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prised in one short paragraph. We trust, that, after this quotation, we-shall not be charged with misrepresenting the views of the American leaders. The truth is, they miss no opportunity to inculcate a barred of the British nation and government. They perceive the evils of their revolution ; they know that the people perceive, and very sensibly feel, those evils, therefore it is that they are ever anxious to keep alive the opin on, that the revolution was forced upon theni, that “ America," in the language of our orator, "was obli: ed to mainiain a long and bloody war in defence of ber rights.",

After taking a cursory view of the principal events of the civil war, Dr. Smith thus recapitulates tbe deeds of the General.

.. Historians will relate with what admirable combination hệ formed the plan, and concerted its execution, with an ally separated from him by more than a thousand leagues, for surprizing and entangling in his toils his a ive ce- with what addıess he di. verted the attention of the British commanders-and how, after a march of four hundred miles, he had so anused and blinded them, that he Itill found his enemy in the place where he had deter

ined to seize him. America will for ever record that happy day ir which her victorious chief law Britain (not Great Britain-poor beggarly malice !] laying her last standards at his feet. I seem to participate witi. hin that generous exultation, which, in this momen, he felt Not that he was capable, with unman'y ipfolence, to + iunjih ver a prostrate eneny, but he law, in their fall, the. salvation of his country On the ruins of York” (where Lord Cornwallis was taken - he laid the inmortal base of the Repub. lic. Huw delicious !” (we think we hear the orator whetting his knife] " How fublime wis the nicment! Britain was bumbled" [aye, there is the cream of the eulogiun?" America was deli-. vered and avenged !".

But, Doctor, do you seriously think, that this will be the lan guage of " ibe bij:orian ?" The language of a Rapify, a Gordon, and of many other apostles of rebellion, it may; but fhould some lover of truth, some real historian take up the pen, his language will certainly be different. After tracing your " great Washington” from fastness to fasiness, from deseat to defeat, from disgrace to diffrace, be will exhibit him, with a set of vagabonds and convids at his heels, straggling through the country with impunity, only

from the remifsness of the foe. Such an 'historian will never re· present him as engaged with an equal force, never resolute in times of danger, never magnanimous in triumph. Such an historian will remember Algill and Andre, aye, and the gallows too, which was infultingly 'erccted b: forc the prison of the latter several days before his execution. Such an historian will, in short, make it appear as clear as noon-day, that, if America has obtained independence, the acquifition is to be ascribed, not to the valour, nor even to the timidity: (which was still greater) of Washington and his runa. ways, but to the war of a Howe, and the peace of a Sbelbutve. And, in the." happy day, in which the victorious chief faw Britain layi Ode her last ftandards at his feet," the historiani" will fee him ma.


Esciously claiming (contrary to the rules of war) the sword from
the hands of that gallant Nobleman, whom he had overpowered
with numbers, and whom, even with superior force, he had never
dared meet in the field. Nor will the historianstop here: he
will draw a moral from this memorable event. He will tell us the
fate of the Galic trio, De Graffe, Rochambeau, and Fayette, who
participated with Washington in the enjoyment of the delicious
humiliation of Britain." De Grasse will he find crouchi'g under
the thunder of Rodney; he will then seek for him in his banish..
ment from court, and will, perhaps, see his daughters driven írom
home by rebellion, begging their bread in that very country where
their father had enjoyed such «s delicious moments.” Rocbambeau
he will follow to France ; he will see him at the head of a revo-
lutionary army; he will next behold him, bound hand and foot;
and, lait, he will see his head roll from that guillotine, to which
American principles had brought his too-credulous sovereign.
La Fayette, the vain, the meddling, the insolent, the perfidious La
Fayette, the biftorianwill hunt from folly to folly, from crime
to crime, from club to club, from army to army, from dungeon
to dungeon, from hovel to hovel, 'till, at last, contempt and ob-
fcurity will baffle his inquiries, and put an end to his pursuit. Of
Washington, too, the biftorianwill not speak in the language of
our author. Rejecting the falfhoods of the fashionable eulogiums,
he will show us the “ great Wathington”, receiving, under the
cloak of humility, the highest honours and the greatest emolu. .
ments his country had to bestow. Should the historian accompany
the “ hero" to Mount Vernon, he will find that the journey was
not resolved on till the chair at Philadelphia became a dangerous
seat, and till the possibility of keeping it became a matter of
doubt. Nor will he hear, on the way, that unanimous peal of
commendation, “ those vows, prayers, and blessings”, which Dr.
Smith tells us “ rang round the hero" as he went to his retreat ;
on the contrary, his ears will encounter many a heavy charge.
and many a bitter curse, ere he will enter « the villa of freedom",
amidst the joyous acclamations of the General's four hundred Naves.
---From contemplating the fate of the four “ heroes” of York :
Town, who enjoyed the “ delicious moment" of victory over Corn-
wallis, the moralizing " hiftorian” will turn to view the future
fortunes of Cornwallis. himself. ^ What a contrast!" will he say.
“ The justice of Providence, though duw, is sure. Thus it is
that rebellion is punished, and that loyalty is rewarded!"

