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LINCOLN MEMORIAL.

TO COST TWO MILLION DOLLARS. THE Sixty-Arst Congress, third session, passed an act, approved February 9, 1911. "to provide & commission to secure plans and designs for a monument or memorial to the memory of Abraham Lincoln." The text of the act is as follows:

Be t enacted by the Sena e and House of Representa ides of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Willam H. Taft, Shelby M. Cullom, Joseph G. Canaon, George Peabody Wetmore. Samuel Walker McCall, f H. D. Money, and Champ Clark are hereby created a commission to be known as the Lincoln Memorial Commission, to procure and determine upon a location, plan, and design for a monument or memorial in the city o! Washington, District of Columbia, to the memory of Abraham Lincoln, subject to the approval of Congress.

SEC. 2. That in the discharge of its d'itles hereunder sald commission is authorized to employ the services of such artists, sculptors, architects, and others as it shall determine to be necessary, and to avall itsell of the services or advice of the Commission of Fine Arts, created by the act approved May 17, 1910.

SEC. 3. That the construction of the monument or memorlal, herein and hereby authorized, shall be upon such site as shall be determined by the commission herein created, and approved by Congress, and sald construction shall be entered upon as speedily as practicable after the plan and design therelor is determined upon and approved by Congress, and shall be prosecuted to completion, under the direction of sald commission and the supervision of the Secretary of War, under a contract or contracts hereby authorized to be entered into by said Secretary in a total sum not exceeding two million dollars.

SEC. 4. That vacancies occurring in the membership of the commission shall be olled by appointment by the President of the United States.

By Joint resolution, approved February 1, 1913, Congress approved the plan, design and location for the memorial recommended by the commission.

The memorial is to be erected in Potomac Park on the axls of the United States Capitol and the Washington Monument, in accordance with plans prepared by Mr. Henry Bacon of New York City.

By Sundry Civil act of March 4, 1913, the sum of $300,000 was appropriated to commence the work of construction, which was begun in the Fall of 1913.

Joseph C. S. Blackburn, former United States Senator from Kentucky, was appointed by President Wilson on February 2, 1914, to all the vacancy on the commission caused by the death of Mr. Cullom. Thomas S. Martin, United States Senator from Virginia, wag afterward appointed to all the vacancy on the commission caused by the death of Senator Money:

The foundations of the Memorial are now under construction, and will probably be completed early in 1915. They consist of reinforced concrete piers from 3 feet 6 inches to 4 feet 2 inches in diameter cast in steel cylinders which have been driven to bed rock and two feet into the rock, about Afty feet below the present surface of the ground. The upper foundations will rise 45 feet above the present ground level and will be surrounded by a mound of earth one thousand feet in diameter. Upon these foundations the Memorial proper, a great temple in design, will be erected of white marble.

TELESCOPES. THERE are two kinds of telescopes, vis., refracting and reflecting. In the former the rays of light are made to eonverge to a focus by lenses, while in the latter they are made to converge by being reflected from the surface of a slightly concaved, highly polished mirror.

The chief disadvantages of refracting telescopes are the chromatic and spherical aberrations of the lenses. In reflecting telescopes these aberrations can be done away with by using parabolic mirrors, but the great objection to the latter are the many mechanical dimcultles that have to be overcome.

Owing to the travelling of the earth in Its orbit and revolving about its axis, stars 11 viewed by a Axed telescope would soon disappear. It is thus necessary that a telescope be mounted so a star will always be in its field. This is accomplished by using an equatorial mounting,

In an equatorial mounting there are two axes, one called the “polar" that is parallel to the axis of the earth, and the other the "decilnation" at right angles to it. Hence, when a star is to be followed, the telescope is clamped in position, and by means of clockwork follows the star so It always remains in view.

