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volutionists? Where is the justice of this "ation of France and the rescuing of Eusweeping charge of folly" and "base" rope" as being completely finished. ness," preferred against those nations of. But, there is another question in a state of the Continent, who received with open arms much less uncertainty: namely, whether, the men who came to change their rulers ? let the war end when and how it may, we, We call William the Third our deli- the people of this kingdom, will not find " verer;" and why are we to call the ourselves losers by it. Mr. Canning people of t':e Continent foolish and base, boasts, that, during the twenty years that because they hailed Frenchmen as their he has been in parliament, he has been an deliverers We are told by the hire- advocate for the war.

That is to say, lings of the Times and other newspapers, from the first hour of the war to this day. that we can never expect solid peace with --He, then observes, that, as an avowFrance while Napoleon is on the throne, ed advocate for the war, he was chosen by because he is not the lawful possessor of his hearers to represent them. From this, the throne. How, then, are we to expect in order to show how wise they were in a solid peace with Sweden, where the chuosing him, he proceeds to draw a conCrown Prince has no other title than that trast between the situation of affairs then of the choice of the states any more than and the situation of affairs now, and to Napoleon has; and where the newly intro- show how much our affairs have been imduced prince is not only not a native of the proved by continuing the war. This country, but a Frenchman. It is true, was unfair. He took the wrong periods as that Louis XVIII. is alive to dispute the subjects of comparison. He, who had sovereignty with Buonaparté. And, is been, and who boasted of having been, an not the poor king of Sweden, our formerly advocate for the war from the beginning of august and eulogised Ally still alive also ? il to this hour, and who asserted that the

-In short, this talk about " national principles of the war had always been the independence” is, if looked into, mere same, should have gone back to that benoise and nonsense. It is a big-sounding ginning, in order to make the contrast phrase, it is a watch-word, a cry, set up exhibit a proof of the soundness of his by the crafty to astound the ignorant and priuciples and the correctness of his fore- , inflame their prejudices. The former make sight; in order to show, that his conduct the latter believe, that it was a love of was worthy of approbation, and himself “national independence” that roused the worthy of confidence and support. — people of Russia, Germany, and Holland, Instead of doing this, however, he skips to drive out the French. We have no over eighteen years out of the twenly, and authentic accounts of any such rousing. begins his contrast, in 1812, “ when,” to The cause of what has happened is to be take his own words, "two-thirds of the looked for in the loss of the grand French ports of the Continent were shut against army in the frosts and snows of Russia, fol- “ you; when but one fink, as it were, was lowing upon the heels of an event that no wanting to bind that Continent in a human being could have thought possible, “ circling chain of iron, which should exthe burning of Moscow by the hands of " clude you from intercourse with the other Russians. To this cause, succeeded by the nations of Europe.”—If there had defection of Prussia, Austria, Bavaria, and been, in this assembly of 400 persons, but Wirtemberg, aided by English subsidies, one single man, endowed with common and by the skill of a Frenchman command spirit, to stop him, and to cry out to him : ing the Swedish and other troops, also aided Not so fast! Go back to the outset of by an English subsidy; to these causes, your lwenty years' war; name to us the purely physical; to numbers and to money, port that was THEN closed against us in and not to any moral cause; not to any any part of the world, France herself not thing proceeding from the minds of the excepted, with whom we carried on a compeople of Europe, we must look for the merce more advantageous to England than change in the situation of the sovereigns of any she ever knew : and, before you come the Continent. By principles at first, and to your period of 1812, tell us how many by force afterwards, France extended her thousands of bankruptcies your war proinfluence and her dominion. By force duced; how many hundreds of thousands alone she has been driven back. Whether of people it made paupers ; how many she be again to advance is a question not 6 millions it added to our annual burdens; yet quite decided, notwithstanding Mr. what rummaging it made amongst our Canning so loudly proclaims “the humili- account books to get our incomes; host

