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THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY

as , rn R LENOX TILD roundations

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of the

FRENCH REVOLUTION,

From

THE BREAKING OUT OF THE WAR IN 1792, TO THE RESTORATION
OF A GENERAL PEACE, IN 1815;

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AN ORIGINAL HISTORY OF THE LAST WAR BETWEEN THE
UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN.

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N E W Y O R K :
so ILD BY BANGS, BROTHER, & Co., 13 PARK ROW.

1855.

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ENTERED according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-five,
By M C A R T y & D A v is,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

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CON TENTS

or

T H E SE COND VOLUME.

BOOK IV.-continued. CHAPTER III.

BRITIsh Hisrony: Meeting of Parliament—Debales on the late Negotiation with France—Financial Statements—Lord Henry Petty's Plan of Finance—Bill for the better Regulation of Courts of Justice in Scotland—Mr. Whitbread's Plan or reforming the Poor Laws and amending the Condition of the Poor—Total Abolition of the Slave-trade—Catholic Bill—Change of Ministry consequent thereon–New Administration— General Election - - - Page 9 chapTER iv.

Exprorross: To the Dardanelles—To Egypt— Against Monte Video–Against Buenos Ayres —Capture of the Dutch Settlement of Curraroa—Expedition to Copenhagen—War declared by Russia against England–New System of Commercial Interdiction—Disputes with the United States of America—French Decrees– British Orders in Council - - - 25

chapTER V.

Forrigow History: State of France—The Code of Conscription—The Emperor's Address to the Assemblies—Territorial Changes in Holland— State of Portugal—Threats of French Invasion held out to the Court of Lisbon–Removal of the British Settlers—Emigration of the Court to the Brazils—Entrance of the French Army into Lisbon—Situation of Spain—Conspiracy against the King by his Son—Secret Treaty for the Partition of the Kingdom of Portugal-Introduction of a French Force into Spain—Abdication of Charles IV.-The Royal Family of Spain allured to Bayonne to meet the Emperor Napoleon—Intrigues at that Place—Abdication of Charles and Ferdinand in favour of Bonaparte—insurrection at Madrid—Prostration of Spain at the feet of the Invaders - - 35

chapTER VI.

Campaign IN THE PENINsula of Spain AND Portugal: Formation of the Juntas, and general Burst of Patriotism throughout the Provinces of Spain–Declaration of War against France, and Restoration of Peace with England—Succours afforded to the Spanish Patriots by Great Britain–Surrender of the French Fleet at Caliz—Defeat and Capitulation of the French Army under General Dupont—Gallant Defence of Saragossa—Battle of Rio Seco–Operations in Biscay–Repulse of the French Army at Vaentia—Joseph Bonaparte proclaimed ogos sain by Napoleon–Sketch of the New Spamish Constitution—Entrance of Joseph BonaParte into Madrid—His precipitate Retreat from that Capital—Installation of the Supreme Jinta–Failure of the Spanish Armies in their Făorts to drive the French beyond the Pyrenees—Liberation of the Spanish Troops in the Baltic under the Marquis de la Romana—Conserence at Erfurth—Letters from the Emperors

of France and Russia to the King of England– Failure of the Negotiation consequent thereon— Situation of the French and Spanish Armies in the Peninsula at the beginning of November— Defeat and rtial Dispersion of the Army under gomo. in Biscay—of Count Belveder's Force in Estramadura—and of the Army under General Castanos on the Ebro– Advance of Napoleon to the Capital of Spain— Fall of Madrid—Disposition of the Spanish Colonies. CAMPAIGN IN Portugal: Situation of that Kingdom-Oporto, wrested from the French—Arrival of a British Expedition under Sir Arthur Wellesley off the Coast of Portugal— Debarkation of the British Troops—Bause of Roleia—Battle of Vimiera—Convention of Cintra—Sir John Moore appointed Commander-inchief of the British Forces in the Peninsula– Advance of the Expedition under his Command to Salamanca—Perilous Situation—Disastrous Retreat—Battle of Corunna—Death of Sir John Moore—Embarkation of the Troops—Termination of the Campaign - - - - 45

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BRITIsh History: Meeting of the Parliament of

1808–Debates on the Bombardment of Copenhagen and the Seizure of the Danish Fleet— Petitions for Peace-Ms. Whitbread's Motion of Censure for the Rejection of the proffered Mediation of Russia and Austria–Bill for the Prevention of Reversionary Grants—Sir Francis Burdett's Motion on the Appropriation of the Droits of Admiralty—Lord Castlereagh's Proposal sor reviving the Practice of Enlistment for Life—sor the Formation of a Local Militia—National Finances—Sir Samuel Romilly's Bill for ameliorating the Criminal Code– Mr. Sheridan's Appeal in favour of the Spanish Patriots—Rejection of a Bill for fixing a minimum Price on Labour—The Session of Parliament closed by a solemn Pledge to support the Cause of the Spanish Patriots - - 7.

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