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occurring in France which their invaders “ potentiary of his Majesty the King of choose to denominale crimes.

" Denmark,” both these documents have (To be continued.)

been withheld from the public eye. But if

we may judge from the terms of the bulleOCCURRENCES OF THE WAR.Under tin, the Danes seem to me to have made a this head I intend in future to notice every better bargain than could have been expectarticle of public intelligence, possessing an ed in their circumstances. Although a official shape, connected with the views considerable portion of their territory had and operations of the Belligerents. been conquered by Sweden, at the expense

From a dispatch of Lord Wellington's, of a good deal of blood and treasure, this published in last Saturday night's Gazette, has all been given up, and the same terms it appears that the French, under Marshal which were proposed before the sword was Soult, had made an attack upon one of our drawn, naniely, the exchange of Norway positions near St. Jean de Luz, from which for Pomerania, have been agreed to by they drove our troops ; but his Lordship Sweden. Great Britain is to retain Heligohaving concentrated and moved forward a land, and Denınark to furnish a contingent considerable portion of his army, “the of 10,000 troops, for which she is to re

enemy were forthwith dislodged, without ceive as an equivalent from this country a “ loss on our side, and our posts replaced subsidy of £400,000 during the present " where they had been.” A misunder- year! Was it this last circunstance which standing having arisen between us and the occasioned the firing of the Park and Tower Spanish Governinent, it has been thought guns? necessary to withdraw our troops from There has been some trifling affairs beCadiz and Carthagena. A letter of Lord tween the troops of the Allies on the Rhine Wellington's has appeared upon this deli- and those of the French. A dispatch from cate subject in the Lisbon papers, in which Sir Charles, Stewart, mentions an action his Lordship says:

L60 I should have which took place between the French, un“ deferred this measure till the Spanish der Marshal Victor, and the Bavarians, un, “ Government had made known to me its der General Wrede, in which the former, " wish on this particular, if I had not read in the first instance, are admitted to have the libels which are circulated in Spain gained some advantage, but they were afteros

upon this subject, impeaching the honour wards obliged to retire. On the whole, it " and good faith of his Brilannic Majesty; does not appear that the "march to Paris" and if I had not perceived the efforts which has been very progressive since the Allies " have been made to persuade the public entered the territories of France. " that the troops of his Majesty continued in The American President's Message to ".those two places with sinister views ; an Congress, which was opened on 7th Deo assertion equally without foundation, and cember, has reached this country. It is

contrary to the honour of his Majesty, as decidedly hostile towards Great Britain. « clearly appears from the faithful relation The Courier says, “From a Halifax paper " of what passed on this point when the " of the 15th, we learn, that an act for “ English troops were destined for Cadiz " laying an embargo has passed by a large " and Carthagena.'

s majority. This is one of the acls of The Crown Prince of Sweden has at last suicide, to which the American Govern, succeeded in detaching the Court of Copen-" ment has so frequently had recourse." I hagen from its adherence to France, and in- should have supposed that a single suicide duced it to join the coalition against Buona. would have been sufficient for their pur, parté. This was announced by an official pose. bulletin, and by the firing of the Park and Tower guns. I should have thought that MR. CANNING has been, I perceive, the particulars of an event so joyful, would making another Speech to the sons of war at have been forthwith communicated to the Liverpool. I was in hopes that I should public; but it has been thought otherwise ; have passed the remainder of my life withfor, although a Gazette Extraordinary was out more speeches of this frothy orator to published, announcing the fact that Mr. answer. But, I must, for my sins, answer Thornton and the Swedish Minister had him again, which I promise to do in my

signed Treaties of Peace with the Pleni-next Number.

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Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black-Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

Vol. XXV. No. 6.] LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1814.

(Price Is.

161]

(162 NOTICE. to the purposes in view. It is intended to

7. Some of those Gentlemen, who preserve print these documents in the same type, the Register in Volumes, having expressed form, and size of paper with the Register their regret, that the State PAPERS, and itself. The price will, of course, be proother important Documents of a public portionably lower, because no stamps will nature, are, in future, to be excluded, and be required, as it will be unnecessary to their representations appearing to bave great dispatch this part of the work by post. weight in them, it has been determined on There will be, as at present, an Index-Sheet to continue the publication of these Official to the Weekly Numbers, and another Index Papers ; not, however, in the Weekly Nume to the Public Papers. The latter publicabers of the Register, but in a compilation, tiou may be taken, to be bound up with the to be published once in 2, 3, or 6 months, Weekly Numbers, or not, at the option of as shall hereafter appear to be best adapted the Reader.

