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General in, unless from a motive of the So that these expressions about his Nephew most consummate vanity ? -Next, this have, at any rate, given the world to unchosen vessel has to propose that the City derstand, that this great preacher of humiof London shall be invited to give some- lily has not sprung from the very dregs of thing to the fund; and one cannot help ad- the people; but, that he belongs to a miring the ingenuity with which he here family, who have been able to expend great brings the poor Nephew again upon the sums of money, in the work of election at

The City of London, says he, Shrewsbury.- We come now to the charge “ gave my Nephew a sword worth a hundred which Rowland prefers against the Devil. guineas, and I trust they will give an- He says, that Napoleon, in his conduct 4 olher hundred guineas to the present fund.towards the king, or, rather, kings, of A man with any sense of modesty, if he had Spain, must have acted " at the suggestion wanted an example to refer to, would have of the Devil himself." —Now, we cited some instance where the City had might ask Rowland, in the first place, how given a hundred guineas for charitable pur- he could know this fact, unless he had poses; but who, besides this teacher of direct or indirect communication with the humility would have thought of thus bring- Devil; for, Napoleon could not give him ing his Nephew upon the scene a second the information without exposing Rowland time, in order to convince his hearers, that to the charge of carrying on correspondence the City ought to relieve the sufferers in with the enemy. If he does not derive his Germany, because they had given a sword information from the Devil, his assertion to an English general? - But, even this is made at hazard, and, for aught he knows, was not enough. The select vessel has to it may be wholly false. - Then, if it be recommend io the Established Church to mere guess work, we may ask him, why bleed freely upon this occasion. Accord- he supposes, that the Devil should have ing to his account, the Devil is a very art. had so much power. He must, I think, ful personage ; but, I think, it would have say, that he believes the Devil to be more puzzled the Devil himself to find out a way | powerful than God, or that God approved of hooking in the Nephew here too along of what the Devil did, in this instance; with the Church. Yei Rowland Hill does and, if Rowland adopt this latter opinion, it, and thus : the Church, says he, ought with what justice, with what decency, with to be called upon to assist the fund ;“ and" | what face, can he rail against Napoleon for (now, watch him :), “if I were as high the acts he performed at the Devil's sug" in the Church as my Nephew is in the gestion ?-Leaving Rowland to answer

army, I would set the example.”. this question at his leisure, let us proceed Now, reader, can you forin an idea of to put a few other questions to bim, first egotism and vanity more barefaced, more observing, that there can be little reason to disgusting than this? Can you conceive suppose, that the Devil, if he were at the how a man could find face sufficient to elbow of Napoleon at Bayone, the same utter these passages, upon such an occasion, personage has not followed him in all his and amongst an assembly of persons, who actions, as well before as after that time. might reasonably be supposed to be toler- Was it, then, the Devil, who suggested able good judges of what they heard to Napoleon the putting down of the mquispoken? It has often been remarked, that, silion, and the turning ont of the Monks and in paint of front, men of this description Friars? Will Rowland say, that it was surpass all the rest of the world. But, the Devil, who inspired Napoleon with though the Reverend Gentleman's repeated such inflexible and efficieut hastility to these mention of his Nephew was certainly ex two establishinents of Christian Priests? tremely disgusting, it was not altogether I have heard Rowland bellowing most thrown away upon me; for, I always loudly against the Scarlet Whore of Babythought, from the language and manner of lon, whose seat was the seven hills of this person, whom I remember to bave Rome. I have heard him rave about the heard holding forth some years ago, that cup of her aboininations, out of which the he had been one of the lowest mechanics, world had been made drunk. Well, was or labourers. Indeed, till told of iny it, then, the Devil, who suggested to Naerror about two years ago, I thought that puleon to put down the Pope; to destroy he was that famous coal-heuver, who made his power; and to root out the Priests and such a noise by his preaching; but I then the superstitions, by which the Pope was found, that that njan's name was Hunting- supported ? Was it the Devil, who sugdon, er Huntington, or something like it. gested to him the putting-down of the