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many, and what laws, before unknown, or did we not more wisely to bear up,

about libel, sedition, and treason, the and wait the change?-Gentlemen, I have • conflict brought into the Statute Book; " said that I should be ashamed, and in how

many millions your war added to the “ truth I should be so, to use the language national debt; how it banished gold and " of exultation, if it were the language of

silver from the land; and how many of " exultation only; but those who have suf' our countrymen it caused to perish in "fered great privations have a right to • battle: tell us a little about all this, and " know that they have not suffered them in

explain to us the means, by which we " vain; they have earned a claim not were brought to the situation of 1812," merely to consolation, but to something • before you proceed to contrast the latter more. They are justly to be compensated • period with the present.' -If there had for what they have undergone, or lost, or been but one single man, in this assembly " hazarded, by a contemplation of what of 400, to stand up and stop him some " they have gained.

We have gained, what in this way, I am of opinion, that " then, a rank and authority in Europe the Orator, though not sparingly gifted " which for the life of the longest liver of in that quality, which is generally typified' those who now hear me, must place this by one of the most obdurate and impene country upon an eminence which no protrable of metals, would have stood aghast.

66 bable reverses

can shake.-We have True, the state of the country is better now gained, or rather we have recovered, than it was in 1812, or, at least, its war a splendour of military glory which like situation is better ; but what is that to places us by the side of the greatest mithe question of good or evil as relating to “ litary nations in the world.—Twenty, the whole of the war, for which Mr. Can nay ten years ago, while there was not a ning boasts that he has been an advocate ? “ British heart that did not beat with rapIf a foolish, or wicked servant lose or "ture at the exploits of our navy, there squander a thousand pounds of mine on few who would not have been conMonday, am I to applaud his adroitness or tent to compromise for that reputation integrity, and think myself a lucky man, " alone; to claim the sea as exclusively our because he has restored to me ten of them province, and to allow France and the on Saturday? Yet this I must in consist “ Other Continental Powers to contend for ency do, if I were to admit the justice of superiority by land. Let Portugal, trying Mr. Canning's politics according to now led to the pursuit of her flying conthe principle and mode of reasoning which querors, let liberated Spain, let France he has resorted to in this part of his speech. " herself, invaded in her turn by those But this I cannot do.

No: I must go “ whom she had over-run or menaced with back to the state of


affairs on Monday ; “ invasion, attest the triumphs of the Briand then I shall find, that, though I am len "lish army, and the equality of her milipounds better than I was on Friday, I am tary with her naval fame. I do not nine hundred and ninely worse than I was say that these are considerations with a before I was so unfortunate as to trust my us view to which the contest, if otherwise servant with my bag. --However, I must "terminable, ought to have been purposely confess, that, after going through all the protracted : but, I say, that upon the cobweb work of the former part of the “ retrospect, we have good reason to respeech, followed by the last-noticed skip-joice that the contest was not closed inping contrast and empty boasting, my eye gloriously and insecurely:-when the darted with eager expectation on the follow-" latter events of it have been such as have ing passage, where, perceiving the words " established our security by our glory. I

compensaledand “ gained,in italic say we have reason to rejoice :-that characters, “Oh!” said I, to myself, during the period when the continent was “ here is something solid coming at the prostrate before France, that especially " close;" we are now going to see what " during the period when the continental

we have gained by this war of 20 years system was in force, we did not shrink “ duration. Here, you 400 gaping from the struggle, that we did not make qafs! Take it in again. Swallow it down peace

for present and momentary ease, a second time, while my reader and I divert“ unmindful of the permanent safety and ourselves at the sight of your scramble for " greatness of this country, that we did these precious gains:

Can we regret

not leave unsolved the momentous 4 that we did not lie down and die under “ questions whether this country could " the sufferings of the inclement season ? " maintain itself unaided and alone; or

