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“Of his own peril of death he has been mindful, and over and over again has said: 'I must be prepared for either.' This has been the principle of his life, ruling in all his experience, as he explained it to me: • When I meet the duties of each day as best I can, I cheerfully await whatever result may come. When he was first stricken he declared: * I believe in God, and trust myself in his hands,' and there he is, my brethren, and God will keep him, and God will glorify His own great name, whether it be in his life or his death. I could say many things, but my heart and hands are both too full. He is better to-day, but still on the borderland. We are all still besieging the mercy-seat, and we expect God's answer with great anxiety, but not, I trust, without great faith and submission.
“ In conclusion, I may say in the words of President Garfield to me, in a season of like distress—the death of his little son: ‘In the hope of the Gospel, which is so precious in this affliction,'I am affectionately your brother in Christ."
The subjoined copies of dispatches are selected from several hundred of a similar tenor, as indicative of the general solicitude:
EXECUTIVE CHAMBER, ALBANY, Sept. 6, 1881. For the purpose of enabling the people to unite with those of other States in petitioning the Ruler of the Universe for the restoration to health of the President of the United States, the 8th day of September, instant, I hereby set apart and designate as a day of fasting and prayer. It is recommended that all ordinary avocations be suspended, and the people, in their usual places of worship, humbly acknowledge their faults and reverently supplicate the mercy of the Heavenly Father that the national peril, which now appears so imminent, may be averted. Let the prayers of all be united for the early and complete recovery of the President's health and strength. May the blessing of Almighty God rest upon the stricken sufferer and the afflicted family.
Given under my hand and seal at the Capitol in the City of Albany, this 6th day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighty
ALONZO B. CORNELL. By the Governor--HENRY E. ABELL.
The meeting for prayer in behalf of the President was largely attended. From twenty to twenty-five prayers were offered by clergymen and laymen, which were remarkable for their earnestness and importunity. The bulletins announcing the departure of the President from the White House and the progress of the train were read at the opening and close of the meeting.
PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 6.-In accordance with the proclamation of the Governor, the churches of the city were generally thrown open, between the hours of 10 and 12 this morning, for worship for the recovery of President Garfield. At Harrisburg business was entirely suspended from 10 o'clock until noon. Services were held in the churches and in various industrial establishments. The dis
patches relative to the President's journey were read from a number of pulpits. În most other places in the State services were held and business was suspended during the hours named.
CINCINNATI, Sept. 6.—The proclamation of Governor Foster was observed by meetings for prayer in the Christian churches, and a union meeting was also held in the First Presbyterian Church from 10 to 12 o'clock. The public schools were dismissed. The Mayor's office and all the Government offices were closed, and deep interest was felt in regard to the result of the President's journey from Washington to Long Branch. At the Republican County Convention prayer was offered by Dr. Kumler, who made a most fervent petition for the recovery of the President. After the prayer, on motion, the convention gave three cheers for the President. The convention also adopted a resolution condemning the attempted assassination, and extending sympathy to Mrs. Garfield.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, Sept. 6.- Religious services were held in several of the churches here from 10 to 12 o'clock to-day, and many prayers were offered for the recovery of the President. The bulletin-boards were eagerly watched by anxious 'crowds, and each dispatch telling of the favorable progress in the Presidential journey from Washington to Long Branch was joyfully discussed. The feeling that the President will recover seems to permeate all classes, and nothing but hopeful expressions were heard to-day.
CHICAGO, Sept. 6.-The church services and union meetings to-day for the purpose of invoking Divine aid for the President's restoration to health, were well attended and fervently participated in. Business was generally suspended in the public offices, business boards, etc. The announcement of the easy trip of the President to Long Branch and his improved condition, is the subject of great rejoicing to thousands who eagerly inquire for accounts of his progress.
ATLANTA, GA., Sept. 6.-In response to the Governor's proclamation, the Hall of Representatives here was filled to-day with the members of the General Assembly and citizens, to offer up prayers for the recovery of President Garfield. Religious services were held, and addresses and prayers were made by leading ministers of the city.
WILMINGTON, N. C., Sept. 6.–To-day was very generally observed here as one of prayer for the recovery of the President. Services were held in all the churches in accordance with the proclamation of the Governor, and between 10 and 12 o'clock, the hours devoted to religious services, business was almost entirely suspended. A feature of the day which attracted some attention was the fact that nearly all the bar-rooms were closed.
RALEIGH, N. C., Sept. 6.- In accordance with the Governor's proclamation, today was generally observed here as a day of prayer for the President. Federal and State buildings and offices of manufacturers, etc., were closed. Impressive services were held at the churches.
AUGUSTA, GA., Sept. 6.—The day of prayer was very generally observed here. The Mayor issued a proclamation, and all the public offices, banks and many stores were closed. Services were held in the churches, and prayers offered for the restoration of the President to health. Some pastors mentioned that the wounding of the President had the effect of cementing the sections together as one people.
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept.6.- A special service of prayer for the recovery of the President was held this morning in the hall of the Young Men's Christian Association. The Ministerial Union was present in a body. Every seat in the hall was occupied, and crowds were forced to stand.
INDIANAPOLIS, Sept. 6.-- Religious services were held, in obedience to the Gove ernor's proclamation, in a number of the leading churches to-day, and prayers were offered in behalf of the President. Many of the business houses were closed from 10 to 12 o'clock.
