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TRANCI.--Speech of the Emperor to the Legisla. Declaration of Rights of 22d Aug. 1795, 585.
Decree as to the Provisional Government, 540.
Act of Napoleon's Abdication, 508.
NAPLES - Declaration of Ferdinand, dated Pa.
Record of the Prices of Bread, Wheat, Meat, Labour, Bullion, and Funds, in Eng.
BRBAD.-The average price of the Quartern Loaf, weighing 41b. 5oz. 8drms. in London, which
WABAT.-The average price for the above period, throagli all England, per Winchester Baskel
MBAT. —Per pound, on an average for the time above stated, as sold wbolesale at Smithfield
LABOUR.---The average pay per day of a labouring man employed in farming work, at Botley, iu
BULLION.-Standard Gold in Bars, per Oz. £5, 43. Sd.-Standard Silver do. 65. 11fd. N. B. These
PUNDS.-Average price of the Threc Per Cent. Consolidated Anpuities, during the above pe
Vol. XXV. No. 1.]POLONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 1, 1814.
(2 change of dynasty in Sweden ? Have we SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
not, by the most solemn act, and in the Peace ----At last there really does ap- name of The Most Holy and Undivided Tripear to be some prospect of this event. nity, acknowledged Bernadotte, a FrenchBut, uncommon exertions are making, by man, and not long ago a private soldier in the Anti-jacobin writers in this country, to the French armies, to be the lawful heir to - prevent it. Their language is such as 10 the crown of Sweden ? Nay, have we not make me fear, that they are not alone in ceded to bim, 'in that capacity, an island, their wishes; and, therefore, it becomes us, forming part of the territories formerly the who wish to see peace before we die, to Bourbou's territories ? Soll - more teendeavour to counteract their malignant ef- cently have we not sanctioned a change, forts.The Declaration of the Allies that is to say, a revolution, in the governwas well calculated to move the gall of the ment of Holland ? That government has Anti-jacobins, whom we find, at last, to been, all of a sudden, changed from a Rebe haters of the French nation, in a mass. public to a Principality, and we have apMere, vulgar haters of a whole nation ;- proved of the change. - What, then, are haters of 30 millions of people, inhabiting the French alone not to be permitted to the fairest and richest part of the world, make any change in their rulers, or in the which is also the seat of science and the nature of their government ? What asarts, and of periect religious liberty.--surance ! what itisolence, in us, to attempt The Anti-jacobins were for war against the to justify the coatinuance of war upon any Republicans of France, they were for eter- such ground -But, perhaps, the most nal war against them, because they acted striking instance is, our recognition of, and upon what were called “6 disorganizing our war for, Ferdinand VII., as King of "principles." Well, but the French are Spain, while his father is still alive! We no longer Republicans. They own the have a right to do this, as far as I know; sway of an Emperor, whose crown is here. but, I am quite sure, that, while we do' ditary. Why, therefore, do they now wish this, we must be most unconscionably imfor war with France ?Is it because Na- pudent, if we pretend, that a change of poleon is not a member of the old family, rulers, out of the settled course, in any and that to sanction, by treaty, a change of country, is a justifiable ground for our hos. dynasty in France, might prove a most de- tility to that country. What ground,
structive example ? Why, has our then, is there for the war-men to stand · change of dynasty done us any harın? Do upou in their opposition to peace with
not we boast of a change of dynasty? Our France ?-If the political principles of old family was supplanted by a new one ; the French nation, and the change in her to wit; but the Illustrious House of Bruns-government and rulers, no longer afford the wick, and we call the event a “ Glorious smallest pretence for an objection to treat 6. Revolution.” Nay, a foreigner came here with her for peace, it follows, of course, to reign in the stead of our old discarded that there now remains no objection excepe king, and cbat foreigier came, too, with as to TERMS; and, our war-men should foreign trdops to assist him.To,object, have waited till they could have plainly therefore, to peace with France, on account stated the Terms of the Allies before they of the change in her dynasty, and to talk proceeded to prepossess the minds of the of continuing the war with her, in order to people against peace. This, however, is compel her to relinquish that change, would what they have not done. They have seizexbibit us to the world in the light of the ed hold of the Declaration of the Allies as a most inconsistent and most impudent people text whereon to declaim against the power that ever breathed.---Besides, are we not of France. They no longer talk of the now, even at this moment, sanctioning, in principles of France. It is her power that the most unequivocal manner, a complete they are now afraid of, and ebat, 100, a a