ANSWER

not openly rejoice at those events, which To MR. CANNING's LIVERPOOL Specch.

gave pain to the sons and daughters of cor- :

ruptions they were charged, as with a It appears, from a Liverpool news paper, crime, of rejoicing inwardly. So that there that, a few days back, this gentleman was is no reciprocily in the case. It is not turn treated to a dinner by his partisans at Li- and turn aboul. The liberty to exult is all verpool, at which, it is said, nearly 400 of on one side; and, therefore, the exultation them attended. At this meeting he is said of Mr. Canning, at this time, is as cowardto have made a Speech, which, as published ly as the conduct of a man, who makes an in the Liverpool Mercury, though full of attack upon another, while he knows that offensive matter ; though full of sophistry, the law shuts the mouth of the party so atand falsehood, and impudence, has on its tacked.-Nay, even this speech, though side, the circumstance of its being uttered delivered at a tavern, and not shielded from in a place, which does not afford it the iron being commented on, he knows cannot be shield of privilege, but leaves it open to be freely answered; he knows, that there are commented on by those, who may think it many of his positions, which, though their duty to deny its statements and con- wholly false, na man will dare to deny in trovert its doctrines. After having dis-print. He knows, that he has introduced patched the local topics, Mr. Canning pro characters and institutions, which he has ceeds, in this Speech, to those of a public eulogized, and which might easily be shown nature, beginning with congratulating bis to be detestable; but, he also knows, that hearers on the happy change in the situa- he is safe here, for that the man who tion of Europe, and here he observes, that should dare to exhibit them in a true light, he and those who think with him, that is would expose himself to utier ruin and to to say, the Anti-freedom party, have a probable death. Therefore, such a right to exult; that there is nothing impro- speech is a cowardly speech; it is the act of per, nothing unbecoming, nothing base and a man, who is bold behind a wall of brass; cowardly in their exultation now; because it is the bravery of a man who fights only they formerly had to endure similar exulta- because the hands of his adversary are tied. tion on the side of their opponents.

If the people of France, assuming the This is not true. The friends of freedom attitude and actuated by the principles of were not at liberly lo exull; they dgred | 1799, were to drive the enemy from their

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territory, or slaughter them on that terri- continue to oppose them? The friends of tory, and were to pursue them to the midst freedom, the American government, for of their own dominions; would any man instance, could not fail to perceive, and to dare, in England, openly, to express, in regret, that the French nation had lost un-print, his exultation at the change? Mr. der Napoleon much of what it had gained Canning knows that no man would dare do of freedom; but, that government perceivthis; and, therefore, is his present exulta: ing, that the principles of English warfare tion cowardly and contemptible.--His had not changed; that these principles-still next topic is, the cause of the recent change continued the same, could not but still in the affairs of Europe, and of the reverses lean, in consistency, towards that, with of Napoleon. These, he says, and I agree which those principles were at war. with him perfectly, have not been produced Mr. Canning's assertion completely clears by any change in the principles of the war. all those who have continued, since 1792,

He alludes here to the observations of steady in their attachment to the cause of MR. WHITBREAD, that the allied sovereigns France. He, at any rate, ought to reproach have now got their people with them; that no one for adhering to Buonaparté as firmly the war has become a war of the people and as to the Republic; for, if the principles of not a war of courls ; and that, therefore, the war, on our part, have never changed, it is that the Allies have been successful. that adherence, to be consistent, must have The same sentiments are daily rung in our been as strong towards the one as towards ears by the MORNING CHRONICLE, who is the other. -If I am to judge from the tanot willing to allow the Ministers the merit vern speeches of Mr. Canning, he, and all of success, but wishes to attribute it to the those who are with him, are the bitterest Whig principles." When shall we see enemies of freedom. To them we may add an end of this superannuated folly! a herd innumerable of writers in news-paMr. Canning says, and very truly, that the pers and other publications, the mere core principles of the war have undergone no rupt mouth-pieces of others. Every princhange; that no change has taken place in ciple of liberty they are continually at war the motives of our government or its sup- against. They are the supporters of every porters; that the sovereigns of the conti. thing, of every act, be it what it may, in nent are actuated by the same priņciples any part of the world, hostile to freedom. that actuated them at the beginning of the And, when we hear these men, at the same war against the Republicans ; that, in short, time, railing, in such terms of bitterness, the motives of 1814 are those of 1792. against the present government of France, I perfectly agree with him here, and join is it not enough to make us suspect, that, at him in his protest against the claims of the the bottom, that government is not so very old dotard Whigs to a share in the honour despotic? At any rate, is it not enough to of having so far restored the good old order wake us suspect, that the destruction of that of things, the regular government of 1792. government, and the substituting in its