We have already extended our remarks on this performance much farther than we intended, but there remains one pallage, which we must notice on account of its notorious faythood.

" Anidst all the clamours, which individual chagrin bas raised againft the general adminiftration, none have ever dared to impeach the purity of bis patriotism, or his incorruptible integrity."

Now, in answer to this, we thall quote a paper, which, from its date, appears to have been published in Philadelphia on the very day on which Mr. Walhington ended his Prelidential career.

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“ Lord, now lettest thou thy servant, depart in peace, før mine eyes, have seen thay salvation," was the pious ejaculation of a man who beheld a flood of happiness rushing in upon mankind-If ever there was a time that would license the reiteration of the excla. mation, that time is now arrived ; for, ihe man who is the source of all the misfortunes of our country, is this day reduced to a:leye!

with his fellow-citizens, and is no longer possessed of power to · multiply evils upon, the United States. If ever there was a period

for rejoicing, this is the moment, Every heart, in unison with, the freedom and hạppiness of the people, ought to beat high with exultation, that the name of WASHINGTON from this day ceasesi to give a currency to political iniquity, and to legalize corruptiona new æra is now opening upon us, an æra which promises much to the people; for public measures must now. stand upon their own merits, and nefarious projects can no longer be supported by a'name. When a retrospect is taken of the Washingtonian administration for eight years, it is a subject of the greatest astonishment, that a single ille : dividual should have cankered the principles of republicanism in an enlightened people, and should have, carried his designs against the public liberty so far, as to have put in jeopardy.its: very existence, such, however, are the facts, and with these staring us in the face, this day ought to be a jubilee in the United States." ** We could refer to many other, American publications for similar sentiments. Our readers will, indeed, readily conceive, that when language so bold as this could be held, it must have coincided with the sentiments of no small portion of the people. This, oper instance is, however, enough for our present purpose: it proves, that the eulogist was regardless of truth, and it may serve to caution our readers against a too ready, belief of all that is said and sung about the immaculate Washington. Curious indeed is the fact; but it nevertheless is a fact, that in no country has this mañ so many admirers as in that against wbich he was guilty of treasons and rebellion. ;

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ART. XVIII. Desultory Reflections on. New Political Asreds of Public

Affairs in the United States of America, since the Commencement of the Year 1799. New York. Fenno. 8vo. Pp. 62. AFTER having waded through so many American publications

m hostile to Great Britain, it is with no small pleasure that we have 'perused thefe • Desultory Reflections, in which, to our great astonishment, 'we have discovered no attempt to impose upon the world, **

The' author introduces his subject with declaring his conviction, that all the principal disasters of the United States have arisen from the people's ignorance of public affairs, and, of course, of their real sitration. This does not, indeed, correspond with, the, boasts of illuminarion, which have so often been maple, by the Americanși but we have for our parts, little doubt of its , truth, No: people


uport carth are so ignorant:oftheir real political state, as those whose minds are distracted by the warripg interests of numerous candidates for offices,

.. . ; After stating, that the tendencies of public measures, for more ; than twelve mbnths past, have been such as to excite the fearful... apprehensions of all true friends to their country," the author : thus condemns the wavering, time-serving policy of the American government .

