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been revoked ; nor indeed, are they susceptible of revocation, for Every one knows that the Romish Church is infallible.

Let all secular powers, whatsoever be the nature and rank of their respective offices, be admonished, persuaded, and, if necetlary, compelled, by ecclefiaftical censures, that as they desire to be reputed and esteemned faithful, they publicly take an oath, that they will, to the utmost of their power, endeavour to exterminate all such as Thall be denounced hereties by the church, out of all their dominions and places subject to their jurisdiction ; and let them take this oath respectively, the moment they thall be invested with either fpiritual or temporal power.

But if any temporal Lord shall negle&t to purge his dominions of such heritical corruption, after being required and admonished by the Church, by his Metropolitans and his other provincial Bishops so to do, let bir be immediately bound in the chains of excone munication ; and if he thall contumaciously refuse to make fatisfacsion and submit himself to the Church within the year, lét this be signified to the Pope, who shall thereupon declare his subjects absolved from their allegiance, and proclaim his territories open to the just seizure and occupation of Catholic Pozuers, who, after they shall have exterminated the deretics, shall possess tbem without control, and preserve them in the fiurity of the faith still preserving the title of the principal Lord, provided he shall give them na interruption, or oppose any impecliment to their proceedings; and let the same rule be observed with respect to those who hare no principal lords, i. e. republics.

• Let all Catholics who shall undertake a crusaile for the extermination of heretics have the same indulgence, and the same holy privilege, as those who undertake the crusade for the expulsion of zhe infidels from the holy land.

*, We decree, that not only those who profess heretical tenets, but all receivers, protectors, and favourers of heretics, are ipso facto excommunicated ; and we strictly ordain and command, that after any such shall be publicly, branded with excommunication, if they shall refuse to make satisfaction, and submit themselves to the Church within a year, they shall be infamous, nor shall they be admitted to any public ofice or council, nor 10 elect any persons to such, nor to give testimony in any cause ; neither shall they.be capable of making wills, 107 of sylccession, as heirs or representatives, to any estate : they shail be incapable. of suing in any court, but may themselves be sued: if any such personi

shall happen to be a judge of any court, his sentence shall be null anil void, nor shall any cause be prosecuted before him : if he shall happen to be an adobcate, he sllall not be admitted to practise; if a notary, instruments drazın up, prepared, witnessed, or executed by him, shall also be void and of 129 effect, but condemned with their guilty framer : and we command that the same rule be observed in all similar cases, But if he be a clergyman, let him be deposed both ab oficio et beneficio, that as his crime is the greater, so the greater may be his punishment.'

We sirall next state the oath still invariably taken by a Romalı Catholic Bishop, with a view to prove that the same spirit which prevailed in this Council respecting Heretics subsists in its full cigour, at the present time.

1, ----, Eishop 01. do swear, that from this hour for ward I shall be faithful and obedient to St. Peter,' and to the friely

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Church of Rome, and to my Lord the Pope and his successors canonicatii entering. I shall not be of counsel nor consent that they shall lose either life or meinber, or shall be taken or suffer any violence or any wrong by any means. Their counsel to me credited by them, their messages or letters I shall not willingly discover to any per

The Papacy of Rome, the rules of the holy Fathers, and the regality of St. Peter, I shall help, maintain, and defend against ali men. The Legate of the See apostolic, going and coming, I shall honourably entreat : the rights, honours, privileges, and authorities of the Church of Rome, and the Pope and his successors, I shall cause to be conserved, defended, augmented and promoted. I shall not be in council, treaty, or any act, in which any thing shall be imagined against him or the Church of Rome, their rights, seats, honours, or powers; and if I know'any such to be moved or compassed, I shall resist it to my power; and as soon as I can I shall advertise him, or such as may give him knowledge. The rules of the holy Fathers, the decrees, ordinances, sentences, dispostions, reservations, provisions, and commandments apostolic, to my powo er I shall keep, and cause to be kept of others. Heretics, schismaa rics, and rebels to our holy Father and his successors, I shall resist and persecute to ny flower. I shall come to the synod when I am called, except I be letted by a canonical impediment. The thresholds of the aposles I shall visit yearly, personally or by my deputy. I shall not alienate or sell my possessions without the Pope's counsel. So help me God and the holy Evangelists.'