moment when they tell us, that Napoleon |“ land. There is no doubt that he will is an object of contempt Thus they leave no artifice unpractised to separate us discover their insincerity; thus, by shifting and our Allies. In this attempt we trust their ground and belying; their own asser - he will fail; for the Allies see and feel tions they prove to us, that it is not safety that their truest interests consist in the they want, but war.. They profit froin" closest and most intimate alliance with er sna: aid, that is their sole real objec- “ this country.-—But the Allies should tioli to peace. The following publica" guard against their generous feelings ; tion, in the Courier of the 25th Dec., is they should not be hurried into conditions well worthy of the reader's attention, espe “ of peace less than their situation and cially if he bear iu mind the real source safety entitle them to claim. By peace, whence it has issued. He will be “ France will gain every thing. She will amused with the confusion purposely intro 66 regain at least 300,000 of her best troops, duced as to us, and the Allies ; and with one-half of her best officers, and seamen the shifts, to which the writer is driven, in " sufficient to man 50 sail of the line. The order to make out' a preliminary objection" obstinacy and rashness of Buonaparte to peace. And, then, the sostened tone " have thrown away the military means of which follows the melancholy supposition, “France. Never again can Europe exthat the Allies may be disposed to treat pect to find her so stripped of an army, separately, and to leave us in the lurch, “ so exhausted in her finances : dever again notwithstanding the observation, said, in " gan Europe expect to see a more formithe news papers, to have been made, the “dable and victorious force opposed to other day, by the Duke of Clareuce, just " France. The crisis is great, it is in faafter he told the company, at the Scotch" vour of the Allies, not only beyond exDinner, that he was a Scotch Prince and a " pectation, but beyond calculation, and if German Prince too. The observation was: “they do not reap the full advantage of it, that we had successfully fought all Europe, “they may soon pay dearly for their folly. single-handed. Why, then, does this cow " In six months after a peace, France may ardly writer soften his tone in case the Al-" have fifly sail of the line, well manned, lies, or any considerable member of the al- "" and an army of half a million of men, liance, should secede ?-But, let us now
-- But, let us now “ commanded by a great military genius. One hear this writer, keeping in mind the pro- “ viclory may again give him possession of bable fact, that he is no more than the “ Vienna, and Europe may be re plunged niere mouth-piece of others. - We ob- " in all the miseries which it is now in her “ sérve in the set of Frankfort Papers we power to erect an effectual barrier agaiust. 66 have received, that Austria has repub-" This barrier is the ancient limits of “ lished, in a Supplement to the Frankfort "France, as existing in 1789. Even those 6. Gazelle of the 22d November, the De “ limits have been found too powerful for " claration she issued last August. The “ the balance of power in Europe, and “molives that have led to the republication shall we increase them now we can reduce 66 of this document, we are unable lo ex " them to a state of fair preponderance? If • plain. We may be sure, however, that Buonaparté refuses such conditions, the - it has been done designedly. Surely “ Allies should occupy Paris, restore the “ Austria cannot neau that she republishes “ Bourbon Family, re-create the Royal 6 it to shew that in November her demands “ Party, and effect their purpose by that “ and conditions regain the same as they
The restoration of the Bourbons o were in August. In that declaration it "might not, iudced, be made a sine qua " is stated, that if a general peace could " non at present, but we should never for
not be made, a preliminary continental" get that that measure alone can afford " peace might be negocialed. is such a de " well-founded hopes of a permanent peace.