The magnllying power of telesco es is generally expressed in diameters, the practical limit of power being 100 diameters per inch of diameter of the telescope. Thus the 36-Inch telescope, at the Lick Observatory, may give a magnifying power of 3,600 diameters. But such high power can only be used in a very clear atmosphere, and conse uently most astronomical observations are made at 1,000 diameters.

REFRACTING TELESCOPES. The largest in the world are in the United States. The one at Yerkes Observatory, Genevs Lake, Wis., has as object lens 40 Inches in diameter with a focal length of 64 feet. The movable part of the instrument turning on the polar axis weighs about 12 tons, and the clock 116 tons. Other sarge telescopes are the 36-Inch at Lick Observatory, Mt. Hamilton. Cal., where many important astronomical discoveries have been made; the 26-Inch at the U. S. Observatory. Washington, D. C.. and the 24-inch belonging to Harvard University. Tbere is a 30-inch refracting telescope at the Allegheny Observatory. Riverview Park, Pa.

Abroad 18 the 30-inch at the Imperial Observatory, Pulkova (near St. Petersburg), Russia. This telescope has a platform at the lower end of the polar axis, !rom which observers can readily operate the instrument. The Meudon Observatory (near Paris, France) has a 32-Inch, the Potsdam, Prussia, a 31-Inch, and the Royal Observatory, at Greenwich, England, a 28-lnch. There is a 32inch being installed at the Nicolaleff Observatory of Russia.

REFLECTING TELESCOPES. One of the most perlect Instruments ever bullt is at Mt. Wilson Observatory, Pasadena, Cal. The mirror is silver on glass, 60 Inches in diameter, and welghs nearly a ton, The telescope is moved by electric motors in r!ght ascension and declination. An Important feature in this Instrument is the different focal lengths that can be obtained. The 60-inch mirror has a 25-foot focus, but by a suitable arrangement of mirrors it is possible to get focal lengths of 80. 100 and 150 feet. At the same observatory a 100-Inch reflector is being constructed. The tube of the telescope, with the mirror at the bottom, will be 43 feet long, and with the mountings will weigh nearly 20 tons. There 18 a 36-Inch reflector at Lick Observatory, Harvard Unlversity has a 28-inch and a 60-inch, and at the Yerken Ohservatory is a 24-incb.

Other notable reflectors are the Lord Ronge, at Birr Castle, Ireland, which has a mirror 72 inches in diameter of speculum metal and a local length of 54 feet, a 48-inch at Melbourne. Australia, a 60-inch at Ealing. England, & 48-Inch at Paris, France, and a 39-Inch at Meudon, France, The Dominion Astronomical Observatory has had plans prepared for erecting a 72-Inch near Victoria, B. C.

ASTAr2 THE SINGLE TAX. *95120999.
THE following statement of the single tax principle was written by Henry George, Sr.:

We assert as our fundamental principle the self-evident truth enunciated in the Declaration of American Independence, that all men are created equal and are endowed by their Creator with certain Inallenable rights. We hold that all men are equally entitled to the use and enjoyment of what God has created and of wbat Is galned by the general growth and improvement of the community of which they are a part. Therefore, no one should be permitted to hold natural opportunities without a falr return to all for any special privilege thus accorded to him, and that value which the growth and improvement of the community attaches to land should be taken for the use of the community; that each is entitled to all that his labor produces; therefore, no tax should be levied on the products of labor

To carry out these principles, we are in favor of raising all public revenues for national, State, county, and municipal purposes by a single tax upon land values, Irrespective of improvements, and of the abolition of all other forms of direct and Indirect taxation.

Since in all our states we now levy some tax on the value of land, the single tax can be Instituted by the simple and easy way of abollshing, one after another, all other taxes now levied and commensurately increasing the tax on land values until we draw upon that one source for all expenses of government, the revenue belog divided between local government, State government, and the general government, as the revenue from direct taxes is now divided between the local and State governments, or by a direct assessment belog made by the general government upon the States and paid by them from revenues collected in this manner. The single tax we propose is not a tax on land, and therefore would not fall on the use of land and become a tax on labor.

