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BILLIARDS AND POOL-Continued.

York City. First game, September 28, English total 121; average for afternoon and evening. 7 9-16. Inman, total 602; average 27 4-11; Hoppe, total 304; Grand toual: Hoppe 7,766, Inman 7.245. average 13 9-11. Second game, September 29, 18.2% Match played in Canada, October 21 to NovemHoppe, total 1,000; average 24 16-41: Inman, total ber 7, under same conditions as matches in New 295; average 7 15-40. Third game, September 30, York and Chicago. Final total: Hoppe 3,005, InEnglish-Inman, total 1,206; average, afternoon, man 2,964. 19 16-31; evening, 26 3-23; Hoppe, total 621; aver

BEST RECORD AVERAGES. age, afternoon, 10 20-30; evening, 13 15-22. Fourth Professional-135 1-4 at.18.2, William Hoppe, game, October 1, 18.2-Hoppe, total 1,000; average, Chicago, Ill., February 24, 1914, 40 at 18.1, Jacob afternoon, 31 4-16; evening, 20 20-24; Inman, total Schaefer, Chicago, 1898; 10 at straight cushion151; average, after noon, 3 11-15: evening. 4 3-23. caroms, J. Schaefer, New York, 1883; 37.97 at ChamFirth game, October 2, English-Inman, total 1,201; pion's Game, G. F. Slosson, Paris, 1882; 52 at 14.1, average, afternoon, 40 1-15: evening, 42. 12-14; George Sutton, Baltimore, Md., October 28, 1914. Hoppe, total 360; average, afternoon, 10 8-14; eve Amateur-57.14 at 14.2, Calvin Demarest, Chining, 16 4-13. Sixth game, October 3, 18.2-Hoppe, cago, 1908; 33.33 at 18.2, Lucien Rerolle, Paris, 1903. total 1.000; average, afternoon, 27' 7-9; evening.

BEST RECORD RUNS. 38 6-13; Inman, total 248; average, afternoon, 9 10-17; evening, 71-12. Total for New York series

Professional-312 at 18.2, Calvin Demarest, ChiHoppe 4,285, Inman 3.703.

cago, Ill., November 16, 1910; 155 at 18.1, William Match-Chicago, III. First game, October 12,

Hoppe, Philadelphia, Pa., November 29, 1910: 246 English Inman, total 602; average 35 7-17: Hoppe,

at 18.2, Maurice Vignaux, Chicago, 1883, when rectotal 111; average 6 5-16. Second game, October 13,

ord balkline was first played: 303 at 14.1, Willie 18.2–Hoppe, total 1,000: average, afternoon, 31 4-16; Hoppe, New York City, April 23, 1914; 85 at straight evening, 35 10-14; Inman, total 232: average, alter

cushion-caroms, F. C. Ives, Boston, 1906, 398, Chamnoon, 8 5-15: evening. 7 8-13. Third game, Octo- pion's Game, Paris, 1882: 2,196 at English billiards, ber 14, English-Inman, total 1,202: average, after

by George Gray, Australia, at London, March 18, noon, 37 8-16; evening, 31 13-19; Hoppe, total 283;

1911. average, afternoon, 8 10-15; evening, 14 1-18. Fourth

Amateur-175 at 18.2, L. Rerolle, Paris, 1908; 202 game, October 15, 18.2-Hoppe, total 1,000; average,

at 14.2, Calvin Demarest, Chicago, 1908. afternoon, 50; evening, 23 16-21; Inman, total 183, Pool-Best run under new rule, one ball always on average, afternoon, 4 2-9; evening, 7 5-20. Fifth table--74. Morton Phillips, Chicago, III., February game, October 16, English--Inman, total 1,202; 13, 1913; in amateur city championship 59, Alfredo average, afternoon, 54 7-11; evening, 46 2-13; Hoppe, De Oro, New York, January 8, 1913, in professional total 187, averige, afternoon, 8 8-9; evening, 8 11-12. championship match with James Maturo. Sixth game, October 17, 18.2-Hoppe, total 1,000; Three Cushion-Best run-18, Pierre Maupome, average for afternoon and evening, 68 4-7, Inman, St. Louis, Mo., September 18, 1914.

