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risk, to talk about marching to Paris, and It is impossible that they can consent to be there dictating terms of peace. The Allies made cat’s paws of at this shocking rate, do not want to lose two or three hundred After all, what to think of the result, I thousand men, as they probably would, must confess, I am wholly at a loss. There and be defeated into the bargain; for, after are very strong reasons why this system of all, we see no signs of disaffection in France; things in England should shudder at peace. we see no fear, on the part of the Emperor, The moment peace is made, it will begia to make known his difficulties in the most to feel the want of its old impetus. . The candid manner. His speech as well as that heavy taxes that must still be paid will. of Count Regnaud, who still retains his ta want a war to keep them in countenance. lent for eloquent composition, breathe con- Men have had their eyes shut for a long fidence in every line. Language like this while; but, peace will make then look is not addressed to a people ready to fall about them. They will, like birds, whose down before an enemy. This point, which cage door is open, all of a sudden, lift their was the greatest of all (the disposition of heads, stare about them, and begin to try the people of France) seems now to be de- their wings. —Since the people of this cided in favor of Napoleon; and, if he has island were shut in by, war, wonderful the people of France cordially with him, changes have taken place in the world. the Allies must be very ill-advised, if they Manufactures have been changing their do not choose this moment for treating ; place; money has been changing its value; and, on the part of Austria, who means to the capability of living at ease has been leave Napoleon with great power, it must changing its scite. In short, there are be madness not to treat, when she is cer- quite grounds enough for apprehension : tain of securing, by treaty, what she would but, still, how is our government to avoid run some risk, at least, of losing by war. making peace, if the powers of the Continent

And, why do we wish to reduce France make peace, and that, too, upon a basis to a state of imbecility? The impudence proposed by themselves? I am aware, that of the proposition is sufficient to render us there would be found wretches to justify hateful in the eyes of the world; but, why them in so doing ; but it could not do for do we wish it ? To be sure our situation any length of time. The war could not go in peace will be very embarrassing. The on. When taxes were called for, men Debt, which this war against the French would ask what was the object of them. has brought upon us, will hang about our It could no longer be alledged, that they wecks like a mill-stone. Our system of were wanted to defend us against France, paper-money, all that we see about us, with whom we might have had peace if we seems to depend for existence on war, would. But, are we certain, that, if we which secures to us a monopoly of trade and reject a peace proposed to us by the Allies, commerce, and which, from the unsettled that none of them will become our enemies, state of Europe, has brought so much gapi- and compel us to accept of such peace? í sal into the country. But, if there be a shall be told, that we have already fought peace upon the Continent, upon such terms them all single-handled. No. We have as will make the several countries safe, called them enemies, and have abused them why should we keep on the war? Are we too; but, they merely yielded to the dicto have war for our lives merely because tates of France, by whom they themselves our paper-system would be endangered by were oppressed. Their hostility towards peace? What a horrible, what a cruel us was friendship in disguise, which would idea. We curg at this moment, a very not be the case now, if they were to declare awkward figure. We have, for years past, war against us. I do not know how to been bragging of our dişinterestedness. give an opinion ; but, I am inclined to be We said, that all we wanted to see was lieve, that we shall be compelled to make the deliverance of the poor oppressed na- peace, after having in vain endeavoured to tions of the Continent. But, now, behold, prevail on the Allies to continue the war. those nations being, as they think, suffi -And, really, ought it not to make one ciently delivered, we are urging them, or, happy to see the likelihood of such an at least, some of our writers are, to run new event? Why should we not (ic is a quesrisks. By invading France once, they were tion I am always asking); why should we all reduced to the brink of destruction, and not trade and live in social intercourse with the moment they are recovered from that, France? Why should the French not have we want them to invade France again our hardware and our cloth, and give us No: hang it! the hoax is too palpable. their wine and oil in exchange! Why

should we be penned up in this island all TRAITORS İN CANADA. -The reader our lives, when, at a few leagues distauce, will not have forgotten, that, some months we could see so many things to delight the ago, I noticed a recommendation, in one of eye and inform the mind? Why should our newspapers, for our government to put those, who are able to travel, be forced to 10 death, as traitors, such English born swallow fogs, while they might inhale the subjects as had been found in arms fighting wholesome air of Languedoc ? Why, against us, and made prisoners of war, in above all things, should we late the people the Ainerican army. The following of France ? What have they done io us, document gives us the melancholy history which we have not done to them ? We of this affair; and, it may very soon be too have beat one another by turns; but, it be late to endeavour to prevent the bloodshed longs to us only to deal in abuse. They which it threatens to produce.-GENEhave never abused us a nation ; whereas RAL ORDERS.-Head-quarters, Montreal, our abuse of them, under all the changes of Oct. 27.-" His Excellency the Governortheir government, has been unbounded. " General and Cominander of the Forces,

