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of electricity and magnetism. These are the is so deeply involved, is labouring under an (of zeal, but to a defect in English education, advantages that spring from intercourse, and obscurity which we have no means to dispel, which it was, perhaps, the business of the Loo. these the triumphs in which congenial spirits we may attempt at least to canvass the autho-don University to amend, -I mean the ignoglory!
rity by which he supports his opinion. The rance of foreign languages, which prevails both In recalling the hostile accusations and de- names of Sir Humphry Davy and of Mr. in England and in France. Since the Latin fences which at the period we are describing Herschel are of course of the highest authority; has ceased, very happily in many respects, to vexed the minds of every well-wisher to our but it would appear rather strange that any one be the common medium of intercourse of the literature, we cannot omit Mr. N. H. Nicolas's should attempt to couple those names with a learned in every country, the scientific interfierce attack upon the State Paper Office, and complaint of a decay of science. This sounds course between different nations bas become the commissioners engaged in arranging our pretty much as if, when speaking of Wellington cramped by the necessity of learning many historical documents, &c. &c. These charges, and Nelson, one would argue on the inferiority foreign languages ; at least three or four are with Mr. Palgrave's vindications, we will not, of the British army and navy."
indispensably necessary. In this respect the however, farther rescue from the obscurity into Again, upon another interesting point : natives of England labour under great difi. which a rapid succession of important political “ The praise given by Mr. Herschel to the culties. The difference of pronunciation of events has thrown them ; and we simply men. Annales de Chimie et de Physique, is un- the English language from all those spoken on tion them here, to shew that we so justly merit doubtedly well deserved ; and many of the the continent, renders the task of learning a the reproach contained in the concluding para. reports on scientific matters coming before the foreign tongue particularly troublesome to an graph of our last quotation, as to have had (in- French Institute, are certainly master-pieces in Englishman; nor does he generally find in the dependently of lesser squabbles) at least three their kind. Still, it may be justly doubted, public schools and academies of his own country regular sets-to within a few months. But we whether even-handed justice always presides at many opportunities of receiving, in this respect, return to our author, who says :
the redaction of French journals. It has long regular and solid instruction. The consequence “ An English mathematician of the first been a favourite maxim with French savans - is, that few Englishmen learn enough of a order, one of those on whom his country might Nul n'aura de l'esprit, hors nous et nos amis. foreign language to enable them to converse look with confidence as a strong supporter of Those who resided long in Paris, and know how freely with the natives, and to read, without her scientific fame, a professor in an English scientific matters are managed there, cannot great exertion, the writings of continental university, informs the public that England doubt for a second, that if persons like Sir authors. There are countries in Europe where has been foiled in the general struggle for James South and Mr. Herschel were to arise no young men could think of studying medi. scientific renown; that whilst science is in a from the seats of the French Institute, but cine, mathematics, or natural science, with the prosperous state in foreign countries, it is ac- that matters would be brought to light scarcely help of Latin only, and without being pretually declining in England. Satisfied with less unpleasant than those which now so un- pared, before entering the university, with a this assertion, at which many are startled, he fortunately divide the Royal Society of Lon. sufficient knowledge of German, English, and does not seem over-anxious for the proof of his don. Mr. Herschel deals harshly with the French. Many, indeed, are masters enough of proposition, but shews a great inclination to scientific publications of his own country. It Italian to read with ease and pleasure any take it for granted, that England is actually must not be forgotten that France, with her scientific book in that language, whilst I have far behind her more fortunate rivals. A per- thirty-two millions of inhabitants, has but known others attain a tolerable degree of proson, certainly of the highest scientific authority, readers for one single philosophic journal, ticiency in the Danish, Swedish, or Spanish ; came to the sad conclusion, that there cannot which of course has the choice of all the papers but in England, the number of those who be apprehended much doubt as to the fact of which are offered. The twenty-three millions acquire a smattering of French is very small, the decline of science in England;' and Mr. of inhabitants of England furnish a sufficient and still smaller is the number of those who Babbage never seems to question for a moment quantity of readers for a far greater number of know enough of German to read a book in that the correctness of an assertion, made perhaps philosophic quarterly and monthly publications; language without considerable trouble. Another in an hour of spleen and dissatisfaction, but and I will venture to affirm, against Mr. Her- cause of the ignorance of foreign scientific la. unsupported by proof. Rather than compare schel, that many of the numbers of the Quiar- bours, is the high price in England of foreiga the relative state of science in England and terly and Edinburgh Journals, the Philoso- books, in consequence of an importation duly. other countries, and thus to examine the truth phical Magazine, and Professor Jameson's This real and intolerable impediment lo the of the general proposition, Mr. Babbage prefers Journal, contain articles as well written and diffusion of knowledge exists, though not in to point out the causes of this disgraceful event, as interesting as those which fill the pages of the same degree, in other countries; despotic and to suggest the remedies likely, in his opi- Messrs. Arago's and Gay Lussac's publication. Russia, however, is said to be free from it. nion, to effect its cure. But before we can If Mr. Herschel and some of his friends have England may, perhaps, expect from its present follow Mr. Babbage in his long list of com- such a poor opinion of the English scientific chancellor, who likes to see the schoolmaster plaints, we must pause a moment in the con-journals, a different judgment is entertained abroad,' the radical reform of so glaring as sideration of the assertion, that science is abroad, as is well proved by the eagerness with abuse." declining in England.' This harsh sentence, which the German journalists seize upon every The annexed contrast with one of the most however, admits of several interpretations, article issuing from the presses of their British enlightened nations in Europe is favourable to and Mr. Babbage has not informed us which is colleagues. The value which is set in Ger. England. that which he adopts. Is it his opinion that many upon the scientific pursuits of the En. « In France it seemed a constant rule, that science is stationary in England, whilst it is glish, the rapidity with which translations are no one could usefully and practically apply making rapid strides on the continent ?-or made in Germany of whatever English philo- mathematical science, unless he ascended first does he wish to give to understand, that really sophers of some reputation publish, shews not from · Euclid's Elements,' for these were a retrograde motion takes place in England; abundantly that in that country at least, in long forgotten, but from some modern eleand that, although, upon the whole, science is docta Germania, a far greater value is set upon mentary book on geometry and algebra, to the more widely diffused at present in England the productions of English science than is done summit of analytical science. Once arrived than formerly, there is a lack of scientific men by Mr. Herschel and his friends."