ODD AND MISCELLANEOUS EVENTS.
DOG RACING.

| 10 A. M., but a wind and snow storm that reached FEBRUARY 20_Liverpool, England. The Water

the proportions of a blizzard developed as the race loo Cup, the "Derby for Greyhoun:is," was won by

progressed, and the heavy going destroyed chances Dilwyn, a lawn bitch nominated by A. F. Pope. The

of lowering time records of other years. Johnson's runner-up was Leuceryx, a black dog puppy nominat

time last year, which fixed the record for the course, ed by Major Robert McCalmont. Both hounds were

was 5h. 42m. 248. outsidery, the betting belore the first courses were

April 17-Nome, Alaska. John Johnson, holder run being 20 to 1 against Dilwyn and 50 to 1 against

of the record for the 412-Mile- All-Alaska sweepstakes Leuceryx. The coursing took place over the famous dog team race, became the winner in the 1914 classic flats of the Altcar Club. The winner takes the cup,

when he drove his 18 Siberian wolves into Nome after value $500, given by the Earl of Sefton, and a prize

havis covered the 412 miles over the snow trail from of $2.500. The event is open to 64 subscribers at

Nome to Candle and return in 81h. 3m. Johnson's $125 each, and is run off in five rounds.

time was seven hours slower than the record set by March 3—Nome, Alaska. Fred Ayer finished

himself in 1910, when he drove the Siberians over the first in the Solomon Derby doz race that was run from

course in 74h. 14m. 20s. The racers were handiNome over the snow trail to Solomon and return.

capped this year by stormy weather. Ilis time for the 64 miles was 6h. 30m. 48. John

COACHING MARATHON. Johnson, winner of last year's Derby, was a close June London. The coaching marathon from second with his team of Siberian wolves, and finished Bursey Park to Lympia was won by W. A. Barron, two minutes after Ayer. The five teams that en Judge Moore, of New York, was second, and A. G. tered the race started under clear skies from Nome at Vanderbilt, of New York, was third.

CANOE RACINC. MAY 31-New York City. Regatta of the Asso-, Won by Schroeder, Inwood; McMann second, Rigciated Canoe Clubs of the Hudson, at Spuyten Duy- ger third. vil: 1-2 mile course. Open sailing-Won by Zuck, Fort Washington; Webendorfer, Fort Washington,

July 3— Boston, Mass, Ralph B. Britton, Ganssecond: Weise, Yonkers, third. Decked sailing

noque Canoe and Motor Boat Club of Ontario, deWon by Leo Friede, Manhattan, in 29.30: Harrison,

feated Hildig Frolig, Gothenburg, Sweden, for the Yonkers, seco 31.10, carried over sail; Abeling.

Mystic Cup. In one of the heats for the Intercity Yonkers, third, 34.17, also over sailed. Club four,

Cup, J. A. Newman, Union Boat Club, defeated

Britton. single blade, senior--Won by Fort Washington: Inwood second, Hiawatha third. Club four, double July 4 Boston, Mass. Hildig Frolig, Gothenblare, senior--Won by Inwood: Fort Washington burg, Sweden, defeated J. A. Newman, Union Boat second, knickerbocker third. Club four. singles, Club, Boston, in the final of the Intercity Cup. Junior-Won by Inwood: Yonkers second, Fort Wash July 10 and 11-New York City, Gravesend Bay. ington third. Tandem singles, senior-Won by Bar- Elimination races for International Trophy. tholomew and Clark, Inwood: Zuck and Mohlnar, July 10_First, elimination race, sailing canoes, Fort Washington, second: Fisher and Marshall, In course 4 1-2 miles. wood, third. Tandem doubles, senior-Won by Von Wohin and Kelley, Fort Washington: Marshall and

Elapsed Bartholomew. Inwood, second: Finn and Clark, In

CANOE, OWNER AND CLUB.

