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in many emergencies, as manifeft, as it was necessary; and it fifts him with a most awful senle of God's power and majesty, that he fhould in an especial manner prefide upon such terrible occasions, and direct the blind fury of man to the accomplishment of his own wise and benevolent purposes. From a well-grounded conviction, that he thus rules the world, and decides every enterprize in it, arifes the purest and most humble piety, and sweet peace of mind; be our situation, however arduous. Let the preparations of our enemies be the most gigantic, we know that they may imagine a vain thing; and we know, that if we adopt intercession, and say, wilt not ihou, O God, go forth with our hearts ? we are confederate with an invincible ally. Yet has Dr. Toulmin asserted, that we are not encouraged to look up to God as the patron of war, as a being who is to be rendered propitious by facrifices and fafts. Let us recommend to the doctor closer attention to his bible, and dismiss him and his discourse with an arcb obfervation to his Reviewer ; what an excellent critic!

Had not Dr, Toulmin's excellent discourse drawn ine unawares into a more copious discussion than I at first intended, it was my design, Mr. Editor, to have entered largely into the merits of Bishop Prettyman and Professor Hurdis, in opposition to this hero of the Monthly Review, But I am apprehensive that I have already engroffed more room in your truly patriotic journal, than you can conveniently fpare. I will, therefore, leave the merits of the Cambridge Bishop to plead for themelves, or to be vindicated by some member of his own university; while I bestow a stricture of two on the Monthly Review of the Oxford profeffor. And first, 3 observe, that in order to demonstrate the inferiority of the profelfor, in a paisage which is unquestionably original, the critic bas eppoled to him a paffage of Thomson, which is not original, but in a great degree copied from Virgil. I refer your readers to the critique, and beg them to take notice of the following imitations.

The stars obtufe emit a fhiver'd ray,
Or frequent seem to hovot atbwart i be gloom,
And long bebind tbem trail the wbitening blaze.
Snatch'd in thort eddies, plays the witber'd leof,
And on the flood the dancing fiatber floats.
Sæpe etiam ftellas, vento impendente, videbis
Præcipites cælo labi, noctifque per umbram
Flammarum longos à tergo albefcere tractus ;
Sæpe levem paleam, et frondes volitare caducas,
Aut fummâ nantes in aqua colludere płumas. Georg. I. 365.
With broaden'd nostrils to the sky upturned,
The conscious beifer snuffs the formy gale.

bucula cælum
Sufpiciens, patulis captavit naribus auras.

Ibid. 375. Stellis acies obtufa videtur. Ibid. 395.

Ibid. 390

Ibid. 38

Even as the matron, at her nightly talk,
With pentive labour draws tbe flaxen tbread,
The wafted taper and tbe crackling flame
Foretell tbe blast.
Nec nocturna quidem carpentes penfa puellæ
Nefcivêre hyemem; testá cùm ardente viderent
Scintillare oleum, et putres concrescere fungos.

But chief, the plumy race,
The tenants of the sky, its changes speak.
Retiring from the downs, where all day long
They picked their scanty fare, a blackening train
Of clamorous tooks thick


weary flight.
è paftu decedens agmine magno
Corvorum increpuit denfis exercitus alis.
Asliduous, in his bower, the wailing om
Plies his fad fong.

- seros exercet noctua cantus.

The cormorant on high
Wheels from the deep, and screams along the land...
Loud Ahrieks the foaring hern.
Cùm medio celeres revolant exæquore mergi,
Clamoremque ferunt ad littora; cùmque marina
In ficco ludunt fulicæ ; notasque paludes
Deserit, atque altam fuprà solat ardea nubem.
Ocean, unequal press'd, with broken tide
And blind commotion heaves; while from the fhore
And foreft-ruftling mountain comes a voice--

peta ponti
Incipiunt agitata tumefcere, et aridus altis
Montibus audiri fragor ; aut refonantia longè
Littora misceri, et nemorum increbrefcere murmur.