" with the continent divided, or with the enemy, have been entirely put out of vogue; “ continent combined against it ; whether, and, according to Mr. Canning, they have 6 when the wrath of the tyrant of the Eu- been replaced by an opinion, founded, on

ropean world was kindled against us with proof, that our soldiers are as good as those “ seven-fold fury, we could or could not of France; and, that we need not fear their " walk unarmed and unfettered through power to invade and conquer our country. " the flames. These questions, Gen- A mighty gain indeed! A very great ob“ tlemen, therefore have been solved by ject to be obtained by twenty years of war!

our perseverance under difficulties and - The drift of Mr. Canning, in this “ discouragements which, when related in part of his speech, is, however, in great “history, will appal our posterity more part, to give Lord Wellington the merit of “ than the actual suffering of thérn has having effected this glorious change, so adappalled ourselves."

vantageous to our reputation, and so powerSo then, wholly and exclusively of ful in its effects as to our future security; military glory, military reputation! And for, in another paragraph of the speech, he there we stop. This sort of language might says, that, after ihe peace, the meanest Enghave had some sense in it, if addressed to lishman, walking the streets of Paris, will the urmy; if addressed to military men; be pointed out as a member of that nation if addressed to those who have no other ob- which has humbled France : will be pointed ject than that of the credit and profit of the out as the “compatriot of Wellington." fighting trade in view. But with what -Now, in the first place, France is not sense could it be addressed to an assembly yet humbled. It is not yet, and, of course, of merchants, and dealers, and handicrafts it was not, three weeks ago, time to sell the men, who could have not the smallest pre- Lion's skin. And, in the next place, if tensions, personally, to any share of this France be finally humbled, will it have sort of gain? -But, to this acquisition been by England? Will no other nation is, it seems, to be added, a knowledge, have had a hand in the work? If she be or, at least, a confidence which we have humbled, will it not have been by the joint acquired by the war, that we are able to efforts of all the other nations of Europe ? defend our country; that we have, within -And, suppose that an Englishman ourselves, the means and the courage, to were to be looked upon in the light that ensure us against being conquered by foreign Mr. Canning says he would. Is it any nations. - Was this, then, doubled before thing new to the world for Englishmen to the war? Was it ever, before the war, be thought highly of as soldiers ? Just as if a question with us, whether England was Englishmen were nothing in the field before able to defend herself against France ? this war; as if Englishmen never set a hosThe gentleman says, that that question is tile fout in France till led by this Lord now decided. As if the question was ever Wellington: As if we ought to forget all entertained before this unhappy war began. about the battles of Poictiers, Cressy, Agia

- Now, says he, our soldiers have a re- court, and many others. Lord Wellington putation equal to our sailors. And when has barely entered France ; he is not out of had they it not ? When were we disposed it yet; his campaigns have yet, by their to yield, in this respect, to the French, or result, to show whether it be likely that any other nation? It is notorious, that, Frenchmen will, with fear and trembling, before this war began, it was an opinion look at his compatriots. But, taking his grown into a vulgar maxim, that one Eng- feats, as they now are, what has he done? lish soldier was equal to three French sol- Why, with two nations of 13 millions of diers. I grant, that the opinion was erro- people on his side, and with an army that neous, and the maxim that of the vulgar, has cost us about 20 millions a year, he has, imposed upon by crafty men. But, it is at the end of four years, so far got

the betundeniable, that the opinion was generally ter of a mere detachment of the forces of entertained, that the maxim was on every France, as to just poke his nose into the one's lips; and, it is equally undeniable, French territory. And this is to cover us that, by the events of this war; by our with glory, is it? This is an acquisinumerous retreats before French armies; by tion of military glory to England, with the occurrences at the Helder, at Dunkirk, a 20 years' war, and 600 millions of at Corunna, and in divers other quarters, debt, besides six hundred millions more of this flattering opinion of our superior taxes? Why, Mr. Canning, did we want prowess, this maxim so well calculated to all this war and expenditure to prove that excite a fecling of contempt towards our Englishmen were capable, under such cir

