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eruisers convoyed our ships as their own, an almost unlimited commerce, was opened to us in her oriental and other dominions, in many ports where no flag but the British had ever before been permitted to wave. On the other hand, how great was the unanimity in the measures pursued against the French Republic. Of the natives of the country, the descendants of the original stock, nineteen twentieths went hand and hand with government."
We are much pleased with the closing remark of the foregoing extract, not only as it perfectly coincides with the opinion we had been led to form, but as it is a proof, that, notwithstanding all the efforts of our enemies; notwithstanding the arts, which are con stantly made use of to keepalive the animosity against Great Britain, the people, the real people of America, are suill too just to yield to the deception. · The correctness of our opinion, given on a former occasion, that the last embassy from America to France, originated in the private : : views of Mr. Adams, and that it was carried into effect in direct opposition to the wishes of the friends of the Federal Government,' Is fully confirmed by the author of these Reflections, whose remarks, as to the extent and the danger of the Presidential powers, we recommend to the perusal of all those who admire the «checks and balances" of, republican government...
“ From as prosperous a condition as ever yet nation enjoyed, We have been prematurely hurled to a state of the deepest decline : The fatal expedition to Paris, .commenced in the tears, proceeds amidst the groans, and must terminate in the ruin of all the upright. part of this community. The honest, faithful, generous friends of the American government, have been, with a perfidy unparalleled, betrayed into the power of an enemy, who relinquishes no advantage, who forgets no injury, who neglects no proffered opportunity of striding towards the final gaol of his ambition, the subversion of the existing state of society, and intermediately, the plunder, sulo jugation, and assassination of the unhappy victims thus betrayed into his hands.
9The very man who, through many a long year, had toiled with the ardour and enthusiasm of patriots, adjoined to the patience and perseverance of slaves, to fortify a bulwark, (which they vainly thought they beheld in the government)against their dangerous and daring enemies, were by one sudden stroke in one short hour, beaten off their ground, overwhelmed with confusion, and left abandoned to all the ridicule, and all the rage oi their antagonists.' Suddenly, down fell the mighty fabric of popular opinion; the bulwark, which it guarded, mouldered away; the champions of the faith, in moody, sullen despair, retired from the field, and nauseating nonsense, meanness, abject servility, and the effeminacy of Sybaris, now reign with a pomposity, undisturbed even by any casual exertions of genius or common sense.
“ The expedition to Paris having been complotted, and the plot ratified by the acquiescence of the elect, it was boldly ventured 99, and impudently started upon the town, not only unsupported
by the opinions of a single man of credit or respectability, but wholly unknown to those very persons, who by, the spirit, if not: by the letter, of the constitution, certainly had a voice on thei occasion.
:“ Indignant at an outrage. so flagrant upon truth, honour, den. cency, avowedopinion,. solemn declaration, and the feelings, prejudices, and bias of the country, the nation rose almost as a man against the flagrant shame. But all sense of honour and shame were lost in those, whose actions ought to have been wholly guided thereby. I greatly fear, that it is, amidst the secret : re: cesses of narrow jealousy, and private views,' and vanity made. drunk, as I have before remarked, that the grounds of this execrable step are to be explored...
*Here, a scene opens to our astonished view, which is well: calculated to appal the senses of men. not prepared for the worst results of the worst designs of deliberate malice. It will be expedient to touch lightly on the several. topics . which this: subject involves ; - fortunately a:cursory view of them will suffice for our purpose...
6. That a deliberate purpose is entertained, of involving this counstryin-a most horrible and ruinous war, there are various incidents: of evidence, which it would neither be prudent nor proper. tai dilate on It may be received as a faat, that he who seems so ambitious to be the arbiter of peace and war, expressly declared his Corvictions that a war--with Great Britain was: the only means left of recomieni ciling: parties in this country.
"It is theni in suspicion, jealousy; or perhaps to use a more .. explicit term, in enmity to Great: Britain, that: the: redintegration, of affection for« France is founded. This enmity, however, was .penti up in very narrow confinés, its operated in a single breast only:: and for all its consequences, there is a very single responsibility: But-ofwbat avail is that responsibility to us? If we must be destroyed, what satisfaction is.it torus to know the instrument of our destruction? Does calamity press any the less heavy, .for, that wer see the hand which inflicts it. Besides, where there is no tribunal to take cognizance of breaches,, and where there is no spiritt to set enquiry on foot, what is responsibility, but & visionary tiång???
