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and so few were the diffentient voices, that it is not likely that we thall ever see the Parliament of Great Britain, on any question of importance, more unanimous. At the same time, I am firmly persuaded that they spoke the general sentiment of the people, bigb and low, rich and poor, one with another. But what says our Reviewer? The answer to this letter was baugbty, reproachful, and ina compliant ; inaccurate in expression, and inconclusive in reasoning. Rounded periods, Mr. Editor, are very pretty; but I am one of those who sometimes presume to analyze them, and smile at their fungous excrescencies. Incompliant, to wit: what occafion for a term which adds no weight to the accusation, and was implied in r what had been already faid? The latter part of the sentence seems to be as little necessary. For though the critic makes a feeble but ineffectual effort, to thew that tie reasoning of Lord Grenville's reply was not conclufive; the other part of his charge, inaccuracy of erpresion, he has not attempted to prove. We will, therefore, leave
him to produce evidence in support of this cynical remark, and 4 only take notice of what remains to be discussed, his unwarrantable
afl'ertion that the reply was baugbty and reproachful. Now, Sir, when I consider that the answer returned has received so fully the fan&tion of Parliament; when I consider that it certainly did not proceed from any single individual, but conveyed the sentiments of a King surrounded by as able a council as ever affifted in the ma
nagement of a nation ; I cannot but consider this as an unprece'dented infance of audacity and impertinence. Let us only compare
the two persons apparently conferring. Bonaparte, a prodigal in blood, treacherous and cruel; and our amiable Sovereign, to whose superior virtue even Bonaparte bears witness. Had no answer whatever been returned to the consular application, had the messenger been dismissed, as soon as he reached our shores, with his packet unopened, I could not have said, after the insult offered to our own ambassador, that he had been baughtily treated. The natural abhorrence which a virtuous heart muit feel, at that total dereliction of feeling and even of common honesty, which has marked the steps of the ferocious Corfican, would have justified our King in refusing any intercourse with a chara&er so little to be confided in. If his epifle was heard, and replied to, it was the utmost concession that could be made by any Prince who had a regard for religion and humanity. But if the reply was also temperate, manifestly temperate, when compared with the overture which occasioned it, great must be the moderation and condescension of those from whom it sprung. Is wice to be allowed to bolt ber arguments? and is virtue to have 110 tongue to check ber pride ? If the speaks, is she to be bound to flatter only her antagonist? Does it not rather become her to dissemble nothing, to deal in plain truth, and to charge iniquity, even to its teeth and forcbead? Away then with that tame submission to an enemy, and that infolent llander of our own cause, which can deem it baughty and reproachful to reject conciliatory proposals from Bel. -zebub. If Belzebub be a devil, it is not pride that tells him he is
a devil; nor undue reproach, that imputes war and the loss of heaven to him and his miscreants.
" Determined resistance", the usual cant of the advocates of the war, says our sage Reviewer. And pray, Sir, is not this the usual unmannerly language of Jacobinical petulance never in the wrong though supported by nobody.
As the ing, on the failure of the negociation at Lisle, declared himself ready to make peace at any time on the terms which he then offered, why should he not now fulfill that declaration ?"
Such is the question of the Reviewer. Had the government of mpire France remained in statu quo, this interrogation might have been alElt halowed fome weight. But circumstances are altered, and by cirfether cumstances must every question of expediency be directed. Surely
a King and his Ministers may be allowed to deem that unadviseable
roused, can he any longer be deemed a lion, if he is cajoled again meni z into Dumber? We have brought our arms to bear against the foe;
and are we now to listen to his peccavi? God forbid that we should have no feeling for those who fall, and those who are crippled, by war. And yet, sound policy, and found religion, will assuredly justify the facrifice of a few, that the many may be more effectually preserved. Having power to correct an enemy, which has never displayed moderation during its own exaltation, I can say nothing to arrest the fcourge which is lifted up for its chastisement.
I shall notice only one more observation of this sagacious politician, and leave him to his own meditations. “ The Russian Sovereign," says he, “ in September last, gave a testimony of his zeal' in the good cause." This is another Jacobinical sneer, worthy of its author, who can allow no merit to Kings and Emperors.
But strong as the antipathy of the Critical Reviewers is to every species of monarchy, it seems, that there, are dignities of which they speak no evil. "Though the virtues of our own excellent King can extort from them no praise, they have much panegyric to spare for the regicidal usurpers of France. Out of their own mouth, Mr. Editor, will I judge theni, by appealing to their critique on the Traité de Mécanique Célefte of Laplace. “We have, in this work," say they, “ another remarkable instance of the success with which the profound sciences are cultivated in France. Amidst all the convulsions of the state, the sciences continue to flourish, with a splendor almost beyond example in any, age or country. In all changes of government, the rulers, far from feeling the effects of the illumination of the human mind, have permitted, have encoua Taged, have even commanded, the cultivation of the sciences and arts, at once glorious to themselves, and useful to the world." Taking this to be, what the author certainly intended it should be,
an indirect compliment to the rulers of France: ascribing to them
« They who are in power have invited, have careised, and have flattered me. I will not difsemble, that I depended upon their favour. The reasons which seemed to ensure it were found and just. I complained with propriety of having facrificed my fortunc, and the prime of my youth, to the improvement of a science till then advanced no farther than theory, and which rested on little experience. I controverted, it is true, the most brilliant speculative writers, and the laboured conclusions of the closet, which no one ever affected to have produced with loss to himself; but I came with my vouchers in my hand. I opened also a cabinet of natural history; I there deposited the many species, which I had procured at the distance of four thousand leagues from Paris. The whole of that city, and all the foreigners it contained, had an opportunity of judging of my labours, and of comparing my observations with observations long fince established, in the midst of my numerous collection of birds. More than five hundred species, either new or improperly described, bore testimony in opposition to ignorance or misrepresentation : one or the other of which I constantly excited. After the lapse of ten years, they have not left me to myself. I have reaped no other reward for my fatigues, for: my endeavours and my expences, than the honour of being conftantly attacked; and I have not failed to find them ever in my ivay, when it was in their power to injure me, directly or indirectly."
" In the mean time, that revolution, which, say they, restores every thing and every person to his proper place, was not yet fo. far matured, that the government, adopting the only method wh ch could be convenient to us both, was inclined to reimburse me my expences. It was, however, already agreed, that my col
lection should be deposited in the Museum of Natural History, and
" Hopes of another kind, however, occupy me at present altc. gether, and, perhaps, will make me forget injuries so long protracted. Given up entirely to those attentions which my ornithology requires, I am happy not to see in the series of national curiofities, the humble but rare tribute which I came to offer to my country. I will give there may birds, to all Europe. I have raultiplied prints of them painted to the life, and as faithfully described: they will be to amateurs and to connoiffeurs a very valuable present: they will be able to consult and to refer to them
at all times: the originals will depart in vain from France, no possible occurren’e will be able to affect them: every purpose of my ornithology is accomplished.”
Such, Mr. Editor, is the encouragement given to one of the most ingenious and indefatigable men of the age, by those Gallic rulers, with whom the Critical Reviewer seems to be so much delighted. I make no comment, but leave your readers to draw their own conclusions, and am, truly,
VESTER ET ACADEMICUS.
ART. XXVI. TO THE EDITOR.
1 room for their friends to come forward in their favour, and to
Mr. Turner's remarks on the pailage in Gildas, which he ad* duces, in p. 104, presents (says the Reviewers) “a curious instance of false criticism," In what, then, does the falsity of this criticism