CLEVELAND, O., Sept. 6.—Business was generally suspended throughout Northern Ohio between 10 o'clock and noon to-day, while people of all denominations gathered in their houses of worship, in town and country, and joined in prayer for the restoration of President Garfield to health.
On the next day, September 7th, the sixty-eighth day after the wounding, there was no positive change in the President's condition. The early morning dispatches announced : “He is no worse than when he left Washington, neither is he any better.”
Such a statement was, of course, quite unsatisfactory to the country, because, the people argued, “no better” always means
worse." There is no neutral ground in a case of this kind. The morning bulletin found the pulse at 106; temperature, 98.4; respiration, 18. In the evening the pulse was 108; temperature, 101;
respiration, 18. The day was very warm, the thermometer rang<ing from 90° to 100°, and the people were remarkably anxious
over the reports of the physicians. When it was learned that after the issue of the evening bulletin, the pulse ran up to 114, there was wide-spread apprehension. The gentle sea-breezes, from which so much was expected, were not doing their appointed work. For most of the day there was a dead calm of the atmosphere at Long Branch, and the temperature was described as almost unbearable by people in health. To the sufferer it was wonderfully oppressive, and there were apprehensions that, unless change of temperature in an abatement of the furnace-like heat soon came, there would be reason to conclude that the journey of Tuesday was in vain. Every body complained but the President. He proved himself the most patient of invalids, and but once during the entire day made a remark which indicated any thing like discontent with the situation. Opening his eyes from a short nap, he turned them toward the windows and said to an attendant, who was fanning him : "Oh, those windows are so small.” For a few moments he breathed laboriously, and his pulse increased to a high rate, and the reaction caused unusual weakness.
Throughout the day the bulletin-boards at the various newspaper offices, and places of public resort in every part of the country, were besieged by large crowds of anxious men and women of every grade in the social scale, eager for the smallest scrap of information to sustain the earnest prayer of their hearts—that the revered President was now upon the sure course of recovery; but all the facts reported by the physicians pointed to a calamitous result. Only their comments were encouraging, and whatever of encouragement they conveyed was not accepted by the mind of science. It was seen that the President's bravery had imparted a strange degree of assurance to his immediate attendants, whose reports were unconsciously colored by the mental force rather than the physical condition of the sufferer; and thus at least nine-tenths of his fellow-countrymen were buoyed up with hopes which had no foundation beyond the tenacity of a gigantic will.
So wonderful was the exercise of this mental force by the President, that on Thursday, September 8, two of his medical attendants announced his convalescence! Surgeon-General Barnes, Surgeon J. J. Woodward and Dr. Robert Reyburn had been relieved from duty at Garfield's bedside on the previous day, at the wish of the President, as he expressed it, “to relieve them of labor and responsibility which, in his improved condition, he could no longer properly impose upon them.” Drs. Bliss and Hamilton remained in their professional capacity, and Dr. Boynton, Mrs. Garfield's physician, in the capacity of nurse. Between nine and ten o'clock, on the morning of the eighth, a newspaper correspondent said to Dr. Bliss:
“Doctor, you seem to be feeling pretty well this morning.”
“I should think I was; why, the man is convalescent; his pulse is now down to ninety-six.”
This announcement was astounding, but as the correspondent was endeavoring to settle in his own mind whether the doctor was not a little delirious himself, as a result of long watching and continued nervous tension, he turned to some persons who approached, and was soon asserting to them with emphasis, “This is convalescence." The good news traveled with marvelous speed. “Dr. Bliss says the President is convalescent,” was soon on every lip, but was received with incredulity.
“We had better wait awhile before we toss up our hats,” was the comment of a member of the Cabinet.
As the day wore on, confirmation from every trustworthy source was obtained of the good tidings from the sick-room. Before noon Dr. Bliss and Dr. Hamilton appeared together on the veranda, and Dr. Bliss repeated his belief that the President was convalescent. “ That is good news,” said a gentleman to Dr. Hamilton. “Yes," was the reply, "and it is true.” Dr. Boynton came out of the President's cottage about noon and strolled toward the edge of the bluff, with his hands behind him and with a far-away look in his eyes, which were turned to the east, whence the rising breeze was coming and the increasing waves were rolling up on the beach at his feet. “Doctor, this is a fortunate change.”
Yes; the President is better.”
“Yes, the change is not enough to base any medical statement of improvement upon, but what there is is in the right direction.”
Colonel Rockwell was more emphatic. “Dr. Bliss says the President is convalescent. What do you think ?” asked a correspondent.
“Yes,” said the Colonel, “Dr. Bliss thinks The doctor said to the President this morning, in my presence: ‘Mr. President, you are convalescent; you are getting out of the woods.' He is certainly doing very well and we shall have bim propped up before many days. We have sent to-day for his reclining chair. It is one of those chairs which you can make any thing of, from an upright chair to a bed, and is softly cushioned. With a few days more of improvement, we will have him up where we can roll him to the windows."
“And out upon the lawn, too, I presume, after a time ?” “Well, perhaps." "And you will, doubtless, take him to Mentor before many weeks?"
“Yes, probably he wants to get home, but he enjoys this place very well. We turned him on his side this morning, so that he could look out over the ocean, and he was very much pleased. He longed to get here. Two or three days before we started, I remember a queer remark he made. I said to him, Mr. President, how would you like to have us put you on the Tallapoosa and get you down to the salt water? That