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- leave it him? Or, did he acquire it, dur- "himself behind a screen, because, in fiis ing his campaigns ; during the time, that " impatience to find pretexts for destroying he served under the Brissotines, Robespierre, “ Moreau, he could not wait for the rethe Directory, and Buonaparte; during the port."--Now, mind, nothing was done time that he was in the service of his coun to Moreau 'upon this occasion.
The thing try; aye, that very country, in fighting was either overlooked by Napoleons; or, there against the armies of which he, at last, re was not sufficient evidence to proceed upon ceived the wound that put an end to his against the accused. If the former, it shews Jife? In the midst of those "sweets of the magnanimity of Napoleon; if the latter, " conjugal union,” which the tender Rus- it shews, that the law, as established by sian tells us he enjoyed at Grosbois and at himself, was above his arbitrary will. Take Morrisville; in the midst of all the hospi- it whicli way you choose, the fact redounds tality and charity, in which he delighted to to his honour; for; upon the confession, dwell, did he not, now and then, look back and even the boasting, of 'this Russian, the and trace his fortune to its source? The Abbé was the bearer of a letter of friend. Memoir does not do it for him; and, there ship and approximation from Moreau to a fore, I will leave the task, not a very diffi- man, whom that very Moredu himself had cult one, to the good sense of every candid denounced as a trailor.
-We now reader, who will, I am sure, join me in come to the last and grand scene, on which laughing at such an attempt at the tender Moreau appeared in France ; to his particisublime as is exhibited in this history of pation in the plot of Pichegru and Georges ; -Morrisville and Grosbois.At Grosbois, his accusation; his trial, and his banishhowever, we left him, and back again we ment. We will here take the very must go to join him at Grosbois, where, as words of the Russian, and, I think, thai, we read in the Memoir, he blamed, with before thie English reader gets to the end of great frankness, all the acts of Napoleon; the extract, he will exclaim: 'if I inust and that all Paris were well acquainted have some one to defend my memory, with what he said.-Notwithstanding God defend me from the scribbling subthis, however, there he lived unmolested. 'jects of the Emperor of all the Russias? It is not to be supposed, that all Paris knew 66 Pichegru, sure of what were the senliwhat Napoleon was ignorant of; and,"ments of his early friend, had directed therefore, the inevitable conclusion is, . General Lajolais to him in 1803, in orthat the latter either despised the blame . der to become acquainted with the proof Moreau,: or that he did not wish to * jecls which occupied him; but Moreau hurt him, or, else, that the laws were having but little esteem for the latter, such, that he could not hurt him. " had confined himself to assurances of the The Russian may take which supposition entire interest he took in the sale of his he pleases.But, we now come to more friend, and of the desire which he had serious matter. In the beginning of 1802, " of soon seeing him again in France. the Memoir tells us, that an Abbé David" Lajolais fancied he could interpret this conceived the idea of " approximating Pi “ avowal ag an invitation given to Piche5. chegru and Moreau, foreseeing that their gru to repair thither, in order to concur 4 union might one day be useful to France, " in the overthrow of the government of « and found from the very first overture, Buonaparté ; and he came to London to " that Moreau was delighted with the bring the positive assurance, that Moreau 46. idea.”. David took a letter from Moreau " was ready to connect himself with any to Pichegru, but was stopped by the Police, " kind of project which should have that and was sent to the Temple, "to expiate " for its object; and that he ardently de" the wrong of having wished to re-esta- " sired the presence of Pichegru at Paris. 66 blish between two great men, that confi- " He took good care not to say, that Mo*.dence and friendship which had once united" reau had testified to him so little con** them."And, wastljavalt that this good "fidence, that he refused to lend him fifty son of the church had ja view ? Was that all? “ louis d'or for his journey.--For several The sequel will shew us that it was not.
