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Oxford: a Poem. By Robert Montgomery, of
As Sorrow droop'd, or Hope her wings unfurl'd, Who hath not smiled at some affected bore
That drivels nothing but—the days of yore." Linc. Coll. Oxon., author of the “ Omni
of life and conduct, fortune, truth, or fate, presence of the Deity,” “ Satan,” &c. Post
His future glory, and his present state."
“To humble worth a consecration lend, 8vo. pp. 258. London, 1831, Whittaker The verbs here are in fine confusion. and Co. ; Edinburgh, Blackwood. Of new-coined words, we disapprove of re
That proves for lost renown sublime amend."
The Freshman ! We have paused upon this volume, for we felt in their places they do not express what the poseful, museful, rewardless, mellowingly, &c. ;
“ And now the walk of wonder through the town great reluctance to throw a shadow upon the writer intends : and the same remark applies
In the first flutter of a virgin gown?" youthful talent whence it has sprung ; upon giving it our best consideration, we are but too often.- Ex. gr. to the epithets and other phrases which occur some of the notes are not more to our liking,
This is ridiculous ; and having told that bound by truth to say that we do not think it
we shall now conclude with the more grateful worthy of the author. There is a mediocrity
" Then vainly let the pow'rless sophist frown,
task of selecting some of the beauties, which running through the whole, which shews that Or quote some verse to vindicate his cause,
serve to counterbalance these blemishes. We the subject rarely or never touched the imagin
Of scornful meaning at her mental laws."
have said that an amiable and virtuous feeling ation of the writer ; and there are a number What is intended by mental laws — laws pervades the poem : the following will corroboof faults not redeemed by a like number of the of mind ?
rate the observation : Fonted merits which have hitherto not only “With sages whom historic lovers read."
“Oh! none whose souls have felt a mighty name excited hopes, but displayed existing genius, in Historic lovers, for lovers of history. Speak.
Thrill to their centre with its sound of fame;
Whose hearts have warm'd at wisdom, truth, or worth, Mr. Montgomery's compositions. As an ac-ing of the late King's visit, Mr. M. says,
And all that makes the heaven we meet on earth, cession to his fame, therefore, we hold Oxford “With head uncover'd, royally he smiles,
Can tread the ground by genius often trod, to be a failure ; though it exhibits a mind And every heart that noble face beguiles."
Nor feel a nature more akin to God !".
“Oh! little think they, how sublimely pure, yearning after the good and great, and teaches Of Dr. Johnson :
In godlike state above the world secure, us to esteem the individual, while we regret to
« The dignified and sage,
That earthless nature which they genius call; withhold our praise from the poet.
The noblest honour of a noble age;
In vain the tides of circumstance appal,-
Though clouds repress, and darksome woe detain,
The soul remounts, and is herself again ! is due to an author who has fairly won so
Go, ask of ages, what made dungeons bright, much of public attention and admiration, as did not use the words " beguiles” and “grace
Now we will venture to say that the author Vile suff'rance sweet, and danger a delight, well as to our readers and ourselves, briefly less” according to their common and proper
Created thunders to o'erave the sky,
Unloosen'd storms, and let the whirlwinds fly, to support it by a few remarks and quota
Yea, forced the universe to feel her nod,
And dar'd a while to imitate a God! tions. In a general point of view, the poem is acceptation in the English language. In the
'Twas spirit, independently sublime,obnoxious to criticism–for its iteration of the following line the word “menial” is also mis
The king of nature, and the Lord of time.” same ideas, for its blemishes in structure and used ; and the whole line itself is a specimen
The country curate is sweetly delineated style
, for its invention of new words and mis. of the alliteration and antithesis which pre- with a brief touch. application of epithets, for its offences against vail throughout the poem:*
“ On such, perchance, renown may never beam, taste, for its carelessness, and for its egotism.
“ The mouldy cellar, and menial stall."
Though oft it glitter'd in some college dream; These are grave charges ; but we are sorry to A few pages on, we find the epithet“ radiant" But theirs the fame no worldly scenes supply,
Who teach us how to live, and how to die." say, a perusal of the work must substantiate given to the tiles of Oxford roofs : but enough
“ Parochial cares his cultur'd mind employ,
Domestic life, and intellectual joy:.
And angels meet him at the dying bed." same ideas, it is only necessary to refer, in to which we have alluded, are to be found in an proof, to the repetition of the thoughts on episode about the little literary world of Lon The last exquisite line is applied to Heber. mind, on mental qualities, and on intellect, don (page 80 et seq.); in several descriptions We now cite another fine passage. which are really harped upon till we are fa- of the author's young poetical aspirations, su “The day is earth, but holy night is heaven !
