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absolute sway founded on the fyftem of terror. M. Aimé was him. '
Of the detentable conduct of the agents in the Revolution, of 1797, we have had frequent occasion to speak in appropriate terms; and the more that conduct is explained he greater will be the detefta. tion which it must excite in all but revolutionary minds. In detail. ing the concomitant horrors of this event, and the proceedings of the Directory and their minions the author forgets to notice the decided approbation given to the conduct of the Revolutionists by Bonaparte and the army under his command ; an approbation which it is highly expedient to bring to the recollection of the public, at a time, when a Britih Senator does not blush to become the panegy rift of that un. principled usurper. The horrors here related, respecting the republican prisons in France; the treatment of the banished persons while on board, and after their arrival at Guiana, throw all the terrific tales of the Bastille far into the back ground, and even rise pre-emi. nent over the recorded ferociousness of the Elevenih Louis.
The narrator gives a tolerably accurate account of that grave of foreigners, Guiana. His descripiion of the bat of the country is curious.
“ The bats are' about the size of the largest of those which we have in Europe. During the day they remain in the timber-work of the houses, and among the leaves with which it is covered, where it is not possible to see them; and in the night they come forth in search of food. - If they find any one uncovered, they fix upon his feet, in. fiat a slight wound on his toe, moderating the pain by a gentle motion. of the wings, which at once cools and sets him asleep : they then gorge themselves with his blood, and leave it to flow till the vessels are exhausted. I saw an example of what I have now related, in the the chamber adjoining to that which I occupied. The person who had been bit was extremely weakened by the abundant bleeding he had undergone ; and his sheets were drenched in blood. I have seen also hogs who were bit by the bats, some of which have died.”
The sufferings of the banished persons at Guiana are accuracely detailed, and a lift given of all that arrived at different periods and of the fate of each of them, Very few of these unhappy persons will live to return to their native country.; and the new Sovereign of France, with all his boasted clemency and justice, though he have now been in full possession of absolute power for many months, has not yet thought of reversing the abominable mandate of the Directory (which he now affects to reprobate though he formally approved it at the time) which consigned several hundreds of innocent men to banishment, without even the form of a trial.
Five thieves who were transported in the same ship with the politie, cal exiles, with some humour and with much propriety, “ gave them.
selves the title of the Directory; they each took the name of one of the five Directors ; they alternately elected a president, and, that no. thing might be wanting to the resemblance, they were become the scourge of all that surrounded them.” M. Aimé contrived to escape from Guiana with Perlet, the editor of a well-conducted Journal which bore his name, and some others on board of an American vessel which was unfortunately wrecked on the coast of Scotland. The palsengers, however, were, most of them, saved, and Aimé speaks, with great gratitude, of the kind and hospitable treatment which he ex. perienced from the Scottish nobility and gentry. He failed from Leith to London, and being recalled to France, embarked in the Thames for Calais on the zoth of March last.
This narrative contains much interesting information, and is worthy to be preserved as an historical document. We have remarked Some few gallicisms, chiefly in the translation of the past tenses of verbs.
ART. XX. An Answer to a Pamphlet, entitled the Speech of the
Earl of Clare, on the Subject of a Legislative Union between
THE object of this publication is to invalidate the testimony of Lord Clare not only respecting the propriery of an Union, but on plain matters of historical fact. On the former subject Mr. G. utters nothing but vain declamation, and senseless rant; on the latter, the parties being at issue, we shall not presume to decide between them. If Mr. Grattan's speeches be of a piece with his compositions how he could ever have acquired a reputation for eloquence is to us a matter of astonishin ent; for the pages before us are replete with grammatical errors that would disgrace a school-boy ; the style is extremely coarse and turgid; and the construction of the sentences any thing but English. Mr. G, reproves Lord Clare for calling Mr. O'Connor an unrejeroved friend of his; but he cautiously forbears to utter a single word on his never-10-be forgotten interview with the traitors Neilson
and Hughes, at his own house at Tinnehinch; and is equally filent *with respect to the restitution of the 50,000l. the memorable reward
of Mr. G.'s disinterested patriotism, to which Lord Clare adverted in his admirable speech. But these were tender subjects, and Mr. Go's mind has been much harrassed of late. His filence, therefore, is excusable.