there, he might, if he pleased, descend, and of the first eminence able to be put upon a par The following reasons why the knowledge of take by the way such applications of science as with the most renowned foreigners ? Árforeign science and discoveries finds its way so he thought fit; but, accustomed to the pure Babbage must excuse me for believing that it slowly to England are very true, but they are air and bright sky of these higher regions, it is not sufficient thus confidently to assert the not creditable to our zeal nor to our financial was scarcely to be expected that he would come inferiority of his own country; he ought, in liberality.
down to what was considered of infinitely less my opinion at least, to have pointed out dis. “We have no reason to doubt Mr. Herschel's value. The consequence of this state of things tinctly where that inferiority
exists. Are only assertion, that in England whole branches of has been, that the calculus has been applied to some branches of science affected, or does it continental discoveries are unstudied, and, the solutions of problems for which the Elespread widely over all the departments of hu. indeed, almost unknown even by name,' if he ments of Euclid would have been quite suffiman knowledge ? It may be, that England means that continental scientific researches are cient. No question of optics, astronomy, er should be found deficient in some particular not so rapidly known in England, as English mechanics, could be treated without calling in instance ; whilst in others, perhaps, it far discoveries are in Germany and some other the intervention of the integral calculus; I surpasses other nations. The scale of merit countries ; but the same may be affirmed of bridge was built without its assistance ; and ought to be carefully. handled, to determine France, where whatever is done in Germany even sometimes no two thermometers were with accuracy to which side the balance is and elsewhere is slowly penetrating, and even compared without some pages of analysis. Meleaning. But if the real meaning of Mr. Bab- sometimes excluded. This ignorance, however, chanics, in particular, do not seem accessible, bage on a question in wbich the national honour lof foreigu science cannot be attributed to want according to the tenets of the French school, to
any man not well versed in sublime analysis ; for him, he has not his peer in Leith; and we santry, as he drew the Irish, evidently from and when French authors condescend to give question if even the Modern Athens could pro-life, but imbued deeply with the bitterness and some elementary notions on that subject, it is duce as good a songster.
gloom of his own mind: vigorous paintings, generally done in so unsatisfactory a manner, We will quote the first, at a venture. such as we might imagine Hogarth outlined, that it would appear that it was only intended
" Mary's Bower.
and Rembrandt coloured; wanting, it is true, to shew the utmost contempt for the illiterate The mavis sings on Mary's bower,
the humour of the one, and the grandeur of readers for whom such explanations could be The lav'rock in the sky;
An'a' is fair round Mary's bower,
the other, but with much of the nature and the useful. Thas many branches of applied mathe
An' a' aboon is joy!
force. In his Irish stories he was fortunate; matics became inaccessible, and were left un. But sad's the gloom in Mary's bower,
the ground was untrodden, and the imagina. studied by many who most stood in need of
Though a' without be gay;
tion of his readers sufficiently excited by well. them; and I humbly submit that this method
Nae smile to glad the day.
authenticated facts of misery and outrage to has had a most pernicious effect in France. Her lover left young Mary's bower,
allow of considerable exaggeration—especially Hence it arises that many have acquired a pro
His ship has crossd the main;
when great talent, which no one can deny found knowledge of the higher branches of
There's waefu' news in Mary's bower-
him, threw over all the interest of romance. mathematics — that a greater number became A breaking heart's in Mary's bower,
It is in these delineations (even admitting more or less versed in the fluxionary calculus
A wasting form is there;
much of occasional coarseness) that Mr. Ba. whilst the more elementary papt of mathe
The rose that cheek sae fair.
nim's great and peculiar merits lie. For inmatics, which serves for every day's use, which
The mavis flees frae Mary's bower,
tense and horrible interest, the story of the leads to the most useful applications, is far less The lav'rock quits the sky,
Nowlans, and for natural pathos, that of John diffused in France than in England. In the
An' simmer sighs o'er Mary's bower,
Doe, are quite unequalled in their line. When former country, elementary geometry, algebra, The snaw fa's white on Mary's bower,
he gets into middle or higher life, his genius trigonometry, are not considered as important The tempests loudly rave
deserts him; his “gentlemen and ladies” are in themselves, and as things fit for immediate
The flowers that bloom'd round Mary's bower
equally unnatural and absurd; and his hero is application, but only as the necessary steps by which we may arrive at the higher depart of another have more of poetry.