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cumstances, to poke their noses into France, enormous the losses of this nation has been when history told the world before, that from the war; I could draw a comparison Englishmen had conquered all France ; that between the state of the country in 1792 they actually held possession of a consider and 1814, as to its Debts, its Taxes, its able part of France for centuries ; that so Currency, its Paupers, its Laws, its Lilate as the reign of Queen Mary, Calais was berties, and its Prospects, which, I think, an English town; that so late as only 140 would wring the heart of every real lover years ago Dunkirk was an English town. of England. But, confining myself to your And, did we, after the battles of Marlbo- own topic, to your own view of the matter; rough and Wolle ; did we, indeed, want taking you upon that ground, which you the war; this long, expensive, and bloody yourself have selected, and upon which to war, to establish the fact, that Englishmen stand and crow in fancied security, with were able to meet Frenchmen in the field. eyes half shut and plumes expanded; taking

-But, Mr. Canning ; you talk of the you here, I show, I flatter myself, that honour and glory that we have gained. your promises are false, and that your conYou have overlooked a little item of this clusions are false, even supposing your presort which we have lost. Amongst the titles mises true. -It only remains for me to of our king, before this war, was that of apologize to the reader for having, as I KING OF FRANCE. He was, before fear, put his patience to too severe a test. this war, “ King of Great Britain, France, But, the poison was so artfully mixed up and and Ireland, &c. &c.” France is now ex- kneaded together, that it required time to punged from his title; a title won by analyse it and to furnish, as I hope I have, English men fighting in France. It had an appropriate antidote. -I may deceive nothing real in it. Our king was not, in myself in the utility of this antidote, but, fact, king of France. No; nor was, nor in case others, who have the means, may is he, Defender of the Faith of the Romish be desirous of giving it circulation, a few Communion, as Henry VIII. was styled by Numbers extraordinary have been printed the Pope. But, the former, like the late this week, in order to afford them an opter, made part of his honorary appellations. portunity of so doing. He was not in reality King of France in 1801, when that part of his title was given

ROWLAND HILL AND THE Devil. up; but, he was in 1801, and he is now, The former of these, in imitation of Mr. as much King of France as he was before Canning, has, I perceive, been figuring in your 20 years' war; and, why has the a Tavern Speech upon the subject of iitle been yielded up since the war? I ask litics. - I intend paying my respects to you WHY? I have heard it said, that him next week, and to inquire into the ihe king gave it up, because it was become justice of his charge against the Prince of a disgrace to be king of such a people : Darkness. Upon this principle, if they should return to allegiance to the Bourbons, the title may The Emperor NAPOLEON AND HIS ARMY. be revived. --No, no, Mr. Canning, -So it has come to this at last-Buonathat day is gone by. That title will never parté—the beaten, the cowardly Buonabe resumed. When I was a child my fa. parté; the man whose fute was, only the ther had to explain to me why our king was other day, “ in the hands of his enemies ;" called King of France ; and, in so doing, who “ bear-like must fight his course;' he had to relate to me the victorious wars and whose speedy downfall was pointed at of our English ancestors. You and I, Sir, by " the finger of Providence.” This are saved that trouble. All the old gui- man, who was universally hated, and the reas are gone (another happy effect of your terror of all his subjects, has, notwithstandwar); the old crowiis, half crowns, and ing all this, been able to raise and discipshillings have followed the same course ; line a numerous army, and to march at their our copper coin is new ; so that the great, head against the enemies of France. Can wide-spreading, ever-present record of the it, then, be believed that Napoleon had gallant achievements of our forefathers are si fallen to rise no more ;" that all Frenchall vanished. Your children and mine men were disaffecied with his governhave nothing to tempt them to ask us any ment; or that, from the most consuinmate questions upon that which is now, in spite general and politician in Europe, he had, of all your boasting, a very painful subject.all at once, become the weakest and most I could lere, entering upon matter contemptible of men? Can it be supposed; better suited to your audience," show how for a moment, that, after having exhausted