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idolatry, as it was called, of the Church Napoleon to do all this; who stood at his of Rome? Will Rowland assert the affir. elbow and urged him on and chuckled at mative of this ? If he does, what becomes his success? It was the Devil, was it) of all his railing against the Romish who was at the bottom of this grand Church; and, yet, it appears to me, that scheme? Come, Rowland, never hesitate, he must assert this, or he must confess, that man! Say, at once, that it was the Devil, the Devil had nothing to do in the prompt- and then you will at least, be consistent. ing of Napoleon; for, to suppose, that he was The Bourbon Proclamation (my Anprompted by him in some of his invasions SWER to which has been so much sought and not in others, we must make the Devil for) calls Napoleon an instrument in the a very whimsical being.-Rowland should hands of God. So, one calls him God's observe, that the putting down of the instrument, and the other calls him the cruel, the infernal. Inquisition, in Spain, Devil's instrument! If I were to venture, was not only the work of Napoleon, but it if I were to dare, to talk of the Deity in was a consequence of the very art of which this familiar, this vulgar, this grovelling Rowland particularly complains. I will strain; if I were presumptuous enough thus not stop here to ask, what sort of kings to trace the events of this earth to the those must be whom it was possible to kid- maker of the Universe ; if I were thus to nap. I will not ask, whether it was very pull down the Deity to the level of my own likely, that they should be the fittest per- narrow conceptions, and to make him alsons to be at the head of the government of most a party in the squabbles of men'; if I a great nation. These inquiries, though were to do this, leaving out of view all the proper enough to be made, do not coine great scheme of intermediate causes, i within the scope of my present object. should certainly say, that Napoleon, in giving The Inquisition, that proverbially cruel perfect religious liberty, in unbinding the and infernal instrument of tyranny over consciences of so many millions of people, the bodies and consciences of men, was before subject to the cruel persecutions of put down in consequence of the invasion ecclesiastical power, was urged on by God of Spain by Napoleon, and of his putting and not by the Devil. For many years a new sovereign on the throne. Now, past, we have heard of schemes for the could the Devil wish to see this bloody in- abolishing of tilhes, which, by all sorts stitution destroyed ? And, if he could not, of people, have been represented as the why are we to suppose, that it was he, greatest of nuisances and the heaviest of who prompted Napoleon to the act which burdens. From Mr. Coke, the most enwas the cause of it; and, if we were to terprising and public-spirited agriculturist suppose, that the Devil really was zealous in the kingdom, and Mr. Arthur Young, for the destruction of the Inquisition and of the most voluminous and very able writer the power of the Monks, should we not be upon the subject of agriculture, down to led io doubt, whether the Devil be so very the lowest of the farmers, who, in the detestable a personage as we have been scale of being, are but one remove above taught to believe him ?-It was the Devil, the clods which they till, or, rather, leave too, I presume, who, in the opinion of untilled, and which are the masters in the Rowland, suggested to Napoleon to esta- struggle. From the Lord to the artisan ; blish by law, and on the clearest ground all, yea the whole nation, have joined in and most firm basis, religious liberty in this cry against tithes, as a nuisance, a burFrance and Italy; it was the Devil, who den, a grievance, a cause of impediments prompted him io lay the axe to the root of to the growing of corn, a source of want superstition; to leave all men free to and of misery. -1, who am called a worship God according to their several great Jacobin, have never been able to opinions; to make all religious sects per- see them in this light. But, if this fectly equal in the eye of the law; to abolish be the proper light to view them in, was it all religious tests ; to open all stations and the Devil; was it the Devil, Rowland, who employments and honours to men of all suggested to Napoleon to drive the idea of religions, not excepting the Jews; to give, tithes from his Code? I fancy, if you ask in short, to fifty millions of people, a perfect the opinion of farmers upon this subject, freedom in all matters relating to religion, you will find that they are disposed to beand, thereby, doing all that it was possible for lieve, that, in this instance, at least, he was the greatest potentate of the earth to do for surely inspired by God. It is true, that the success of religious truth. It was I could wish, as, doubtless, many persons the Devil, was it, Rowland, who prompted in France wish, that more liberty existed