This is pretty, and song-like: a few verses just a vulgar profligate. The present work,
the Smuggler, has both the merits and the ments of analytical science. In England no
" I loved as none have ever loved,
faults of the author of the O'Hara Tales: the one has rendered himself master of the common
Whate'er their love night be,
story is incoherent and improbable—the higher rules of arithmetic but he thinks of turning Else would not parting with her wrung range of characters, caricatures_while crime his knowledge to some account ; and, aided by
Such bitter pangs from me.
and misery are carried to their utmost of atrothat ingenuity, of which Englishmen seem to I dream my time away;
city. The use of horrors to a writer is like possess a greater share than other nations, his 'Tis idle as my early dreams,
But, ah! 'tis not so gay.
that of rouge to a woman—" the custom grows scanty stock of information will often help him
If aught of pleasure yet is mine
upon us;" the rose-pink is gradually deepened to some useful discovery, or some ingenious A pleasure mixed with pain
into carmine, and the horror which first made mechanical contrivance, at which the French 'Tis pond'ring on the days gone by,
you shudder, at last makes you sick. While man, encumbered with the artillery of his which ne'er can come again!
on the subject of faults, we cannot but protest
When she, all lovely as she's still, mathematical learning, could never arrive."
Blushed when I call'd her fair,
against the revolting colours in which the En. Our limits do not permit us to follow the And, if she never bade me hope, intelligent author through his other arguments:
She ne'er bade me despair.
glish peasantry are depicted ; such a set of
thieves and prostitutes were never before col. in some he clearly confutes assertions too
For thee, dear maid, I fondly sigh'd,
lected together. We must also protest against hastily hazarded by our English writers- but Since Fate has sworn in solemn words,
the kind of covert cloak of interest thrown by grumbling is an English constitutional privi.
Thou never canst be mine!
Mr. Banim around smuggling ; both his heroes lege; - and in others he contends very success. Thougli hope ne'er mingles there;
make brief trips in the “ Miss Molly," and fully against the principles put forward. On A wilder passion sways me now
the smuggler is as respectable a middle-aged the subject of encouragement by means of
"Tis love join'd to despair.
shopkeeper as could be found from Hyde Park rewards and distinctions, he is particularly
Farewell, a world whose gayest scenes
Corner to Temple Bar. Vitiating the mind by adverse to the idea of science or literature being I'd hate it's smile, did I not think
constant deception and frequent excess, conpromoted by pensions or honours: upon this
It may give joy to thee.
fusing that sense of right whose very instinct
But, if thou ever lov'dst like me, we differ from him, --- and we think that his
No joy will light thine eye,
is a virtue, the contraband trade has the most conclusions, drawn from individual cases, have Save transient gleams, like wintry suns, powerfully demoralising influence. We do not po weight upon the bearings of the question as
Short glancing in the sky."
marvel, we can only excuse the poor and the applied to the general mass. Although ten of “ The first Rose of Summer" is, we observe, ignorant yielding at once to want and temptathe most eminent scholars and men of science in this collection; but as it is well known, we tion; but we do wonder at those in a class might rather reflect upon, than derive lustre shall conclude with another example. above them, for whose very benefit these laws from, a riband or a star; the ambition to earn
“ O, my Love, Night is come.
are made, ever giving the worse than sanction, either would be a stimulus to thousands. O, my love, night is come, the soft night is come, the delusion of their example - people who, But we must now conclude, by referring our The bright flaming sun, with the daylight, hath gone
for some paltry gratification of lace, silk, or readers to the pamphlet itself: it is enough for To his palace of ocean, love, far, far away,
gloves, encourage courses, the danger of which us to deprecate unseemly jealousies and quar- o, night, my love! night, to a lover is dear, rels among our distinguished contemporaries, Then, haste to thy lattice, love, quickly appear
When the wind is all hushed and the moon in the sky: conscience by making it a question of personal
is their least evil, and equivocate with their and suggest how much more honourable it is, With the smile on thy cheek and the glance in thine eye. injury, and saying, “Oh, the king will never to elevate than to depreciate the genius of our 0, my love, ever gay is the clear noon of day, miss it!" True enough the king will never country and countrymen.
With the bird's happy song and the bloom of the rose;
miss it; but the industrious and honest trades.
All still as the green leaves on which they repose. man, perhaps in the very next street, will; for Original Songs. By Robert Gilfillan. 12mo. Yet night, my love, night! 0! 'tis dearer to me,
Though the flowers are in tears, that the sun does not his just sale and his fair profit. We ought to
it is that very tradesman you are defrauding of pp. 152. Edinburgh, 1831, Anderson, jun.; London, Whittaker and Co.; Leith, Burnet. For thou art the flow'ret I ever would see,
apologise for this digression; but as many of To publish a volume of songs is the least aus And the music I'd hear is that sweet voice of thine !" our moral defalcations originate in carelessness picious way in which a poet can appeal to the From these quotations it will be seen that, rather than premeditated wrong, and as we public. Wanting the auxiliary and potent aid though neither very powerful, very original, nor have known the contraband trade encouraged of music, the lyrist has not only to fight single- very touching, Mr. Gilfillan has made a plea- by purchases, made in some instances we hope handed, but the very effect of his numbers (we sant use of the familiar elements of Scottish from thoughtlessness, it may be' as well to mean the number of his compositions) is against song, and produced a volume much to the cre- remind the heedless buyer of the absolute and him. A hundred of the best songs ever written dit of his muse.
selfish dishonesty of such conduct. would tire if read in succession; and Mr. Gil.