It remains for the Roman Catholic Church of Ireland (not individually but collectively) formally, by a public act, to renounce the authority by which one of their Bishops has declared them to be bɔrınd, or else they must cease to pretend that a compliance with their claims is compatible with the coronation-oath, or consistent with the safety of the constitution of these realms.

But the proposed repeal of the penal itatutes, we have reason to fear, only formed a part of the system which fome, at least, of the late Ministers intended to pursue. In the preface to the fifth volume of our work, our readers will recollect, that we offered a folemn admonition to the Clergy of the Established Church, recalling to their minds the falutary adage principiis obfta," and warning them "that their enemies were indefatigat'le in their exertions to undermine the establishment, and that the defeat of every eflort for this purpose, from whatever quarter it might proceed, depended espe. cially, if not solely, upon themselves.” It is now time to speak out, and to declare, that we then alluded to a plan which we knew to be in agitation, for the abolition, or commutation of tythes. This plan the late Minister, imposed upon no doubt by the specious arguments of certain fectaries, who pretended to support him on the most disintereited principles, though it might easily be proved that they were the most interested of men, sanctioned with his apprr. bation, and even, we believe, laid it before his Majesty, who, actuated by one uniform principle of attachment to the Established Church, of which he was the sworn guardian and protector, moft properly referred him to the Prelates of that Church, whom the advisers of the premier had not thought it neceffary to consult! We know

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full well, that among the Ministers who have resigned; there are fome who would have condemned this dreadful inroad upon sacred property, this unaccountable, imitation of French revolutionary practices, this formidable attack upon the constituted order of our ecclesiaitical polity, with as much warmth and decision as our. felves. But that repeal which they meditated, in conjunclion with their associates, would naturally, and almost neceflarily, have led to this neafure; and the principle of innovation being once admitted, it would have been as difficult as useless to resist the application of it, or the inferences which might be fairly deduced from it.

We shall, for the present, quit this unplealant subject, upon which volumes might be written ; but we deemed it our duty to day thus much, in order to put men on their guard, and to induce the well disposed members of both Houles of Parliament, (who we are willing to believe constitute a very large majority) to investigate deeply this most important topic of discussion, and to paule before they give a vote, which may prove decisive of their

We are conscious, that, by the part which we take on these great questions, we shall incur the enmity of men, with whose friendship, al present, we are honoured, and the continuance of whose good opinion, interest and inclination, would prompt us to secure ; but among these are some, we know, whose high and honourable minds will give us that credit which we give to them, for the fincerity of their zeal, and the purity of their intentions, even on points on which we differ most ellentially fro.n them. At all events, our option between principle and interest has long since been made, without hesitation as without regret, and we shall invariably endeavour to discharge, to the utmost of our ability, that paramount duty which we owe to our King, our Country, and our God.

On the Continent, such a peace has been signed between the Emperor and the French Republic, as we predicted ; with this only difference, that the fortreties of Mentz and Ehreinbreitstein are reserved as objects of future regulation. The Germanic Conftitutior. is virtually dissolved; and the French have taken those boundaries which the patriots of 1792 assigned as the natural limits of the Republic. In short, from the banks of the Adige to those of the Scheldt, their power is unlimited; while they cr.joy an extent of sea coast, reaching from the Adriatic Gulph to the German Ocean, with the power, by the possession of all the fortresses on the frontiers of their immense territory, to extend their empire whenever they please. All the plans which we ascribed to them, in the preface to our last Volume*, are now clearly developed ; and their arts being as successful as their arms, they have succeeded in combining against usall the maritime powers of Europe, whose threats and efforts, if united among ourselves, we might regard with equal contempt. The treaty, which we supposed to be in agilation, between the Quixotic Emperor of Russia and the Firit Consul of France, has been concluded; and, as

we foretold, prepara, tions are making for a speedy invasion of the Turkish dominions.

* Publifhed in the Appendix on the 1ft of February.

All

All these events have afforded ample materials for adulatory addresses, (in which Republicans are known to excel) from the different public bodies to the Corsican ulurper, replete with threats of : vengeance against this country, which has the daring prelumption to resist his will, and to withstand his power. The language which they employ is certainly consistent and appropriate, for it is the language of flaves to a tyrant.

