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Vol. XXV. No.5.]. LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 29, 1814. [Price 1s.
(130 The Readers of the Register are inform- | a reverse of fortune with him who has, for ed, that the sheet containing the Indexes of so long a time, been the terror of European Volume XXIII, and also the sheet contain kings; a great, and almost general concus ing the Indexes of Volume XXIV, are now sion being, according to all appearances, printed and ready for delivery; so that upon the eve of breaking out; a multitude ihose Gentlemen, who wish to have those of new topics, deeply interesting to mana Volumes completed and bound, may now kind, starting now, every hour, forth for have it done as soon as they please.
discussion, an irresistible desire to take part The Register will in future be published therein has led to a determination to devote at 10 o'clock on Saturday morning.
not only more time and attention to the Register than it has had bestowed on it
for some years past, but more than it has NOTIFICATION.
had bestowed on it at any former period. For some time past; indeed, for some There are times, when it becomes the duty years past, the state of this country, and of men to make, in part at least, a sacrifice of all Europe, has been, as to politics, such of their taste for retirement; and, such a as to offer but very meagre materials for time the present seems to be. discussion. On the one side we have seen But, besides time and labour, there renothing but the boundless dominion and in- quires, in order to give effect to the intenfluence of France on the land, and, on the tion above spoken of, space; more space other, a similar dominion and similar influ- than this work, as now conducted, will alence of England on the sea and sea-coasts low. It is, therefore, intended, to exclude, of Europe. The discussions, or, rather, in future, all the Public Papers and other the remarks (for there has been little room official documents, except those of very for discussion) have been confined, in this great and general interest, and the insertion country, to mere invectives against France, of which is absolutely necessary to a clear on the one side, and, on the other, to such understanding of the discussions relating to slight efforts as some few persons have them. This will give room for that origis dared to make, in order to check the growth nal matter, which the crisis promises to call of the prejudices which such invectives for; it will enable one to catch the subjects were calculated to propagate and to nourish, as they rise; and to leave very few of great not against France only, but against every importance wholly unnoticed. known principle of freedom. To meddle În times like the present, when the great with our own internal state, in a way that questions, not only of peace and war, but the conductor of this work wished to do, of liberty and slavery, with all their ramia po man has dared; nor does any man now fying causes and effects, are to be disa dare. To notice cursorily any public cussed, a considerable part of the time of wrong; to censure in a mild manner; to chose, whose object is to make a stand on express a thousandth part of what the case the side of expiring freedom, ipore than to calls for, and that, too, almost in parables, secure any private advantage from their is to beggar one's feelings; is to rob one's labours, must necessarily be employed in indignation; is to desert, and almost be- combating that part of the press, which is tray, the sacred cause of Truth, by making, incessantly labouring for the destruction of in her name, claims so far short of her just all that ought to be deemed most valuable demands.
in civil society; that part of the press In such a state of things, there seemed (forming nineteen twentieths of the press Jittle hope of again seeing any room for ex. in this kingdom), which is incessantly ertion in that way, in which alone it was employed in habituating the minds of the wished to make exertion in this work. people to all those notions, which have a But, a new and most interesting change tendency to make them base as well as having taken place in the affairs of Europe; foolish, and, in the end, to render this
country what one of our poets has described all the responsibility, literary and legal, another to be: “A land of tyrants and a for promulgating them to the world. And, “ den of slaves." Nor, must the reader that he may freely and impartially exercise suppose, that it is here meant to speak of his judgment, no communication should be the news-paper part of the press only. accompanied with the real name of the author. The remark and description applies, and, Another rule is, that correspondents perhaps, with a smaller proportion of ex- should, whatever may be their feelings, so far ception, to all those books and pamphlets, master them as to refrain from every thing whether individual or periodical, which that may, in any degree, leave a pretence treat of the subject of politics, or matters for legal accusation. How many valuable closely connected with politics : as history, papers! What volumes of useful informbiography of public men, law, religion, ation; of fine reasoning : of noble exertion military and naval undertakings and esta in the cause of freedom and truth, have blishments, political economy, and the been coinmitted to the flames, in order to like. To face, and to make head against, get rid of the perilous temptation, because or, at least, to expose, this part of the it was impossible to separate the reasoning press, which, though a slower-motioned, from the facts; because it was impossible is, perhaps, a more sure engine for per- to separate public good from the persoual manently blinding the eyes, debasing the danger of doing it! In looking back upon minds and corrupting the hearts of the the destruction of these masses of useful people, has always been a much-desired, labours, one is ready to fling the pen from and may now be, in some degree, a prac- one for ever, and to shut one's eyes against tical object. It is not to be supposed, every thing in the shape of letters. It is, that all the works of the above description however, obvious, that every correspondent can even be noticed in consequence of the should constantly bear in mind, that a additional space that will be obtained; for, publication is not, in this country, less liby the aid of sources so powerful as those bellous because it is true; and that libel is to which they might here be traced, they a crime, punished with more severity than are forced out in such abundance as even to the greater part of selonies.-A third overwhelm a public greedy of novelties rule, though of less consequence, is, neverand enamoured of delusion; but, at any theless, necessary to be observed by all rate, some of the most mischievous of these correspondents ; namely; to convey their works may be met and counteracted; or, sentiments and facts, in a legible hand, at the least, the public may be put upon writing in an illegible hand being much their guard with respect to them; while, about ihe same, as to the effect, as writing on the other hand, such works, upon the in an incomprehensible style, or in a lansubjects above mentioned, as appear likely guage which no one but the writer underto produce beneficial effects, may be de- stands. The first object of writing, as of scribed and recommended.