sign in contemplation now? Does Buo 6 But perhaps some of the Allies would bonaparté wish to draw the Continental " not concur in insisting on conditions to $ Powers into a separate peace, and is this " the extent of reducing France to her ansi the cause of Lord Castlereagh's visit to
ho cient limits. In thal case we must lake so the Continent? We remark in the just as much as the Alliance collectively 66 Speech a bitterness against England, and will demand. We must take conditions
recollect that in a previous Speech to “ far short of those which safety requires, " the Senate, he had attempted to
66 than allow the secession of any material " that their opinions were directed by Eng-“ Member from the Alliance. Should
** The Continental Sovereign with cabinet and power enables us to diciate; Father
" more than her ancient limits be granted consists in the closest and most intimate. " to France, Ministers will of course be connexion with this country,” and that,
prepared to shew that they would have therefore, no design of a separate peace can “insisted an better lerms could they have be entertained. Why, I doubt, now,
prevailed on the Alliance collectively to for my part, whether the Court of Vienna " have concurred with them. If not they will see the thing in this light. I should
are undone ; the country will execrate noi be at all surprised, if there were per-, " them, and two-thirds of the Opposition sons in that Court to assert, that it was to
will arraign them. The Opposition are her connexions with this country, that
now laying in wait in hopes that insuffi- Austria owed all her losses and disgrace in "Scient terms of peace will bring them into former wars for the last 20 years; and,
power. The country expects that the that now is the time, before it be too late, "lerms will be sufficient. It is extrava- for her to detach herself from us. But,
gant, if not visionary, to hope that France it is absurd to suppose that all the Allies can ever again be found so weak while can find it their interest to be so closely allied
the Allies are so strong. It is highly tous. Tous, and what are we? This presump66
improbable that so favourable a crisis can tuous man says, in a subsequent paragraph, “ ever again occur. Let us take full ad. that, if it had not been for us the Allies would
vantage of it, and not leave occasion for have been in a very different situation. " reproaching ourselves hereafter with a True, they will probably say; for, if it “ silly generosity to an enemy, whose high- had not been for you, we should never have “ est triumphs inspired him only with a been in the situation from which, by our 6 keener appetite for conquest, blood, and blood, we have now been rescued. Yes, “ rapine. Buonaparté must hate Austria there will not be wanting people, even in
so deeply, that if he again masters her, Russia, to remark, that London was quite
he will extinguish her: and a very short safe, while Moscow was in Hames.“ time may place it in his power to revenge The Allies, this everlasting-war man says, * himself for the humiliating coudition to should " guard against their generous feelró which she has now brought him.". “ ings." (Kind gentleman: for, says We will take this article in its own order; he, “by peace France will gain a great for, looking upon the writer as a mouth army, and SEAMEN TOMAN 50 piece, it is of considerable importance. “ SHIPS OF THE LINE. In six inonths He is at loss to explain the motives of Aus
may have 50 ships of the tria in causing her former Declaration to be " line well manned.” Well! And what republished now; and says, surely'' her is that to the Allies? How does this man demands and conditions cannot remain the know, that some of the Allies do not wish same as they were in August! Perhaps they to see France with 50 ships of the line well do not remain the same precisely; but, it mauned? How does he know, that there is probable, that they do not very widely is nothing they would more avoid than to differ; and, indeed, the republication of destroy the navy of France ? - We are the declaration of August is a strong pre- always, as I said before, smelling after the suipptive proof that such is the fact.-In French ships. We shall be deceived about August Austria proposed the negociating of these French ships. It is very wondera Preliminary Continental peace, in case a ful (if any thing in the impudence of these general peace could not be made. That is men can be wonderful), that our writers to say, in case England would not agree to wbo are for eternal war, never seem to resuch a peace as the maritime 'states were flect on our feets; on our conquests; on. willing to agree to, Austria proposed the our aggrandizement. And, do they really negociating of a peace on the land. There believe? I should not wonder if their preis no other sense in the words; and, in sumption were to go that length. deed, it is not reasonable to suppose, that really and in good earnest ; can they seriall the nations of Europe ; that 150 mil ously believe, that the Allies mean to be lions of people are to live for years longer urged on by us to cripple France (supposing in a state of warfare, their several homes them to have the power), and to destroy alternately exposed to plunder