It is a tax not on land, but on the value of land. Thus it would not fall on all land, but only on valuable land, and on that not in proportion to the use made of it, but in proportion to its value the premium which the user of land must pay to the owner, elther In purchase money or rent, for permisslon to use valuable land. It would thus be a tax not on the use and improvement of land, but on the ownership of land, taking what would otherwise go to the owner as owner, and not as user.

In assessments under the single tax all values created by Individual use or improvement would be excluded, and the only value taken into consideration would be the value attaching to the baro land by reason of neighborhood, etc., to be determined by impartial periodical assessments. Thus the farmer would have no more taxes to pay than the speculator who held a similar plece of land Idle, and the man who on a city lot erected a valuable building would be taxed no more than the man who held a similar lot vacant.. The single tax in short would call upon men to contribute to the publc revenues not in proportion to what they produce or accumulate, but in proportion to the value of the natural opportunitles they hold. It would compel them to pay just as much for holding land Idle as for putting it to its fullest use. The single tax, therefore, would

1st. Take the weight of taxation of the agricultural districts, where land has little or no value Irrespective of improvements, and put it on towns and cities, where bare land rises to a value of millions of dollars per acre.

20. Dispense with a multiplicity of taxes and a horde of tax-gatherers, simplify government, and greatly reduce Its cost.

30. Do away with the fraud, corruption, and gross Inequality inseparable from our present methods of taxation, which allow the rich to escape while they grind the poor. Land cannot be hid or carrted off, and its value can be ascertained with greater ease and certainty than any other.

4th. Give us with all the world as perfect freedom of trade as now exists between the States of the Union, thus enabling our people to share through free exchanges in all the advantages which nature has glven to other countries, or which the peculiar skall of other peoples has enabled them to attain. It would destroy the trusts, monopolles, and corruptions which are the outgrowths of the taria. It would do away with the ones and penalties now levied on any one who Improves a farm, erects a house, builds a machine, or in any way adds to the general stock of wealth. It would leave every one free to apply labor or expend capital in production or exchange without fine or restriction, and would leave to each the full product of his exertion.

5th. It would, on the other hand, by taking for publlo use that value which attaches to land by reason of the growth and improvement of the community, make the holding of land unprofitable to the mere owner and profitable only to the user. It would thus make it impossible for speculators and monopollsts to hold natural opportunltles unused or only hall used, and would throw open to labor tbe illimitable Beld of employment which the earth offers to man. It would thus solve the labor problem, do away with Involuntary poverty, raise wages in all occupations to the full earnings of labor, make over production Impossible until all human wants are satisfied, render labor-saving inventions a blessing to all, and cause such an enormous production and such an equitable distribution of wealth as would give to all comfort, leisure, and participatlon in the advantages of an advancing civilization, in securing to each ludividual equal right to the use of the earth. It is also a proper function of society to maintaln and control all public ways for the transportation of persons and property, and the transmission of Intelligence; and also to maintain and control all public ways in cities for furnishing water, ges, and all other thlngs that necessarily require the use of such common ways.

THE AMERICAN PEACE AND ARBITRATION LEAGUE, INC. The corporate purposes of the organization lavor universal peace by conclllation, joint commissions of inquiry and arbitration, through a permanent International court, arbitration treaties between all nations, and adequate armament lor national security. Honorary Presidents-Woodrow Wilson, William H. Taft, and Theodore Roosevelt. President-Henry Clews. Treasurer-Cornellus A. Pugsley. ErecuAlee Director-Andrew B. Humphrey. Headquarters, 31 Nassau Street, New York City.

UNITED STATES SECRET SERVICE. TO Secret Service chief of the division, The service is principally engaged in detecting and prosecuting makers dealers in counter felt paper money and coln. Detalls are also furnished for the protection of the President of the United States.