Ibid. 403

Ibid. 361

Ibid. 356

Here are more than twenty fucceffive lines of the passage quoted by the Monthly Reviewer from Thomson, for which he is manifestly indebted to the Mantuan bard. It might be shewn also, that the very beginning of the passage is borrowed from the Roman poet ; if we except only the strange blunder of the imitator, in making the moon rise horned, in the east, at funfer; an event which never occurred in nature. But of this enough,

Now, Sir, did the Monthly Reviewer know, or did he not knou', that these pañages were borrowed, by the author of the Seafons, from the Georgics of Virgil ? If he did not know it, he will appear to be deficient in critical qualifications, and his criticism will, of course, be contemptible: if he did know it, he is guilty of deliberate injuítice, in instituting a comparison where comparison ought not to have



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been made. I am inclined, Sir, to the charitable fide, and verity believe that he did not know it for there are not wanting other proofs of his incapacity. For instance, the following line, lays he, contains a violation of accent, which could not have passed unnoticed. even in a more finished poem:

• The sight of Winter's superb ocean left-
The fault imagined is in the first syllable of the word fuperb.
But let this inaccurate Reviewer be informed, that nothing is more
common, with our best poets, than this apparent transposition of
the accent. Here is Shakespear. Let us open him at a venture :
what find we ?

On his shoulder and his ; her face on fire
That which you are, mistress o'th' feast. Come on
your good flock shall prosper. Sir welcome

IVinter's Tale, Ac IV. sc. iii.
Did verily bear blood ? Mafterly doneo

Ditto, Ac V. fc. iii.

Be thy intents wicked or charitable
Why thy canoniz'd bones, hearsed in death

Hamlets A& I. sc. iv.

In quantity equals not one of your's
Many an English ditty, lovely wel
Or a dry wheel grate on the axle-tree-

Henry IV. A& III. fc. i.
Once more :
I conjure you, by that which you profess-

Macbeth, Ac IV. sc. i. These are the first instances which occur; and it is needless to seek for more in Shakespear, or in any other poet. I recommend wiem to the study of the Monthly Reviewers, and also of the Britik Critics; for the latter were, not long since, extreinely erroneous in their observations on English rythm, and stand in need of correction and improvement. And if I may be so bold as to chide even an Anti-Jacobin Reviewer, I will add, Mr. Editor, that even your own remark, supported by three blue becus in a blice bladder, has more of wantonnels chan of truth. Judge for yourself, whether that proverb might not have been applied, with as much propriety, to the Blood-beltered Banquo of Shakespear, as to the pallage from Hurdis. Yet will no Critic maintain that the great dramatic poet fought Italianifms and affected alliterations. He has even ridiculed the prac. rice, as we well know from his bloody blameful blade that brauely broach'd, &c. for which, see The Midsummer Night's Dream.' The blolboltered Banquo, therefore, was accidental; and being manifestly not affe&cd, ought to be tolerated. Verbam Satam


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To waste no more time in dwelling upon these hypercritical mirutiæ, I shall finally oblerve that the Monthly Reviewer of Dr. Hurdis has manifested his want of ability, in a more important refpect, by ascribing delicious melody to Thomson and Akenfide. We may safely assert, Sir, that delivious melody is not strictly the atiri. bute of either of those poets. Thomson had no ear for music. His metre is generally difficult and embarrafled. Take the first sample that occurs.

Earth's universal face, deep hid and chill

Is one wild dazzling wafle, that buries wideSuch verse disdains to amble. We may say, in the words of Shakespear,

'Tis like the forc'd gait of a shuffling nag. That line is, indeed, admirably characteristic of the hard unmysia cal manner, in which Thomson delights to express himself. As much as he laboured to be tardy, so much did Akenlide give himself over to velocity. He runs, he gallops, he thies. Delicious melody is not expressive of the motion of either. If I


draw comparison from an overture of Handel, I fould say of the first movement, which is by turns harsh, abrupt, harmonious, heavy, full of wild starts and pauses; tbis is the style of Thomjon : I should lay of the fugue which rapidly follows, and hurries us through the richest combinations of tone, till the ear is confounded and the understanding left far behind; this is the style of Akenfide: I should say of the delicate and sweet air which succeeds this peal of enthusiam ; this is delicious melody, the style of Milton, of Addifon, of Rowe.