But to return to the story. We have to fillan, the gifted Gilbillan of Leith, has ex. The Smuggler ; a Tale. By the Author of make our third and last objection to Mr. Ba. posed himself to this unfavourable ordeal. “ Tales by the O'Hara Family," " the De- nim's style of narration : he takes some ex. In spite of it, however, we are free to say,
&c. 3 vols. 12mo. London, treme case of hardship, and most unlucky conthat, though to speak of Burns in the same 1831. Colburn and Bentley.
currence of misfortune, and sets forth that case breath is very injudicious, he has acquitted In the volumes before us, Mr. Banim has en-as the sample brick of the whole. The prin. himself with much talent. 'We will be bound tered a new field, and drawn the English pea- cipal incidents (for we must use the plural) of
this tale turn on the fact that the parochial covered from the shot, which was a mere looked round her, stooped her head forward to laws oblige
nothing to talk about, and none of Fred's busi. Mr. Linnock, and ended in a whisper—' of “ The maid whose folly could confide
ness into the bargain ; and so they forgave Fred you be talking ?' Of Fred, and no In him who made her not his bride," him the swinging, and sent him to Van's land other, my old girl: he was seen at t'other side to identify the father of the child. On this for fourteen years ; and that's why Martha of the briny, this morning. In France, sir?' Mr. Banim has erected a superstructure of Huggett has no demur to lend a hand, now and continued Martha, clasping her hands. In oppression, misery, and cruelty, that would then, to t'other trade, sir.' ' And I don't France, at Boulogne-and master-mate had a rather astonish any country magistrate. We wonder, if she loved poor Fred.' • Loved him word with him; and Fred only asks you, now, must, even in a fiction, protest against the better than her own eyes, and he her the same; to cross a short sea to him-you and old mother treatment his beroine meets with at his hands, they were to have been married the very day together; and there you three can live as safe, -and she would have met with it at the hands he sailed, sir; and 'tis for love to him that and grow as rich, as archbishops, every one of no other human being; for the picture is as Martha has refused many a good offer sinco, doing a hand's turn, now and then, for an old exaggerated as it is coarse. But certainly Mr. and never goes for a walk with our boys, like friend the Miss Molly. I shouldn't be down. Banim is the first writer who ever thought other girls of her age; and I'm mistaken if right glad to lose you for good, at both sides o’ of sending a heroine in such a situation from she don't be off after him some day, and soon ; the water, Martha, my maiden.' The sagacity
, parish to parish for a settlement. only waiting to grow richer, I fancy.' *Very and laudable attention to his own interests
, of And now to the merits of the tale, which has disinterested of her not to weigh the odium of Mr. Linnock, were slightly discernible througlı all its author's old power of graphic delinea- marrying him against her preference for him.' the good-feeling and philanthropy of this little tion. The reality with which he invests some Odium ? as how, Mr. Mutford ?' Why, he speech. • Poor Fred, poor lad!' said Martha ; of his scenes is that of life; his peasants and is a transported convict.! “To be sure, as they and so, you be in France, so' near me ; and smugglers are all identical individuals, and call it, so he is; but, bless you, sir, we see no what a many precious troubles you must have brought out into stronger relief by such non- odium in that, here on the coast, when it comes had the heart to face and overcome, to get entities as the Lady Ellens, Mr. Snows, or the only of our lawful business. Had Fred robbed there. In France to-night!' she repeated, raving fool, his hero. His sketch of Martha or cheated, or committed any one crime, why turning her head in the direction of the sea. Huggett is worth them all : we shall endeavour then 'twould be another thing, you know; but I didn't say that,' rejoined Mr. Linnock, to extract the outline of her history, as the it isn't his fault, is it, if people will punish She turned her head round again, quickly, and most creditable person we can introduce to our him, just as if he had.''
asking, in a long-drawn manner. No?'-her readers: we own it is, however, difficult to give We add the finale: our old acquaintance, eyes, glittering in the moonlight, again were an idea in our limits of the mingled activity, the smuggler, is still speaking.
fixed on Linnock. No, Marcha; not down. propriety, and shrewdness, which, in an evident " • And now, Mr. Mutford, tired as you right: he may have stolen over to.night, for connexion with the smugglers, has attracted are, you'll excuse me telling Martha two words what I know.' . But don't you know, sir ?' towards her the hero's attention. The con- that she ought to hear; I may have no better • Why, I be blessed, Martha, but if you do proversation is alluding to a secret passage from opportunity, 'tis such a busy night, in doors, mise 'Oh, nons'ns, now, sir, nons'ns,' she the smuggler's house.
