, as as a man, not to bring him, Mr. Mant, to relating to this transaction, two docu- trial, not to confront him with his accuser, ments mentioned by me, one in Mr. Mant's and never, even'to this hour, to show him hand-writing, but not signed. It was a the Declaration, or make him acquainted declaration drawn by him to be signed with the name of the Declarant ? — To by Pazzi, the person who had received these questions Ican, I'confess, see no anthe interlined license, certifying that swer ; and, from the very nature of the Mr. Mant had not received three hun. thing, I think, that it appears that Mr. dred dollars from him, '. This paper, Mant has given the true history of this of itself, made nothing at all in support of paper; namely; that he sent the paper. the charge, and Mr. Mant very naturally open from the quarter-deck, that it was accounts for its having been drawn up, and never presented io Pazzi, and that Haire, having been put into the hands of Captain or some of his associates, bronght the paper Campbell by Haire, or his associates, on board to Captaiu Campbell. I am without ever having been even tendered sorry that I cannot recollect the name of to Pazzi, who was on shore, aud to whom the third party; but, the credibility of his Mr. Mant was not permitted to go. testimony is furiously shaken by the cirThe other document, and the only one in cumstances of the case; for, if it be true, support of this charge is, the Declaration, Mr. Mant must not only have made the shown to me, and mentioned in my last offer in ihe presence of a third party, a fact Number, of a third parly, who declares, hardly to be believed; but, he must also that he was present, when Mr. Mant of have voluntarily been guilty of that sufered Pazzi to return him the 300 dollars, preme aci of folly, the leaving of the cerif he would sign the above-mentioned cer- | lificate in the hands of a person, whom he tibcate of not having paid them. As to nust then necessarily have regarded as one ihis document, Mr. Mant states, that it résolved to give information against him. ought to have been shown to him at the This is too much to be believed by

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