To her a solitude of soul is given, tigued with the strain. The grand and gran. perior mental enjoyments, and conflicts with
Within whose depth, how beautiful to dream, deur form another string, the length and iden. envious critics, ---matters which have little to
And fondly be, what others vainly seem!
Oh! 'tis an hour of consecrated might, tity of wbich might be estimated from the do with Oxford, ---but on which we abstain
For earth's immortals have ador'd the night; recurrence of these words in almost every third from dilating, and only give a small space to
In song or vision yielding up the soul pare, from the poor opening couplet, through the last of our complaints in samples of care. To the deep grandeur of her still control. et the piece lessness.
My own lov'd hour! there comes no hour like thee,
No world so glorious as thou form'st for me! * What makes the glory of a mighty land, “ Rush'd on thy fate with desolating sway,
The fever'd ocean of eventful day,
To waveless nothing how it ebbs away! * In tow'ry dimness, gothic, vast, or grand,
“ All are not fram'd alike: love, hope, and youth, As oft the chamber, where some haunted page Behold her palaces of learning stand." That guard our age, and glorify our youth."
Renews a poet, or revives a sage "The Genius moulded with a master hand We trust Mr. M. does not consider these
In pensive Athens, or sublimer Rome,
To mental quiet woos the spirit home. The primal elements of pure and grand." p. 19. to be justifiable rhymes. Again:
There stillness reigns,-how eloquently deep ! *Left ravish'd piles all desolately grand,
And soundless air, more beautiful than sleep. And breath'd á sterner spirit o'er the land.” p. 30. “ Truth, taste, and sense, through all he does per-vades,"
Let winter sway,,her dream-like sounds inspire * AD Souls, with central tow'rs superbly grand; is very bad : and,
The billowy murmur of a blazing fire; But see! the clouds are bom,--they break,-expand.”
“But rarely fraught
The hail-drop, hissing as it melts away “ With something sprung from self-created thought,"
In twinkling gleams of momentary play;
Or wave-like swell of some retreated wind * Whateer of good and glorious, learn'd, or grand, is no better. We annex a passage, without fur In dying sadness echo'd o'er the mind, Delighted ages and adorn'd the land." p. 41. ther comment than the italic letter to mark
But gently ruffle into varied thought " Here Sydney dreamt, Marcellus of his land,
The calm of feeling blissful night
has brought. Whom poetslor'd, and queens admitted grand." p. 38.
what we think very indifferent, both in taste How eyes the spirit with contented gaze "No scene was glorious, and no object grand,and expression.
The chamber mellow'd into social haze, But there he worshipp'd an Almighty hand.” p. 90. “ Which more offends? The bigot who can read
And smiling walls, where rank'd in solemo rows
The wizard volumes of the mind repose !
Thus, well may hours like fairy waters glide, it would be curious to count all the combina But makes a cargo of the human race,
Till morning glimmers o'er their reckless tide; totas of grand, grandeur, grandest, grander,
And values man like produce from the ground,
While dreams, beyond the realm of day to view,
Around us hover in seraphic hue; 'Tis hard to say, yet both, alas ! are found.
Till nature pines for intellectual rest, grandly, &c. which are to be found in other The dark idolater of ancient time,
When home awakens, and the heart is blest ;
And nauseous epicure in prose or rhyme,
Or, from the window reads our wand'ring eye of the faults in structure and style, our
The starry language of Chaldean sky:
Who pipes an elegy o'er days gone by, pecimens on different beads will be sufficient Oh! still from Oxford be the race remov'd,
And gathers in that one vast gaze above, testimony, without our going at length into
And nobler far her gifted scions prov'd.
A bright eternity of awe and love !"
This is genuine poetry, and will convince the samples. The frequent omission of the ar. What brain so wither'd in a woful skull,
reader that, in spite of the imperfections of Ox. ticles, the disregard of mood and tense, and,
As his who dungeon'd in the gloom of eld,
ford, there is still abundant reason to hope that tecasionally, obscurity, or rather, perhaps, the
Can deem it half an intellectual shame
we shall again meet its author on more con. absolute want of meaning, generated by these To glow at Milton's worth, or Shakespeare's name ! genial ground. And we will augment the evi. delects, will strike every judge of poetical
dence. tramposition. Take one short instance. “ For thus, the spirit on her wing sublime,
“There is a shadow round the holy dead;
A mystery, wherein we seem to tread;
As oft their lineaments of life awake,
Which featur'd worlds, and all that formeth there !" And sorrowing thoughts their hallow'd semblancetake,
What once they dreamt, when mortal nature threw writer's account), and wishes the engagement ters call at the Red Lion? and if he did, what Phantasmal diinness round their soaring view, to be kept secret: a Mr. Spencer in the mean would he call for when there ?'