sir, and not expected so soon.' “A run-in, stood up and leaned on him, for she trembled “ It is not confided to a great many, Mr. to-night, again, Mr. Linnork?' asked the at- more than ever, you know you've no call to Mutford ; along with my wife and daughters, tentive and business-like Martha. • I.be be afeard of me, in regard of all that; and so, and my brothers, there is but one friend of blessed, ay, old girl
, and, as you know, we do, Mr. Linnock, pray, pray do, sir. Stop a t'other trade could find out that flower-bed in didn't reckon on it for a night or two.' And bit, then-'Mr. Linnock whistled. Young the garden for you.' Martha Huggett ?' 'You all safe, sir?' • All in the very house, Mar- Fred jumped over a fence, dear to them, and have a guess, sir.' • She must be paid well for tha; and so, Mr. Mutford, we be as busy and came on slowly enough, to Martha, his head her fidelity and general good services.' • Why, as merry within as folk can well be-just what falling down, and his left hand in his trousers' yes ; but as much out of liking as to bribe her, I told you ; with other matters tuo to keep us pocket. Martha, after a little start, parted and the little girl would be true if she gained alive; but we shall speak of them presently: from Mr. Linnock, and, in her turn, advanced less — 'tis in her ; I call her a downright good and, Martha, 'tisn't that news, alone, I have for in a regulated pace, though not quite so delibeun, Mr. Mutford; besides, she has her own you, old girl; but, harkee-and never mind rately, to meet him half-way. It did seem, reasons for doing her best for t'other trade : Vr. Mutford; he and I have chatted about you, indeed, that Mr. Linnock's fears and remonshe loves none that don't love it.' Pray tell afore now_harkee, Martha, there's news from strances were thrown away: notwithstanding me her reasons. With all my heart; but beyond there, too.' • Another letter, Mr. Lin. her evidently strong and sincere attachment, take a chair, sir; and as I keep you from sup- nock?' No, Martha : guess again.' 'I and the unexpected joy she must have expe per below — He did not end the sentence in baʼant got no other guess to make, sir,' an- rienced, Mutford only observed that her eyes words, contenting himself with extracting a swered Martha, her voice faltering. Did no- suddenly filled with tears, and that a spasmodie bottle of champagne from a cupboard, laying body never write you word, Martha, when you smile worked her features. They came close glasses, untwisting the wire, nicking the cord, wrote to him of going to see him, that, it he to one another, each bolding out the right touching the cork, and helping me to a glass ; could, he would hinder you ; and that, in spite hand, and Fred, looking ashamed of his, al. and when he had pledged me in another, Mr. of all the great 'uns and all the sharp 'uns, though his face denoted deep-felt pleasure
. Linnock continued, · Little Martha, you see, where there's a will, there's a way, my maid ?' Their hands joined, and Martha said, . Be it sir, kept company, ever since she was a girl of Bless my heart, Mr. Linnock! what is it you, Fred? And Fred answered, Ay, old fourteen, with a young man of the village, an as you do mean?' questioned Martha, sitting girl, it be. And such was the scene of a rehonest respectable lad, and one I liked; and I unconsciously, sinking, indeed, upon a large meeting, under the known circumstances, lie will say for him, as clever a hand on the shin- stone which was behind her, and taking off her tween two real English lovers of humble de gles of a dark night, and plenty of work to do, little bonnet, and holding it on her knees, in gree. Martha, indeed, improved it a little. as ever I had in pay. Well
, sir, the Miss the same absent manner, while her hands shook, upon second thought. While they still held Molly, was seen too near shore one evening, and her lips trembled, and her eyes were fixed each other's right-hand, she put up her left 10 and though she got off clear,--as has always on her patron. Don't you go for to make any her eyes, and, with the knuckles of it, scooped been her fortune, I thank Providence,—there great things of a bit of a fuss, now, Martha, for out the tears that, to her great shame, could was a bit of a row between some men-o'-war's your own sake, and for another body's sake, make way throngh her closed lids; and in this men and a few of our lads, and Fred fetched and you shall soon know what I mean,' con- midst of this occupation, she, all of a sudden, one of the blue-jackets what I call rather a tinued Mr. Linnock : hollaring out in this Aung down her left band, opened her er nasty knuckle somewhere between the eyes ; place, and this night, in particular, or swound- wide, stretched forward her neck to Free, and they had him up for it, and the judge said ing, or such like, wouldn't be the way to keep pouted out her lips, and kissed his lips so he ought to be hanged, because, d'you see, sir, him safe from the knowledge of one body 1 snatchingly and energetically, that he stagvered another man-o'-war's man happened to have don't much like as should be able to tell any back a pace, quite taken off his guard. “There, been shot at.' And as the judge is generally thing about him; and that one body I mean is said Mr. Linnock, there, that will do: sci a good opinion in these cases,' I said, hanged Sam Geeson, who is not turning out a fore- now, .my maiden-- Mr. Linnock ! interMaster Fred was, I presume? Why no, right good ’un, as you shall hear of, too; and rupted Martha, ' his life be in danger in Euz: sir, not out-an-out. Interest was made, and an so, my maiden - * Mr. Linnock,' inter- land to-night! Not if you go by what 11 excellent character - not better than he de rupted Martha, hollaring out, or swounder. tell you,' replied Mr. Linnock : take kura, served-given of Fred ; and the Irishman-ing, be not my way, when to bave one's mind you know where, for a few hours, and beyond these rough-an’-ready chaps on the coast be about one would be a better way; but won't ready, then, to run across to France, old this almost all Paddies, Mr. Mutford — he re. you tell me, sir, in one word, is it of_' she ther and you, as I said before, wish him, sod
the thing is done, just as you heard me say it ought to be read without any such belp by think that he lived in the reign of Tiberius,
every well.educated medical man, is a ques. or perhaps, being born in his reign, he might Never did any person look so resolutely to tionable service. If persons belonging to the have prolonged his life to the time of Trajan.” the darkest side of every thing as Mr. Banim. learned professions will not labour to acquire “ Quemadmodum notante Cornario in dedi. The following little passage will do as well for the knowledge necessary to them, we fear that cat. Marcelli, in plerisque Hippocratem exan example of spleen as any of its numerous facilities will only tend to make empirics; and pressit, ut integras sententiarum periodos ex companions.
that those who take Celsus as it were at second ipso descriptas subinde in eo videas; imo tota “ And what an unjoyous, solid, rude, suffo- hand, will be very much disposed to take every capita nihil aliud quam Hippocratis sententias cating, deafening, head-ache giving thing a fair thing else in the same fashion. The conse- ad verbum reddunt.” in the country is :-(let me just except Green-quence must be, very superficial instead of very “ In the same manner Cornarius remarked wich fair, if Greenwich be in the country- or solid attainments.
