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welfare of my own dominions, and in con- | adopted by his Majesty's ministers to pretributing to the general tranquillity of vent any complaint from the House of Europe.”
their being taken by surprise. There
were, however, several precedents in the · The parliament was then prorogued to | history of this country, where in cases of the 25th of September. It was afterwards rebellion, and other emergencies of state, further prorogued to the 20th of Novem- parliament had been summoned, on a ber.
notice of fourteen days, and he conceived
the critical situation of his Majesty's • Proceedings of the House of Lords on health a sufficient reason to justify the the King's Illness.*7 Nov. 20. Both present deviation from the usual practice. Houses met pursuant to the last proroga. He did not, indeed, find any instance in tion.
| which either House of parliament had The Lord Chancellor having taken his proceeded to the consideration of any seat on the woolsack, rose and remarked, national business until the session had that although their lordships were assem- been opened in the usual form. It was bled in pursuance of the last prorogation, his intention, therefore, first to move, yet it had been the general practice to “ That the House do adjourn to the 4th summon the House to meet for the dis- day of December;" and if their lordships patch of business. To account for this should agree to this motion, he would then omission on the present occasion, he move, « That the House be summoned, thought it incumbent on him to observe, and that the Lord Chancellor be directed that, from the situation which he had the to write letters of summons to their lordhonour to hold, it was his province to re. ships, requiring their attendance upon ceive his Majesty's commands for either that day." proroguing or summoning the parliament, The motions being severally put and but such was the lamentable disorder under agreed to, nem. diss. the House immewhich his Majesty had become afflicted, diately adjourned to and such the severity of his illness, that he could not approach his royal person to re- Dec. 4. The House being met purceive the signification of his commands. suant to adjournment,
The Lord President (earl Camden ob- The Lord Chancellor begged leave to served, that it had been the general prac. acquaint the House, that in obedience to tice to give forty days notice previously their commands he had sent letters round to the meeting of parliament for the dis to every peer, earnestly requesting their patch of business. There was no law, attendance, and that he had received however, which required this, notwith letters in answer from such lords as were standing it had been a custom in general then absent, stating that their absence
was caused by illness, and that they hoped • In the autumn of 1788, all ranks were
for their lordships' indulgence. alarmed by a report, that his Majesty was
The Lord President of the council said, seriously indisposed. Resolved, notwithstand- | that he could not perceive without much ing illness, to perform the functions of his concern that their lordships had again royal office, his Majesty, on the 24th of been obliged to assemble, although it was October, held a levée; and though it was not possible that any speech could, at the obvious to every one present, that his Ma-l present period. come from the theo
present period, come from the throne. jesty's health was materially affected, yet no. This obstacle too naturally arose from the symptoms indicated any definitive species of malady. On the King's return to Windsor,
of continued infirmity of his Majesty, which his disorder assumed a very alarming ap
still rendered him incapable of meeting pearance. It was found that it had formed his parliament, or attending to any public itself into a brain fever, attended with a deli- business whatever. In consequence of rium. The mental derangement having con- the absence and incapacity of the King, tinued to the beginning of November without the legislature was defective and incomany intermission, at length became public; plete, whence all the functions of the and the intelligence diffused general grief and
executive government of the country were consternation. The Prince of Wales repaired
actually suspended. immediately to Windsor, where he was met
It was impossible by the Lord Chancellor, and they, in concert
for the country to remain in that condiwith the Queen, took such measures relative
tion; and, in the maimed and dismemto the domestic affairs of the King, as the bered state of the legislature, it devolved necessity of the case required.
