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fitting together at the corner of a wood. Keeper, not much liking their looks, though by no means fearing them, was turning another way, when they called after him, and civilly desired him to stay. “Surely, Sir, says Reynard, you will not disown your relations. My cousin Gaunt and I were just talking over family matters, and we have both agreed, that we have the honour of reckoning you among our kin. You must know, that according to the best accounts, the wolves and dogs were originally one race. As to my ancestors, the foxes, they were a branch of the fame family, who settled fariber northwards, where they became ftinted in their growth, and. adopted the custom of living in holes. The cold has sharpened our noies, but we have all a family likeness, which it is impossible to mistake: and I am sure it is our interest to be good friends with each otber.

The Wolf was of the same opinion; and Keeper, looking narrowly at them, could not beip acknowledging tbeir relationsbip. As he had a generous heart, bé readily entered into friendship with them, and gave bis cousins a cordial invitation to come and see him at his yard. They did not fail to be with him the next day about duk. Keeper received them kir.dly: they staid with him till after dark, and then departed with many compliments. The next morning word was brought to the farm, that a goose and three goblins were missing, and that a couple of lambs were found almost devoured in the home field. Keeper quas too boneft bimself readily to fufpet others, therefore he never tbought of his kinsmen on the occasion. Soon after they paid him a second evening visit, and next day another lofs appeared, of a hen and her chickens, and a. fat iheep. Keeper now could not belp mistrusting a little, and blamed himself for admitting the strangers. However, be still did not love to think ill of his own relations.

They came a third time: Keeper received them rather coldly. When they took their leaves, he resolved to follow at some distance, and watch their motions. A litter of young pigs happened to be lying under a hay-stack without the yard. The Wolf seized one by the back, and ran off with it

. The pig set up a most dismal squeal, and Keeper, running up at the noise, caught bis dear confin in the fact. He flew at him. and made him relinquish bis prey, though not without nucb snarling and growling. The Fox, who had been flily prowling about the hen-rooft, now came up, and began to make protestations of his own innocence, with beavy reproaches against the Wolf for phus disgracing the family. " Begone, scoundrels both ! cried Keeper. I know fou now too well. You may be of MY BLOOD, but I am sure you are not of DIY SPIRIT.”

So far Dr. Aikin, in ufum ftudiofe juventutis. The picture is a lively one, but not overcharged, fince even in many respects it will bear higher colouring: The Doctor, for instance, might have informed his young friends, that once upon a time, the wolves and foxes agreed to storm the farm-yard, u consequence of this league, they did attack it; and Keeper's master, hurrying to the assistance of his brave and faithful dog, a&ually bad bis bead 40n of from bis shoulders. His fon would have shared the same fate, had he not alertly climbed an oak, and hid himself among its leaves. All tha feryants were put to flight: Keeper himself was obliged to take to his heels, and the hungry banditti were left to pillage the stalls, the sties, the dovehoufe, and the hen-rocft, at their leisure, One night they had the audacity to attack even the parsonage, in hopes of a tythe-pig or two. After they had devoured these, they worried the tythe-lambs about the church-yard till they had made sure of them all. They then entered the Church, tore the


forplice to pieces, broke all the beautiful painted windows, stripped off the brals from the monuments, bit and mutilated them; and having a mortal averfion to the sound of an organ-pipe, compleatly dismantled what, in their language, they were pleased to ftiletbe abominable organs, They even dared to howl and bark in the pulpit itself, in derision of the parfon; and did every thing they could think of which was filthy and indecent, in order to profane what they called his fteepli-house. The worthy ininister and his family were obliged to fly from the parsonage to save their lives. All his tythes were stolen from him, and swallowed by these ravenous miscreants. It was even many years before it was safe for him to return to his living; and that event would never have happened, had not his young mafter again got poflellion of the farm-yard, and by the help of Keeper, and a number of villagers, armed with pikes and guns, forced the wolves and foxes again into the woods.

