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and poets, but the want of a correspondent action for the pret, whose business in the next line is only to number, makes me suspect some fault in this passage, which I know not how to mend.

Johnsox. Line 8o. -as my furthest band-] As I will venture the greatest pledge of security, on the trial of thy conduct. Johns. Band and bond, in our author's time, were synonymous.

MALONE. Line 97. The elements be kind &c.] This is obscure. It seems to mean, May the different elements of the body, or principles of life, maintain such proportion and harmony as may keep you cheerful.


ACT III. SCENE III. Line 155. Is she as tall as me ? &c. &c. &c.] This scene (says Dr. Grey) is a manifest allusion to the questions put by Queen Elizabeth to Sir James Melvil, concerning his mistress the Queen of Scots. Whoever will give himself the trouble to consult his Memoirs, may probably suppose the resemblance to be more than accidental.

STEEVENS. Line 191. is as low &c.] Low foreheads were, in Shakspeare's age, thought a blemish. So, in The Tempest : !' with foreheads villainous low."

MALONE. Line 200. -so 1 harry'd him.] To harry, is to use roughly.


ACT III, SCENE IV, Line 245. Wars'twirt


twain would be &c.] The sense is, that war between Cæsar and Antony would engage the world between them, and that the slaughter would be great in so exten. sive a commotion.


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ACT III. SCENE V. Line 262. -rivality ;] Equal rank.

Johnson, upon his own appeal,] To appeal, in Shakspear, is to accuse ; Cæsar seized Lepidus without any other proof than Cæsar's accusation,



Line 268. Then, world, &c.] i.e. Cæsar and Antony will make war on each other, though they have the world to prey upon between them.

JOHNSON. Line 278. -More, Domitius ;] I have something more to tell you, which I might have told at first, and delayed my news. Antony requires your presence.



ACT III. SCENE VI. Line 294. Lydia.? For Lydia, Mr. Upton, from Plutarch, has restored Lybia.

JOHNSON. In the tsanslation from the French of Amyot, by Tho. North, in folio, 1597 *, will be seen at once the origin of this mistake: « First of all he did establish Cleopatra queen of Egypt, of Cyprus, of Lydia, and the lower Syria.”

FARMER. Line 369. The kings o'the earth for war:] Mr. Upton remarks, that there are some errors in this enumeration of the auxiliary kings : but it is probable that the author did not much wish to be accurate.

JOHNSON. Line 400. -potent regiment-] Regiment, is government, authority; he puts his power and his empire into the hands of a false woman.


ACT III. SCENE VII. Line 407. -forspoke my being-) To forspeak, is to contradict, to speak against, as forbid is to order negatively. Johns.

Line 457. Their ships are yare; yours, heavy.] Yare generally signifies dertrous, manageable.

Line 492. Sold. By Hercules, I think, I am i' the right.
Can. Soldier, thou art : but his whole action

grows Not in the power on't:] That is, his whole conduct becomes ungoverned by the right, or by reason. Johns. Line 504. -distractions,] Detachments, separate bodies.


I find the character of this work pretty early delineated:

« 'Twas Greek at first, that Greek was Latin made,
" That Latin French, that French to English straid :
“ Thus 'twixt one Plutarch there's more difference,
“ Than i' th' same Englishman return'd from France.” FARMER.

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ACT III. SCENE VIII. Line 518. —this jump.) To jump signifies to hazard; thus in Macbeth : We'd jump the life to come.”

STEEFENS. Line 526. The Antoniad, 8c.] Which Plutarch says, was the name of Cleopatra's ship.

POPE. Line 532. The greater cantle-] A piece or lump. РОРЕ. .

Cantle is rather a corner. Cæsar, in this play, mentions the three- nook'd world. Of this triangular world every triumvir had a corner.

Johnson. Line 536. -token'd-] Spotted.

Johnsox. 537. -ribald-) A luxurious squanderer. PoPE. . By ribald, Scarus, I think, means the lewd Antony in particular, not "every lewd fellow."