66 months General Georges was in Paris, Pichegou was in England. What could " to PREPARE the means of CARRYthis approrimation mean? Did the Abbé * ING OFF BUONAPARTE by main intend to work a miracle, and bring Poland force, in one of his rides from Paris to Street, where Pichegru lived, close to Gros-St. Cloud. The plan he had concerted bois ?We are told, that Buonaparte," with Pichegru was just at its maturity; during the examination of the Abbé, hid" and from day to day; advices were ex
'pected which were to determine the de-' | the purpose, like another Ulysses, of bringparture of the latter with two Princes of ing this Achilles to the battle, but against
The house of Bourbon. But what Lajo- bis couutry instead of for it: 'lere we have "lais announced of the intentions of Ge- the plain and distinct avowal of this very "neral Moreau, appeared too important man, whose work is circulated by the great
not to encourage an attempt to profit by means above spoken of, that Moreau is fully them immediately; and it was decided entitled to the honour of being ranked with that, as this General earnestly desired Georges and Pichegru in the memorable the presence of Pichegru in Paris, the plot of 1803, and that he was not hanged,
latter should set out directly to concert but banished, and suffered to carry away a " with him. Moreau in fact testified 10 brilliant fortune. If it be asked ; if any “ his early friend how happy he was to see one can ask, what crime he was guilty of, 5 him, but he was far from guessing the I will not name any. I will coutent myself
project which brought him, and still with a recapitulation of the facts. more so, that every thing was ready 10 What were they, then, as stated in this Me“realize it. Without disputing the moir? That, in 1803, England being at "NECESSITY OF THE RE-ESTA war with France, Georges and Piche" BLISHMENT OF THE, BOURBON gru went from London to Paris, where, $ FAMILY, Moreau still wished to pre- with divers others, they prepared, a plot
pare for it by gradations, which should for CARRYING OFF ithe sovereign " bring over his own party, in which he of that country, with whom England had "scounted several republicans, to approve recently made a treaty of peace and friend
and second it. Pichegru, who had con- ship, and for libelling whom Mr. Peltier “certed every thing with Georges, and had recently been found guilty in the es who felt that any slowness of proceeding English Court of King's Bench the Chief "might occasion the loss of the latter, and Justice laying it down, that Buonaparte was " of ihe people whom he had collected for the sovereign of France in fact, and ought "the audacious enterprise in contempla- to be so considered by us ; that Georges * tion, wished that Moreau should declare and Pichegru, being at Paris for this pur"himself immediately, and unconditionally pose, and liaving prepared the means for ** bind himself to the cause, of which he putting it into execution, made known their “ secrelly desired the success. At length designs to Moreau, who approved of those * Moreau, sacrificing his scruples to the designs; and who agreed to be ready, with
security of his friend, and to his warm his party, to protect them in the execation .6* entreaties, had agreed that those who of them; that the ultinate consequence was " had prepared the plan should execute it ; to be the restoration of the Bourbonsa" and that in case of success, he should These are the facts. And, is it possible for
place himself in advance with his party, any man, not divested of every just senti
10, protect them against the measures ment, to deny, that, in only banishing Mo* which the partisans of Buonaparte might reau, Napoleon discovered more magnani" lake al the first moment to avenge him. mity than, in a like case, was to be ex
He decided too late: the police, en- pected even from the greatest of men ? " lightened by what Guerelle revealed, As to its being the design of these men to " knew of the presence of Pichegru, and CARRY OFF Buonaparié, every reader of “Georges at Paris, and of their con common sense will laugh at the idea ; and, '"' nexion with Moreau ;, the latter was I cannot refrain from believing, 'that the " first arrested.----All Europe knows English translator, knowing the taste of his of the details of this disastrous, affair.” readers better than his Russian original,
Yes, the result is known. Georges has made free with the text, putting was hanged; Pichegru hanged himself in carry off” for “ lake off.”. But, then prisen; Moreau was banished; and great comes the outrageous absurdity of the thing. mnumbers of thic inferior actors, with some To suppose, that Georges and Pichegru and of the principal ones, were pardoned, Moreau, with a band of desperate men at We are here relieved from the necessity of their back; ; to suppose, that they could resorting to conjecture. Evidence itself mean to take Napoleon away, as a girl is would now be useless. , All room for dis- carried away to Gretna Green, is something pute and doubt are now completely remov- so farçical, that I will not longer dwell on ed; for here is the friend, the eulogist, the it; but will leave the reader to characterize companion of the last months of Moreau's the real designs to put himself, for a molife; the identical man who was selected for ment, in the place of him against whom it