Tiine. wood, third One-man singles, senior-Won by Kelley, Fort Washington: (lark, Inwoord, second; Bar

M. s, tholomew, third. One-man singles, junior--Won by Mermaid, L. Friede, Manhattan,

54 32 Clark, Inwood; Fisher, Inwood, second: Thumm. Bus, J. A. Newman, Boston,

54 53 Yonkers, third. One-inan doubles, senior-Won by Mad. F. Wolders, Jr., Rochester

59 20 Kelley, Fort Washington; Schroeder, Inwood, second: Banshee, H. D. Murphy, Poston.

59 24 Fisher, inwood, third. One-man doubles, junior Bat, J. R. Majors, Knickerbocker (did not finish).

CANOE RACING-Continued. Second elimination race, sailing canoes, course 6 August 26-Brockville, Ontario. Over the course miles.

of the American Canoe Association of Sugar Island, Elapsed

Ralph Britton, of the Gananoque Canoe and Motor CANOE, OWNER AND CLUB.

Time.

Boat Club of Ontario, Canada, retained his title as

champion of the New England States by defeating H. M. S.

H. D. Murphy, of Boston, challenger for the Mystic Mermald, L. Friede, Manhattan,

i 20 03 Trophy. The elapsed time was: Britton lh. 17m. Bus, J. A. Newman, Boston

1 21 18

30s., Murphy lh. 22m. 208. Mad, F. Wolders, Jr., Rochester,

1 25 13

September 7--Wissinoming, Pa. (near PhiladelBanshee, H. D. Murphy, Boston..

126 12

phia), Regatta of Atlantic Division of American Bat, J. R. Majors, knickerbocker (did notl Anish).

Canoe Association, on the Delaware. One-man

doubles-Won by Schroeder, Inwood Canoe Club, July 11-First race, course about 5 miles.

New York: second, Gregory, Algonquin Canoe Club,

Trenton; third, Black, Algonquin Canoe Club. Club

Elapsed fours, singles---Won by American Canoe Association CASOE, SAILOR AND CLUB,

Time. of iludson River (Ahrens, Schroeder, MeMahon,

Kelley); second, Philadelphia Canoe Cluh (Svenson,

H. M. Hunter, Dorman, Kerbec): third, Alronquin Canoe Bus. J. A. Newman, Boston.

1 10 52 Club, Trenton (Fine, Black, Reynolds, Rose): InMermaid, L. Friede, Manhattan

1 11 19 woo41 Canoe Club, New York, capsized. Tandem, Mad, F. Wolders, Jr., Rochester,

1 11 58 singlesWon by Inwood Canoe Club, New York Banshee, H. D. Murphy, Boston

1 15 42 (Clarke, Bartholomew); second, Fort Washington Bat, J. R. Majors, Knickerbocker.

1 16 15 | Canoe Club, New York (Rutherford, Birch); third

Algonquin Canoe Club (Fine, Black), fourth, PhilaSecond race, course about 5 miles.

delphia Cance Club (Dorman, Kerbec). Mixed Elapsed

coubles-Won by Inwood Canoe Club, New York CANOE. SAILOR AND CLUB.

Time. (Miss Zuk and J. Marshall); serond, Rampo Ranger

Canoe Club, Mountain View, N, J. (Miss Marshall H. M. S.

and H. Wilson); third, Philadelphia Canoe Club (Mr. Mermaid. L. Friede, Manhattan.

1 06 41

and Mrs. H. L. Walker). Club fours, doubles.--Won B112, J. A. Newman, Boston.

1 On 57 by Inwood Canoe Club, New York (Marshall, Fisher, Mad. F. Wolders, Jr., Rochester

1 07 35

Dorman, Kerbec): second, American Canoe AssociaBanshee, H. D. Murphy. Boston..

1 12 48

tton, Hudson River (Ahrens, Schroeder, McMahon, Bat. J. R. Majors, Knickerbocker.