The arrests of counterfelters number about 400 annually; other arrests are for bribery, impersonating

Ited States Government ofcera, perjury, and violating sections of the Vaited States Revised Statutes relatlag to forelgn and domestic obligations and colns.

PROGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES

IN AREA, POPULATION AND MATERIAL INDUSTRIES,
(Complled from a statement prepared by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, Department

of Commerce.)
1800
1850.
1880.

1900. 19140h

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16,000,000 147,395,456 { 235.695,779

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dols. Public debt, per capita..

dols. Interest bearing debth. dols. Auuual interest charge.. dols, Interest per capita....

dols. Gold coined

..dols. Silver coined

...dols, Gold in circulation s .......dols, Silver in circulation į......: .dols. Gold certificates in circulation, dols. Silver certificates in circulat' 11, dols. United States notes (Green

backs) in circulation...... National bank notes in circulation......

dols. Miscellaneous currency in circulation ......

.dols. Total circulation of money.....dols. Per capita..

dols. National banks

..no. Capital ..

do]s. Bank clearings, New York, ..dols, Total United States..

.dols. Deposits in National banks....dols. Deposits in savings banks .dols. Depositors in savings banks....., no. Farms and farm property d....dols. Farm products, value d........dols. Manufacturing establish

ments ....

Value of products d...........dols. United States Governmeut receipts-net ordinary q.... dols. Customs..........

.dols, Internal revenne.

...dols. United States Government, disbursements, net ordinary 8...dols. War.

..dols. Navy.

..dols. Pensions

.dols. Interest on public debt ....dols. Imports of merchandise.. .dols, Per capita

.dols. Exports of merchaudise. ..dols.

Per capita.. Imports, silk, raw.... ... lbs. · Rubber, crude,

lbs. Tin plates

lbs. Iron and steel, manufactures of..

dols. Domestic exports, iron and

steel manulactures.... dols. Domestic exports, all manu.

factures of.... Farm animals, value....... Cattle....

.......no. Horses....

Do. Sheep.

no. Mules.......

.......no. Swine Production of gold.

..dols. Silver, commercial value....dols. Coal..... Petroleum....

..gals. Pig iron ........................ tons Steel

.tons Tin plates.

................ Ibs. Copper

.tons

.lbs Wheat

.bush,

892,135 2,997,119 3,026,789 3,026,789 8,026,789 5,308,483 23, 191,876 60,155,783 15.994,575 98,646,491 6.47 7.88 10.86 25.05

33.17 7,135,780.000 42,642,000,000 88,517,306,775 107,104,213,000 307.69

850. 20 1,164.79 11,318. 11 82,976,294 63,462,774 1,919,326.748 1,107,711,258 1,042,899,898 15.63 9.74 38. 27 14.62

10.53 82.976,294 63,452.774 1,723,993,100 1,023,478,860 967.953,110 8,402,601 8,782,393 79,633,981 33,645,130 22,891, 183 0.64 0. 16 1. 59 0.44

0.23 317,760 31,981,739 62,308,279 99,272,943 135,438,378 224,296 1,866,100 27,411,694 86,345,321 i 3,184, 229

610.806,472 k 614,321,674

142,050,334 k 230,577,851 7,963,900 200,733,019 1,035,454,129 ...:

5,789,669 408,465,574 479,462,316 327,895,457 313,971,545 338,889,613

337,415,178 300,115,112 718,085,637 10,500,000 181,386,626

79,008,942 2,427,058 26,500,000 278,761,982 973,382.228 3,056,160,998 3,419,108,308 5.00 12.02 19.41 26.93

84.53 2,076 3,782

7,625 456,909,585 621,536,461 1,058.192,835 87,182,128,621 51,964,588,664 198,121,520,000

84.582,450,081 i 173 755, 278,000

833,701,034 2,168,092,758 6.368,362,430 43,481,180 819, 106,973 2,349, 719,964 14,727,403,951