Here I shall leave this subject for the " having transmitted to his Majesty's Gopresent, waiting with no small anxiety the vernment, a letter from Major-General result of those able efforts, which my

Lord 6* Dearborn, stating, that the American Castlereagh is so likely to display in the " Commissary of Prisoners in London had way of effecting an union amongst our

" made it known to his Government, that Allies. Some persons say, indeed, that he " 23 soldiers of the 1st, 6th, and 13th rewill not have so genial a soil to work upon “ giments of United States' infantry, made as he had in Ireland, where, amongst those prisoners, had been sent to England and especially with whom he had to do, the en " held in close confinement as British sublightened state of inind was so very favour "jects, and that Major-Gen. Dearborn had able for the reception of his arguments, all " received instructions from his Governo which going at once to the heart as well as ment, tu put into close confinement 23 head of his honest hearers, produced an " British soldiers, to be kept as hostages

ffect exactly proportioned to their intrinsic " for the safe-keeping and restoration in exvalue. There is some weight in this ob change of the soldiers of the United servation to be sure. It does require diffe “ States, who have been sent as above rent arguments to produce conviction in s stated' to England :-in obedience to different minds; or, at least, it requires a " which instruction, he had put 23 British greater weight of argument.

56 soldiers into close confinement, to be kept ments which were suíficient to convince the " as hostages; and the persons referred to keen and docile Irish Members, might have in Major-General Dearborn's letter, being been insufficient to work conviction in the soldiers serving in the American Ariny, ministers of the Court of Vienna. There " taken prisoners at Queenstown, who had is no doubt, however, as I said before, that " declared themselves to be British-born Lord Castlereagh goes amply supplied with " subjects, and were held in custody in the most powerful kind of arguments, nor 56 England, there to undergo a legal trial. is there any fear of his wanting the zeal 46. -His Excellency the Commander of necessary to the making use of them. If the Forces has received the commands of his object be, as the Courier says it is, to "his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, prevent the Allies from granting peace to through the Right Hon. the Earl BaFrance upon too good terms for the latter; " thurst, Secretary of State, to lose no time and, at the same time, to persuade them, " in communicating to Major-General that they must not think of meddling with Dearborn, that he has transmitted the the maritime claims of England; if this be " copy of his letter, and that he is in conobject of his mission; if it be his object to sequence instructed, distinctly to state to induce the Allies to unile in this respect, he " Major-General Dearborn, that his Excelmust, indeed, he well stocked with argu " lency has received the commands of his ments. . This task now is a fearful one, " Royal Highness the Prince Regent, forthcompared to that of convincing the Irishi " with to put in close confinement forty-six Members of the propriety of giving up “ American officers and non-commissioned their Parliament. He had then to do with officers, to be held as hostages for the men, quite open to conviction, which will sale keeping of the twenty-three British not be the case now.. Well: tiine alone " soldiers stated to have been put in close can show what this wonderful man is capa “ confinement by the American Governble of performing.

fi ment. And he is the same time te

The argu

“apprise him, that if any of the said Bri- " and the rights of war.(Signed) "tish soldiers shall suffer death, by reason “ EDW. BAYNES,-Adj. Gen. Brit. N. " that the soldiers now under copfinement America.' -1 belore stated very fully in England have been found guilty, and my reasons for believing, that the English" that the known law, not only of Great men, thus taken in the American army, “ Britain but of every independent State in could not be fairly considered as traitors. " similar circumstances, has been in conse Our government has, it seems, de

quence executed, he has been instructed cided in the contrary; and, I suppose, we, " to select, out of the American officers are to see these men tried. I hope, that " and non-commissioned officers, put into the Americans will not retaliate, whatever "confinement, as many as may double the they may consider as their right; but, I "number of British soldiers who shall fear they will. That nation has been, by " have been so unwarrantably put to death, one mean and another, worked up to such " and cause such officers and non-commis- a pitch of resentment, that I do not expect sioned officers to suffer death imme- much forbearance at their hands. I will “diately. And his Excellency is fur- not here go over the arguments, which I, "ther instructed to notify to Major-General before used, having then, as I thought, ex“! Dearborn, that the Commanders of his hausted the subject; but, I cannot refraia,