speaking, is to be understood : how blameTo state precisely the mode of arrange able, then, must be that negligence, or ment, which will be given to the proposed how much worse than contemptible that future contents of this work would be un affectation, which produces, under the necessary. The nature of the contents is name of writing, an assemblage of marks, alone material. But, it is necessary dis- which puzzle the heads and waste the time tinctly to state, that communicalions from of the persons to whom they are addressed, correspondents will not be wholly excluded; and who generally avenge themselves by for, it would be great presumption in any resorting to the use of the flames ! It is conductor of a periodical work to suppose, only necessary to add, upon this head, that that no one is able to aid him in the execu no communication will be inserted, unless tion of any thing intended for the public addressed to Mr. BAGSHAW, the Publisher, good. Yet it is as necessary to lay down the postage being paid. This is the regucertain rules, as to the admission of such lar channel. To make use of any other is communications. The first of these is, attended with great inconvenience. that their insertion, or rejection, must, in The molives to this revival and extension all cases, be understood to be left entirely of exertion have been truly stated at the to the judgment and discretion of the per- out-set of this address. With motives, son to whom they are offered : and this for however, the public have little to do. It two very obvious reasons ; first, because, is the principles, the reasoning, the facts, the very act of addressing them to him ne in which they are interested. cessarily supposes a submission to his judg- tion always ought to be: is this jusi; is went; and, second, because on him lies this true ; is this right? And not, whence
comes this? Who has put it upon the natural fruit, slavery and misery, may be paper? To eradicate the prejudices, which, diminished. At any rate, though the atby the means, principally, of a hireling tempt should wholly fail, he who makes it press, have been so widely spread and so will have the satisfaction to know, that he deeply implanted, is a task which it would is one amongst those, who have a right to be madness to hope to accomplish; but, it say, that they are free from all share in the is not too much to hope, that they may be degradation of the country, while they are checked in their growth; that they may be at worst, in no worse a state than their iinpaired in their strength, and that their neighbours.
SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
to hold him forth as a person, whose con
duct Englishmen ought to adunire. — The EU LOGIUM ON GENERAL MOREAU. Memoir says, that the Duke of Cumber"What!" the Reader will, perhaps, ex- land was amongst those who went to comclaim, “have you not already sufficiently pliment Moreau, and that the King of S demolished him; cannot you now suffer Prussia' told Moreau, that be “admired s his torn and cattered reputation to sink " the MOTIVES which had urged him to “out of sight; must you still rake him up" repair to the army of the Allies.". “to our view; have you no bowels even Such being the language and the assertions ; " for the dead?" - It is not I who have such being the example held forth to the yaked him up. It is his eulogist. The soldiers and sailors of this country and to uct is that of the Russian agent and of the all its inhabitants, it seems necessary, it English translator. His ashes are said to seems to be an imperious duty, in those, have been so dear to the Emperor Alex. who, like myself, abhor traitors, and, of ander, that he has ordered them to be car. course, wish to prevent my countrymen ried to Petersburgh. There they might from being seduced into the commission of have remained for me; but, it having been treasonable acts, to state, upon this occathought proper to rake them up and throw sion, what the law of England is, in this them in our faces; it having been thought respect, and to prevent my countrymen proper to make Moreau the subject of from being tempted, upon any occasion, to an high-wrought eulogy, through the follow the example of General Moreau. channel of the English press; it having According to our law, any native of this been thought proper to hold forth a man, kingdom or its dependencies, who shall be who lost his life in fighting against his na- found in arms against the forces of this tive country, as an example to be imitated, country, by land or sea, is considered as a it becomes the duty of every one, who is Iraitor, and is liable to the horrible puable, to endeavour to counteract the effect of nishment, which I shall, by-and-by, more such eulogy, especially at a time, when our particularly describe. To constitute this own government is insisting upon the right of crime, the highest that our law knows of, treating as Irailors all those, who, though it is not necessary, that the guilly party citizens of America, are found in arms against assist in an invasion of the country; or, us, even upon the American shores. It is that he assist in unaking any alluck upon the well known, that, only a few months ago (not country directly. If he be found in the two years) some British subjects were sen- service of the enemy (having voluntarily tenced to the most horrid of deaths for entered it), whether on the sea, or on the fighting on the side of France against us. laud, at the furthermost corner of the world, Ought we not, therefore, to be very cau- he is still deemed to be a Irailor, and to tious how we suffer a man to be applauded have justly incurred the penalty