was meditated; to compare his conduct, take it for granted, must result from Napoupon this occasion, with that of other leon's overthrow. Were 'such advantages sovereigns under similar circumstan- really to follow the humiliation of buonaces; and, then, to say whether Moreau parté; were prosperity aud happiness, even had cause of complaint, and whether to half the extent which these advocates for all history affords such a proof of mag. the deliverance of Europe promise themnanimity, as was, here displayed by selves, to be the consequence of confining him, who is now the Emperor of the France to her ancien: boundaries, I should French. I will not waste inany words rejoice if the first accounts from the contiupon the assertion of the Memoir, that a nent announced the overthrow of Napoleon, crowd of Generals, when they saw Morean and the restoration of the Bourbons. But, going to his trial, told him, that they had entertaining no such sanguine views; being sworn on their swords to defend his life. firmly persuaded, that the existence of Why did they not defend him from banish France, as a great and independent nation, nieni? As in the case of Job, of old, I occupying an extent of territory equal, at suppose, they gave him up to Napoleon least, to what she does at present, is essenwith an injunction not to touch his life? tial to the safety and security of the other If Napoleon" thirsled for his blood;" as continental powers, I cannot subscribe to we are told he did, and if he was, as it is the opinion, that curtailing Buonaparte's asserted, an absolute tyrant, what restrain empire, far less dethroning him, will proed him? Why was not that blood shed? more the interests of humanity. But why And why did not the same sword-swearing should we trouble ourselves with calculaGenerals save the lives of Generals Georges tions upon the effect of causes, until we have and Pichegru? Why was the latter " il- ascertained whether or not these causes $lustrious friend" of Moreau abandoned ? exist ? Why should we promise ourselves
That “illustrious friend,” whom Moreau prosperity and happiness from an event himself had denounced as a traitor, and which, as far as I can at present judge, has whom he had afterwards embraced for the no other existence than in the brain of those purpose of carrying off Buonaparte? Why who desire it? Are we certain that the was not he saved too? - What more French people are inimical to Buonaparté ? need be said? The question is discussed. Are we sure that they are prepared to seLet the reader decide.
cond the views of those who wish his over
throw? Can we rely upon its being the TAE EMPEROR NAPOLEON'S LATE Can-intention of his enemies to restore the Bour. PAIGNS. If we are to believe the con- bons on his dethronement? Or is it absoductors of the press in this country, we lutely certain that the Jacobins would not shall be forced at last to acknowledge, that assume the reins of government, on that the French Emperor je neither a brave event taking place ? Ever since the result soldier nor a profound politician ; that he of the battle of Leipsic was known, we is, in fact, a coward; that all the victories have been amused with accounts, from high which have attended him in his career, authority, of France being ready, to a man, have been more the effect of low cunning to drive the "Corsican Usurper" from the than the fruits of superior military talents; throne, and of that people only waiting for that in his recent campaigns; which have the countenance of the Allies to restore the proved so fatal to the glory of France, he Bourbons. Every Frenchman's mind, we displayed nothing but imbecility, and an were told, was so completely estranged unjustifiable contempt of his opponents; from the Buonapartean family, and the way and that, for these reasons, he ought, and to the throne for Louis XVIII. so secure, that was, justly detested and abhorred by the there was not an individual in France who French people, who were ready to submit was not ready to shed the last drop of his to any sacrifice, provided they could get blood in this holy cause. In strict conrid of him. This, we are gravely and po- formity with these views, it was said, that sitively assured, by the Times and the the Confederates addressed their declaration Courier, is the exact situation of Buona- to the French people on the 1st of Decemparté ; and, therefore, it is but reasonable, ber. To second this measure, it was according to them, to conclude, that his thought necessary, not only to publish the downfall will be speedy and certain, and Proclamation of Louis the xviiithin this happiness and prosperity be secured to Eu- country, but to translate, and circulate rope, in the restoration of the balance of thousands of printed copies of that docupower - which, these profound politicians | ment, 'through all the territory subject to