• By Now all unearth'd, beatified, and free From toil and tears,-the unscaled eye can see: time makes Caroline an offer, which is approved beavens !' exclaimed Frederick to himself,' we No more on them, the fitful whirl of things loy her father; and instead of the fair lady can. are going to the Red Lion !' and he was at From joy to gloom, eternal trial brings; Array'd in light, before the throne they shine,
didly avowing that her affections are engaged least as much pleased as surprised at the novelty And fathom mysteries of love divine. (we believe that is the phrase proper on such of the thing.
The scene that fol. Why tears were shed, why pangs of woe prevailed,
occasions), the parent is kept in complete igno- lowed, when, the next moment, Mr. Owen Why goodness mourn'd, and virtue often fail'd, No longer now a with'ring shadow throws,
rance, while the lover supposes indifference is Tudor, with a sort of half bow, between a nod Like that which hovers round the world's repose." his only obstacle, and that time and attention and a complete obeisance, still smirking, still We can only refer to a visit to Blenheim, he hopes will vanquish, The day before the rubbing his hands, and advancing a step nearer page 71, as a delightful example of descriptive marriage, she elopes from home, under the pro- at each movement of his head, inquired, "What poetry and goodness of heart; and, by way of tection of Sir George Ardent, the father of her they would be pleased to take might have variety, will end with a rather animated scena lover, who is unacquainted with her engage- exercised the pencil of Hogarth in its most of college dissipation.
ment, but whom she talks and cries into an inspired touches. Frederick bit his lip vio. “ Rut who can languish through a hideous hour acquiescence with her plan : strict secrecy is to lently, to restrain the laugh with which he was When heart is dead, and only wine hath pow'r? be preserved towards his wife and daughter, bursting. Cranstoun drew his hand across his That brainless meeting of congenial tools, Whose highest wisdom is to hate the schools,
why we cannot understand, except on that mouth, and for the first time in his life found Discuss a tandem, or describe a race,
author's plea, the “stern necessity” of a little himself embarrassed at a reply. Mr. Owen And damn the proctor with a solemn face,
unnecessary embarrassment. They meet in Tudor, with a view to assist them in their Swear nonsense wit, and intellect a sin, Loll o'er the wine, and asininely grin!
some fields, and Sir George places the fugitive choice, recounted volnbly the treasures of his Hard is the doom when awkward chance decoys in lodgings with a woman of whom he knows cellar. I have some primo Herefordshire A moment's homage to their brutal joys.
nothing : there she remains a fortnight, while cider in bottle, and capital perry-capital, I What fogs of dulness fill the heated room, Bedimm'd with smoke, and poison'd with perfume,
her protector visits her every day, under the assure you ; excellent draught ale, superior Where now and then some rattling soul awakes name of Mr. Howard. Scandalous insinuations stout, and better London porter than is to be In oaths of thunder, till the chamber shakes!
get about, especially in the Sunday papers (a got in London itself: I am choice in my spi. Then midnight comes, intoxicating inaid, What heroes snore, beneath the table laid !
class to which our author seems to have a most rits, too. You will find the ale very good, But, still reserved, to upright posture true, special antipathy). Her retreat is discovered ; gentlemen, if you try it; it is my friend Behold! how stately are the sterling few :
she returns home, and is forgiven. But the Owen's own brewing; and a purer ale, I'll Soon o'er their sodden nature wine prevails, Decanters triumph, and the drunkard fails.
most ridiculous part yet remains. Charles Ar- venture to say, is not to be drunk in this or As weary tapers at some wondrous rout,
dent, to veil, as he calls it, “a father's crime,” any other county.' Well then,' said Cran. Their strength departed, winkingly go out, Each spirit flickers till its light is o'er,
avows to Colonel Asper, (the brother of his Ca- stoun, suiting his manner to the occasion, let And all is darkness that was drunk before !
roline, who visits him to elain,) that he is it be ale;' and the landlord departed to obey The last line is not very intelligible ; but himself the seducer, nay, writes and signs a the order.