Art. XXI. The British Garden ; a descriptive Catalogue of hardy
Plants, indigenous or cultivated in the Climate of Great Britain, with their genuine and specific Characters, Latin and English
Names, &c. 8vo. 2 Vols. gs. Cadell and Davies. THIS is a translation of the late Mr. Aiton's Hartus Kewensis, de with the addition of brief explanations of the Linnæan System.
Art. XXII. Proposals for a Rural Institute, or College of Agri. ..
culture and the other Branches of Rural Economy. By Mr. i. · Marshall. 8vo. 15, 6d. Nicol.
MR. MARSHALL is well known as a writer on agricultural fubjects ; and his present proposals, therefore, as being the result of deep investigation, are certainly entitled to attention.
Art. XXIII. A Meteorological Journal of the Year 1799, kept in
London by William Bent. To which are added Remarks on the State of the Air, Vegetation, &c. and Obfervations on the Difcases in the City and its Vicinity. 8vo. 25. Bent. 1800.
ACCURACY is the only criterion of excellence in such a public cation as 'his; and of Mr. Bent's accuracy no one can entertain a doubt, who has been in the habit of perusing his Journals.
Art. XXIV. Sheridan's Pronouncing and Spelling Dixtionary;
corrected and improved by Nicholas Salmon. izmo. 55. Rich. ardsons. 1800. WE confess that we have been unable to discover any thing like improvement in this new edition of Sheridan's Dictionary, which ap- :: pears to us much more likely to puzzle than to afsift the scholar. Some of the new modes of pronunciation are' truly fantastical, not practiced, and scarcely practicable.
Art. XXV. TO THE EDITOR. SIR, T HAVE not often an opportunity of reading the Critical Review, I but now and then it falls in my way, and I give it a perusal. To the Appendix of the last volume (XXVII.) I have paid particular attention. I will not say how I was affected in palling through its several articles, and will only remark that having been much amused on the whole, I found myself, just as I was about to part from my agreeable companion, exceedingly disgusted. When I turned over the last leaf of the occafional retr spect of Foreign Literature, I found myself plunged headlong into the great gulph of poli, tics. “ Di boni (faid I to myself) is it come to this?” I have long lamented that Reviews should at all touch upon political matters, because nothing can have less connection with topics really literary. Since, however, political pamphlets are published, and since Reviewers think it neceffary to notice every paltry publication that illues from the press, I have winked at that strange admixture of fratters literary and political, which their plan seemed to render
unavoidable. But when I was called upon to read politics, and
politics alone, in a work which professed itself to be merely Annals Co of Literature, my anger began to kindle, and I exclaimed, like the
patriarch, IVbo? wbere is be, who practices this subtilty upon me? · I, however, resolved to read what was fo abruptly placed before
me, a review of public attairs from the beginning of September to the end of Decimber 1799.
To the style of this little after-piece I make no objection. The author manifestly affects the dignity of Robertson, and I will not say that he has, in general, failed. But what is become of that Britili heart, which gives io British history all its interest? I had not waded far before the author, instead of acquainting his reader that his Majesty finished his speech, informed him, that he concluded bis barangue, &c. I started at the expreslion, and began to suspect the loyalty of a man, who described an action of his King, in words which are more frequently applied to a mountebank, or 720b-orator. As I proceeded, I found at the close of the paragraph, which mentioned the capture of Surinarn, an intimation, that the colony and its dependencies were, after the capitulation, put under the protetion of Great Britain. The word protection being insert d in Italics, I felt myself persuaded that it was nothing less than an illiberal Jacobinical sneer, implying that British protection was of the same validity as French fraternization.