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in France; I could wish the form of the bell and against Mr. Mant. Before I government to be somewhat different from notice these, I will state Mr. Mant's charge what it is, and, above all things, I could against Capt. Campbell. It is this, that wish to see the people who pay taxes fully Captain Campbell, the commander of an and fairly represented in a legislative as- English squadron, stationed in the Adriatic, sembly, having the real, not the sham, did cause vessels of neutrals as well as of hold of the purse-strings of the nation. enemies to be stopped ; and that, instead But, even in this respect, I shall be very of sending them to Malta for trial, as slow to blame Napoleon. It is rarely that prizes, agreeably to the law and his orders, we find wisdom in all things meeting in took money from the Captains and Owners, one man. Napoleon was bred a soldier; and then let the vessels go their way. he has, from his infancy, been used to mili- This is the substance of the charge; and a tary discipline; his ideas must necessarily very heavy charge it is. In short, the act be too much those of a soldier; and, be- here described, is an act of neither more sides, we are to take into our view the state nor less than piracy upon a grand scale. of France after that revolution, which the Mr. Mant says, that he was the person apattacks upon her from without had rendered pointed to stay on shore to negociate these so bloody. When the government came ransoms, and to receive the money, and into Napoleon's hands, the first wish of that thus it was he became acquainted with the people of France was safely for person the facts. This is a matter in which the and property. It was thought dangerous interest and honour of the country are deepto attempt any new scheme of liberty. ly concerned, and, I am, therefore, very And, therefore, we ought not so violently glad to be able to state, that, from authento censure Napoleon even upon this score; lic documents, which I have now seen, I and, especially when we know, that those au convinced it is wholly unfounded. The parts of his criminal Code, which are the case is one which would admit of misrepremost favourable to liberty, were chiefly of sentation, as, indeed, what case will not ; his own choosing. It is a fact, well known, but, after having examined the documents, and recorded in the speech of the person to which I allude, with great care, I state who proposed to the legislature the institu- it as my perfect conviction, that the charge tion of trial by jury, that France owes this against Captain Campbell is totally destiin particular to the inflexible adherence of tute of foundation. I wish I could the Emperor himself. Who, then, has give the same opinion as to the charge, a right to abuse him in the style which the which Mr. Mant says has been made base prints of London daily entploy? They against him.-- It was this; that, haycall him the tyrant," not only as if he ing been sent on shore by his Captain were taken for granted to be one ; but as if to manage the affairs of the prizes, he, Mr. he was the only one in the whole world. Mant, took money for himself, in an unfair Mr. Canning so called him; but he did not way. -I said, in my last, that, as far attempt to establish the justice of that hate- as I could judge from hearing one side, ful appellation; he attempted to cite no in- Mr. Mant had exculpated himself from this stances of the tyranny of which he spoke. charge. I have now, not heard, but seen, In short, like Rowland, Mr. Canning was a the other side. I need not dwell long upon calumniator of a sovereign, of whose con- the subject. It is a painful one, especially duct he was ignorant, or whose actions and when I reflect on the respectable connexions character he wished to misrepresent. of Mr. Mant.- I have seen an original I shall here take my leave of Rowland, with document, regularly attested before legal advising him to confine his attacks upon authorities, showing that Mr. Mant reNapoleon and the Devil to his preachings, ceived 200 dollars 6 TO CAUSE ME,” and then he will be in no danger of spread- says the person who makes the declaration, ing the knowledge of his ignorance and" TO HAVE ON ADVANTAGEOUS malignity beyond the walls of his Meeting.“ TERMS THE GOODS I BOUGHT House.