« The French interest in America was: everywhere on the de. cline; and, every narrow consideration of local prejudice, daily." ' : yielded more and more; to that honourable zeal for the national glory which pervaded all hearts. The people were united; of, ifs a few murmurs of discontent were still heard, they were the growl ings of the impotent and discomfited; of wretches, who, long habi-it tuated to turbulence and rebellion, now vainly vented their stupid slanders upon those, who had, to all human appearance, cut off every hope of a return of the times of old. ::" The American name was rising rapidly to dignity and emi. nence: the fame of our resistance to the wiles and the arms of France, exalted our reputation at once for wisdom and for courage, The proudest and greatest of nations took us with joy by the hand exulting over our late return to reason, she promptly unfolded her . arcana to our view, and opened every avenue that could lead ito? .. political consequence, or commercial prosperity.

Under these auspices, the instruments of our trade whitened every sea, the produce of rur industry crouded every, port, andi our ensign waved in every harbour of the known world.

" But the wind changed the weather-cock turnedand now how different are the aspects! 'It even seems a question how long we may be permitted to enjoy those advantages which have ever been commoy and essential to us as a nation,

" In a contest like that which was carrying on before our eyes in a warfare of confusion, against order; an insurrection of every vile propensity, against every good that remained to mankind in common, the hope to continue neutral.was foolish, and the wish to remain so, dishonourable.. It became at length so palpable, that we had our election to make, which side between the contending parties we would espouse, and so clear, that, our all was equally at: stake upon the issue with the rest of the world, that even the rabbles took cognizance of the question, and with one accord shouted to arms. A government without power and without disposition to avenge the insulted dignity of the country, and the stripes, wounds, and executions of its citizens, was, actually pricked on by popular acclaim, to some shew of spirit:-it was goaded by laborious and untiring exertions, to an exhibition and parade of intention, which now, abandoned has served only to saddle us with a frivolous ex. ; pense, without alleviating a single mischief."

The vain and absurd, notion of absolute independence, which has .* been inculcated by the leading men in America, for the purpose of reconciling the people to any degree of danger and expence, ratheri in Рp4


than solicit an alliance with Great Britain, is strongly reprobated by: his author, who seems to have more penetration than his countrymen : in general, and who makes no scruple to attribute this pretended attachment to " independenceto its true cause, that is, to a dread (in those who contrived the revolution) that the people will see the need they still have of the power of Great Britain to defend them against the hostility of France.

• Although the doors of the temple of Janus have been alter, dately shut and opened, with purile irresolution, almost every day for these four years, the friendship of Great Britain, and the friende ship of France, still present themselves to us as too great alterna. ' tives. Here, I know it will be sagaciously inquired, are we not an independent nation? And have we not a right to do what seemeth meet in our own eyes. I

" I am ready to answer, without hesitation, that a nation is no further independent of other nations, than one individual is inder: pendent of another in society. In either case, there are bonds of strong obligation. , No nation may withhold froni another privileges which are by nature common to all, by the mere right of power; nor can any one justly withhold or bar the rights of another to full and impartial justice.

“ Nations are actuated, in their connections, and even interr": course with one another, by interested motives; and miserable iş that policy, which instead of fostering advantageous connections by creating interest, is seduced by vain conceptions of a fastidious in dependence, to destroy them, under a belief,

: That self-dependent, she can fate defy,

As rocks resist the billows and the sky « The various wants, as well as various productions of different pations, constitute a natural binding chain of connection; all vaunt. įngs of self-dependence, are, therefore, foolish; but in our pé: caliar situation, to talk of independence, in the sense in which many apply the term, is preposterous in the extreme,

" It seems hardly in the power of conception to suppose men so ignorant as to seck a change in the whole order of things merely for the sake of maintaining this visionary self-dependence; and yet it seems thus only to be accounted for, that we 'behold an humble and submissive policy suddenly put in torce towards a nation, in the present order of things our natural enemy, and a most repulsive and hostile system adopted towards another to which we have indissoluble ties." .: In deciding between the friendship of Great Britain and the friendship of France, the primary assemblies of the people on the British treaty, and the same repeated on the commencenent of hostilities against France, has shewn that there was but one voice. Jealous of Great Britain, as of the authority of an an. cient superior, the people sought not, wished not, needed not any closer or other connection with her than already existed in the treaty.' So perfect an understanding was there, that her


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