Majesty's armies and fleets on the coasts from reinarking, that, if it was really in" of America, have received instructions to tended to punish these inen as traitors; as

prosecute the war with unmitigated seve- persons who deserved to be quartered and rity against all cities, towns, and vil- to have their bowels ripped out ; if this was

lages belonging to the United States, and really intended, our writers have been very " against the inhabitants thereof, if alter imprudent in their unbounded praises of " this communication shall have been duly General Moreau, who not only joined the " made to Major-General Dearborn, and a enemies of his native country, but who per" reasonable tiine given for its being transformed a sea voyage for the express pur. "mitted to the American Government, that pose of joining those enemies. He could " Government shall unhappily not be deter- not plead his attachment to the ancient sa“ red from putting to death any of the sol- mily of France; for he had fought against “ diers who now are, or who may hereafter that family, and had got great riches in the " be kept as hostages for the purposes stated service of the revolutionary government. s in the letter of Major-Gen. Dearborn. -It was, therefore, very imprudent in “ His Excellency the Commander of the our writers to sing the praises of this man, 6 Forces, in announcing to the troops the seeing that our government considered the * commands of his Royal Highness the natives of England, found in the army of “ Prince Regent, is confident that they America, as determined traitors.-—-One “ will feel sensible of the paternal solici- more remark I must make."tude which his Royal Highness has to me, that it is extremely unfortunate, to sevinced for the protection of the person say the least of it, that our government " and honour of the British soldier, thus should find it necessary to 'resort to such "grossly outraged, in contempt of justice, hu- measures. For, in the first place, the fact "manity, and the law of nations, in the per- will be written in blood, that England

sons of 23 soldiers placed in close confine- breeds traitors, and that, in order to deler

ment, as hostages for an equal number of others from becoming Trailors, such meas traitors, who have been guilty of the base sures are necessary. This is a most me " and unnatural crime of raising their parri. lancholy fact. -Will not the world won"cidal arms agaiust that country which gave der what it is that can induce Englishmen

them birth, and who have been delivered to become traitors in such numbers? -I “ over for legal trial to the just laws of have not heard of


such thing in any " their offended country. The British other country. The Americans do not " soldier will feel this unprincipled out seem to be afraid of their people becoming \rage, added to the galling, insults and traitors! and yet, we are told, that their "cruel barbarities that are daily wantonly government and the war is unpopular ! “ inflicted on many of his unfortunate com- Our las of treason, if acied upon in all its

rades, who have fallen into the enemy's rigour, might produce very awful effects. "hands, as additional motives to excite An Englishman, for instance, who "bis determined resolution never to resign emigrated with his father when a child, " his liberty but with his life, to a foe so and who may now be living in some little " regardless of all sense of honour, justice, sea-port, if he were to take up a gun or

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sword to protect his family against a boat's , earth, and all that in them is, were made crew of ours attacking his house, would, if for us.--The peace, which is approachtaken, be liable to be cut in quarters and to ing, may tend to remove the delusion. have his bowels ripped out and Aung in his face !

-Horrid, however, as is the idea MR. MANT and CAPT. PATRICK CAMPof this rigour, it is not impossible, that it bell. - These two gentlemen, the latter may lead to good in the end. It will un- late Captain, and the former late Surgeon, questionably tend to the complete separation of the Frigate, UNITE, serving in the Meof the two countries, which, in the opi- diterranean, are, in a dispute upon the nions of many, would be likely greatly to subject of the management of Prizes, now benefit mankind. It will destroy the party, dividing the opinions of people at Southwhich, through the means of commercial ampton, where they both live. But, influence, has divided America. It will | from what I have heard, and, indeed, from diffuse the manufacturing arts. It will what I have seen in a printed paper, it apmake America more independent than she pears to be impossible, that the discussion was before. It will hasten the time when can long remain confined to such narrow she, by being a great maritime power, will limits. Certainly the public, who pay be able to interpose and prevent destructive so dearly for the maintenance of a navy, on wars between us and France. Her political which they are everlastingly told, that they principles are those of real and not of solely depend for their safety, are deeply sham freedom; and, for the sake of her interested in the proper employment and principles, we may (provided she do use of that enormously expensive establishus no harm) when peace arrives, wish ment. It is very much to be desired,

see her power extended. The that this matter should be fully investigatCongress has lately received a reported; that the parties should have a fair opfrom a Committee on the acts of Great- portunity of producing legal proofs; and Britain during the war; and the Courier that the public should see clearly where the says, that it is quite sufficient to say of it, fault lies, if there be any fault.----Mr. that it is wholly false. I do not think so; Mant is said to be preparing a publication for, though it be really false, it demands a on the subject, to which, in all probability, contradiction by authority here. The acts, Captain Campbell will reply: so that the charged upon us are so atrocious, that I, as truth will come out, and, be it on which an Englishman, cannot bring myself to be side it may, the truth ought to come out. lieve, that they have been committed; but

WM. COBBETT. the same feeling, which makes me reject a belief in them, makes me anxiously wish to see them officially shown not to have

OFFICIAL PAPERS. been committed; because I know, that the people of other nations may believe, though