Shall I not take mine we will save it by another pithy one:
paper to that effect. The colonel, instead of ease in mine inn?' said Cranstoun in a half“ All men are vain, yet all hate vanity."
explaining, as a word would have done, is whisper to Frederick; accompanying the words
bitten with the same mystery-mania as the with an indescribable look of arch drollery, as There is, however, much sense in concealing rest, and affects to challenge Charles. A meet- he drew towards him a vacant chair on which vanity; and we rather fear that, with so many ing takes place ; but, on the ground, Charles he stretched his legs. Frederick could only enemies as have beset the early career of Mont-Ginds his father, and every thing is satisfac- smile. At no time did the urbane kindness of gomery, he will have exposed himself to their torily settled. Unfortunately, this happens at Cranstoun betray him into familiarity with malice by the want of this prudent art in the the beginning of the third volume, and, in him; and at the present moment they were so volume before us. He has indeed laid himself order to complete the remaining three hundred oddly situated that he feared to speak, lese he very open to them ; but yet we trust justice pages, General Asper takes into his head (to should cause some awkward embarrassment, will also be done to his merits by an impartial use the writer's own words) “ one of the most especially as there had been no opportunity for and generous public.
perverse fancies that ever addled the whole- Cranstoun to express his own view of their
some thoughts of a human brain." He says situation." The Premier. 3 vols. 12mo. London, 1831. he has been imposed upon, and forbids the There is something, to be sure, very much Colburn and Bentley.
alliances that were agreed to between the fami- out of the course of nature that a minister and This is the third novel to which Mr. Canning lies. Sir George is affronted also. Miss Ar. his secretary should stop at a little country has lent the magic of a name. In De Vere an dent dies, which brings the elderly gentlemen inn. But to conclude_a catchpenny title, an animated and beautiful sketch was given of the to their senses ; and Charles and Caroline are uninteresting and ridiculous story, personality noble feelings, the high and lofty mind, the married at last. What connexion this silly without individuality (for truly the portraits patriotic energy, of the gifted original. Syden- story has with the title of the book, we have require their names to be written under them), ham followed in the same track; and the fine not been able to discover. Most of the scenes inelegance of language, and common - place and spirited portrait under the name of An. are, as we have said before, repetitions of the observation--such is the trash that has been struther was one of the most favourable speci- trash of newspapers. The following one is a ushered with a prodigious flourish of trumpets mens of its youthful author's talents. The specimen of the author's original powers : of into public notice. Mr. Colburn undeniably present is as poor an imitation as it is a con- its grandiloquent absurdity let our readers publishes almost all our best novels: we put it temptible failure. There is a meagre outline judge. We should mention that Mr. Cran- to himself, how he injures the fair fame of those of well-known events, better given, a hundred stoun is travelling with his secretary, and their who so richly deserve praise, as well as the times, in any daily newspaper; and public carriage breaks down.
general interests of literature, by injudicious men are dragged in to have some common and ** Frederick was curiously perplexed at this and extravagant puffing of works like the prehearsay edition given of their characters — moment. He could not venture to congratii. sent. sketches as entirely without originality as they late Cranstoun upon the vicinity of the Red are without power. Why this should be called Lion, for it was beyond the range of his pos- Journal of Travels in the Seat of War between the Premier, we really wonder: the so-called sible conceptions to picture a cabinet minister Russia and Turkey. By T. B. Armstrong. political part barely fills the third of a volume; walking into it for a rest, like a tired pedlar. 8vo. pp. 242. London, 1831. Seguin. the rest is eked by pseudo-literary portraits, Added to this, there was the still greater per. This volume comprises a very rapid journey in which, calling Mr. A. A. Watts Mr. A. A. plexity, would he walk into it? Well,' said over various countries, written, as the author Poles (which we gather from a blunder, where Cranstoun, taking hold of his secretary's arm, (who travelled, as wo gather, in the useful the real name is printed in one place instead of while he supported his steps with a stick in his capacity of a courier) observes, “ with little the fictitions one!) is the most brilliant effort at other hand, here is a house.' • Yes, bir- pretensions to elegance or correctness of style." wit we can discover; while the remaining pages there is a house,' replied Frederick hesitatingly. He enjoyed highly, and often describes forcibly, are filled with a love-story so peculiarly absurd, The Red Lion,' continued Cranstoun, look what he saw. After leaving Vienna, the first that we shall give the outline as a curiosity. Jing at the sign; · and, upon my word, as passage of any interest, much increased by late Caroline Asper is in love with, and loved by, spruce and gentlemanly a lion as I would wish events, is the following:Charles Ardent : with family and fortune to see, with clean nails and a copper-coloured “ We had now a splendid and extensive equally suitable, there seems not an obstacle in tail.' Frederick laughed; but still thought of view of Cracow and the surrounding country, the way of their union. The gentleman, horv. che talo which hung at the end of his own with the city conspicuously perched on the ever, desires a little mystery (entirely on the reflections would one of his majesty's minis-rives Vistula before us. We crossed the
bridge of boats; and on the other side of the steppes of Russia, and is called mirage : tains, when we all at once found ourselves on the river were immediately assailed by, num- the vapour from the earth, acted upon by the the brink of a precipice, hanging over a roarbers of Jews, anxious to serve us 'in ex. power of the sun, rises and appears to tako ing torrent. We at last arrived at some ruins, changing money, or offering horses for hire. whatever object may be before you: its general where we mistook a tombstone for a door, and We were some time in traversing the very irre- appearance is that of a lake, with islands, came at length to an old ruined church, full of gular streets of this singular old town. About houses, or trees : it recedes as the traveller sheep: we slept in wet clothes on the damp eight miles from Cracow we arrived at the advances."