-But, if I agree with him here, he place a something, no matter what, which ought to agree with me, that it is extremely these known mortal enemies of freedom deunjust to blame the friends of freedom for sire, would not be likely to benefit the cause appearing to give their good wishes to all of freedom ?-And, if a man entertain the successive governments in France. This this reasonable, this just suspicion, or, rahas been charged upon them, and particu- ther, if he be convinced of this truth, can larly on the Americans, as a most glaring it be expected, that he will wish for the trait of inconsistency. It has been said, overthrow of the government of France, that this their adherence to all the different unless he be well assured, that a governgovernments in France, not : excepting that ment more hated by these men, that is to of Napoleon, shows that it is the enemy of say, a government more free, will be estaEngland and not the cause of freedom that blished in its stead? - In short, this is they are attached to. But, if the principles the way that the friends of freedom reason. of the war have not changed; if they have " That person, no matter who, that is most continued the same from 1792 until this “ hated and dreaded by our worst enemies, day; if the same principles led to war " is not a person for whose annihilation we against the limited French monarchy; " ought to wish.”- What has here been against the Republic; and against a despotic said will serve as a preface to the next Emperor; if the principles were so steady, topic of the Speech; namely, the instruwas it not natural and necessary, that those ments by which Napoleon has been defealed. who opposed these principles at first should Upon this point we will take the gen

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tleman's very words : “ Gentlemen, same principles as it was carried on against " there is another question to be asked. By the Republic of France ?

- But, this is " what power, in what part of the world, not all. America, though enlisted, as he " has that final blow been struck which has calls it, has sent neither ships nor men to "smitten the tyrant to the ground ? 1 his assistance, while we know, that the "suppose by some enlightened republic. Emperor of Russia, the King of Prussia,

I suppose by some nation which, in the and the Emperor of Austria have been in excess of popular freedom, considers even alliance with him, offensive and defensive;

a representative system as defective, un that the two latter, within a few short « less each individual interferes directly in months, have aided him with their armies " the government of the national concerns. to combat and invade the former; and that “ I suppose by some nation of enlightened the latter of the three has even given Na"patriots, every man of whom is a poli- poleon his daughter in marriage. This was tician in the coffee-house as well as in the something like being enlisted under him; " senate. I suppose it is from such go- nor did the military engagements of the

vernment as this that the conqueror of two latier cease, till Napoleon met with “despots, the enemy of monarchical Eng- reverses of fortune. Amongst the rest of “ land, has met his doom. I look through the Allies the sovereigns of Bavaria and " the European world, Gentlemen, in vain; Wurtemberg were made kings by him, and “I find there no such government: but in accepted of his protectorship; and, the “ another hemisphere I do find such a one, Crown Prince of Sweden, a Frenchman, " which, no doubt, must be the political and formerly a private soldier in the revo“ David by whom the Goliah of Europe lutionary army, was by Napoleon made “ has been brought down. What is the heir to the throne of Sweden. - If, there.

name of that glorious republic to which fore, it were as true as it is false, that Ame" the gratitude of Europe is eternally due ; rica were enlisted under his banners, would 66 which, from its halred lo lyranny, has so she find no apology in the example of all “perseveringly exerted itself to liberate the these our Allies ? No, not in the eyes of “ world, and at last has successfully closed the friends of freedom, with whom such an o the contest? Alas! Gentlemen, such a ' example would be no justification; but, one

republic I do indeed find; but I find it would imagine, that ihe eulogists of those so enlisted, and, God be thanked, enlisted Allies ought to hold their tongues, while. 66 alone, under the banner of the despo— 'that example is before the eyes of all the (Applause). But where was the world. - There is not one of those Allies, 66 blow struck? Where? Alas, for theory! except the Crown Prince, who has not been 66 The blow was given in the wilds of des- an ally of Napoleon against us; and, there

polic Russia. It was followed up on the fore, if the fact had been true instead of “ plains of Leipzig-by Russian, Prussian, false, what ground of reproach would it 66 and Austrian arms. -Now, this is ' have been to America lo have acted in the all mere flippancy; for, why should any same way; unless we also make it a ground " enlightened republic;" why should any of reproach to the Allies?