the sway of Buonaparté. Such unexampled to separate their interests from Napoleon's. activity surely merited its reward. The They complained of his inordinate ambi. voluntary exertions of men actuated, astion, they attributed all the evils with they pretended, by a motive so pure as that which Europe has been afflicted, to this of restoring thirty millions of people to li- cause ; and, in order, evidently, to induce berty; of breaking the chains with which his adherents to desert his fortunes, they they had been so long held in thraldom, held out the prospect of securing to France and restoring them to that elevated rank a greater extent of territory than she ever which they are entitled to hold among na- enjoyed under her former kings. Again, tions, could not expect less than complete when we look at the Proclamation of the success as the consequence of their merito - Bourbons, we find that every thing was to rious efforts. In these flattering views, be conceded to the people, which their however, we find that these restorers of the heart could desire; and that, in addition rights of men have hitherto been disap- to the many advantages they enjoyed by pointed: the magic effect expected to bę virtue of the Napoleon Code, their reliproduced by their different appeals is yet to gion, of which they had been deprived be felt; and all Frenchmen, as far as can under the reign of terror, and which Buohe discovered, seem disposed, by their naparte had not recognised to its fullest conduct, to negative the assertion, that they extent, was to be restored. It might have were hostile towards the existing govern: been expected, that documents which proinent, Instead of shewing any disposition mised to secure so many blessings to the to break in pieces their chains, they appear Freuch nation, would have been hailed by to embrace them the closer; and if private that people with delight ; that they would accounts, recently received, as to the state have received with rapture these harbingers of France, are to be relied on, the call of the restoration of a family, under whose which Buonaparté has made upon his sub- sway they were to realize all that the poets jects to arm and repel their invaders, has not had depicted as peculiar to the golden age. been made in vain. In these accounts it is But no; this stupid, this incorrigible peostated, that " large founderies for the ma-ple are insensible to these advantages. “ nufacture of arms of all descriptions are Though we are constantly assured, that 6 working with great rapidity" in several their goveroment is more tyrannical, and departments of France; that “considerable more despotic, than all other governments " quantities of artillery are collected;" that put together; though the news-papers all “ numerous detachments of troops, many agree in telling us, that they are the " of whom are not such mere, boys as had most miserable, the most abject, and " been represented,” are marching in all the most wretched people existing on the directions; that these troops are “perfect face of the earth; that, in fact, they “ ly disciplined,” and are composed partly dare neither eat, drink, nor think, withof ás veteran cavalry, well mounted," and out permission from Buonaparte; yet that their horses are “apparently in good amidst all this moral and political degradato condition," --How is all thiş ? Whence tion, and which truly forms a striking is it that this activity has arisen? Is it for contrast to what they were only a few years the purpose of overturning the throne of ago; the French nation are so much wedded Buonaparte? No; for we find that it is to despotism, and so deeply in love with the consequence of his activity? Is it, their oppresspf, that they actually refuse then, to restore the Bourbons? No; for it to be delivered, and reject, in scornful siis openly avowed, that it is the determina- lence, the boon of emancipation, which has tion of Frenchmen to resist, with these very been offered them. Taking experience for arms, all attempts to alter their form of our guide, we might have supposed that government. From all this I am, appre past events would have. convinced the enehensive that the French have been lately mies of Napoleon, that it was folly to atthinking of their situation, and comparing tempt to supplant him by means of the notes; that they have been drawing con Bourbons. But this far from being the trasts between the condition of their fathers case :- Determined to force a King upon under the reign of the Capets, and their France of their own choosing, and indigown situation under Buonaparté. On turn. nant, at the conduct of that people for reing our attention to the Proclamation of the jecting their proffered mercy, they are reAllies, it must be admitted, however well gardless of experience; their arrogant pride we may think of it, that it was their object will not permit them to concede that they in publishing it to persuade the French people are wrong; and they cling to their favourite