floor." little village of Wieliczka, celebrated for its On arriving near Varna, he thus describes From Georgia Mr. Armstrong proceeds into salt mines. With permission of the governor, the present Emperor of Russia :-“ After Persia, has an audience of the Shah at Tehran, we proceeded next day to a large building in waiting some time in the court-yard of the is wearied with the miserable condition of the the centre of the village, and entered a small palace, I was gratified with a sight of the czar people, and with fears of the Koords. Among room, where from ten to fifteen men were in as he entered his carriage. He is a tall, hand- the few fine scenes of this sultry and unpicattendance, with lighted lamps, to conduct us some, soldier-like personage, with a fine manly turesque land is the following: below. The descent was by winding stairs : countenance, possessing an air degagé. He “ At sunset we had a delightful and extenthe first object
that attracted my attention was was dressed in the plainest manner, in a dark sive view of the lake of Ouroomià and the six horses at work in another machine, drag- green double-breasted frock, with red collar mountains on its left. We arrived at the neat ging up immense blocks of salt ; I was told and cuffs--a cap of the same cloth, with red town of Tasse ; its environs form a complete they had not seen daylight for near fifteen band - and a gray military cloak thrown garden, irrigation being carried on here, as years ; I found their coats to be as smooth as loosely over him. “All eyes' were anxiously indeed in most parts of Persia, very success. any English hunters; and they were in as fixed on him whose appearance was to deter- fully. The circumference of the lake of Ouroogood condition as possible. We visited several mine the fate of Varna: he saluted his officers mia is 250 miles, its length from north to chambers cut in the rock; the chapel, in par severally in an affable manner.”
south 90, and breadth 32—the scenery most ticular, presented a dazzling and singular ef. The evil complained of by almost every tra- beautiful. In the centre of this immense lake fect as we approached it with our lamps: the veller, is the unhappy sameness of the modern are several singular-formed islands; and the several statues are very well executed, and routes : from Paris to Naples, all is so per- mountains of Kurdistan bound the prospect. appear transparent. On the first stage hence, fectly familiar, that one knows almost the exact Its waters, we were told, are so salt that no the Vistula winding majestically on our left, scene, whether of mountain, valley, or water-fish can live in it." through a most delightful country: the vil. fall, which each day is to present, nearly as well To enter Armenia appeared like a passage lages proved wretched in the extreme, and as the good or bad dinners of the inns. Va- into a land of promise. If this country is as he nothing was to be met with but filth and riety, endless variety, is the order of Mr. A.'s represents--and his descriptions bear the stamp poverty." journey.
of fidelity and truth-it were well for the The traveller at last approaches Odessa, over 6. The last post," he says, “ produced a lovers of travel, now that revolutions make, one of the weary steppes of Russia.