on the two Houses of Parliament to make
some provision to supply the deficiency, experience in complaints of a similar and such a provision as should be compe- nature ?” To this their general answer tent to the necessity of the case ; but, was, " That it was from experience, and before the two branches of the legislature having observed that the majority of those took any one step on a subject of so truly who were afflicted with the same disease delicate and important a nature, the ne- bad recovered.” Dr. Addington, in his cessity of the case must be proved. With answer to this question, was more decisive that view, therefore, and with that view than any of his brethren. He said, that only, the Lords of the Council had called he entertained as sanguine hopes of his the five physicians who attended his Ma- Majesty's recovery as he would of any other jesty during his illness before the Board, patient who was affficted with a similar and had severally examined them on oath as complaint which was not bereditary: that to the state of the King's health, and their he had a part of his house allotted for the opinion of the duration of his malady, and reception of patients labouring under such the probability of his recovery. This, disorders, with which he was particularly (although the Lords of the Council had, conversant; that he seldom had less than as it were, lost the spring and motion of eight or ten under his care, and that he most of their consultations and functions) never knew more than two of them who he conceived the Board might legally do, had been confined above a twelvemonth, as the precedents of their proceedings and those two had been afflicted for seveunder former similar situations of the ral years, and were deemed incurable becountry sufficiently evinced. It had not fore he saw them. been deemed wise or proper, that every After the report was read, the Lord question which on a sudden might start President moved, that the same be taken into the head of any individual Lord of into consideration on Monday, which was the Council, should be put to the physi- agreed to. cians, and therefore it had been settled what questions should be proposed to Dec. 8. The House being met, them, and by whom, previously to their The Marquis of Stafford (Lord Privy having been called into the Board Room, Seal] rose and desired their lordships would and a minute of the whole examination permit him, in the absence of the Presi. bad been taken down in writing at the dent of the Council, to call their attention time. With the leave of their lordships, to the proceedings of their last meeting he would present a copy of the minute of relative to the melancholy situation of his the questions which had been put to the Majesty's health. The report of the exphysicians, and their answers; from which amination of the physicians before the their lordships would know authentically Privy Council had been submitted to their what was the state of his Majesty's health, investigation, and they were met to deand the opinion of his physicians as to the termine whether they could rest satisfied probability of his recovery
with that examination, or whether they The question having been put, that the would appoint a committee of their own minute be presented, it was ordered. The to re-examine them. For his own part, physicians examined were Dr. Warren, though his mind was perfectly made up sir George Baker, sir Lucas Pepys; Dr. on the subject, yet, as he understood Reynolds, and Dr. Addington. The first doubts bad been entertained of the proquestion to each of them respectively was, priety of their lordships receiving the re* Whether his Majesty's indisposition port from the Privy Council, he was wil. rendered him incapable of meeting his ling to take the sense of the House on parliament, and of attending to any sort that question, by moving that a Select of public business?" To this they an- Committee should be appointed to exswered, “ That certainly he was incapa- amine the two physicians who had been ble.” The second was, “What is your called to attend his Majesty since the opinion of the duration of his Majesty's former examination, and also to remalady, and of the probability of a cure?" examine those physicians who had come To this they answered, “ That there was before the Privy Council, and whose to a great probability of his recovery, but port was then before the House. that it was impossible to limit the time.” The Duke of Norfolk said, that he, The third question was, “ Do you give thought the report already made by the this opinion from the particular symptoms physicians concerning the melancholy of his Majesty's disorder, or from your state of his Majesty's health, which they
agreed in pronouncing to be such as tó | power for those dúties which his Majesty incapacitate him from exercising the was at this period unhappily incapable of duties of his situation, sufficient, as to the exercising.' mere point of information. It was ne- Lord Loughborough defended the una cessary, however, before their lordships doubted right of the House to refuse the could ground any motion on that report, report of any proof or examination taken that it should be authenticated either at before the privy council. It certainly the bar, or before a committee of their own was no evidence in the House of Peers. number.
He approved of the appointment of a The Marquis of Stafford trusted, that select committee in the present, instance, the House would agree with him in think. in preference to an examination at the ing, that the examination ought to be be-bar, as it was more decorous, and equally fore a committee, rather than at the bar agreeable to the usage of Parliament. of the House. It was a subject of such He could have wished, however, that the delicacy, that too much precaution could investigation had been carried on by the not be taken, nor too much decorum ob- joint co-operation of both Houses, for served in their proceedings, lest they which he found there was a precedent on should wound not only the feelings of the the Journals in the year 1671. Royal Family, but, he would add, the The Marquis of Stafford assured the feelings of a whole kingdom.
learned lord, that he had considered the The Earl of Derby said, that the ut- precedent alluded to, and that it was in most decorum ought undoubtedly to be contemplation to have followed it ; but he observed in the investigation of a subject feared that it would have been attended of so much delicacy. He, however, with inconvenience on account of the thought that the House could not receive number of the committee appointed by the report from the privy council in its the Commons, being so much greater than present shape, and that it was absolutely that of the Lords. He then moved, 1. necessary that they should re-examine the “ That a select committee be appointed physicians by a committee of their own, to examine the physicians who have at. before they could proceed to the conside-tended his Majesty during his illness, ration of it. It was the invariable practice touching the state of his Majesty's health, of their lordships, even in receiving a Bill and to report such examination to this from the other House, to call evidence de House. 2. That the said committee novo, to their own bar, because they never do consist of twenty-one Lords. 3. admitted as proof the examination of wit. That each peer do deliver in to the nesses taken elsewhere. In the present clerk a list of twenty-one Lords, signed case it was the more necessary, as the with his name, on the next sitting day of House ought to know what had been the the House.” Agreed to nem. diss. state of his Majesty's health since the former report was made.