If after all these shameful ravages, a lock was put on the yard gate to keep out there hungray visitors, with their sharp noses and lank paunchesif the fence was heightened-if pit-falls were dug in proper situations-if all the dogs in the yard were required to wear collars, and every one who would not conform to this wile regulation was ordered to be turned out of it, that there might be a means of diftinguithing for ever the family of Keeper from the family of his hypocritical relations; I lay, if all these falutary curbs and restrictions were imposed with so much propriety, with what jurtice can they be deemed ARBITRAR Y impediments ? ARBITRARY TESTS and QUALIFICATIONS? Woe be to poor Keeper, if ever, in the honest compassion of his heart, he relaxes from his rules. He is a kind animal, Mr. Editor, but notwithstanding the piteous lamentations of his difappointed coufins, I am of opinion that he ought to be encouraged not to listen to their petitions and complaints. This is more especially to be adyised at the present moment, because fufpicions have been entertained of the fidelity of Mrs. Keeper. It is thought that, in one of those visits to the farm-yard, which Dr. Aikin has so pathetically described, the fly Mr. Gaunt committed adultery. True it certainly is, that a litter of puppies soon after made their appearance, which have more of the fimilitude of Gaunt than of Keeper. These spurious bantlings are at length grown up, and it is curious to observe their ađions. They wear the collar, it is true, but their behaviour is not Keeperian. Sometimes they are to be seen bowling extempore to the pigs and chicken, with a fleece thrown over their shoulders like a surplice. They affect prodigious esteem for all the inhabitants of the yard, and even whil per that Keeper has not half so much regard for them as they have. They insinuate that he gives them bad advice; that he cares for nothing but his bone ; that he is grown old and useless, and that no one can lead them in safety but themselves. In Dhort, they do not scruple to preach, that he is an old dotard, and that it is time for him to be put out of the way. These wolfish notions they endeavour to propagate more effectually by becoming itinerant. They travel from one farmer's flock to another's, with the mott fiaming zeal; and in their vast eagerness to regenerate them all, forget that the only business which can be called peculiarly their own, is to save the flock of their master. Such being the state of the farm-yard, this is certainly not a time to relax and grant indulgences. On the contrary, there are too many indulgences already granted, and it is time for Keeper to look about him. Let him watch his opportunity, twist off the collars from the necks of those mongril relations, and when they next begin their perambulationis, lock the gate of the yard, and ihut them out with wolves and foxes,


To drop the fable and be serious. Since times are arrived in which in centiousness of sentiment is excefive, and in which it is necessary to arm the state with awful powers by the suspension of the Habeas Corpus Aa, let our wise Legislature consider, whether it be not necessary to strengthen the Establithed Churcb also, by giving a similar check to the indulgences of the Toleration Ac. I do not wish for its suspension, Mr. Editor, but it certainly should be amended : and perhaps it would be judicious were it only a temporary act, renewable from time to time. It is not right that one party thould be compelled to exercise liberality and moderation, while the other is at liberty to act as it pleases. Cessation of good behaviour in an adversary, is always fufficient reason for the refusal of favours. If, therefore, Diflenters fcruple not'to use that ponderous machine, the press, as a lever to hoist us out of our places, as a petard to blow us up to the moon, I see no reason why we are to fit still with our hands tied, because we once fuffered them to be tied in proof of our pacific difpofition. If Prefbyterians are so unwise as to be always assassinating in their journals, the learning, the tafte, and good character of churchmen, while they support the meaneft of their own sect with unbounded adulation ; if they strive to undermine our hierarchy, and to recommend republicanism in religion as well as in politics, let the Church be furnished with power to refift and to subdue their malevolent attempts. And if Scotchmen, (I do not affirm, though I strongly suspect, that Dr. Aikin is one) in the hunger of ambition, leave their homes, and come down into the south, for the malicious purpose of joining with the Diflenters of our kingdom, in reviling and fapping the Church and Govern. ment, let them be conducted back to thosemoors and mosses which Dr. Ander1on found to unproductive; and remember, that they have no right to preach John Knox tbe propbet, John Major, or John Calvin, on this side of the Tweed. A Frenchman, who thould attempt to propagate bis notions of Christianity, or even an Irishman, who should spout off his politics and his faith in this illand, would not fail to be dismissed with some speed from these regions of better sense. Why then is the Scotchman suffered to pester us with his recommendations of theft arid sacrilege? Shall we rob our Church because he robbed his? Let us rather remember, that the Church of England is the leaft worth pillaging of any Church in Christendom, (except the Church of Scotland) and the most worthy of being preserved.

To our young folks, therefore, Mr. Editor, who read Dr. Aikin, let us give the same cautionary advice as we should extend to the works of Priestley, admire the pbilosopher, but beware of his religion and of his politics.


Profeffor PorfonGilbert Wakefield.




"HE Critical Reviewers having at length finished their learned and hucollection of elegant extracts from that admirable performance. Such a conftellation of beauties is to be found in no critical treatise, ancient or modern, of equal dimentions. With your permission, I shall give to my fasciculus the title of LIBERALITY AND CANDOUR. By a Society of Gentlemen.

Crit. Rev. for Nov. 1800. 1. The Professor’sdecisions are always peremptory, but frequently dogma. imal : his illustrations and observations, in general, are reserved, anorna.



P. 2440

P. 245.

mental, and concise ; unless when he occasionally expatiates in a fuperfluity of words to Aaggellate an antagonist, or banter a fellow elabourer lefs gifted than himself; he is then sarcastical, indeed illiberal, to an extent which cannot fail to excite astonishment,' &c. P. 242.

• After all, this may be no more than a piece of refined joculariting the Professor, to entrap the uninitiated in the mysteries of his waiticisms.

3. We have ventured on these hesitations at the Professor's mandates with fear and trembling. The Profeffor himself, and his 'Squire, the critic mili. tant, have inscribed over the critical throne, in characters that flash intimi. dation in the eyes of all who presume to controvert their supremacy,

Oux ayados, &c.