complete change of scenery; we got into a or soon will make, the continent a forbidden “I looked for trees or houses, but found deep valley, covered with cottages and trees, land to them, to turn their steps towards Arnone; the road is according to the fancy of the and watered by a clear stream: how welcome menia-a splendid climate, a friendly and often traveller: it was an ocean of waste. The and how cheering, after the dreary parched polished people, with here and there a welcome troops we had passed this morning came to a steppe! At last we came to Simpherpoole : which one could picture rather in the Highlands halt: on inquiring of three officers how long the weekly market held here is really interest- of Scotland than in those of the Caucasus : let they had been on their route, I was astonished ing to those who enjoy novelty of costume and Mr. A. describe :on their answering, -Eleven weeks, con- odd equipages. Here you will meet the Ger
“ For one hour we were surrounded with tinuaily. We dext arrived on the ridge of a man driving a pair of oxen, with a horse as snow, and at another travelling through beausteppe that continues for fifty versts to Teras- leader ; Tartar carts, drawn by dromedaries ; tiful.groves of trees, with the Araxes at some pole Previous to arriving, we witnessed a and horsemen covered with Circassian bourkas. distance below us: in five hours we came to cloud of locusts : we had to encounter them as I actually saw a French doctor, in ill health, the advanced part of the immense caravan we they flew over the plain by millions. I took leave the place for Theodosia in a light phaeton, had met in the morning. On descending, we one of them; it measured three inches long, drawn by a pair of immense camels. On the arrived at a neat village, on the borders of an and was two inches broad from the points of way from Soudak we passed several burial- immense plain, where, on a grassplot in front the wings. They had devoured every article places of the Tartars, in one of which I noticed of their dwellings, we observed a few Mussulof vegetation that fell in their way; whole several women, covered with white robes, pre- men at their devotions, kneeling silently. We fields of corn were devastated in a few days.” paring to inter a body.”
at last arrived at the well-situated city of Arze. The people of Arabia, whom this scourge Another description is equally novel :-" The room. I counted thirty minarets and other still infests, are more fortunate than the na- Georgian or Tartar dwellings are seldom to towers rising from the bosom of this ancient lives of the Crimea, inasmuch as they have be found above ground: the top is covered capital of Armenia. Tiles are used for roofing, aletle verdure to be destroyed, save a few with beams of wood, branches of trees, and, which gives the buildings a European appeargroves of palm. The difference of reception above all, with a coat of earth, which makes it ance; and the form of the houses much resem. giren to these “ living clouds” in the two level with the ground. The natives are fre- bles the Swiss cottages. * This morning Centries is singular enough: the Arabs re- quently disturbed, when sitting round the fire, we travelled seven hours, and are now in the aise them rather as a blessing-catch them by the leg of some unfortunate cow or camel Sheitan Dura (Devil's Valley); and the heaps tagerly, fry them in butter, or, in default making its appearance down the chimney; of stone we sat on during our refreshment were thereof, eat them almost on the wing, or dry and it is not uncommon for the lambs to fall the tombs of victims, they said, who had been and lay them up as a bonne bouche. We re- through, and spoil whatever may happen to be murdered by banditti in this terrific pass. The semirer, one day halting in a stunted group of cooking."
scenery and the images which the tales of our palms on the banks of the Red Sea, being as. On arriving at Erivan, the scenery was of guides conjured up, made it a valley of horror; szi ed by these locusts, who dropped from the more lofty character: it is a pity that the tra- and we sharpened our pace. But the next day trees, or came slowly through the hot air, veller could not afford more time to the really we were surrounded by the grandest scenery on zad quietly settled on us, to the great glee interesting places he saw; as it is, he makes every side-bold and fertile valleys, watered by of car Arab escort, who, pulling off the wings the best use of his hurried visits.
mountain streams; rich plains of pasturage, and heads, devoured them as if they bad been “ I chose a fine clear frosty morning, and covered with flowers, emitting the most fraso many shrimps.“ But the people of these enjoyed a sublime view of the great and little grant perfume; the corn.fields looked green Pn," says Mr. Armstrong," collect with Ararat : both the summits were covered with and fresh: while the summits of the lofty skuels, pans, fire-arms, &c., keeping up a snow: no one, as yet, has succeeded in attain- mountains were covered with snow, their sides Lurrible noise, advancing in a line as the lo- ing the top of either. Several extensive gla. were often clothed with forests. ests retreat, which are thus frequently driven ciers fill up the ravines, immediately under We next day traversed the most picturesque from the lands to seek an asylum in the bosom one of which is an hermitage, about half-way valloy I ever
er beheld, covered with the summer the deep."