in his dedication to Marcellus, that he imitated rather the accidental adjunct of the noble old The preface says, inelegantly enough: “The Hippocrates for the most part so close, that park, and the freaks it irresistibly inspires). great responsibility accruing on undertaking a sometimes you may see whole periods of sen. The street of the little village stuffed with work of so much labour rendered it a duty in- tences described by the one, transcribed by the people who will walk over you if you do not cumbent on me to be in possession of every other; nay, whole chapters which relate no. push them about as they do you ; girls scram- edition that I could possibly procure, particu- thing else than the opinions of Hippocrates bling on by themselves, and men and lads by larly those cum notis variorum. My principal verbatim." themselves; and no one laughing, nor yet object in this was to present the reader with Subjungit Polyhistor Italus : “Ad nos tansmiling, but on the contrary, the greater num- the most approved text of the various editors, tum ejus medicina pervenit oratorio more conber either half-scowling at one another, or else from Cæsarius in the year 1528, to that of scripta.' looking nervously shy of having it appear that Targa's in 1769, since which no one has at. “A work entitled Polyhistor Italus subjoins they are such fools as to allow themselves to be tempted any alterations in the text of Celsus ; this notice of him: His work on medicine, pleased. Peep into one of the inns, of which and I believe for the best of all reasons, since written in an oratorical style, has only reached all the lower rooms are flung open to genteelish the unwearied perseverance of Targa, united us. company, among the rows of happy creatures to the most profound learning and great critical “ Maximèque medicum ejus chirurgica prositting on forms by the walls, drinking porter, acumen, left nothing to be done by future edi. bant, quæ Gesneri in Catalogo Chirurgorum or ale, or brandy and hot water, and nearly all tors. For this reason I have strictly adhered sententia, veterum solus Latinè scripsit, ut verè look discontented still ; — peep into a dancing to the text of Targa.
ipsum inter chirurgos reponat doctissimus Sepbooth, as you pass by, and you will see, perhaps, Mr. Lee continues: “ There are three things talius. Tanta verò id fide peregit,” &c. a dozen girls, exerting themselves to the utmost of the utmost importance in translating from “ His chirurgical works certainly prove him in a work-and-labour way, for the edification of one language to another; the first is to com- to have been a physician, which, in the opinion three or four bumpkins, who walk from side to prehend the original ; the second is to convey of Gesner in his Catalogue of Surgeons, he side among them with very disdainful faces, those sentiments [query, what sentiments ?] alone of the ancients ote in Latin. The and now and then lift up their legs, and let intelligibly to others; and the third is, to write very learned Septalius also places him among them down again, one after another, as if they them with precision, fidelity, and elegance, if surgeons; which art he practised with so much were plodding over a stubble-field, or at best possible. This is the order of Nature, whose skill," &c. turning the tread-mill at slow time. And how minister and interpreter is man."
“Quam elegantissimis verbis Cælius Rho. I abhor that smock frock into the bargain! the Our author is sorely puzzled about the “ele-diginus Antiq. Lect. lib. xxvi. cap. 3, insi. most unpicturesque, unmanly, unlovely, sheep-gance" if possible, and truly it seems 'as if a nuavit : A Cornelio Celso versuram faciunt faced piece of costume in the world. 'Ay, and terror had haunted him, and he had felt that multi. Verùm citra illius sententiam nihil the close-laced bumpkin buskins, too, which, elegance was impossible to him. “ I have en- fermè promunt; perinde ac verba sint veterum from constant pressure, impoverish the most deavoured (he repeats), to render a close inter- sacrorurn, quæ demutasse piaculare Aagitium considerable muscles of the leg, and leave an pretation of the author, and have used my best planè censeri debeat, quodque hostiis majoribus English peasant the worst-limbed peasant Iefforts to infuse the genius and spirit of his procures.' have yet seen."
style, with as much fidelity as the sententious “ Cælius Rhodiginus has exclaimed, in the Some old poet says,
brevity of this elegant classic would allow. most forcible language, that many depredations
Therefore, under such conditions, I did not have been committed on the fame of Cornelius That cast their colour on all things they see;" even dare to use a freedom of language, far less Celsus; but, with the exception of promulgatand Mr. Banim's must be like night elegance of style.
Celsus is always ing his opinions to the world, they have elicited “ Flinging a shadowy darkness over all." quoted by the most eminent physicians as a nothing of their own : they have mangled or But, we are bound to add, if there be some- model of propriety, ease, and elegance. Cel. sophisticated those sacred records, which crime thing of exaggeration, there is also much of sus also wrote a Treatise on Military 'Tactics, ought to be deemed a sacrilege, and should be truth; and, to say nothing of the life and inte- another on Agriculture ; but commentators are expiated by retributive atonement proportioned rest thrown into scenes, which are attractive as unanimous in their opinions that his medical to the deed.” mere amusement, there is what may well call for writings are the most perfect.”
“ Verùm, ne nimiis laudibus veriùs is onere, serious attention in these pages. Though as
Celsus was thus an elegant writer, even tur, quàm ornetur, quem mortalium nemo rectè suming a fictitious shape, the materials of this though his being Doctor Celsus is doubtful; as vituperavit.” work are taken from actual existence; and let Mr. Lee is certainly a surgeon, without there “But lest we should overrate his excellencies, those who have the power of amelioration look being the least question that he is not an ele- in our zeal to display his genius, which no one to it. The poet was, indeed, wrong when he gant writer. He is, however, an industrious has blamed with propriety." talked of
one, and this book is a striking proof of his And lest we should exceed our readers' pa“ The short and simple annals of the poor.”
possessing that quality. A few passages which tience, we here close our ungracious office.
we have pitched upon in the first dozen pages Such relations are equally intricate and import- will shew that industry alone will not consti. Six Skeiches of Mademoiselle Taglioni, in the ant; and those who are placed above the class tute a good translator.