FRENCH PAPERS. I cannot. - There are persons, who sup

Paris, Dec. 19th. pose, that, in consequence of the late events To day, Sunday, Dec. 19, his Majesty, on the Continent of Europe, we may do the Emperor and King, set off at'one o'clock what we please with America. It is a great from the palace of the Thuilleries, to repair mistake, 'We could do nothing with her in state to the Legislative Body, where, when her population amounted to only two having been received with the usual ceremillions où souls; and now it amounts to monies, his Majesty, after taking his seat, eight or nine millions.--Besides, do we inade the following speech :suppose, that we shall 'be permitted to “ Senators, Counsellors of State, Depuhave a word to say 'in the Continental ties from the Departments to the Legislative

ace without permitting the Continental Body: powers to have something to say about our " Splendid victories have raised the glowar with America ? All these powers are ry of the French arms during this cammore or less interested in the independence paign: defections without parallel have of the American trade. Her commerce is rendered those victories useless; all has singularly beneficial to them all'; and, what turned against us. France itself would be is more, they must naturally wish to see in danger, but for the union and energy of her a great naval power, able to form the French. In these weighty circumsomewhat of a balance against England. stances, it was my first thought to call you

--But, like the cock in Pope's Essay on around me. My heart has need of the preMan, we think that the heavens and the serice, and of the affection of my subjects.

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- I have never been seduced by prospe- f energy, which may recommend your generity. Adversity will always find ne supe. ration to the generations to come. Let them rior to its attacks. I have several times not say of us, They have sacrificed the given peace to nations when they brad lost best interests of their comtry! They have every thing. From a part of my conquests I acknowledged the laws which 'England has have raised thronies for Kings who had forsakin vain sought, during four centuries, to en me. I had conceived and executed great impose on France !'- My people cannot designs for the prosperity and the happi- . fear that the policy of their Emperor will tiess of the world. A monarch and a fa- ever betray the national glory. On my ther, I feel that peace adds to the security side, I feel the confidence, that the French of thrones, and to that of familiés... Nego will be constantly worthy of themselves, ciations have been entered into with the and of me!" Allied Powers. I have adhored to the

Paris, December 21. preliminary bases which they had present- Legislative Body, under the Presidency of ed.. I had then the hope, that before the His Excellency the Duke of Massa. opening of this session, the Congress of After the usual introdactory business, Manheim would be assembled: but new Count Regnaud de Saint Jean d'Angely delays, which are not to be ascribed to spoke as follows: France, have deferred this moment, which “ Gentlemen, in the two last campaigns the wishes of the world eagerly call for without having been abandoned by victory, I have ordered to be laid before you all we have been betrayed by fortune. In the original documents which are in my the first; one of those winters which afflict port-feuille of my department of foreign nature but once in a century, in the second affairs. You will make yourselves ac- an abandonment, defectibus, of which Extquainted with them by means of a Com- rope offers few exanıples, have rendered mittee. The Speakers of my Council will steril the most brilliant successes. acquaint you with any will on this subject. Happily, Gentlemen, the nation which

time on my side, there is no obstacle to had enjoyed prosperity without being in: the re-establishment of peace. I know and toxicated by it, has supported misfortune partake all the sentiments of the French; without dejection, and after having gew I say of the French, because there is not nerously in the preceding wars, defended one of them who would desire peace at the the territories of our allies from the evils of price of honour. It is with regret that war, we are prepared courageously to pres I ask of this generous people new sacrifices; serve our own from them.-Galled round but they are commanded by its noblest and the throne under weighty 'circumstances, dearest interests. It was necessary to re the Emperor has just associated you, Gercruit my armies by numerous tevies : 'na- tlemen, in the views of his policy, as in tions cannot treat with security 'except by the efforts of his administration --- I have displaying their whole strength. An in- said the views and nor the secrets, of his crease of taxes becoines indispensable. policy; and in short, this policy has als What my Minister of the Finance will ways been the defence, and the indepena propose to you is conformable to the system dence, of the honour, of the industry, and of finance which I have established. We of the commerce of France and her allies: shall meet 'every demand without a loan, But nations, like governments, deep: which consumes the future, and without ly impressed, strongly pre-occupied by the paper njoney, which is the greatest emény more recent events, forget those more disa of social order.I am satisfied with the tant, keep faintly in their mentory first sentiments which my people of Italy have causes, and lose sight of the links of that testified towards nie on this occasion. - historic chain which connects the past with Denmark and Naples alone have remained the present.God forbid, Genelenren, faithfut to their alliance with me. --The chat I should now describe here any past Republic of the United States of America grievances calculated to irritate any minds, continues with success its war with Eog- to rekindle any 'resentinents. I do not land. I have recognised thre neutrality carry back my thoughts; I do not call of the nineteen Swiss Cantons. !! your's to the past; but because that in each

« Senators, Counsellors of State, Depu. of the pages in which the remembrunice of ties from the Departments to the Legislative it'is preserved, one can discover with ceri Body :

tainty who have been the provokers of the "' You are the natural organs of this war: War has existed in 'Evirujse for çlirone: it is for you to give an example of 20 years. The last was connedicul '***

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