351,354 2,335,682 6,107,083 i 10,766,99% 3,967,343,580 13,180,501,538 m20,439,901,164 1040,991,449.00

2,212,450,927 4,417,069,973 09,751, 119.000 123.025 253,852 p 207.514 p268,491

1,019,106,616 5,369,579,191 p11,466, 926,701 p 20,672,051,870 10,848,749 43,592,889 333,526,501 567.240,852 734,343,700 9.080.933 39,668,686 186,522.065 233,164,871 392,128,598 809,397

124,009,374 295,327,927 7 380,000,000 10,813,971 40,948,383 264,847.637 487,713,792 700,559,948 2,560.879 9,687,025 38, 116,916 134,774,768 173.894,143 3,448,716 7,5404,725 13,636.985 50,453,078 139,893,614

64,131 1.868,886 56,777,174 140,877,816 173,092,056 3,402.601 8,782,393 95,757,578 40,160,333 23,143,74 91,252,768 173,509,626 667,954,746 849,941,184 1,893,9:29,657 17.19 7.48 119.51

10.93

* 18.92 70,971,780 144,375,726 835,638,658 1,394,483,082 2,364,579,148 13.37

6.22
v 10.43
17.76

23.37 2,562,236 11,959,310 28 694,672 16,825,099 49,377,138 131,995,742

379,902,880 147,963,804 48,877,947 20,145,067 71,266,699 20,478,728 81,790,853 52,144 1,953,702 14,716,524 121,913,548 251,480,677

93.223,106 121,818,298 484,846,235 41,099,639,138 644,180,516 1,576,917,556 2,929,123,134 5,891, 229,000 17,778,907 33,258,000 43,902,414 56,592,000

4,336,719 11,201,800 13,537,524 30,963.000 21,773 220 40,765.900 41,883,065 49, 719,000

659,331 1,729,500 2,086,027 4,449,000 30,354,913 84.034,100 37,079,356 58,933.000 50,000.000 36.000.000 79,171,000 w 88,301,093

50.900 34,717.000 85,741,100 w 40,564,871 6,266,233 63,822,830 240,789,810 477,202,303

2,104,017,166 2,672,062,218 10,434,741,660 563,765 3.835,191 13,789,242 30.906,301 1,247,336 10.188.329 w 81, 251,803

849,004.022 w3,167 055,000 6501 27,000 270,588

B55,081 52,516,959 232,500,000 288.636,621 996.175,800 100,486,944 498,649,868 522,229,606! 896,000,000

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PROGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES- Continued."
1800. 1850.

1880
1900.

1914a, Corn ...........

.bush.

693,071,104 1,717,434,543 2,100,102,516 2,598,000,000 Cotton........................ bales 168,509 2,454,442 0,605 7601 10,245, 602 í 13,982,811 Cane sugar...................... lbs.

247,577,000 178,872,000 322,319,011 601,074,880 Sugar consumed................. Ibs.

1,979,221,478 4,477,176,236 8,566,992,928 Per capita ..........*. ... lbs.

39.46
58.91

1 86.08 Cotton consumed, ......500-1b, bales 18,839 422,626 1.865,922 3,603,516 W 6,630.833 Domestic cotton exported.......ibs.

638,381,604 1,822,061,114 3,100,583,188 4,760,940,638 Railways operated.

miles

9,021
93,287

194,262 10 368,033 Passengers carried

576,831,251 w 1,004,081,346 Freight carried 1 mile..short tons.

141,596,651 161 w264,080,745,058 Revenue, ton per mile.......cents

0, 729

w 0.744 Passenger cars..................no.

84,713 w 51,490 Other cars.........

1,416,125 w 2.331,184 American vessels built x.... .tons. 106,261 279.255

157,409 393,790 1846, 155 Trading domestic, etc........tons. 301,919 1,949,743 2,715,224 4,839, 145 16,858.775 Trading foreign....