project of destroying Buonaparte, even newspapers as the Times and the Courier, after hope itself is gone. With this view the rather than give themselves the trouble of Times newspaper lately put forth a mani. exercising their own judgment, even for a festo, in which it is attempted to depreciate single moment. Thinking appears to them the military character of Buonaparté, for the greatest of all evils, which they are always the professed purpose of exciting a revolt desirous to avoid, lest, perchance, they among his subjects. All his splendid suc might discover something connected with cesses are represented to have been the their favourite project, the deliverance of fruits of his cunning and intrigue : his Europe, neither congenial with their feelmaintaining his position on the Elbe, in ings, nor with their interest. But while spite of the storm which was gathering these men enjoy their fancied security, let around him, is ascribed to foolish temerity; us not shrink from the vindication even of his return to Paris after the battle of Leip. an enemy, when he is wantonly abused; sic, is regarded as proof of his cowardice; but let us on all occasious be forward to and a charge is preterred against hits of undeceive the less credulous, who may be having created a fictitious famine in France, honest in their inquiries after truth; but by monepolizing the coru, for the double who, in this age of abominable deception, purpose of sereening himself from the ven. in which sophistry and cunning are parageance of his subjects, which was ready to mount, may find the inquiry somewhat burst upon him, and to give facility to the difficult.--As to the charge brought Conscription, which it is asseried, was against Buonaparté, of having monopolized * filled up by the actual fear of fainine." all the corn in France, for the purpose of If these accusations are well founded, is it compelling his subjects to comply with his credible that the French nation should be measures, it is a sufficient answer, that it ignorant of them ? and if acquainted with rests upon the bare assertion of the writer then, is it possible that, believing them, of the Times.No authority is referred they should not inflict a signal punishment to in support of the accusation. Having upon the author of the calamities to which been advanced as a matter of Jacl, and not they have given birth ?-So far, however, as a vague speculation, it was incumbent from the sufferings which are alleged to upon this writer to mention the source of have arisen from these supposed enormities, his information, that others might have it having incerised the French against their in their power to examine it, His silence Emperor, his conduct seems to have en- upon this essential particular shows that deared him the more to them. There the story is of a piece with what has been were obvious reasons for submitting to his so often said, and as often disproved, about yoke when victory followed his footsteps, Buonaparte poisoning his sick at Jaffa. and when nearly a million of soldiers were Besides, had France been lately afflicted devoted to his service ; but ouw that the with a famine, all Europe must have heard ride of fortune has turned against him; that of it; yet we find that every press in at the moment he returned to his capital, Europe has been silent as to this occurQot-as a conqueror, but humiliated by de- rence, except the press of this country. feat, and with only a handful of men to But we are told that it is impossible to jussupport him, he should not only be receiv- tify the conduct of Buonaparte in his invaed and acknowledged as the lawful sove- sion of Russia, for that heaven manifested reign of the French Empire, but new levies its displeasure at his impious attempt by be raised to give stability to his govern- destroying his arıny. Well then, if it was ment; are circumstances that can only be heaven that defeated his purpose, how is accounted for by admining, that all that we Buonaparté to be blamed for this? or why bave been told about the predilection of are the French people to drive him from Frenchmen in favour of the Bourbons, is his throne, because a power, which no false, and that the charge of cowardice and mortal can resist, chose to fight against other imputations thrown upon. Buona him? It would seem, if any thing is to be parié's character, by a vile and prostituted inferred from this circumstance, that it was press, are disbelieved in France, and en- pat with Buonaparte that the Almighty was birely without foundation. It is a melan- offended, but with the people of France, choly truth that there are people so besotted for it was his subjects and not himself that in this country, as to give implicit credit heaven sacrificed in its wrath. If it is to these falsehoods, and who would even insisted that Buonaparté was preserved to assent to other fabrications, ten times more convince him of the folly of his conquests, absurd, upon the bare statement of such ought not this to afford á striking lesson to