1 13 00

Kelley); third, Algonquin Canoe Cluh (M. Gregory,

C. Gregory, Tidd, Rose); fourth, Philadelphia Canoe L. Friede was selected to defend the trophy.

Club (Kerbec, Svenson, Dorman, Hunter). Hudson July 18-New York City, Gravesend Bay, for In VS. Delaware four crew doubles----Won by Hudson ternational Trophy of New York (anoe Club. Leo (Marshall, Bartholomew Fisher, Clarke): second, Friede, New York, defeated Ralph B. Britton, Gana Algonquin Canoe Club, Trenton (M. Gregory, C. noque Canoe and Motor Boat Club of Ontario, Gregory, Tiid, Rose). Hudson vs. Delaware four Canada.

crow doubles-Won by Hudson (Ahrens, Schroeder,

McMahon, Kelley); second, Philadelphia Canoe First race, course 8 miles.

Club (Svenson, Hunter, Dorman, Kerbec). TanElapsed

dem doubles Won by Inwood Canoe Club, New SAILOR, NATION

Time.

York (McMahon, Schroeder); second, Inwood (anoc

Club (Bartholomew, Marshall); third, Algonquin H. M. S.

Canoe Club, Trenton (M. and C. Gregory): fourth, Frierie, United States

1 29 42

Tidd, Algonquin Canoe Club, Trenton, and Humes, Britton. Canada..

1 35 26

unattached. One-man singles Won by Bartholo

mew. Inwood Canoe Club, New York; second, Black, Second race, course 8 miles.

Algonquin Canoe Club, Trenton; third, Kirby, Phila

delphia Canoe Club; fourth, Rutherford, Washing

Elapsed ton Canoe Club. Washington, D. C. One-man SAILOR, NATION.

Time. overboard--Won by Wcley, Fort Washington (anoe

Club, New York; second, Burch, Washington ('anoe

H. M. S. Club, Washington, D. C.; thirdi, McGregory, AiconFrierle, United States.

2 04 46 quin Canoe Club, Trenton; fourth, Sveuson, Phila. Britton, Canada.

2 12 09 delphia Canoe Club.

MOTORCYCLE RACING. PROFESSIONAL RECORDS (AMERICAN AND FOREIGN). 1 KILO.--25 3-5s. by H. Cissac at Blackpool, England, July 27, 1905. *1 Kilo.---33 1-5s, by J. Olieslagers at Antwerp, Belgium, Jone 24, 1909. *l Mile-50 1-58. by H. Cissac at Blackpool, England, July 27. 1905.