Characters in which she has appeared during “ Where hunger swallows all in one low want," “ Volaterranus etiam meminit in Anthropo. the present Season. Drawn from the Life can never be too often reminded of the heavy logia, lib. xiv. Celsi cujusdam, qui philosophiæ by A. E. Chalon, R.A. Drawn on stone by responsibility which rests upon them—they Stoicæ sectator, Origenis erat adversarius, ma R. J. Lane, A.R.A. London. Dickinson. owe to their God an account of their fellow- giæ scientia notus, cui Lucianus Pseudo-Man- We have here the sylph-like form of this popu. tem inscripsit.”
lar dancer, as Flore, la Tyrolienne, la Napoli
Thus rendered : 6 Volaterranus likewise taine, la Bayadere, la Nayade, and simply as Celsus, in Latin and English ; with the Order takes notice of a Celsus in his Anthropologia, Marie Taglioni dropping one of her most gra
of Construction. By Alex. Lee, A.M. Sur- lib. xiv., who was a follower of the Stoic phi. cious and graceful curtsies to an applanding geon. Vol. I. 8vo. pp. 317. London, 1831. losopher, and an adversary of Origen, a noted theatre. The figures are perfectly characterCox.
magician, to whom Lucianus gave the name of istic, and Mr. Chalon has evinced his usual This is a translation from Targa's edition of the Lying-Prophet.”
spirit in their execution (the right arm of the Celsus, well intended for the benefit of medical " Major tamen eruditorum pars sub Tiberio Bayadere being, however, an exception); nor students, but we cannot justly say either well vixisse, vel forte ipso imperante natuin usqne has the charming touch of Nir. Lane, in transrendered into English, or judiciously edited. ad Trajani tempora vitam produxisse censet." ferring the originals to the stone, failed to imTo furnish the ordo verborum of an author who “ Yet the greater number of the learned | part another beauty to these performances. It
* Tis our own eyes
16 'If any
Than the dash of the oar or the tune of the rill!
puzzles us, critically, to say in which of her that he defend and protect widows, orphans, these powers may be responsible to the people shapes we like the fair lady best. She is very and strangers ; that he forbid robbery, and un- for their proper use, and the joint consent of pretty as Flora ; but then the wings are omi- righteous marriages, and those within improper the people may be necessary to their right nous of a short and flying attachment. The degrees, and entirely prevent them; that he action. But neither the power, the right, nor Tyrol girl, with her ribbed stockings, is not shall remove witches and sorcerers, and drive the privileges, nor the purposes for which they amiss, only a little cross. Naples does not quite from off the earth murderers and false swearers; were instituted, originated with man, and thereplease us as to position : the arms are playful, that he nourish the poor with alms; that he fore they cannot properly be set aside by man. the limbs rather stiff. The head of the Baya- call the ancient, the wise, and the good, to his These maxims are not agreeable to the political dere is fine and striking (though Buy-a-dear is councils, and set righteous men as his minis- philosophy prevalent in the present century, not so taking); the Nayade very well : but, ters: because, whatsoever things these do wic- but traces of them may be found in every age, after all, the demure French curtsy is perhaps kedly through his fault, he shall be punished and in many nations, but chiefly in our own, the most graphic appeal to the heart of an for it all on his own account at doomsday.” blended with other ancient and present usages." adınirer,
The author tells us elsewhere :
Our last quotation pretty clearly expounds But we have all this while, in our personal person would give himself the trouble to per. the position taken up by the learned author ; attentions, forgotten the literary portion of this use this most ancient book of law, he would and, it will be conceded, most skilfully rain. publication, namely, a poem to each of the perceive the Sacred Writ forms the very basis tained on Christian, historical, and philosophi. plates by Mr. F. W. N. Bayley. These illus- of the British constitution, and that the spirit
, cal principles. When he proceeds to argue for trations are very apt and suitable. We select and the very arrangement and forms of our the British constitution (no matter how im. “ La Napolitaine" as a fair specimen :
law, frequently originate either in the Bible, paired by time or abuses) on account of its be“ Oh, Napolitainel-does the gondola glide
or the constitutions of the Holy Land." ing built on the Mosaic laws and the practice In thy bright sunny land, o'er the blue summer-tide? “ The nature of the power of government of the Jews, we bardly think his reasoning Does it fing the white foam in defiance around, Does it break the stream's slumber, and wake the low
does not seem to be fully understood ; neither worth notice. The following is more curious :
is its origin, nor the objects it bas in view, “ It is a most important mistake to suppose, That will rise from the waters, and float like a tuve clearly ascertained. Both with respect to the that because our Saviour bas said his kingdom Neatlochę stars of thy heaven, and the light of thy principles upon which it should be conducted, is not of this world, that it is not of this earth; O'er thy river of gold, doth it bound in its pride, and the persons who should administer it, there yet this mistaken interpretation has of late led Fit home for a lover-fit bark for a bride? Till the oars play no longer—the anchor is cast
are few unerring rules. In the discussions inany authors to quote this expression as au. In the bed where it seeketh its true rest at last !