I have commended Bishop Prettyman to Cantabrigian vindication. I cannot, however, clole this letter, without acquainting the Critical Reviewers to whom nothing is more clear than that some degree of CHANGE (in our Liturgy) is PEREMPTORILY called for, * zhat I am far from being of the fame way of thinking. If any men are peremptory on this head they must be Diffenters. Were the epifcopal bench to unite in promoting such change, I do not believe they would acquire much credit in the view of the NATION AT LARGE : they would undoubtedly gratify the Diffenters; but let them not vainly imagine that they are the nation at large. Neither let Critical Reviewers be too forward in asserting, that the greater part of the members of the bench (or church) wish to liberate themelves from a thraldom, which cannot but be occasionally felt in the more serious moments of retirement ; to wit, the thraldom of orthodox doctrines and articles, which Critical Reviewers (alias Diffenters) wish to bend to cheir own more liberal (alias loose) creed. The thraldom here complained of, Mr. Editor, l'have never felt'; though accustomed to hear the petulant cavils of Diflenters from my childhood. Whenever their invectives have made an impression upon me, I have referred to books, and especially to the Scriptures, for better instruc

* See their Review of Frend's Letters,

G 3


tion. The more I have read, and the more I read, the more I draw near to perfect coincidence with that church to which I belong. Her Liturgy is admirable. I do not commend it, because I am bound to use it, but because I know it to be admirable. I have dilia gently compared it with every improved Liturgy which has been put into my hands; and I think it highly deserving of preference. Nothing disgusts me more than that young puppies in divinity should, at any time, dare to foist their high-flown periods, into that simple, humble, and expressive Atrain of prayer, which runs through it. The American form did not amend itself by departing from the letter of it; and I have since had the satisfaction to see


fancied improvements in that Liturgy, blotted out by the Americans themfelves. Nevertheless, I will not maintain that it is a compofition free from every defect. The compilers of it were not divine, but human; they were learned, devout, and sensible, but not inspired They produced, therefore, a work of man; and what work of man have we ever seen, which (like the works of God) would bear the fri& fcrutiny of the microscope ? But the fpecks and blemishes, which appear in it, are of no great importance. Perhaps fome few chapters might be, with propriety, banished from the series of Sunday lessons, and others substituted in their places; for though the former may always be moral and instructive, they are not always decent. For the same reason, the matrimonial lervice might be revised and corre&ted. But he who thinks he can improve our Litany, or our Communion and Burial services (the latter of which I well remember to have been made the subject of inveđive in a Presbyterian pulpit) has the vanity to believe he can atchieve impossibilities. Indeed the manual of Common Prayer, of the Church of England, viewed with a proper respect to its general merits, whether can. vassed as to its consonance with the Scriptures, or brought to the test as expressive of the duties and wants of mankind, is incomparable. If the Monthly and Critical Reviewers have such confidence in their fuperior discernment, as to imagine that they can draw up a form of greater excellence, and liable to fewer exceptions, I candidly promise them, Mr. Éditor, that I will be one of the first to adopt it. That they may not fail in their enterprize, I will allow them to call to their aslistance the whole Kirk of Scotland, and the whole host of extempore prayer-Spinners, wherever dispersed.





N reviewing a pamphlet on the searcity, written by the Reverend

J. Malham, l'icar of Helton, Dorset, you have very properly reproved the author, for having spoken of barley-bread, in a manner which clearly implies that it is an unwholesome diet. A Clergyman ought to be better acquainted with the Scriptures, than to advance a doctrine so contrary to truth; especially at a time when an evil


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