" OF HIM." These were prize-goods,

which Mr. Mant sold for the benefit of the Mr. MẠNT AND GAPTAIN CAMPBELL. Captain and crew of the ship to which he

-Since my last article upon this subject, belonged. Another docuinent is a pass10 which the reader will please to refer, in port to permit a vessel to proceed with a page 149 of the present volume, I have seen cargo of corn, signed by Captain Campsome authentic documents on the other side; bell. But, after the signature, and withthat is to say, in favour of Captain Camp. out the Captain's knowledge, Mr. Mant

interlines, or rather adds, in other ink, I have only to add, that, if Mr. Mant the words and lo relurn with merchan finds his situation worse on account of this

dise.". The master of the vessel, fear- article, the misfortune is wholly to be aling that the interlived words would carry a tributed to himself. suspicious appearance, went to Captain Campbell and asked him for a fresh pass PUBLIC FEELING. I have inserted a port, telling him that he had paid Mr. letter below upon this subject, which I Mant 300 dollars for the part interlined. think not undeserving the notice of my It was wholly unlawful for Captain Camp- readers. I am glad to find that there are bell to grant any, passport rs to relurn with some individuals who entertain hopes, that merchandise," and he therefore refused the public mind may yet be roused from the it. Mr. Mant, when the master re- lethargy with which all classes of society turned to him, drew up a paper, which I scem to be seized; but I never was very have seen in his own hand writing, for the sanguine that any exertions of mine could master to sign, declaring that he, the overcome this sottish disposition. The master, had not paid Mr, Mant any money writer of the letter to which I allude thinks for the interlineation. This paper was not he discovers syınptoms of "returning reasigned, but was carried unsigned to Capt. " son" among the multitude, in the flucCampbell ; and, another document, clothed tuation of the stock exchange; in the boldwith all legal forms, proves that a third ness of the public press; and in the present herson was present, when Mr. Mant offer- state of the contest in the field. It is true, ed the master of the vessel lo relurn him that the fluctuation of the stock exchange the 300 dollars, if he would sign the above- has been regarded as the baromeler of pubmentioned paper, declaring that he had lic feeling; but I question much whether never paid him, and never said that he paid this feeling ever went deeper than ļhe bothim those very 300 dollars, which were, tom of a man's pocket. At present, it evion such condition, to be returned. dently has no other effect upon the holders This was quite enough for me, and I dare of stock, than to set them about contriving say, that it will be quite enough for the schemes to raise the funds when they are public, as to the charge of Captain Camp-low, or to keep them from falling when bell against Mr. Mant. The legality, or they have reached a desirable pitch. I ueillegality of the disposing of prizes without ver yet was able to find a single stock-jobsending them in for trial, and of making ber, who was led from contemplating the compromises of the kind stated by Mr. rise or the fall of stock, to view with atMant, in charge against his Captain, is tention the ruinous state of the country; to wholly another question. As I have said turn his mind seriously to what the much before, I am convinced that Captain Camp- talked of deliverance of Europe is likely to bell did nothing unlawful; or, at least, lead to; or to inquire what was the amount that he did not depart from the real spirit of the national debt, at what rate it was of his orders and the law. And, I think, accuaulating, or how it would bear upon that if he had not been conscious of having the country, should peace with France be done nothing unlawful, he never would the result of the present negociations, As have proceeded to such extremities against to the present state of the contest in the field, Mr. Mant, who was master of all the proofs I have as little hope from this source. The against him. It is not usual for a man to Allies appear to my correspondent to have excite the rage of one who has him so much acted foolishly in not pushing forward, and in his power. Besides, if there had improving the advantages which victory had been any deviation from the law in these given them over the enemy. But I susprize transactions, Mr. Mant, as the, vo- pect, notwithstanding all that our wise conluntary agent, must have taken his full ductors of the press say about the ignorance, share of the guilt; and, the most awkward the stupidity, and the cowardice of the circumstance of all, for him, is, that we Emperor Napoleon, that the Allies know do not hear of any complaint of his upon him much belter than we do. He is not a this score, until after the Captain, has soldier of yesterday, nor need they be told caused him to be displaced, and has repre- that they have all been compelled, in their sented his conduct to the Transport Board; turn, to bow beneath his victorious arm. which, I repeat it, the Captain never The people here, however, have been so would have done, if he had been at all ap- effectually worked upon by base and hireprehensive that Mr, Mant could give in- ling writers, and the same vile and unformation of any great account against him. founded calumnies so often repeated against