1 Mile, 363.; 2 miles, 1m. 12 2-59.; 3 miles, 1 m. 50 3-58.; 4 miles, 2m. 28 3-58.; 5 miles, 3m. 6 4-58.; 6 miles, 3m. 459.7 miles. 4m. 23 1-55.; S miles, 5m. 1 3-55.; 9 miles, 5m. 39 4-58, i 10 miles. 6m. 61-8.; 11 miles, 6m. 56 4-59.; 12 miles. im. 37 3-55.; 13 miles. em. 17 2-5s : 14 miles, Sm. 56 4-5$. ; 15 miles, Om. 33 1-53.: 16 miles, 10m. 14 3-59.; 17 mlies, 10m. 531-53.; 18 miles, ilm. 32 4-58 ; 19 miles, 12m. 12 4-59.; 20 miles. 12 m. 52 4-58.; 21 miles, 13 m. 32 2-53.: 22 miles. 14m. 27 1-55. ; 23 miles, 15m. 7 1-5.3.; 24 miles, 15m. 478., 25 miles, loim. 275.; all by Ray Seymour at Los Angeles, Cal, May 24, 1912. 30 miles, 20m. 18 1-58.; 35 miles, 23m. 125. 40 miles, 27m, 6s; 15 miles, 3um. 32' 1-5s, 50 milles, 33m. 55 1-55.: 55 miles, 37m. 19 2-58.: 60 miles, 10m. 12 2-5s.; 65 miles, 44 m. 6 2-55.: 70 miles, 47 m. 31 1-59.; 75 mlies, 50m. 55 2-53.80 miles. 51m. 19 3-58.; 85 miles, 57m. 46 3-35.; 90 miles. ih, im. 12 2-55.: 95 miles, lh. 4m. 36 3-58.; 100 miles, lh. 8m. 1 4-58. all by W. Humiston 200 miles, 1h. 5m. 54 2-5s.; by H. Martin at Canning Town, England, February 15, 1909 300 miles, 6h. fin. 285.; 400 miles, 9h. 6m. 25 4-58.: by H. A. Collier at Canning Town, England, May 5, 1909. 1 Hour 88 mlles 350 yards, W. Humiston. 2 Hours--118 miles 719 yards, II. V. Colver at Brookland, England, Drcember 9, 1903. 3 Hours-165 miles 936 yards, É. F. Martin at Brooklands, Eurland, November 22, 1909. 4 Hours -- 194 miles 1,320 yards, H. V. Martin at Canning Town, England, February 15, 1903, 5 Hours---245 miles 640 yards. 6 Hours-294 miles SOO Paris. 7 Hours326 miles 640 yards. 8 Hours-364 miies 1,480 yards. 9 Hours-396 miles 8 yards. 10 Hlours --411 miles. 11 Hours--445 miles 1.462 yarris, 12 Hours 471 miles 754 yards. 13 Hours-306 mileg 1.260 Vards. 14 Hours 508 miles. 15 Hours--522 miles 1.590 yards. 16 Hours 26 miles. 17 Hours --599 miles 1.700 yards. 18 Hourg-611 milez 330 yards 19 Hours 118 miles 5 Sii yards. 20 Fours.S0 miles. 21 Hours-690 miles 586 yards. 22 Hours --725 miles 1.390 yorils Hourg--730 miles 940 yards. 24 Hours--775 tiles 1,340 yards; all by II. A. Collier, Canning Town, England, May 5, 1909.

AMATEUR RECORDS. 1 Kilo.--29 2-58.; Charles Spencer at Springfield, Mass., October 23, 1909. *1 K110.--29 : Charles Gustaison at Springfield, Mass., October 23, 1909. *1 Mille--55 1-58.; Charles SI 3 KAT

MOTORCYCLE RACING-Continued.

