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THE occasion, on which this excellent discourse was preached,
was the annual commemoration of the founders and benefactors of the city hospitals. It was printed, as appears from the delication prefixed, by the desire of the governors of Christ's Hospital ; but, as 'we imagine, not published ; no bookseller's name being in the citle. page. A copy falling into our hands, the sentiments according with our own, and it appearing to us calculated to render much fera vice to the cause of religion and virtue, we could not refrain from giving it a place in our Review ; not without a hope, that it might induce Mr. T. to afford our readers the like pleasure which the per rufal of it has afforded us. The respectable audience, before whom it was delivered, have borne their decided teftimony to its merits: by their request that it might be printed : but a topic, fo peculiarly needful to be insisted on, in these times of infidelity and scepticism, as that which is selected for the subject of this discourse, (viz; the grounds of a Christian's belief in the gospel and so ably treated,) well deserves to be circulated beyond the limits of the royal hospitals.
The Rev. Preacher (from Peter iii. 15.) shews the superior ex. cellence and purity of the morality of the Chriftian religion above that of all other systems of ethics; the firm foundation on which the Christian's belief of a future state of rewards and punishments is built ? the influence of that belief on his moral conduct; and the arts that are employed by the deistical philosopher, to bereave him of every copsom lation and support, under the forrows and cares of human life. Having pointed out, in a brief, but fatisfactory, manner, the external evio dences of Christianity, and defined the province and limits of reason in matters of religion, Mr. T. proceeds to observe (P. 18.) that the Lovrce of that infidelity, which rejects « a faith so rational and full of comfort, for the sake of a delafive philosophy, which offers to man nothing, that is capable either of fatisfying the hopes, or dalıning the fears of the foul, is to be traced, in a great measure, to the method that is at present almost generally observed in the education of youth.” “ Inttead of inftilling into the tender mind early ideas of devotion and religion, and leading it from the first dawning of season to a knowledge of the truths of the gospel, and of the evidence upon which they are established; the whole attention of the young student is directed to che acquirement of what are called polite aca complishments; and the doctrines of that church, of which he was made a meniber at his baptism, form, at belt, but a secondary part of his inftructions, and are often tiines left merely to chance, or, peră haps, entirely omicred. We must not imagine, that thisis an evil confined to the higher spheres of life ; to the families of the noble and opulent: it has diffused itself throughout the middle orders of sociery: the fubtile poison has even (pread its infection among those claties, where, independent of [on] giore weighty fonfiderations, the practice cannot be justified npon the motives of common worldly prudence and economy. By these means the mind, from its carliest days, acquires an habitual indifference to serious au devour enquiry ;
its religion (if it can be said to possess any religion) is like a house built upon the fand, which the first breath of strange do&rine overturns; and infidelity is the structure erected upon the ruins.“
Zealous as we feely for the honour of our holy religion, the prof. perity of the country, and the welfare of individuals, we would willingly cherish the pleasing hope, that the complaints, which have been so recently made, of the toial neglect of religious instruction in some of our public schools, are not well-founded ; at least, not to the extent in which they have beer faid to exist. But we must not treat the declarations of such men, as the venerable veteran of Nayland, a Randolpk, or a Rennely as the peevish cenfures of the fanatic or enthufiaft : and, if there be ang real cause for complaint ; if inattention only, in a matter of fuch momentous concern, as that of inftilling found principles of religion into the yet uncontaminated mind, hath crept into schools with the relaxed discipline of the times;
ah Tantamne rem tam negligenter agere ! loudly and imperiously are the teacher and the parent, and all, with. out distinction, on whom devolves the charge of the rising generation, called upon, to refute, or remove, an imputation, so disgraceful to a Christian country, and ruinous both to individuals and society. Of those academies, boarding fehools, and other like seminaries of liberal education, that spring up without number, or licence, in every town and street, almoft, throughout the kingdom, we, at present, make no observation. But, wishing, as we most sincerely do, the untarnished honour, and unceasing prosperity, of those antient and truly venera. ble foundations for the education of youth, the publie and free fchools; those noble monuments of royal munificence, that have, through so many fucceflive generations, preserved and transınitted to us the inva. luable blessings of learning and religion ; in which have been formed the most illustrious characters in every rank and profession; we cannot but most earnestly hope that, it least, in these. “ true tem ligion and useful learning may for ever, flourish and abound." It fies, in a great measure, with the parent, and directors of these na. tional seminaries, to filence the tongue of calumny, that would fix on the Universities the unmerited blame and disgrace, that attach only to the onworthy individual, who dishonours the place of his education by gross misconduct. Such 'misconduct, whenever known, is no longer suffered to pass uncensured : nor does it frequently originate in those seats of piery and learning ; it oftener proceeds from vicious habits, previously nourished and formed, in the family or the school. In one university, we can affert, from a long residence within its peaceful and ftudious retreats, that none of our associates, the companions and friends of our early years, so disgraced themselves : and we may add, without fear of contradiction, that no young man, who becomes a member of either university, with his principles formed, and his morals uncorrupted, will be in danger of contamination, unless through his own neglect..