which have arisen, none have been attended thority for decrying the union of the church Some say it resembles a young flying dove,
with more impritant consequences than those and state. In the earlier and happier ages of Or a white summer-cloud that is floating aboveOr a bird on the wing- or a swap on the stream
which treat of the origin of power. It is a mankind, these powers were one; they have a Or the light fairy forms of a beautiful dream
maxim assumed by a class of writers of consi- natural attraction, and there are many proOr the dolphin that glideth along the calm sea derable reputation, that all power springs from phecies which point to their final reunion.” But, Napolitaine! I compare it to thee! They say it is musical--surely the fall
the people; and this dogma is gradually sink. Again : or thy foot 'mid the stillness that hushes the hall, ing deep into the public mind, and obtaining “ There is," he says, “ the despotism of one And the echo it wakes, is more musical still
the force of an incontrovertible truth. The and the despotism of the many; and though They say, little fairy! they say it is light,
writings of Locke in this country contributed apparently different and opposite, yet they But have we not gazed on ihy dancing lo-night! much to the introduction of this opinion. But move in the same circle, generating each other The rose on thy young cheek, the laugh on thy face,, if all power springs from the people, it must in their movements. To these, on either side, Thy figure, that moves like a spirit of grace; And do they not tell us, no bark of the sea
follow as a consequence that all power must the privileged orders present an immovable Boundeth on to its haven more lightly than thee? return to them ; where it begins there it must barrier ; and if they are not removed, they And, lastly, they say, that its anchor is cast Where the gondola seeketh its true rest at last.
end, and all laws must be subject to their will, in the present age, perform their duty in And hast thou no anchor of joy too, sweet maid !
caprice. The effects of this belief are already rescuing the people themselves from the danger To cling to when brighter and fairer things fade? felt in the unsettled state of even the most that will surround them, should they act upon Water they smooth'd thee non pillow; is soft or as dear, powerful governments of Europe. Perpetual the maxim that all power springs from thero. Oh, yes! thou shalt flee on the wings of a dove, mistrust and contention seem to have arisen The people are free to choose and to recognise, And find in thy bright home a haven of love; And thy pillow of beauty-thy harbour of rest
between the governors and the governed ; so- but there are some powers they can neitber Shall be what thou seekesi-a young lover's breast !"
ciety appears on the point of dividing itself into create nor extinguish ; and these are the guard. We must find some fault : what is a “ lark-) parties, each considering its interests as dir. ians of substantial liberty ; between these our ling," a bird mentioned in the Flore? Our to the risks attendant on constant changes, or these only shew and prove the efficacy of these
lerent and irreconcilable; it is also left exposed historians recount perpetual struggles ; but ornithology refuses to acknowledge it. The work, by the by, is very handsomely in case the people, the supposed source of su- powers balanced between them. The rights
even to the chance of possessing no government, privileged orders in securing the state, by the printed.
preme power, should choose to withdraw its vested in the crown are marked out, in a great The Coronation Service ; or, Consecration of which the term is generally used, mankind are writers give the king. He is not in law a part
support. By the people also, in the sense in measure, by the titles which the early lav. the Anglo-Saxon Kings, as it illustrates the considered in a mass simply with regard to of either the estate of the realm, or of parliaOrigin of the Constitution. By the Rev. Tho- numbers, and abstracted from those relations ment, but is recognised as an antecedent premas Silver, D. C. L., St. John's College, Ox- and classes, into which social order requires existent authority. He has a prerogative, or a ford. 8vo. pp. 186. Oxford, 1831, Parker; that men in some degree or other should be di presupposed power. This state maxim may le London, Murray.
vided. The maxim, that all power originates traced in the patriarchal institutions of the This is an able, and, for its research, a very with the people, in its most unrestricted sense, Cymri; as the father of the nation, all the interesting publication, though so diametrically shuts out the Deity from his own creation, and land was held of him. In the Saxon writings opposed to the liberal ideas of government preva- leaves man to the regulation of his own con- he is called Christis Gespelia, or Messenger of lent in our time, that it is not likely to be a very duct, except in matters in which he should be Christ ; and in the Latin, the Vicarius Chrui; popular one. Dr. Silver adheres, with some pleased to check himself. But in its more the caput et principium et finis of the different thing like old opinion, to the divine right of limited signification it means, that there are estates ; and his public and private rights and kings; and if he does not carry the doctrine the no powers exercised by men in governing their property are mixed together and almost insewhole length of some of the writers on his side fellow-inen which do not originate amongst parable, and held exactly as the rights of any in politics, he goes a great way in maintaining themselves. But this position cannot be proved, freeholder ; liable, like them, to forfeiture on that all power and authority do not emanate neither is it a truth considered historically. misconduct, but as secure and immovable where from the people, but from God, and the con- Certain portions of power may be said in most the duty is done. junction of religion with the políty of the state. governments to begin and end with the people ; “ As the present House of Lords are the
One of his chief arguments rests on the ce- but there are also certain powers which issue chiefs of that estate of the realm who held re. remony of the coronation, in which he contends from an authority superior to man. These are galities of the crown, it will sufficiently acuerint that the church founded by the Almighty conse- fixed in their principles and nature, and the for their being the supreme court of justice : crates the monarch to certain duties, and that people cannot annihilate them without a viola- they always presided in their own courts, thery the people, from time immemorial, were in fact tion of the laws of duty and good sense, and made collectively the supreme court of judican no parties to the contract. Yet St. Dunstan, in of good and evil; and the breaking them would, ture for the empire ; but the power still rehis famous sermon, says, “ It is the duty of a as is usual on similar occasions, bring with it mained with the privilege of primogeniture, un Consecrated king, that he misjudge no inan ; l its own punishment. The persons exercising those who represented it. In no period of us