Springfield, Mass., October 23, 1909. 1 Mile, 38 4-58.; 2 miles, 1m. 18 2-58.; 3 miles, lm. 58 4-58.; 4 miles, 2m. 38 4-58.; 5 miles, 3m. 18 4-58.; 6 miles, 3m. 59 1-58.; 7 miles, 4m. 40s.: 8 miles, 5m. 20 4-58.: 9 miles, 6m. 1 1-58.; 10 miles, 6m. 42s.; 11 miles, 7m. 23s.; 12 miles, 8m. 32-58.; 13 miles, &m. 43 4-58.: 14 miles, 9m. 23 4-58.; 15 miles, 10m. 3 4-58.; 16 miles, 10m. 44 2-58.: 17 miles, 11m. 24 3-5s.; all by Lon Clanin at Los Angeles, Cal., May 17, 1912. 18 miles, 12m. 578.; 19 miles, 13m. 40 1-58.; 20 miles, 14m. 23 3-58.; all by Don Johns at Los Angeles, Cal., April 4, 1911. 21 miles, 16 m. 17 1-58. 22 miles, 17m. 4 3-5s.; 23 miles, 19m. 38.; 24 miles, 19m. 53s.; 25 miles, 20m. 548.; 30 miies, 25m. 14 2-58.; 35 miles, 29 m. 20 2-58.; 40 miles, 33m. 22 3-58.; 45 miles, 37 m. 398.; 50 miles, 41m. 49 3-58.; 55 miles, 46m. 10 1-58.; 60 miles, 50m. 24 3-58.: 65 miles, 54m. 32 1-58.; 70 miles, 58m. 48 2-58.; all by Fred Huyck at Springfield, Mass., September 6, 1909. 75 miles, lh. 20 m. 1-58.; SO miles, lh. 25m. 19 2-58.; 85 miles, lh. 30m. 378.; 90 miles, lh. 36m. 38.; 95 miles, 1h. 42m. 3 1-58.: all by Robert Stubbs at Birmingham, Ala., November 24, 1908. 100 miles. lh. 27 m. 498.; M. J. Graves at I os Angeles, Cal., July 18, 1909. 200 miles, 3h. 55m. 20s.; Charles Spencer at Springfield, Mass., October 1, 1909. 300 miles, 5h. 48m. 55s.; 400 miles, Sh. 12m. 368.; both by Charles Gustafson at Springfeld, Mass., October 1, 1909. 500 miles, 10h. 22m. 368.; 600 miles, 13h. 15m. 168.; 700 miles, 15h. 25m, 268.; 800 miles, 17h. 37m. 318.; 900 miles, 19h. 46m.; 1,000 miles, 22h. 20m. 59s.; all by Charles Spencer at Springfield, Mass., October 2, 1909. 1 Hour-71 miles 620 yards, Fred Huyck at Springfield, Mass., September 6, 1909. 2 Hours-134 miles 880 yards, M. J. Graves at Los Angeles, Cal.. July 18, 1909. 3 Hours-145 miles 587 yards. 4 Hours— 204 miles 587 yards: Charles Spencer at Springfield, Mass., October 1, 1909. 5 Hours-246 miles 1.174 yards. 6 Hours-300 miles 1,174 yards. 7 Hours---333 miles, 1,174 yards; all by Charles Gustafson at Springfield, Mass., October 1, 1909. 8 Hours--388 miles 1,174 yards. 9 Hours-441 miles; Charles Gustafson at Springfield, Mass., October 2. 1909. 10 Hours-482 miles. 11 Hours--512 miles. 12 Hours559 miles 587 yards. 13 Hours-585 miles. 14 Hours-641 miles 587 yards. 15 Hours-677 mileg 587 yards. 16 Hours-730 miles. 17 Hours-767 miles 587 yards. 18 Hours-812 miles 587 yards. 19 Hours---662 miles 587 yards. 20 Hours-911 miles. 21 Hourg-945 miles 587 yards. 22 Hours—986 miles 1,174 yards. 23 Hours-1.035 miles 1,174 yards. 24 Hours-1,093 miles 1,151 yards; all by Charles Spencer at Springfield, Mass., October 2, 1909.

Straightaway Records--1 Kilo.-27 4-58.; Walter Goerke at Daytona, Fla., March 25, 1909. 1 Mile-432-58.; Robert Stubbs at Daytona, Fla., March 25, 1909. 5 Miles-3m. 30s.; Walter Goerke at Daytona, Fla., March 24, 1909. 10 Miles--sm. 578.; A. G. Chapple, Daytona, Fla., March 24, 1909. 20 Miles-17m. 25 1-58.; A. G. Chapple, Daytona, Fla., March 26, 1909.

Transcontinental Record-3,745 Miles—20 days, 9h. ím.; by Volney Davis, San FranciscoNew York, June 26-July 16, 1911.

Economy Records--31 miles 1,400 yards, 1 pint, by F. A. Baker, Cambridge, Md., July 9, 1904. 55 miles 528 yards, 1 quart, by E. Buffum, New York City, July 4, 1904. 190 miles, 4 quarts 10 ounces, by F. A. Baker, Long Island, September 15, 1907.

* Made in standing start.

CHAMPIONSHIPS, 1914. July 4, Saratoga, N. Y.-2-miles national, professional-Won by John U. Constant, New York; Frank Hart, New York, second; J. Neylan, Binghamton, third. Time-lm, 40 4-5s. 10-mile New York State, amateur-Won by Channing R. Burbank, New York; A. Roulaet. Rochester, second; Y. Wasco, Yonkers, third. Time-10m, 62-5s. 5-mile amateur. New York State- Won by A. Roulaet, Rochester; Y. Wasco, Yonkers, second; T. Craddock, Philadelphia, third. Time5m. 548.