Bat whatever share of blame may belong to any of our public schools, we are happy to agree with Mr. T. that, in this respect, none, without the most palpable injustice, can be fixed on the royal and aptient foundation of Chrift's Hospital; "where,” (to use the energetic language of the preacher) p. 21. “ piety and learning are united ; where religion is made the ground work of all other knowledge, and the first object is to lead the youthful mind to an acquaintance with the doctrines of our holy faith, and she reafpes of the hope that is in us."
Since this discourse was preached, Mr. Trollope fas we are in. formed) has been called to fill the upper grammar master's chair : a' situation of equal respectability and responsibility; which was occupied; during a long leries of years, by his worthy predecessor ; who Tetired from that arduous and honorable station, remunerated for his long, faithful, and meritorious services, by the diftinguished literary honours, obtained by his fobolars in both voiversities, and the fub Atantial tribute of respect since paid him, by the governors of the hofpital.
From the principles and talents of his pupil and fuccessor, we are led to say non deficit alter aureus; and we cansot express our good will towards that school of piety, learping, and good manners, more effeétually, than by our sincere will that it may long continue to pof. fess fuch valuable services ! We shall close our remarks, with the following pathetic apoftrophe, which forms the peroration of Mr. Trollope's discourke. (P. 23.) “ Happy, happy family ! if the seeds of virtue, now fown in your breafts, ftrike root, and bring forth their fruit in due seafon ; if the hope, in which ye are now taught to trust, be so written in the tablet of your hearts, as never to be effaced! So Thall ye best repay that parental care, which shields your tender years from the dangerous examples of a wicked world; so strall ye at length arrive at the completion of that hope in the en. joyment of those heavenly blessings, which cze basb noi feen nor car beard, neither bath entered into the heart of man to conceive." A Letter refpe&fully addrefled to the Right Reverend Father in
God, Henry Reginald, by Divine Permiffion, Lord Bishop of Exeter; containing a l'indication of Truth, an Exposure of Deo traction, and an earnest Appeal to his Lordship, as a constituted Guardian of the Church, for the Preservation of her Peace, Dignity, and Prosperity. By one of her humble, but moft af. fectionate Friends. 8vo. Pp. 21. Cadell. London, 1800, ** WHEN truth or virtue an affront endures,
The affrope is mine, my lord, and should be your's.
And mine, as man, who feel for all mankind.” SE I am aware (says the letter-writer) that it may be asked, what business I have to trouble your Lordship with my opinions ; I can only answer, just as much as Mr. Polwhele had, to favour you with his.". Perhaps so, But the contrary is rather to be presumed, till the
writer shall think proper to discover himself. To approach the Bishop in masquerade appears 10 us an act of disrespect. The au. thor boldly afferts several tliings, but attempts to prove nothing. His sole intention, indeed, in addrefling his Lordship of Exeter, is to request, it feems, the Diocesan's interference in the contest between Mr. Polwhele and Dr. Hawker. This he repeats at Pp. 5 and 6: and yet, at p. 15, “I rejoice to learn (Gays he) from Mr. Polwhele himself, that his Letter to your lordship is to close his labours in this controversy !!!"