After a paragraph more, the mask began to withdraw itself, the fleece flipped aside and the fang of the hypocritical wolf began to appear. That noble action, the recapture of the Hermione frigate,' is said to be described in terms too ftrong and byperbolical, when it is declared by Sir H, Parker, to be “as daring and gallant an enterprise as is to be found in our naval annals. Now, Sir, which onght to be deemed the best judge of naval exploit; an obscure anonymous Reviewer, or an old veteran of the wayes ? I have been long in the habit of contemplating, in a collective view, the naval story of my country. I glory in that superlative valour, which my countrymen have so frequently displayed upon the great element. But of all its periods, I am of opinion that of the last ten years of the eightee. th century, abounds most with instances of unexampled heroism.. And among the many striking feats wbich it has displayed, none has filled me with more astonishment and admiration, than the recapture of the Hermione. Cartain Hamilton's letter, which conveyed the particulars of that gallant affair to the Admi.. ralty, 'I could not forbear reading once, twice, and even thrice. I know nothing of that brave man, nor (f any one of his officers. · My transport in reading of so brave an action was not augmented
and rendered excessive, by any knowledge o those who were concerned in it. If I view the project in embryo, it must have originated from a heart, which was not only brave, but endued with a delicate sense of honour; a heart which grieved to see a British frigate delivered up to the enemy, in a manner fo cowardly and
bale as to have no precedent, and which longed to blot out the re* Jmembrance of a surrender jo infamous, by recovering the velle!
betrayed. To have tbongbt only of such an enterprize, had no attempt been made to put it into execution, would have been proof sufficient of a noble niind, actuated by the most patriotic and liberale sentiment. If a truly judicious plan was also arranged, previous to the attack, it reflects honqur upon the head as well as the heart of Captain Hamilton, And if a plan judiciously arranged, was as judiciously executed, I know not what praise we can withhold, with any justice, from the brave men who allifted in it. I am, indeed, Sir, full of wonder and applause, when I consider that one hundred men thould, with so much cool intrepidity, attack treble their number, under the mouths of two hundred pieces of cannon-when I see them availing themselves of the first moment of surprise and hesitation, and setting fail out of the port, while they kept the Spanih crew in check and when I perceive them finally prevailing, and maintaining their situation, with little or no lofs, in the * midst of an enemy which fell before them like corn before the reaper. It was an action of such magnitude as almost to surpass credit, and could not bave been effected, but by the union of con. summate bravery with great profeflional skill, and the most critical judgement. The Reviewer seems to mention it, as a fact which diminishes the merit of the capture, that the thip surrendered when it was out of the reach of the artillery of Porto-Cavallo. But be it remembered, that its being out of reach was the effect, not of accident, but of that judicious and deliberate design which accompanied the whole proceeding, and finally crowned it with success. Dartardly, indeed, must have been that crew which had surrendered itself to 100 men, (nany of whom must have been engaged in navigating the thip) while they were yet within reach of 200 pieces of cannon. View it, therefore, in whatever light the words of Sir Hyde Parker do not seem to be too strong and byperbolical, 'It was, without controversy, as daring and gallant an enterprize as is to be found in our naval annals. None but a cold and disaffected heart, could have spoken of an action fo aitopiihing, with lukewarmness and indifference.
If Bonaparte meets with his share of abuse from this political critic, I fear, Mr. Editor, it so happens, because his bayonets appear to be sometimes Anti-Jacobin as well aş Regicidal. But offensively as he is pictured, when considered, by himself, as an ulurping món narch, no fooner is he placed at the side of our virtuous and amiable King, than he appears to this dictatorial censurer' to become on angel of peace. He appears as one eager to evince his moderation, and desire of tranquillity. Not a grain of animadversion or blame is bestowed upon his letter, which every Englishman ought to resent as an insult to his Prince; which actually commenced with a bare-faced untruth, and ended with such a parfimonious expression of respect, as served fully to falsify its apparent liberality. An answer was returned to this pert and fpecious overture, which must ever be applauded for its moderation, when viewed with reference to the consular epistle which occasioned it. A very large majority of both Houses of Parliament sanctioned it with their approbation ;