the French Emperor, that were he again to man even dares avow his honest sentiments force the invading armies to recross the as to public measures, without running the Rhine; nay, were he even to drive them risk of being utterly ruined by what are back to the Elbe s such is the besotted state termed legal proceedings. But this is not of mind to which the multitude are reduced, all:- Though the corrupt and ignorant such their willingness to be deceived, that dread the existence of a free press, they feel I am persuaded they would not allow this no hesitation in converting it into an engine to be the effect of victory on the part of the to serve their own purposes. Aware enemy. During the whole of Napoleon's that it may be employed with equal success progress to Moscow, a distance of about in deceiving as in undeceiving mankind, 1,500 miles from Paris, we heard of no- they have availed themselves of its power. thing but defeats and disasters which at- ful influence, which they have rendered tended him. Every advantage which he more extensive in the propagation of error, obtained, was converted into a victory gain than it ever was in the promulgation of ed by the Allies; and even when the battle truth. At this moment there is scarcely a was fought which removed the last obstacle single news-paper that is not indebted, in to Buonaparte's entering the ancient capital one shape or another, to the fostering hand of Russia, we were gravely told, that the of corruption ; and even where symptoms French army had sustained so signal a de- of patriotism do sometimes appear, the feat, had been so completely dispersed, cause of lruth is advocated in so feeble a that scarcely a man of them was to be manner, and the writers who pretend to found; and that Buonaparté himself, who, support it, are under so much restraint, it was said, had Hed with the utmost preci- that they seem rather to make advances to pitation from the field of battle, was certain wards a total surrender of the limited porof being taken prisoner. All this was not tion of independence which they enjoy, only put forth in foreign journals, and Te than to be the champions of the people's Deum chanted by our pious Allies for the rights. The effect which this degraded glorious success; but here, aye, in this eno state of the press has had on the public lightened country, every leller of it was be- mind, is what it will always be among a lieved, and the highest expectation prevail- people who court deception, and who seem ed at the time, that the “ Corsican” would to cherish it the more that they are deceivsoon be exhibited to the gaping rabble, as ed. Truth with them becomes fiction; some" fell monster" who had hitherto de- vice, virtue ; defeat, victory; and victory, solated the earth, and “gorged in human defeat: what common sense pronounces blood." Every victory, in fact, which ruin and wretchedness, is thence deemed Buonaparte has gained, has been treated by prosperity and comfort; and the destruchis enemies as of no account, and steadily tion of commerce more desirable than the viewed in the same light by the mass of the employment of our starving manufacturers. people, who, I do not find, are less credu- | Those measures which every enlightened lous at present than when the arms of politician condemns as fatal to happiness France were almost every where victorious. and independence, are applauded as the But if I calculate upon little towards the result of a wise and profound policy; and enlargement of the public mind, resulting the confidence which powerful men have from the state of the contest in the field, I thereby acquired, not ouly encourages them expect still less from the public press. It to persevere in their pernicious schemes, is long since the liberty of the press could, but to conspire more effectually against pubwith any propriety, be regarded as the pal. lic liberty. My correspondent" Hortator" ladium of British' freedom. It is even a has flattered me by supposing, that I am matter of doubt, whether the art of printing " alone sufficient to unteach the English has not become a greater curse than it ever world the follies, which its own ductility, was a blessing. The notorious profligacy practised upon by interested craft, has and total disregard of principle so prevail. rendered it so easy to adopt.” I am of ing in the world, has directed the power opinion, however, with SOLOMON, that ful means, originally intended for the bene- " it is more difficult to convince a fool of fit of society, towards checking free discus- his folly than for seven wise men to render sion, arresting the progress of inquiry into a reason. If the task then is so difficult public abuses, protecting notorious delin- with one fool, what must it be with the quents, and exercising a novel and unwar-many?. I have not the vanity to think that rantable rigour against every press possess- my feeble exertions are sufficient to avert ing the least semblance of freedom, that no the impending storm : nothing, I am

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