July 19, St. Louis, Mo.- National Championships: 100 miles, professional-Won by Glenn Buyd, Denver, 1h. 32 m. 36s. 15 miles, amateur-Won by Wlliam Lueders, Chicago, 12 m. 158. 10 miles, amateur-Won by Henry Raulet, Rochester, N. Y., 8m. 32 3-58. 15 miles, professionalWon by R. Creviston, ilm, 35 3-58.

ARCHERY. THIRTY-SEVENTH Tournament for National Championships, held at Haverford, Pa., August 18-21, 1914.

Double American Round (30 shots at 60 yards. 30 shots at 50 yards, 30 shots at 40 yards), menWon by Dr. Robert P. Elmer, Wayne, Pa. (defender), score 1,052. Double Columbia Round (24 shots at 50 yards, 24 shots at 40 yards, 24 shots at 30 yards), women-- Won by Mrs. Burton P. Gray, Boston, 143 hits, score 839; Mrs. E. G. Trout, Wayne, second, 837 score. Double York Round-Won by Dr. Robert P. Elmer, 162 hits, 764 score; Dr. O. L. Hertig, second, 161 hits, 651 score. National Round ---Won by Mrs. Burton Þ. Gray, Boston, 127 hits, 625 score; Miss C. Wesson, Second, 127 hits, 606 score. Juniors-Won by Dorothy Smith, Boston. Medal for largest number of goals in National Round-Tie between Mrs. Gray and Miss C. Wesson. Fifty-yard MedalWon by Mrs. E. E. Trout, Wayne, Pa. Forty-Yard Medal --Won by Mrs. John Dunlap, Jr. ThirtyYard Medal-- Won by Miss Norma Fei ce, Boston. 100-Yard Medal-Won by H. S. Taylor, Buffalo. Eighty-Yard Medal-Won by Dr. P. L. Hertig, Pittsburgh. Sixty-Yard Medal-Won by W. D. Douthitt, Pittsburgh. Fifty-Yard Medal-Won by Col. Robert Williams, Jr., Washington. Forty-Yard Medal - Won by James S. Jiles, Pittsburgh. Wand Shoot for Ladies-- Won by Miss C. Wesson, Boston.

Team score: Men-Wayne won; Pittsburgh second, Newton of Boston third. I adies-Wayne won.

NATIONAL TAX ASSOCIATION. President-Prof. E. R. A. Seligman, Columbia University. Vice-President-S. T. Howe. To peka, Kan. Secretary-Thomas S. Adams, Madison, Wis. Treasurer--A. E. Holcomb. No. 15 Dey Street, New York City. Organized 1906.

Objects: To formulate and announce through an annual conference composed of oscial delegates appointed by State executives and college presidents the best thought of economists, administrators and business men on all questions of taxation and public Onance. The association has 600 members distributed among every State, the Canadian provinces and foreign countries. Annual dues, $5.

NEW YORK FIRE DEPARTMENT BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION. President-John J. Donohue, 317 Webster Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. Recording Secretary M. V. Stokes, 2408 Webster Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. Treasurer--Edward Meehan. The association meets every month at 224 East Sixty-second Street, New York City.

AVIATION. The great European war which began on July 28 with Austria's declaration of war against Servia and soon entangled Germany, Russia, Great Britain, France, Belgium, Japan and Turkey offered the first comprehensive opportunity for the use of aircraft in actual warfare on a large scale. Almost all the nations engaged were represented by large fleets of aeroplanes, spherical and dirigible balloons, and some hydroaeroplanes. These were immediately called into use with varying success. In some respects the general aircraft did not equal the brilliant forecasts which preceded the entry of this new arm of the service into war. of the various types the aeroplane, both armored and unarmored, proved the most effective. For scouting purposes It was extremely effective Carrying one or two oficer-observers in addition to the aviator, these machines flew for miles over the armies and positions of the combatants, returning with reports within a few hours that it would have required days to secure under the former methods With these reports as guides it became possible to shell concealed positions, rush reinforcements to threatened quarters, follow closely the tactics and maneuvres of the enemy.