In this state of things, with a host of enemies to encounter, we have only to remain true to ourselves, and to exert those energies and those resources which Providence has graciously fuffered us itill to retain, in defence of our liberties, our independence, and our religion. Of the issue of such a contest, conducted under suchaulpices, we should not entertain a doubt. Most happily the new Ministers, whom his Majesty has called to his councils, are men of found principles, ardent zeal, unblemished characters, and folid abilities; and it is with infinite satisfaction that we witness the laudable relolution of the Noble Duke, who has presided over the home departinent of the state, with so much honour to himself, and to much advantage to the country, to retain his important situation, and adhere to his Sovereign, in the glorious stand which he now makes in defence of the Established Churcht. There can be no doubt that the country will rally round such an Administration, and give them the most decided countenance and support.

+ The division in the Cabinet, on the proposition for supporting the repeal of the Penal and Test Laws against Catholics and Dil. 'lenters, we understand to have been fix, in favour of the measure, and five against it.

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TO CORRESPONDENT . “ A METHODIST" who dates his letter from Lancashire, accuses us of intolen, rance and perfecution, and affirms that we are “men hostile to religious liberty, and consequently, to the British constitution;" and that "the Methodists have been long lepown and acknowledged loyal.”—We shall make no defence againft the charge of hoftility; and, by way of answer to the praise of himself and his associates, we request this “ Methodist” to read Mr. John Pawson's Sermons, and Mr. Polwhele's. Anecdotes:

Unus Solus" may be assured that he can make us feel nothing but the most fovereign contempt for him and his productions. Ignorance and vanity are fut cumipanions for each other.

A respectable correspondent, at the Ho-wells, is informed that we have received Lercers of various descriptions, impudent, obscene, treasonable, and blafphemous, all of which we have been dared to publish. We fufpect that the one to which he alludes is noticed above.The writers of such letters are deceived in their expectations ; for they are regularly returned to the Poft-office, and the postage is wimbunted.

Pater's note is transmitted to the gentleman who reviewed the article to which he adverts.

C. I. by referring to the Appendix to our seventh volume, will find that we have no intention of " discontinuing the Monthly Summary of Politics ;" though it be not our intention to offer reflections without facts; and it is not in our power to enfure a regular supply of facts. .

C. C. C. C, is received. “ The Vision of Liberty" is intended for insertion in our next Number. The blasphemous ränt of “ a Dei:t" has nothing to recommend it but its'. blafphemy, which is no recommendation to us.

The farther communications of our eftimable correspondent, “ Academicus" will meet with that preference and attention to which they are so eminently catitled,

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VALERE ETIAM REGULAS, MORES, ET INSTITUTA A REGNO ET ECCLE«

SIA RECEPTA, PATRIUMQUE TERMINOS MANERE INCONCUSSOS.

ORIGINAL CRITICISM,

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Retrospection : or a Review of the most striking and important Events,

Characters, Situations, and their Consequences, which the last Eighteen
Hundred Years have presented to the View of Mankind. By Hester
Lynch Piozzi. 2 Vols. 4to. Pp. 1026. 21. 25. Stockdale,

London. 1801.
ТЕ Dr. Johnson had been still living, and this work had been sub-

mitted to his perusal in manuscript, we are well convinced that he would have rejected one half of it, and added to the other some reAlections and observations to render it worthy of public attention. Mrs, Piozzi has here attempted to form a new dish for English stomachs. History cooked up in a novel form reduced to light reading for boarding schoul misses, and loungers at a watering place, during the Dog-Days. We will lay her own account of her notable production before our readers.

Their criticism I not only deprecate, but hope, by dint of petty amusement, in some measure to disarm : a pleasant story will divert, a tender tale affect them. No insolently obtrufive opinions through these pages, no air of arrogance will offend, or provoke such readers to say, however they may think, that the necessity of dilating, as it advances, like an inverted cone or fugar.loaf, robs my whole building of that folid bafis which many fabricks boast

, on which, after all, little fometimes is reared. A moment's thought indeed will thew fuch criticks, that any other way would have been worfe : and half a moment will suffice to prove, that whilst the deep current of grave history rolls her full tide majestick, to that ocean where time and all its wrecks NO, XYXIII, VOL, vill,

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