The responsibility of the president of the United Colonies is a curi-; 005: nonentity. The constitution provides, that he shall be img; peached by two-thirds of the members, of the lower house of thes congress, in which house he has always a majority. The chief justice: is to preside at the trial; but the president may send the chief jusas tice on an embassy to Europe; as is actually the case at this moment. Yet, while his responsibility exists only in name, he is: vested with powers incompatible with the liberty and safety of the people. He: has no privy or cabinet council, whom he is obliged to consult on any measures whatever, not even on such as directly tend to produce peace op war. The senate, if it happens to be assembled, he musti. Consultion certain appointments; but if they happen not to be as
sembled, he has the power to act: without their consent or advice; so that, if he has taken a, bribe, or if any, other motive leads him to. wish to get rid of this, troublesome “ check," he-has-only so to time his operations as to have nothing to fear from the intervention of the senate. Thus the interests and honour of the nation-are, for: . one-balf at least, of eyefy yeasgleft entirely at the meroy.of a single: man,, who always owes his election to the intrigues of party, whose duration in office is but for four years, whose re-election must be eyer, precarjous, and who has not, perhaps, a thousand pound stake. in the community. And this is;“, rekresentative government;" this is the admired system of “checks and balances.!!4.
Our apthor next advents to the shameful partiality of the American press, in whatever relates to the conduct of Great Britain, ands clearly proves, from Mr. Adams's own words, that no one is more anxiouşi than, himself, to perpetuate, the false prejudices of his countrymental .“. When a French cruizer* captures an American ship, and murders, the officers and crew, it is an instance of more than British cruelty,' apd when a band of pirates seize a British-man of war-andt murder their officers, the murderers are bemoaned in the columbian. gazettes as martyrs to the cause of liberty. If some swindling, cowardly, neutral, Swede, Dane, or American, is overtaken on the high sea, mendaciously covering the property of the enemy, or basely ajding: and abetting his attacks upon all the,peace of all the world, these miscreants are up in arms on the instant, to defend and justify the perjury.and treachery, and to malign the power which hes, chastized that perjury and treachery.''
.".The avenues of public opinion being in possession of ideots, jo whose: malice transcends, their dullnessy are. constantly shut against every liberal exposition of truth, or detection of falshood, on every Subject relating to Great Britain. A columbian printer would as soon meet his evil genius in arms, as publish any thing.even squinto ing at liberality towards that nation. But, on the other hand, their whole,power is exerted in belying and blackening the British name. and pation, with an avidity, and a perseverance; that evinces how.. much they feel themselves at home when thus employed.
." But these wretches. are fools and villains of the first magnitude, the very foster-fathers of rebellion and every foul and unnatural crime; it is their vocation to cry down reaşon and honesty, and to propagate, error and delusion of the grossest kind. We do not; therefore, wonder-at these things coming from themy; but when we see an high and responsible public characters entering the lists of columny, and tearing open.old wounds, to gratify personal and private rancour, there is a call for all our: indignation and all our rage.
“Because, the, man, was sliged to skuilki in Holland in the habiliments of i 4.gailon from the pursuit of Sir Joseph Yorke's messengers; at a time when he was acting in Holland the part of Genet in America, and because : the King put some slight upon himaria subsequent period, are WE to be
made the support of his prejudice and private pique? That such is our deplorable tortune, the following paper seems to evince."
The paper, here alluded to, is an answer, given by Mr. Adains, to an Address of the People of Alexandria, delivered in the month of June last. In this answer the president steps aside from the subject of the address to express, anew, his " unutierable indignation at the injustice and indignities wantonly heaped! (by Great Britaini, previous to the rebellion] “on his innocent, virtuous, and unofending country,” and to remark, that, if America had failed of success, o all the pains and disgrace, which injustice and cruelty could inflict, would have been destined for him and his.” On this effusion of ill. nature and falshood, our author has the following pertinent and panly remarks:
« When the French Harlequin Plenipo, Adet, expatiated in his memorable appeal to the sovereignty of America, on the cruelties' of England: when he revived the recollection of an unhappy period of feuds and revolutions, which the lapse of many years had covered with a thick veil; when he called up the whitened bones of martyred Columbians, clad in complete fustian, to hover about the ferruginous instrument of the ploughman; we needed no elaborate commentary to enlighten our minds as to the object and tendepey of the inflammatory harangue.