Dec. 9. The House met to ballot for Lord Porchester could not admit the the said committee. The following is a idea of their lordships receiving a report list of the peers on whom the ballot fell : from the privy council in any shape. It the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord was the absolute and inherent right of Chancellor, Archbishop of York, Lord that House to insist upon and to demand President, Lord Privy Seal, dukes of such an examination before they could | Norfolk, Richmond, Chandos, and Portmove a single step in the business. With land, earls of Derby, Salisbury, Fitzwilrespect to the examination that had al- liam, Chatham, and Carlisle, viscounts ready taken place, it had gone much far- Stormont and Weymouth, lords Grantley, ther than, in his opinion, was necessary. Loughborough, Sydney, Osborne, (MarThe physicians had unanimously declared, quis of Carmarthen), and Kenyon. Nothat his Majesty was unfit for exercising tice was then given, that the physicians any of the functions of the executive go-attended, agreeably to their lordships' vernment. That circumstance alone was summons, and, upon motion, they were sufficient to enable the other two branches ordered to be called in, and sworn. : of the legislature to supply that deficiency. It was not necessary to enter at all into Dec. 11. The Report from the Comthe question of the probability of his Ma- mittee appointed to examine the physi. jesty's recovery. The present object was cians who have attended his Majesty 10 provide an effective and adequate during his illness, touching the state of (VOL. XXVII.] .
bis Majesty's health, was made by the lis from a blow, from excesses of any kind, Lord President; and, upon motion, was from sudden frights, from watching, froin read by the clerk, as follows:
too great attention to business, or any
1.sudden misfortune, the cure will be By the Lords' Committee, appointed to
brought about, in all probability, by an examine the physicians who have at
attention to what we judge to be the cause. tended his Majesty during his illness,
Have you taken such observation of his. touching the state of his Majesty's ma
Majesty's illness, as to trace it to any of health.
these causes ?-I have attended his MaOrdered to report,
jesty so short a time, I can only form a That the Committee have met, and guess, or hazard an opinion, from what I examined the several physicians who am told of his Majesty's mode of life ; were sworn for that purpose at your therefore, I would not have your lordlordships' bar; and the evidence given ships imagine I presume to give it as a posiby them before the said Committee was as tive opinion : but from a detail of his Mafollows:
jesty's mode of life for twenty-seven years,
| I should rather think that his Majesty's Dr. Francis Willis called in, and examined. Lindi
miedo indisposition has been brought about by You are desired to acquaint the Com-using very strong exercise, taking little mittee, whether the state of his Majesty's sustenance, watching, or want of sleep, liealth is such, as to render him incapable perhaps when his mind was upon the of coming in person to his Parliament, or stretch with very weighty affairs; and I of attending to any kind of public busi- am the more inclined to think I may guess ness ?--Certainly not capable.
riglrt, because the medicines that were to What are the hopes you entertain of meet with such causes, which were orderhis Majesty's recovery? -If it was any ed on Sunday last, have had the effect common person, I should scarce doubt of that I could wish. his recovery; I have great hopes of his Have any favourable symptoms of conMajesty's recovery; but I am afraid it valescence taken place since you attended? may be retarded by his recollection of his -His Majesty's nerves are less irritable, present indisposition.
which must precede convalescence. Can you form any judgment or pro. Do you regard that as a favourable bable conjecture of the duration of his symptom?-Yes. . Majesty's illness ?-I cannot ; either judg-1 Whether any actual cessation of the ment or conjecture.
disorder has obtained since you attended Is his Majesty's recovery more proba- the King ?-His Majesty is much calmer, ble or not?-A great deal more probable. eats and drinks, takes medicines, and goes * What degree of experience has Dr. to bed quietly. Willis had himself, or does he know Do you consider that, or any other others to have had, in this particular spe- symptoms you have observed, as a cessacies of disorder?--I have had a great deal tion of his disorder ?--As a partial, not a for twenty-eight or twenty-nine years. total cessation.