........ tons,

669,921 1,585,711 1,352,810 8226,694 11,037,776 On Great Lakes,

tons,

198,366

605,102 1,565,687 1 2,939,786 Vessels passing through Saulo Ste Marie Canal... ..tons.

1,734,890 23,315,834 ( 57,989,715 Commercial failures. .........rio.

4.735
10,574

y 8,344 Amount of liabilities.v.. .dols.

65,752,000 138,496,673 y 184,799,731 Post-Offices

903
18,417
42,989
76,688

56,810 Receipts of P.-O. Department.dols. 380,804 5,499,985 83,315,479 102,854,579 1 266,619,626 Telegrams sent 2.

29,215,509 63,167.788 (1) 90,000,000 Newspapers, etc. (2),

2,528
9,722
20,806

22,977 Public schools, salaries dols.

55,942 979 137,687 746 (3) 283,798,531 Patents issued

.. ne.

993
13,947
26,499

( 35.788 Immigrants arrived (4)..........no.

869,980)
457.257

448,672 1,218,480 a Figures of 1914 are somewhat preliminary and subject to revision. b Exclusive of Alaska and islands belonging to the United States. c Census figures, relating to Continental United States; the figures for 1914 represent an estimate. d Census figures.' e True valuation of real and personal property. (1904. 01800 to 1850, outstanding principal of the public debt, January 1. n Figures for the years 1800 to 1850 include the total public debt. i 1913.) Gold and silver cannot be stated sepa rately prior to 1876. From 1862 to 1875, inclusive; gold and silver were not in circulation, excepton the Pacific coast, where it is estimated that the average specie circulation was about $25,000,000, And this estimate is continued for the three following years under the head of gold. After that period gold was available for circulation, k As the result of a special investigation by the Director of the Mint, a reduction of $135,000,000 was made in the estimate of gold coin in circulation on July 1, 1907, as compared with

the basis of previous years, and on September 1, 1910, a reduction of 89, 700000 was made in the estimate of silver coin. Includes notes of Bank of United States ; State bianknotes; demand notes of 1862 and 1863; fractional currency, 1870; Treasury notes of 1890 1891 to date; and currency certificates, act of June 8, 1892-1900 m Includes value of buildings, $3,656,639,496. The Twelfth Census was the first to collect statistics of buildings on farms. n Includes value of bulldings, $6,325,451,528. O Data of the Department of Agriculture, representing wealth production on farms. p Exclusive of neighborhood industries and band trades, lpcluded in years previous to 1905. "Ordinary receipts' include receipts from customs, internal revenue, direct tax, public lands, and miscellaneous, but do not include receipts from loans, premiums, Treasury notes, or revenues of Post-omice Department. f Includes corporation and income taxes, $71,386,156 in 1914. "Ordinary disbursements include disbursements for War, Navy, Indians, pensions, payments

for interest, and "miscellaneous,'' but do not include payments for premiums, principal of public debt, or disbursements for postal service paid from revenues thereof. tImports for consumption after 1850. u Based on general imports. u Domestic exports only after 1860. 101912. * Includes canal boats and barges prior to 1880. y First six months a Figures relate to the West ern Union only and after 1900 do not include messages sent over leased wires or under railroad contracts. (1) Estimated 1912. (2) 1800 to 1850, inclusive, from census of 1880; from 1880 to 1900, inclusive, from Rowell's Newspaper Directory; after 1900 from Ayer's American Newspaper Annual. Figures for 1914 include outlying possessions. (3) Includes

salaries for teachers only. Figures are for 1912. (4) 1850, total alien passengers arrived: 1850, 15 months ending December 31; after 1850, Bscal years ending June 30.