down the mountain, which the natives affirm residences of the neighbouring gentry. On The author describes an appearance on these to have been the habitation of Noah after the our right were rocky conical mountains of giless plains of the same kind as observed flood. Lions, bears, hyænas, and rock-snakes, gantic leight--the town of Kara Hissar, or in the eastern deserts, though from a different are said to infest this mountain. About 5 P. M. Dlack Castle, on one of their summits.” zue. - During the day, I witnessed a curious the snow fell so thick as to darken the air: The only defect iu this goodly land seems to Die menon, which frequently takes place on 'we wandered about the vicinity of the moun-l be the wait of innsa lonely caravansary is
but a poor substitute, with bare floors and habited, including Pitcairn Island; and the a visit of ceremony and of homage to their new comfortless walls; and exquisite scenery, when amount of the population altogether cannot sovereign. The only conveyance these people long continued, having a strong tendency to possibly exceed three thousand one hundred could command was double canoes, three of exeite the appetite, the recoil from the joys of souls ; of which one thousand belong to the which, of the largest class, were prepared for the imagination to the keen and cruel demands Gambier group, and twelve hundred and sixty the occasion. To us, accustomed to navigate of hunger is extreme. We remember travel to Easter Island, leaving eight hundred and the seas in ships of many tons burthen, proling with a countryman in Switzerland, who forty persons only to occupy the other thirty vided with a compass and the necessary instru. had no passion for cold and snowy magnifi- islands. All the natives apparently profess the ments to determine our position, — a canoe cence; wearied utterly also with a long day's same religion ; all speak the same language, with only the stars for her guidance, and desprogress, it was in vain that the sun was going and are in all essential points the same people. tined to a place whose situation could be at down in excessive glory on Mont Blanc and its There is a great diversity of features and com- the best but approximately known, appears so neighbouring glaciers. “ Look !” exclaimed plexion between those inhabiting the volcanic frail and uncertain a conveyance, that we may one enthusiast," the purple rays are full on islands and the natives of the coral formations, wonder how any persons could be found suffiits crest and side, after they have fled from the former being a taller and fairer race. This ciently resolute to bazard the undertaking; every other peak.' "Beautiful!” exclaimed change may be attributed to a difference of They knew, however, that similar voyages had every one except W. who sat sadly on a food, habits, and comfort ; the one having to been successfully performed, not only to moun. bank during the pause. “ Purple light, and seek a daily subsistence upon the reefs, exposed tainous islands to leeward, but to some that glaciers, and glory, what are they all at this to a burning sun and to the painful glare of a were scarcely six feet above the water, and moment compared to a roast pig, well crisped, white coral beach, while the other enjoys plen- were situated in the opposite direction ; and laid on the rock before us, and the last ray tifully the spontaneous produce of the earth, as no ill omens attended the present under. resting on its back ?" Mr. A. thus feelingly reposes beneath the genial shade of palm or taking, no unusual fears were entertained. speaks of a similar train of feeling :-“ An old bread-fruit groves, and passes a life of com- The canoes being accordingly prepared, and castle is on the summit of a rocky height. We parative ease and luxury. It has hitherto duly furnished with all that was considered looked with admiration on the loveliest spot in been a matter of conjecture how these islands, necessary, the persons intending to proceed on nature, high amongst the mountains, hid from so remote from both great continents, have this expedition were embarked, amounting in the noisy world, remote in nature's very bosom, received their aborigines. The intimate con- all to a hundred and fifty souls
. What was enjoying almost every fruit common in Asia. nexion between the language, worship, man- the arrangement of the other two canoes is Soon after, we entered a forest, in which we ners, customs, and traditions, of the people unknown to us ; but in Tuwarri's there were were benighted, and the rain fell in torrents. who'dwell upon them, and those of the Malays twenty-three men, fifteen women, and, ten Our Tartars at last discovered a village: here and other inhabitants of the great islands to children, and a supply of water and provision we were hospitably received in the house of a the westward, leaves no doubt of frequent calculated to last three weeks. On the day of gentleman; a good fire blazed in the apart- emigrations from thence; and we naturally departure all the natives assembled upon the ment, and every thing to make us comfortable look to those countries as the source from beach to take leave of our adventurers; the was provided. What a transition from the which they have sprung. The difficulty, how- canoes were placed with scrupulous exactness majestic pine forests and solitudes! Our host ever, instantly presents itself of proceeding so in the supposed direction, which was indicated with some friends enjoyed themselves, as we vast a distance in opposition to the prevail. by certain marks upon the land, and then all did. After partaking of a good and plenti- ing wind and current, without vessels better launched into the sea, amidst the good wishes ful repast, we slept soundly."