-The truth, “ nation loving" popular freedom ;why however, is, that America has fought, and should any

" nation of patriots," have is fighting, her own batlles, with her own been expecled to strike the blow, or to wish means. She has made no treaty, she has to see the blow stricken, if, as Mr. Canning sought no treaty, she has desired no treaty, himself asserts, the principles of the war with France, for the purposes of war. We have not changed; if those principles are insist upon taking out of her vessels, upon the same that they were at the outset of the the high seas, such persons as, in the diswar? Why should any enlightened re- cretion of our naval commanders, it shall public" have been expected to join in the seem meet to take, America being at peace war against Napoleon, if the war against with all the world. She says, that we him be the same in principle as was the shall not do this. Thereupon we go to war in 1792 against the Republic of war. And how can she be said to have, France ? - Mr. Canning thanks God, that by such war, enlisted herself under the banhe finds the American Republic enlisted ners of Napoleon? Was there ever a more under the banners of the despol. Suppose false or a more impudent assertion? The

this to be as true as it is false, where would notion of this Gentleman, and of all the be the wonder, if the American Republic war faction, is this: that, in order to suc: were to be enlisted on the side of him, ceed in a war against France, we fiave a against whom war was carried on upon the right to do towards other nations whatever

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we find best suited to answer our views ; some of the countries whose governments and that, if any one of those nations com he appears to admire, there may be found plain, or, at least, if it resisl, we have a inillions of these “ instinctive" or cattleright to consider it as enlisted under the like patriots, these patriots of the earth, or banners of France. The same mode of ar- the dirt; though I do not deny, but am guing they have adopted at home amongst afraid it is but too true, that millions of men ourselves, where every man, who has ques. are to be found in this state, so degrading tioned the principles or policy of the war, to human nature ; yet I do deny the fact as has, without hesitation, been denominated applied to any society deserving the epithet a friend of France, and, by inference, an civilized. In such a society men, who eneny of, and Traitor to, England. are strongly attached to their country, have But, to whatever degree this notion may their attachment founded in their love of prevail here, in America it will make no the laws, the institutions, the fame of that progress. There the people understand country, or in that interest, which arises their rights; they are made acquainted with out of the property they own or the profesthe acts and the real motives of their go- sion they follow in it. Take all these from vernment; they know what they are at war them, and then ascertain the amount of for; they have real representatives, who their attachment to the mere earth where speak their voice, and who, if they were so they were born. What sends so many minded, could not delude them. The thousands annually from Ireland, and ScotAmerican people will not want the avowal land, and England, to America ? Why do of Mr. Canning to convince them, that the we make roads and build bridges in the principles of the war, on our part, are the Highlands, but in consequence of a report same now as they were in 1792, when we to the partiament, that it was necessary to were at war with the Republic of France. lay out money in this way, in order to preThey know very well what those principles vent the inhabitants from emigrating to are, and, it would be strange indeed to see America ? Why have we laws to punish them, in support of those principles, enlist-artizans for attempting to leave the kinged on the same side with those, who, Mr. dum, and for punishing commanders of Canning tells us, gave the blow “ in the vessels who afford them shelter? Whal, so wilds of despolic Russia." The next in short, is it that has peopled North Ametopic of Mr. Canning is that of " instinctive rica, given eight millions of citizens to that patriotism," or an attachment to the soil, Republic, which is the object of Mr. Canprior and paramount to all political consi- ning's deadly hatred, and has made her derations. This is always a favourite doc- our rival in commerce, manufactures, and trine with the enemies of political freedom. maritime war? Not, surely, that " in“ No matter," they say, " what oppres- "stinctive patriotism,” that love of one's “sions you suffer; if you be stripped of the breeding place; not, surely, that patriot“ fruits of your labour and your genius; if, ism, which induced the Ringwood cow to “ instead of comfort and ease, you be clad elope froin Bolley. No: but thiat desire,

rags, half-starved, worked like horses, which every rational being has to get rid of " and beaten like asses if you dare to com some evil, or to mend his situation. Mr. “ plain; if your Lords buy and sell you as Canning, in confirmation of his degrading "a chattel : no matter, you must still cling doctrine, quotes Goldsmith, who, speaking " to the soil, or earth, where you were of the Swiss peasant, says: “ born, or you are unnatural wretches." Dear is that shed, to which his soul couforis, This they denominate " instinctive patriot

And dear that hill which lifts him to the storms. 66 ism;" and, wherever it prevails, it is That is to say, that a poor creature, living very properly so called; for, most assured on a bleak hill in a hovel, sets great value ly, it is precisely that of the more stupid upon the hovel and its contents, and likes sort of beasis. Thus neat cattle and pigs, the hill, in as much as it is the site of the though better fed and lodged in a new situ. hovel. But, what does this annount to, at ation, are always hankering after the place last, but his attachment to what he calls his, where they were bred. Ar “ instinctive and which, miserable as it is, is his all : “ patriot” of the former sort lately found However, a more unhappy illustration could its way from Botley to Ringwood, in spite not have been found, it being notorious, that of hedges and turnpike gates ----But, as the Swiss get out of their country as fast as to the fact, which Mr. Canning takes for they can find shoes to bear them away; that granted as being applicable to all commu- they become lackeys, and butlers, and pora.ities, though I by no means deuy, that, in ters all over Europe; and that, to complete

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