France of men, of money, and of all its estimated much below a million of soldiers. resources, he would have been able, and The Morning Chronicle published a letter that in a few months only, to collect and the other day received from Paris, as equip an army more formidable in point of genuine, in which the army of Napoleon is numbers than all the armies of Europe put said to amount to 600,000 men, and in together? It is impossible to entertain which a variety of other circumstances are such an idea, and at the same time to give stated, all tending to shew that his canse is credit to the tales with which the people any thing but desperate. The publication of this country are every day fed, by a of this letter has put the Courier man into a hired and prostituted press. I never terrible rage; it has lacerated his fine feelings entertained, nor expressed a doubt, as to so much, that nothing will satisfy him but Buonaparté being again able to meet the proscription of all who dare even to rehis enemies in the field, because I never ceive letters from an enemy's country. But believed that France was exhausted, nor that my readers may judge for themselves could I at any time discover the least as to the facts of the case, I shall here give symptom to justify a suspicion that his the letter as it appeared in the Morning subjects were unwilling to support him. Chronicle, and then subjoin to it the reNot even a single soldier had deserted his marks of the Courier : The letter was standard, nor did a solitary cockade appear ushered in by this paragraph:-" The folin any part of France, indicative of a dispo- "lowing letter, from the French capital, sition on the part of any one to revolt against " reached our hands yesterday. Some of him. It will be recollected, that at the or the statements it contains are probably, time Napoleon was in Germany, and heard " overcharged, or exaggerated, or may be of the defection of the Bavarians, a con erroneous; but we give them as we rescription of 280,000 additional troops were 66 ceived them. We can assure our readers voted him by the Senate. After his return "s that it is a genuine Paris, a new levy of 300,000 was called Paris, Jan. 25.- I have just now refor. It was this last which appalled the turned from seeing the Emperor depart, Allies, and gave occasion to their declaration and all classes express their good wishes to to the French people issued from Frankfort. him with a vehemence which baffles all If to these levies are added 100,000 more, description. The Empress is appointed which, it is admitted, returned to France Regent, and has undertaken her duties with with the Emperor, after the battle of Leip. the solemnity of an oath. Your English sic, this will give an aggregate of 680,000; Editors conjecture that Napoleon has lost and when the armies under Soult, Suchet, ali liis time in inactivity, but in this they and the numerous garrisons occupying the are grievously mistaken, and in their opidifferent stations in France, are included, nions of the weakness and inefficiency of it will be seen, that the armed force which his armies.—Precisely the contrary is the Napoleon has at present under his con- fact, and the greatest care has been taken trol, cannot be far short of a million of to keep secret the situation and extent of his men. This is no vague speculation. It is forces. Europe will be astonished that founded on facts, which even the enemies France, under her apparent supineness, of Buonaparte know to be true, though should have profited by every expedient to they find their account in misleading the augment her strength, so as to have raised public respecting them. But what, more an army of 600,000 men, perfectly equipthan any thing else, shows the insolent and ped, and ready to take the field. The despotic disposition of those who regulate cavalry is the weakest, and yet it is 25,000 the press of this country, is the censure in number, disciplined under Generals which they are ready on all occasions to pro• Pagol and Bordesalt, to whom the Emperor nounce on any attempt to put forth the has condescended to give his thanks, and truth-to unveil their political deception, has otherwise rewarded them for their and to lay before the public a fair re- great exertions.-_-The artillery is perfectpresentation of facts. A most flagrantly restored, and is in the highest condition and barefaced instance of this kind has as to every branch of that service. just occurred in the Courier newspaper, The recruiting has been especially acwhich I consider it my duty to expose, tive in the Emperor's own army. -Your because it fully lays open the base and un- Congreve rockets have put the chemists principled views of these political charla- and artists on the alert, and their ingenuity tans. I have stated, that the armies of has produced a singularly destructive comFrance cannot, upon a fair calculation, be pound; and a great quantity of these devil's

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