“But when a man whose, duty it is to keep the public peace, and promote the public interest, no less by fostering amicable re lations with friends, than by chastising the insolence of enemies; when such an one launches forth into inuendoes and accusations of such a nature, what are we to expect? What had the injustice and cruelty of England” towards this redoutable patriot, to do with the occasion?. He might with equal propriety have repeated a pagsage from the Seven Wise Masters, for any honourable erid that he' could have in view.
« One would suppose that to revive the memory of a most bloody, cruel, and unnatural civil war, whereby every member of the community has had to mourn some privation of fortune or of friends, could only be desirable to a malignant heart, actuated by some sinister design in the instance.
- To what else than to a desire of reviving the spirit of hostility against England, shall we attribute the inuendoes before usi for the war in which this mighty man thus exposed himself to "all the pains and all the disgrace, which the injustice and cruelty of England could inflict,” is no lopger waged; a peace has been concluded, and acts of oblivion passed, whereby the wounds of the war are cicatrized, if not healed. Besides the refult proved this bitter accusation, this dreadful attack upon the character of that people, to be utterly groundless: the result proved that if he had been “un. fortunate" he would have suffered neither cruelty nor injustice at the hands of Great Britain. The verity of this exhibition of dig.' nified rage, is, however, a quality of it, which I wish to have no thing to do with: the purpose for which I quoted it, has already aprcared sufficiently plain in the “discontented paper" itself._. :... ::« That the wavering and wanton conduct of this government must excite a very high degree of contempt in the British government and nation, every well-informed man will easily believe.
That they will hold us very cheap, that they will regard our interests with an eye of perfect indifference, 'is equally probable. But that a state of war must inevitably arise out of these circumstances, I believe iş credible, only from the manifestations of our'. own government.”
The grounds on which the Americans build their hopes of security against the arms of Great Britain, are the next subject of our author's remarks..
iMore than nine-tenths of the people of America believe that Great Britain cannot, or dare not, go to war with them. What, say they, will become of her West-India islands, and other colonies, which depend on us for their bread, beef, and fish? what will be come of her manufacturers and artizans? Strong in this confidence, they inayine that she will bear, with American tameness, every aggression that can be made upon her by this country, and accordingly outrage her, as a young scoundrel spendthrift and rake does . the guardian of his estate.
« But we shall find to our cost, if this conduct be persisted in, that all such ideas are completely fallacious. The ties which ought to bind this country to Great Britain, are very forcible ones; I for we are dependent on her for various necessaries of life, 'while she is in every such respect essentially independenti Canada, and her other possessions in North America are fully adequate to the supply, not only of her West India possessions, but of all her doo minions, with every species of provisions. I have known seventeen ships averaging three hundred tons each, lying at Quebec, at one time laden with wheat, the produce of Canada, and of a quality equal to any that the earth can produce."
so That this country presents a very extensive mart for the com modities of Great Britain is a very obvious fact. Equally obvious! is it, that those coninodities are to us not only indispensable, but derivable from no other source. Whence, but from the dominions of Great Britain can America be supplied with cloths, linens, muslins, sikks, hosiery, and woollens of all kinds with hardware, metals of every species, and a variety even of raw materials? the lien, therefore, the security for good behaviour, is in her hands, and the calculations on this score, which have been so very current, are not only disgraceful, but unfounded.
" It is with this nation, so coinpetent to every purpose of annoy ance and distress to us, that so many of the people of this country, and so efficient a portion of its governinent, if a judgement may be formed from the stultiloquence in which they indulge, are willing to break off the ties of amity and to rely on a broken reed, in the power of her covenanted foe.
“I shall not suppose the force of this infatuation to be suclr, as to lead to actual or declared war. But I do sincerely believe, that the train of measures, which have been takon and which are still