Σκηπτρον and, frightful to think and formidable to relate! this sceptre is exercised in the style of true classical antiquity on every presumptuous opponent.

Σκηπτες ταχ αρα συν καθαίμαξα ΚΑΡΑ. • At v. 448; the Professor has excogitated an alteration of a nature la fubtle and recondite, as would alone fuffice to carry down his fame with unrivalled glory to pofterity. Other editions have, with most lamentable and fatal incorrectness, &c. He sabstitutes, with incomparable acuteness and most edifying restoration, &c. But we wrong the reader, whilft we prevent our learned critic from communicating the discovery in his own words, Mutavi accentum, &c. In the mean time, we are reminded of some lines in Butler,

For he a rope of sand could twist
As tough as learned Sorbonist;
And weave fine cobwebs, fit for skull

That's empty when the moon is full. P. 248. 5. Possibly the Professor looks for his remedy in those little conjurers, the magic tribe of curve and circle, and inclined plane, which he places above his words; whose prodigious atchievements we have commemorated with due re{pe&t at v. 448. [that is, in the preceding passage.'] P. 249.

Crit. Rev. for Jan. 1801. 6. "When the Professor, with artful anticipation, gravely informs his readers that the authority of MSS. is none in this case, he not only exhibits a degree of assurance which is truly unpardonable, but, &c.

7. • The Professor's remarks on the doubtful syllables of, &c. and the like, is the disingenuous remark of one who has resolved, at all events, to fupport a preconceived opinion. P. 5.

8. "What a storm is the Profeffor raising in a bucket! Ibid.

9. “A misconception of such a clear unembarrassed expression of the poet's meaning were inexcusable even in a boy of tolerable proficiency in school discia pline,' p.6.

10. On this point many beauties might be produced from the poets of both languages: but our reward for illustrations would be nothing less than the nick-name of hot. headed prattlers from our self-fufficient editori?

The Professor is in general very sparing of his words : but where an unfortunately dull or ridiculously vain brother in criticism can be roasted to advantage, he grudges no fuperfluity of language in letting loose his farcaltical wit on the fraternity,' p. 8.

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"We cannot but confess our astonishment at fuch contemptible tras; fuch waste of time and paper, without one glimmering of genuine bumour, one ray of useful information. Such a disposition to contemptuous fneering would be dearly purchased of our Profeffor by his studious youth at the price of half his critical accomplishments.' Ibid.

13. Quæ insani effet solicitare. Porson. • Thus every man, we fee, who is not fortunate enough to coincide with our learned editor in opinion, is ri. probated as an arrant bedlamite, fit only for Dr. Willis and á ftrait waiftcoat, He denounces them in the words of Horace

interdicto huic omne adimat jus

Prætor, et ad sanos abeat tutela propinquos. But what greater arrogance can be conceived than such unsubstantiated fures, such laconic decifions, without a single example to authorise his dogmatism.' P. 9.

Crit. Rev. for Feb. 1801. 14. Instead of

κρείσσων the Harleian MS. has xgeiroov: a variation which our editor, not claffible among the calidiores, but, with a light alteration, among the callidiores, the more knowing ones, most disdainfully and sneeringly rejects.' P. 138.

15. "No man will confidently affirm, except the Profesor himself, and perhaps one or two of similar pertinacity, the superiority of xgetrou to κρείσσων.


P. 139. 16. Hence the fourth fragment of the Phænix must be vindicated from the rash and tafteless alteration of Musgrave, whom, perhaps, the Profeffor will defend when he arrives at that passage, and show himself warm as well as cunning, by a multitude of fage remarks and apposite corroborations ; or rather by fome despicable sneer at those who differ from him in opinion.' Ibid.

17. Gentle reader! if thou think the subject worthy of further invefti. gation, thou wilt find the motives to our editor's conduct in the following plain statement of the case. Mr. Wakefield, in his Silva Critica, had approved and recommended some years ago this reading of xgiocoy, from a collation of that self-fame Harleian MS. and THEREFORE it suited the meyxantogx Cunor of our Professor to reprobate and decide this elegant variation; which he has reprobated and decided accordingly for no other reason whatsoever: thus ridiculously exhibiting, we trust, a moit notable fulfilment of a maxim in old Hesiod :

κακη βουλη βουλενσαντι κακιστη.

P. 140. 18. “This developement of the metaphor appears to us so fupremely ridie culous as to deserve no notice, but a retort of that wit,

If wit it may be called where wit is none, which our Professor deals out to others with such lavish jocularity.' P. 144.

Such, Mr. Editor, to use the words of this elegant writer, is the manner, in which “ we Critical Reviewers bandy about these subjects, in our combination garret in Grub-street, over a pot of Whitbread's entire.” Observa. tions like these are worthy of such men, collected in such a place, and be. fuddled with such beverage. To my olfactory nerves, however, they smell molt rankly of a less honourable origin. They favour potently, of nothing attic, but of durance vile, When I read number 17, and the emphatical


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