and violence, her last ship, while we are to be quietly and their blood continually exposed to be left in possession of all the colonies of the shed, merely on account of the commer- world, together with the fleets of Holland, cial interests of this Island. We are Portugal, Spain, and Denmark, and sitold by this eternal-war man, that Austria cily? Stupid men! They are so commust now see, that her “ iruest interest pletely blinded in one eye by our self
praises ; by the endless braggings of our | powers to the crippling of France. A stage, our press, and our speechifyings, very legitimate object, perhaps ; but, one, that they never see but one side of the I believe, in which he will not succeed. question, if it relate to any dispute between -It is rumoured, that disunion exists us and any foreign nation. — France, this amongst the Allies; and, if so, it must be everlasting-war man tells us, may, in six allowed, if we reflect on the grand capamonths, under the great military genius of city, which' his Lordship displayed in Buonaparté, be again in possession of uniting Ireland with England, that a more Vienna. I thought he was sunk so very proper man could not have been sent to the low, the other day, as to be merely an ob- Quarters of the Allies. His Lordship will, ject of contempt. Well; but he is not, it I dare say, be' well furnished with arguseems. But, if he be not; if it will take ments in favour of union upon this occahim so little time to assume his old atti-sion ; but, whether the same sort of argutude, is there not some risk in endeavour- ments, which he' so copiously and so sucing to push' him further now. Oh! no: cessfully used to the inembers of the Irish there is no risk to us. Very true, and the parliament, will have a similar effect upon Court of Vienna knows that very well. the Allies is more than we can yet be able
After all, however, we are, it seems, to decide. -Be this as it may, it is downto take such terms as we can get, rather right folly to 'suppose, that he is gone to than send off any material member of the the Continent merely to prevent delays in alliance. But, we are afterwards told, communicating with our Allies. That canthat our maritime rights are not to become not be. He must be gone upon some very a subject of negociation at any Congress. important and very pressing business; some Very likely not : but, then, I am pretty unexpected cause must have produced his certain, that peace will be made without journey; his object must be of a nature to us ; because we, who will not suffer the admit of not a moment's delay. --_ It apAllies to treat of any thing of ours, cannot pears' to me natural 'to suppose, that the be, I should think, such fools, such im- Court of Vienna, not wishing either" to pudent coxcombs, as to expect, that the destroy or to humble Napoleon, 'will by no Allies will suffer us to have any thing to means wish to weakeni him on his maritime say as to any thing of theirs. No, no! side, where he would be least formidable If we mean to be admitted to a Congress to her. It may also be very natural for her for'a general peace, we must bring all our to say, that, if she has honourable terms of conquests and all our maritime claims into peace, it may be advisable to leave him at the general mass. — The tone of impu- war with us.
To prevent that, we must dence which this writer takes towards the make application to her; and, with what close, would excite indignation if it were face can we make that application, untess not so very ridiculous. “Let us,” says we offer, at the same time, to bring in our he, “take full advantage of our high si- conquests, and our claims on the seas, to 6s (uation, and not leave occasion, here- be disposed of and settled at a general * after, for reproaching ourselves with silly peace? - The powers of the Continent “ generosity." -Just as if we had an have seen themselves, for many years, hararmy on the Rhine! Just as if we had made rassed on the one side by France and on the any offer to treat, or had the power to pre other side by us. They do' wish, because vent peace for one day. The visit of they must wish, to see both nations reduced Lord Castlereagh to the Allies is a matter in point of power; and, if they cannot efof great moneot. It is said, that he is fect that reduction by trcaly, the only going in order lo prevent delay in communi- means they have left, is, to leave us at caling with our Allies. But, what makes war, while they enjoy peace, which, by a the case so very urgent ? If a Congress is prudent line of conduct, they may now about to be held, we, of course, if we are enjoy in safety.---From the Speech of to be at it, shall have an Envoy there, with Napoleon and that of the Orator of Governfull powers to treat; and our Secretary of ment, it very clearly appears, that negoState for foreign affairs will be constantly ciations are about to be opened ; and, I wanted at home. "No: it cannot be to think, that there can be no doubt, that we negociale, or to assist negociation, that he have had no hand in the matter. It does is gone (if gone at all); but, to explain not follow, that'we shall be excluded; but,
the vieivs of our government,” as we are if we go into a Congress, we must go with told; and, in fact, to endeavour to hold all our budget of conquests and maritime the alliance together, and to'urge on the claims. It is easy for us, who run no