UNITED STATES GEOGRAPHIC BOARD. Chairman, Henry Gannett, Geological Survey, Department of the Interior; Secretary, Charles 8. Blonne, Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce: Frank Bond,

General Land Office, Department of the Interior; Lt. -Col. John E. McMahon, General Staff, Department of War: Andrew Braid, Coast and Geodetic Survey, Department of Commerce: P. W. Hodge, Burean of Ethnology. Smithsenian Institution; G. R. Putnam, Bureau of Lighthouses, Department of Commerce; James E. Payne, Government Printing Office: Capt. Thomas Washington, Hydrographic

Office, Department of the Navy; William McNeir, Department of State; C. Hart Merriam, Department of Agriculture; John S. Mills, Department of the Treasury; Charles W. Stewart, Library and Naval War Records Omce, Department of the Navy: David N. Hidreth, Topographer, Post-Office Department; Goodwin D. Ellsworth, Post-Once Department,

By executive order of Angust 10, 1906, the official title of the United States Board on Geographic Names was changed to United States Geographic Board, and its duties enlarged. The board passes on all unsettled onestions concerning geographic names which arise in the departments, as well as determining, changing, and fixing place names within the United States and its insular possessions, and all names herenfter suggested by any officer of the Government shall be referred to the board before publication. The decisions of the board are to be accepted by all the departments of the Government as standard authority Advisory powers were granted the board concerning the preparation of maps compiled, or to be compiled, in the various offices and bureans of the Government, with a special view to the avoidance of unnecessary duplication of work; and for the unification and improvement of the scales of maps, of the symbols and conventions used upon them, and of the methods of representing relief. Hereafter, all such projects as are of Importance shall be submitted to this board for advice before being undertaken,

)

UNITED STATES COURT OF CUSTOMS.APPEALS.

(WASHINGTON, D. C.) Presiding Judge--Robert M. Montgomery. Associate Judges-James F. Smith, Orlon M. Barber, Marion De Vries, George E. Martin. Attorney-General-James C. McReynolds. Assistant A torney-General - William L. Wemple. Clert-Arthur B. Shelton ($3,500). Marshal-Frank H. Briggs ($3,000).

SEC. 188. There shall be a United States Court of Customs Appeals, which shall consist of a Presiding Judge and lour Assoclate Judges, each of whom shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall recelve & salary of seven thousand dollars a year. The Presiding Judge shall be so designated in the order of appointment and in the commission Issued to him by the President; and the Associate Judges shall have precedence according to the date of their commissions. Any three members of said court shall constitute a quorum, and the concurrence of three members shall be necessary to any decision thereof. In case ol & Vacancy or of the temporary inability, or disquall&cation for any reason of one or two of the Judges of sald court, the President may, upon the request of the Presiding Judge of sald court, designate any qualified United States Circult or District Judge or Judges to act in his or their places and such Circult or District Judges shall be duly qualifed to so act.

SEC. 189. The said Court of Customs Appeals shall always be open for the transaction of business, and sessions thereof may, in the discretion of the court, be held in the several judicial circuits, and at such places as said court may from time to time designate.

SEC. 195. That the Court of Customs Appeals established by this chapter shall exercise exclusive appellate jurisdiction to review by appeal, as herein provided, final decisions by a board of general appraisers in all cases as to the construction of the law and the facts respecting the classiAcation of merchandise and the rate of duty imposed thereon under such classifications, and the lees and charges connected therewith, and all appealable questions as to the jurisdiction of sald board, and all appealable questions as to the laws and regulations governing the collection of the customs revenues; and the judgments and decrees of sald Court of Customs Appeals shall be final in all such cases: Prooded, how coer, That in any case in which the judgment or decree of the Court of Customs Appeals is made tinal by the provisions of this title, it shall be competent for the Supreme Court, upon the petition of elther party, Bled within sixty days next after the issue by the Court of Customs Appeals of its mandate upon decision, in any case in which there is drawn in question the construction of the Constitution of the United States, or any part thereol, or of any treaty made pursuant thereto, or in any other case when the Attorney-General of the United States shall, before the decision of the Court of Customs Appeals is rendered, Ale with the court a certificate to the effect that the case Is of such Importance as to render expedient Its review by the Supreme Court, to require, by certiorari or otherwise, such case to be certined to the Supreme Court for Its review and determination, witb the same power and authority in the case as if it had been carried by appeal or writ of error to the Supreme Court: And provided further, That this act shall not apply to any case involving only the construction of section 1, or any portion thereof, of an act entitled "An act to provide revenue, equalize duties, and encourage the Industries of the United States, and for other purposes," approved August 5, 1909, nor to any case involving the construction of section 2 of an act entitled An act to promote reciprocal trade relations with the Dominion of Canada, and for other purposes, ** approved July 26, 1911. (Amendment as approved, August 22, 1914.)