The writer intimates, that “ itinerancy and nonconformity, properly fo called, meet his firm disapprobation, howsoever or by whomloever committed.” What, then, can be more clearly proved than Dr. Hawker's itinerancy and nonconformity, in 'Mr. P.'s Letter to the Bishop of Exeter? In his itinerancy, taking the word in its most extensive sense, Dr. Hawker glories : he avows his approbation of itinerant preachers, and his own disposition to itinerate, with the view of preaching the Gospel, in the most decisive terms. And, in regard to the other charge, Mr. P. and Mr. Wotion of Plyinouth, have adduced a great variety of particulars ; the third part of which would be sufficient to prove Dr. H. a nonconformist, to every unprejudiced mind. Had not pages, indeed, afferting the contrary, been spread before us, at this moment, we should not have believed it possible, that the mifts of prejudice could have obscured truths so self-evident; lo palpable! Having quitted Mr. Polwhele, this author proceeds to instruct the Bishop in the doctrine of evangen. lical righteousness. His Lordship had observed, in his admirable Charge, “ There arises in the minds of some men a notion of I know not what evangelical righteousness, &c. &c. On which the letter. writer, with intolerable periness and flippancy, remarks : “ As your. lordship fo candidly confesses, that you know not what this evang gelical righteousness is, the notion of which you fo peremptorily con. demn," &c. &c. " We understand no other than that which God declared for the remiffion of fins," " Such, my lord, is that evan. gelical righteousness, of which a notion has been, and will, I truft, long continue to be entertained. If those who have imbibed this norion appear ftill to you to be misled, you will, at least, allow, that they are the dupes of no ordinary deceivers." Enough of such language.
Sermon on Cruelty to Dumb Animals, preached at the Free
“ IT should be remembered," says this pious and able Divine, that whatever hardens the heart, tends to render it Iefs suscepis, ible of the impressions of Christianity. For although tender feelings and Chriftianity are not infeparably connected; yet, it may be faid,
that, where tender feelings are wanting, genuine Chriftianity will never be found. The parent who conliders this, and confiders, more. over, that cruelty to dumb animals, in spite of all those high preten. lions to civilization which we boaft, is, it is to be feared, one of the crying fins of this ‘nation ; will be anxious to counteract a growing evil, at the only period of life, at which, perhaps, it is to be coun teracted with effect.” The parent who is not anxious so to de, is cert ainly neglectful of his duty; cruelty to dumb animals betrays an unfeeling heart and a depraved mind; and should never pass without punishment. When the Creator subjected the beasts of the field to the use of man, he never intended to render them the objects of man's cruelty.---This fermon should be widely circulated. On the Difference bet ween the Deaths of the Righteous and the Wicked,
illuftrated in the Instance of Dr. Samuel Johnson and David Hume, Esq. A Sermon preached before the University of Oxford, at St. Mary's Church, on Sunday July 23, 1786. By the Reva William Agutter, A. M. of St. Mary Magdalen College, Oxe ford, and Chaplain to the Asylum. 12mo. Pp. 20. No Book feller's Name. 1800. SCEPTICS, Infidels, and Deifts, having triumphed in the calma ness difplayed by Hume, and the fears betrayed by JOHNSON, on their death-beds, Mr. Agutter takes occasion to thew, by an able and judicious train of reasoning, that no argument was to be drawn from that circumstance, favourable to the enemies of the Christian faith.
“ Considering tire common depravity of our nature, and the awfuf scene of probation closed, our adversáries ought to allow that the Chriftian trembling, and the Deitt laughing, at the awful separation of foul and body, may be illustrated by the case of two criminals, who are going to make fatisfaction to the laws which they have vio lated; the one, from an habitual course of guilt, has attained that total want of reflecnion which induces him to deride the decision of justice, and to undergo his sentence with that stupid indifference, which superficial observers may mistake for fortitude, while the other, a novice in the practice of fin, is overwhelmed with ingenuous shame, views his violations of the law in the most glaring light, and apa proaches with undissembled dread to the presence of his God and his Judge. The first of these characters may be applauded by those who are equally hardened in guilt, or equally blinded by infidelity ; but we cannot be fuch ftrangers to the nature of man, as, from the language of confident boatting, to argue for the rectitude of his judgment, or the integrity of his cause."
We believe this to be a pretty fair statement of the case, as it effects the two objects of comparison. To such men as Dr. Anderson, whofe fcandalous abuse of Dr. Johnson, (a man as fuperior to him, in all respects, as an eagle is to a mole) betrays an equal want of feeling and of judgment, we recommend the preacher's just admonition towards the clofe of his Sermon, where he recommends lefs attention to the death of others and some prepararion for our own. This discourse is alike creditable to the Preacher's calents and his principles.