of an igo for fighting against his own country; it nominious deagh. We have iwo recent being very clear, that, generally speaking, cases in point. In May, 1812, seven men if such an act be praise-worthy in one man, were condemned (out of 59 accused) as it cannot be criminal in another man ? traitors, at the Sessions House in Sout.. I have much to say upon what the Memoir wark, for having been found, at the Isle of the Russian agent states with regard to of France, in the service of Napoleon. the last months of Moreau's life; but, let They had been prisoners of war to th: us first discuss the question in a legal point French, and had voluntarily entered into of view; for, if his conduct would have their service. The other case is that of made him a trailor in the eye of our own the British-born subjects, lately taken by law, it is most wicked, and most inhuman, us in the American army, serving in Ca
nada. These persons appear to have be- " the neck, not till they were dead, but to come citizens of the United States ; but," be cut down, and whilst yet alive, their our government, in spite of the remon " bowels laken out, their heads cut off, strances of the Americans and in spite of their bodies cut into quarters, and those all their threats of retaliation, has persist quarters to be at the disposal of the ed in regarding these persons as trailors, king.” Such was the punishment of and our Commander in Chief in Canada men, who, being prisoners of war, entered has not only stated, that he will retaliate into the service of the enemy in the Isle of two-fold the retaliation of the Americans, France. Now, what is urged in defence but he has, at the same time, told his of the eulogized Moreau ? That it was not army, that, in this proceeding they will against France, but against Napoleon, the not fail to see a striking proof of the pater. oppressor of France, that Mureau went to nal regard of the Prince Regent, who has, fight. But, has it ever been known, that in an official declaration, distinctly stated, any man was acquitted on such ground? that no British-born subject can ever cease, If such a pretext could avail, no man, while he has life, to be a British subject ; serving against his country, could ever be and, of course, that, under no circum- found guilty; for no one would ever want cumstances whatever, can he voluntarily such a pretext. Was such a ground of take up arms against our forces by land or defence wanting to any of the persons exesea, without incurring the charge of high cuted for treason in Ireland. They all treason.When, therefore, we take alleged the same ground; but did that these principles of our law, and these aw- avail them aught ? Did that save any ful practical illustrations of it, into view, one's life ? lo short, if you set up this as we are astonished to hear Moreau ap- a defence, you, at once, make every man plauded to the skies; we are astonished to the judge of the occasion when he shall see him represented as the most faithful, take up arms against his country; and yet, the most noble-minded, the most virtuous you must do this, or it is impossible for of men ; and, it is impossible not to be- you to justify Moreau upon such ground. lieve, that there is great danger in the There is, however, another ground; holding forth of such a man as an example but, I imagine, it will not be found more to the world. ---He was not a prisoner of solid than the foregoing. It is this. That war, like the sailors in the Isle of France; Napoleon is an Usurper ; that he is not the he was not a settler. in and citizen of, Rus- lawful sovereign of France; and that, sia or Germany, as the soldiers taken in therefore, Frenchmen have a right to make Canada were of the American States ; he war against him, in order to get rid of his was not a man ignorant of his duty; he usurpation. ---Now, though a royalist was pressed forward by no temptation of Frenchman enight, with some apparent rescuing himself from suffering like the reason, put forward such a ground of desailors in the Isle of France; he had in fence, Moreau seems to have had no right Russia or Germany no property or family to do it, though the Allies had been makto defend as the soldiers taken in Canada ing war with the avowed purpose of over might have. No: he was far distant from setting an usurper. But, the awkward the scene of action and of danger; and, as the circumstance is, that the power, into whose Memoir' states, he came from America, he service he had entered, and in whose sercrossed the Atlantic, for the express purpose vice he lost his life, had twice, by solemn of serving the Emperor of Russia against the treaty, recognized Napoleon as Emperor of armies of his native country. The Chief the French and King of Italy. All the Baron, Macdonald, when he passed sen- Allies, except England, had, by treaty, tence upon the Isle of France traitors, ob- recognized him in this character. England served, that their offence was much greater had recognized him, while First Consul, than that of Murder ; “ for," said he, as the legal sovereign, de facto, of France, “ how much more aggravated a crime is it and such he had been declared to be in the " to aid and assist the enemy in their efforts English Court of King's Bench. Nay, “to destroy a whole people.” Thus, you since the death of Moreau, and even to this see, this was the extent given to the ten- hour, the Allies, one of whom became a dency of the crime, though the miserable Crown Prince through his influence and men were found upon an island in ite at his nomination, have, in their public South Seas.And what was their punish- declarations, styled him the Emperor of ment?