Have you considered this kind of dis- How long have you attended his Maorder under which the King labours as jesty ? -From Friday morning last, at liable to be classed under different spe- about ten or eleven o'clock. cies ? --In my answer to that, I am appre. How soon have patients under your hensive it would describe the sort of dis- | care, affected with a similar disorder, order more than your lordships would usually recovered?-If I am called in choose: his Majesty's disorder is attended within three months, from three months with symptoms of violence and acuteness.' to fifteen or eighteen months: sometimes Another species of this indisposition is at-, they recovered much sooner than three tended with lowness of spirits and despair; | months, two months, six weeks, or one the latter of which is the most difficult to / month : I have had some two years under be cured.
my care, and recovered afterwards. I Whether the disorder is 'not of a dif- cannot presume to form any opinion as to ferent species when it is occasioned by the time. external causes, or when it is not to be. What do you understand by recovery? traced back to such causes !--We must -To be perfectly well and fit for business judge of the species of a disorder by the in all respects, as he was before. symptoms : but when we know the cause Do you make any distinction betwixt
complete and temporary recovery?--As Dr. Warren to judge of his Majesty's complete a recovery as if it was from an disorder, he thinks it more probable that ague, fever, or cold, with proper attention his Majesty will or will not recover, so as to his mode of life.
to render him capable of public business? - In the course of your experience, has it I have no data sufficient to ground an happened that persons recovered by you answer upon this question. · have come a second time under your care? Whether there has been any cessation - They have: but I do not think that of his Majesty's disorder since you atthey are more likely to relapse into such tended him?-No. an indisposition, than any one is into a Are there any signs of a returning un'violent fever.
derstanding ?-No. Whether, when you have sent a person Since you was examined last at the out as cured, and that person returns privy council, have there been any more under your care again, you consider that favourable symptoms of his Majesty's as' a new disorder, or a relapse ?mIf a recovery?- There are no symptoms of long time intervenes, I consider it as a this disorder, but the single one of want new disorder.
of understanding. The words and the What do you call a long time!-- Three actions of persons under this disorder are or four years.
accidental, and depend upon the difference · Whether short of that, you look upon it of the persons themselves. A man that as a relapse or a cure? If it was within a has a variety of ideas will talk and act year, I should call it a relapse.
very differently from one who has fewer Within what time, as near as you can ideas, or has led a different course of life: recollect, the majority of patients dis his words and actions will be determined missed by you as cured, whom you say by the peculiarity of the man, and not by have returned again under your care, have the distemper. Under this explanation returned !--I have had them return from the symptoms are more favourable. one to eighteen years, but cannot speak | Is the probability of his Majesty's reas to majorities.
covery of his understanding varied or Dr. Richard Warren called in, and exa
affected any way by the actual duration
of his illness ? — The probability of cure mined.
diminishes as the time of the disorder You are desired to acquaint this Com-lengthens. mittee, whether the state of his Majesty's as this disorder continued so long, as health is such as to render him incapable to enable you from thence, to pronounce of coming to his Parliament, or of attend- upon the probability of his recovery?-No. ing to any kind of public business ?-In- How long have you attended his Ma. capable.
jesty ?-I saw him first on the 7th of What are the hopes you entertain of November.' his Majesty's recovery? - The hopes must Whether there has been any difference be determineil by the probability of cure, of opinion amongst the physicians, as to and that can be judged of only by what the nature of the case ? - It has been the bas happened to others, by which I find custom of his Majesty physicians, from that the majority of those who have been the day that I went first to Windsor, to disordered in a manner similar to his put down in writing a description of the Majesty, have recovered: but I do not state of his Majesty's health every evenmean by the word “ similar," his Majesty's ing, and for each of them to sign the particular disorder, but that disorder in paper; by which it will appear that there general.
never was any difference of opinion among Can you infer from thence, that it is the physicians, with respect to the case as more probable that his Majesty will or it is put. This was continued daily till will not recover? - That it is more pro- his Majesty came to Kew. bable that he will recover. .. . Does Dr. Warren apply this to the
Sir George Baker called in, and examined. particular case of his Majesty, or to cases You are desired to acquaint this Comin general ?-To cases in general. s . mittee, whether the state of his Majesty's
Can you form any judgment, or pro health is such as to render him incapable bable conjecture, of the duration of his of coming in person to his Parliament, or Majesty's illness ! No.
of attending to any kind of public busiWhether, so far as experience enables ness ! _ The state of his Majesty's health