SEC. 196. No appeal shall be taken or allowed from any Board of Unlted States General ADby any other courts in cases decided by sald Board of United States General Appraisers, but all pralsers to any other court, and no appellate jurisdiction shall thereafter be exercised or allowed appeals allowed by law from such Board of General Appraisers shall be subject to review only in the Court of Customs Appeals hereby established, according to the provisions of this chapter: Prorided, That nothing in this chapter shall be deemed to deprive the Supreme Court of the United States of jurisdiction to hear and determine all customs cases which have heretofore been certided to said court froin the United States Circult Courts of Appeals on applications for writs of certiorart or otherwise, nor to review by writ of certlorari any customs case heretofore decided or now pending and hereafter decided by any Circult Court of Appeals, provided application for said writ be made within six months after August 5. 1909: Provided further, That all customs cases decided by a Circuit or District Court of the United States or a court of & Territory of the United States prior to sald date above mentioned, and which have not been removed from said courts by appeal or writ of error, and all such cases theretofore submitted for decision in sald courts and remaining undecided may be reviewed on appeal at the instance of either party by the United States Court of Customs Appeals, provided such appeal be taken within one year from the date of the entry of the order, Judgment, or decrees sought to be reviewed.

SEC. 197. Immediately upon the organization of the Court of Customs Appeals, all_cases within the jurisdiction of that court pending and not submitted for decision in any of the United States Circuit Courts of Appeals, United States Circult, Territorial or District Courts, shall, with the record and samples therein, be certined by sald courts to sald Court of Customs Appeals for further proceedings in accordance here with: Provided, That where orders for the taking of further testimony before a referee have been made in any of such cases, the taking of such testimony shall be completed before such certification.

Sec. 198. I! the importer, owner, consignee, or agent of any Imported merchandise, or the Collector or Secretary of the Treasury, shall be dissatisfied with the decision of the Board of General Appraisers as to the copstruction of the law and the facts respecting the classification of such merchandise and the rate of duty imposed thereon under such class10cation, or with any other appealable decision of sald board, they, or elther of them, may, within sixty days next after the entry of such decree or judgment, and not afterward, apply to the Court of Customs Appeals for a review of the questions of law and fact Involved in such decision: Provided. That in Alaska and in the insular and other outside possessions of the United States ninety days shall be allowed for making sueb application to the Court of Customs Appeals. Such application shall be made by fling in the once of the clerk of sald court a concise statement of errors of law and fact complained of; and a copy of such statement shall be served on the collector, or the importer, owner, consignee, or agent, as the case may be. Thereupon the court shall immediately order the Board of General Appraisers to transmit to sald court the record and evidence taken by them, together with the certised statement of the facts Involved in the case and their decision thereon; and all the evidence taken by and before sald board shall be competent evidence before sald Court of Customs Appeals. The decision of wald Court of Customs Appeals shall be Anal, and such cause shall be remanded to sald Board of General Appraisers for further proceedings to be taken in pursuance of such determination.

SEC. 199. Immediately upon recelpt of any record transmitted to said court for determination the clerk thereof shall place the same upon the calendar for hearing and submission; and such calepdar shall be called and all cases thereupon submitted, except for good cause shown. at least once every sixty days: Prorided, That such calendar need not be called during the months of July and August of why year.

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