66 To be drawn on a hurdle to the the French, and, in that character, have “place of execution, there to be hanged by tendered him terins of peace, and avowed
their intention of leaving him an extent of appear before the Tribunals, and vindicate territory greater than France, under her myself from the charge of Conspiracy kings, ever knew. And, in the face of all this, will any man pretend to say, that against the safety of the State, and against Moreau fought against an unlawful ruler ? its Chief Magistrate. I was far from Will any man attempt to deny, that Napo- expecting, that after having passed through leon is in fact and in law too the sovereign the Revolution and the War, free from the of France ? What, then, as to this important point, is the obvious conclusion ? slightest reproach of incivism or ambition, Why, that our laws of treason; that all, and more especially, after having been ac the laws of treason existing in Europe, are the head of great and victorious armies, monstrously unjust and horribly cruel; or, that there is no justification for General which would have given me the means of Moreau, if the Russian Momoir give a true satisfying such passions (if I possessed them), account, if his eulogist give a true history that it would be at the moment when I was of his conduct from the time that he left the American States. I have dwelt / living a private life, only engaged with my longer upon this head than 1, at first, in- Family, and only seeing a very small circle tended; but, once entered on the subject, of friends, that I could be accused of such it would not have been right to leave any an act of madness. I have no doubt but doubts with regard to an example, which, an act of madness. I have no doubt but in its probable consequences, was likely to that my former connexion with General be so fatal to individuals, and so injurious Pichegru has been the motive of my accuto the country.
-But, this is not all. sation. Before I speak of my justificaWe must leave no part of this eulogy undemolished; we must leave no assertion tion, permit me, General, to trace this that it contains without a suitable comment. connexion to its source, and I doubt not but We must follow the hero of this curious you will be convinced, that the connexions history from America to field
battle. But, first, we must go back, for a little,
which one may keep up with an old friend, and' keep him company a while, in the and a man who has been formerly one's conspiracy of Pichegru and Georges; be Commander, however divided in opinion, cause, in my haste to conclude, last week, and however attached to different parties, I omitted to introduce a most material do
are far from being criminala General cument relating to this most important transaction of Moreau's life.--At the Pichegru took the command of the Army of time when Moreau was confined in the the North at the beginning of the second Temple, under the charge of having conspired with Georges and Pichegru, he year of the Republic. I had been then, wrole a leller lo Buonaparté
, which letter for six months, a General of Brigade, and was published in the Moniteur, and was re- sometimes discharged the functions of Gepublished in most of the public prints in neral of Division. Pleased with some sucEngland. This document I am now about to insert; and, when the reader has gone cesses of mine, and with some military through it with attention, he will have the dispositions, he soon obtained for me that goodness to follow me in a short examina- rank, the duties of which I at that time tion of its contents, as compared with the statements now put forth by his eulogist
. discharged. In entering upon the cam-The passages worthy of particular paign, he gave me the command of half attention, I have pointed out by the use of the Army, and confided to me the most italic characters.
important operations. Two months beAUTHENTIC LETTER OF GENERAL MOREAU fore the end of the campaign, his ill health
obliged him to absent himself from the The Temple, May 7, 1804. Army, The Government then, upon his It is now near a month since I have been request, intrusted me to finish the conquest detained as an accomplice of Georges aud of Dutch Brabant and Guelderland. After Pichegru, and I am, perhaps, detained to the winter campaign, which made us mas,
TO THE FIRST CONSUL.