MALONE. Line 539. Whom leprosy o'ertake!] Leprosy, an epidemical distemper of the Ægyptians; to which Horace probably alludes in the controverted line :

“ Contaminato cum grege turpium
“ Morbo virorum."

JOHNSON. Line 542. The brize upon her,] The brize is the astrum, or the fly that stings cattle.

STEEVENS. Line 547.

-being loofd,] To loof is to bring a ship close to the wind.

Line 575.

-80 lated in the world,] Alluding to a benighted traveller.

Johnson. Line 598.

I have lost command,] I am not maker of my own emotions.

JOHNSON. Line 611. He, at Philippi, kept

His sword even like a duncer ;] In the Morisco, and perhaps anciently in the Pyrrhick dance, the dancers held swords in their hands with the points upward.

JOHNSON. Line 615. Dealt on lieutenantry,] I believe, means only,--fought by prory.

STEEVENS. Line 624. -death will seize her; but

Your comfort &c.] But has here, as once before, in this play, the force of except, or unless.


· Line 630. How I convey my shame-] How, by looking another way, I withdraw my ignominy from your sight. Johns.

Line 637. -tied by the strings,] That is, by the heartstring.


ACT III. SCENE X. Line 679. The circle of the Ptolemies-] The diadem; the ensign of royalty.

JOHNSON. Line 700.

-how Antony becomes his flaw;] That is, how Antony conforms himself to this breach of his fortune.




Line 714.

-he being

The mered question :) Mered is, I suspect, a word of our author's formation, from mere: he being the sole, the tire subject or occasion of the war.

MALONE. Line 736. -his gay comparisons apart,

And answer me declin'd,] I require of Cæsar not to depend on that superiority which the comparison of our different fortunes may exhibit to him, but to answer me man to -man, in this decline of my age or power.

Johnson. · Line 754. The loyalty, well held to fools, &c.] Enobarbas is deliberating upon desertion, and finding it is more prudent to forsake a fool, and more reputable to be faithful to him, makes no positive conclusion.

JOHNSON. Line 768. -Cæsar entreats,

Not to consider in what case thou stand'st,

Further than he is Cæsar.] i. e. Cæsar entreats, that at the same time you consider your desperate fortunes, you would consider he is Cæsar: That is, generous and forgiving, able and willing to restore them,

WARBURTON. Line 800. Tell him, from his all-obeying breath &c.] AUobeying breath is, in Shakspeare's language, breath which all obey. Obeying for obeyed. So, inexpressire for inexpressible, delighted for delighting, &c.

MALONE. Line 805. -Give me grace-] Grant me the favour. Johns.

Line 821. Like boys unto a muss,] i.e. a scramble. POPE.

843. By one that looks on feeders ?] One that waits at the table while others are eating.

JOHNSON. Line 866. The horned herd!] It is not without pity and indignation that the reader of this great poet meets so often with this low jest, which is too much a favourite to be left out of either mirth or fury.

JOHNSON. Line 892. to quit me:] i, e. to requite me.

JOHNSON -900. With one that ties his points ?) i. e. with a menial attendant. Points were laces with metal tags, with which the old trunkhose were fastened.

MALONE. Line 907. -The next Cæsarian smite !] Cæsarian was Cleopatra's son by Julius Cæsar.

STEEVENS. Line 931. gaudy night:] i. e, a night of festivity.


Line 31. -Take all.] Let the survivor take all. No composition, victory or death,

Johnson. Line 58. or if,

A mangled shadow:] Or, if you see me more, you will see me a mangled shadow, only the external form of what I was.

Johnson. Line 68. anion-ey'd ;] I have my eyes as full of tears as if they had been fretted by onions.


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Line 104. It signs well, &c.] i. e. it bodes well, &c.


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Line 127. -thine iron--] Thine iron is the iron which thou hast in thy hand, i. e. Antony's armour. MALONE.

ACT IV. SCENE VI. Line 203. Cur uillis, Antony be took alive ;] It is observable with what judgment Shakspeare draws the character of Octavius.

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