equipped than those which are in possession of and adieus of their countrymen. With a fair One could almost envy a residence in Tokat, those people. This objection is so powerful in wind and full sail they glided rapidly over the famed for its wines. "In approaching it, the the minds of some authors, that they have had space, without a thought of the possibility of roads are for two miles ornamented on each recourse to the circuitous route through Tar- the miseries to which they were afterwards side with gardens, the perfume from which is tary, across Beering's Strait, and over the exposed. It happened, unfortunately, that the most delicious, and the nightingale warbling its American continent, to bring them to a situa- monsoon that year began earlier than was sweet song, the only sound to be heard in the tion whence they might be drifted by the ordi- expected, and blew with great violence ; two calm stillness of the night. We next passed nary course of the winds to the lands in question. days were, notwithstanding, passed under fathe beautiful remains of the once-famed Amas. But had this been the case, a more intimate vourable circumstances, and the adventurers sia. The reflection of the moon on the ancient resemblance would surely he found to exist began to look for the high land of Maitea, an castle was striking. The city is placed amidst between the American Indians and the natives island between Chain Island and Otaheite, an amphitheatre of mountains, and watered by of Polynesia.”
and to anticipate the pleasures which the suca fine river. At the top of a perpendicular In our opinion, but we put it with great dif- cessful termination of their voyage would af. rock are the remains of a noble Genoese castle. fidence, the Polynesian Islands have been peo- ford them; when their progress was delayed In the centre of the city, and close on the river, pled both from the Asian and American conti- by a calm, the precursor of a storm, which is a superb mosque, with a gilded dome and nents—the nearest to each, from each. If we rose suddenly from an unfavourable quarter, minarets, rising splendidly from amidst the are rightly informed, there is a marked dif- dispersed the canoes, and drove them away remains of Genoese art. Quantities of mills ference in the physical form, features, hair, before it. In this manner they drifted for are seen on the banks of the river, throwing &c., between the natives of the islands nearest several days; but on the return of fine weather, water into the gardens which surround the America and those nearest Asia, as well as in having a fortnight's provision remaining, they town,"
their habits, costume, rites, and language. again resolutely sought their destination ; but Whatever faults of style, and they are very But the discussion of this question would lead a second gale drove them still further back many, attach to D1r. A. as a writer, he has had us into too great length; and we rather quote than the first, and lasted so long, that they the good sense to produce his travels in a plain a canoe adventure of much interest, which will became exhausted. Thus many days were and unassuming form. His volume has much shew how accident might contribute to the past ; their distance from home hourly in. interest: had he tarried longer on the way, peopling of island after island. At Byam creasing; the sea continually washing over and not counted every moment lost in which | Martin Island, 600 miles from Otaheite, Cap- the canoe, to the great discomfiture of the he was not en route, or possessed a more able tain B. found forty persons, who had been women and children ; and their store of proand elegant pen, few journeys of the day would driven thither by storm and stress of weather, vision dwindled to the last extremity. A long have been so attractive.
and brought one of them, named Tuwarri, off calm, and, what was to them even worse, hot with him, to carry the news home.
dry weather, succeeded the tempest, and drove Beechey's Voyage to the Pacific.
“ Tuwarri was a native of one of the low them to a state of despair. From the descrip(Second Notice.)
coral formations discovered by Capt. Cook in his tion, we may imagine their canoe alone and From Gambier's Islands, Captain Beechey pur. first voyage, called Anaa by the natives, but by becalmed on the ocean; the crew, perishing sued his course, and examined a number of the him named Chain Island, situated about three with thirst, beneath the fierce glare of a troeastern Polynesian Islands, with which the hundred miles to the eastward of Otaheite, to pical sun, hanging exhausted over their pad. Pacific is studded, and of which many, no which it is tributary. About the period of the dles ; children looking to their parents for doubt, yet remain to be discovered, as they are commencement of his misfortunes, old Po- support, and mothers deploring their inability indeed discovered by every vessel which shapes marree, the king of Otaheite, died, and was to afford them assistance. Every means of a new track through that immense ocean. At succeeded by his son, then a child. On the quenching their thirst were resorted to ; some the close, he tells us :
accession of this boy, several chiefs and com- drank the sea-water, and others bathed in it, “ Of the thirty-two islands which have thus movers of Chain Island, among whom was or poured it over their heads ; but the absence been visited in succession, only twelve are in-Tawarri, planned a voyage to Otabeite, to paylof fresh water in the corrid zone cannot be