In the actual destruction of life and property. however, the aircraft in war did not reach the point of effeetiveness previously predicted. German dirigibles of the Zeppelin type made several night attacks on Antwerp, dropping bombs which killed approximately a score of persons and wrecked several buildings. Numerous battles in the air between rival aviators and attacks on dirigibles by aeroplanes were reported but no authentic list of casualties or captured machines are available at press time. Occasional accounts of damage done by a via tors dropping bombs on active combatants are also reported, but the chief use of the aircraft in the early months of the war was that of scouting, and in this department of aviation the aeroplane proved of great value in the titanic battles in Belgium, France, and Poland.

Within the past two years the War Departments of the nations of the world adopted the policy of refusing to disclose the number and equipment of their aerial navies and the sums expended for this arm of the servicc The following tables, therefore, are based on estimates made by various aeronautical organizations and experts. While not absolutely omcial or correct in all cases, they show approximately the aerial strength of the nations of the world including In particular those now at war:

CERTIFIED AVIATION PILOTS.
List of aviation pilots as compiled by the International Aeronautical Federation.
Aero- Hydro Balloon, Balloon,

Aero-
NATION.

Hydro Balloon, Balloon, planc. aeroplane. Dirigible. Spherical

NATION.

plane. aeroplane. Dirigible. Spherical.

[blocks in formation]

A Ilst of the known balloons of all types, except spherical, in the possession of those nations now at war, at the opening of hostilities is appended:

GERMANY

[blocks in formation]

FRANCE. Name and make, year built, and gas capacity.

Speiss (1914), 16,000 cubic metres; Adjutant-Reau (Astra-Conte, 1911), 9.000 cubic metres; Capitaine-Ferber (Zodiac, 1911). 9,000 cubic metres; Commandant-Coutelle (Zodiac, 1911). 9,000 cubic metres; Selle-de-Beauchamp (Lebaudy, 1911), 8,000 cubic metres; Adjutant-Vincent (Clement. Bayard), 9,000 cubic metres; Capitaine-Marchal (Lebaudy, 1911), 7,500 cubic metres: Depuy-deLome (Clement-Bayard, 1912), 9,000 cubic metres; Fleurus (Clement-Bayard, 1912), 6,500 cubic metres: Eugene-Montgolner (ciement-Bayard, 1913), 6,200 cubic metres; Le Temps (Zodiac, 1911). 2,500 cubic metres.

RUSSIA. Name and make, year bullt, and gas capacity.

Parseval XVIII. (1913), 10,000 cubic metres: Astra XIII. (1913), 10,000 cubic metres; Clemente Bayard VII. (1913), 9,600 cubic metres; Albatros (1913), 9.000 cubic metres, Militery PL VII. (Parseval), 6,700 cubic metres; Le Lebedi (Lebaudy, 1910), 3,700 cubic metres; Komissiony (ClementBayard I., 1910), 3,500 cubic metres; Goluley (Astra, 1910), 2,270 cubic metres; Korschum (Zodiac, 1910), 2.140 cubic metres; Tshaika (Zodiac, 1910), 2,140 cubic metres: Kobischix (1912), 2,150 cubic metres; Sokal (1914), 2,500 cubic metres.

GREAT BRITAIN.
Flight
Flight

Flight
NAME. Make. Built. Capacity. NAME Make. Bullt. Capacity NAME. Make. Bullt. Capacity.
Vickers
1913 20 hours. Ilgamma R. A. F.1910. 12 hours.

Willows 1912 10 hours. Delta.. R. A. F. 1912 12 hours. Astra 12

Beta...R. A. F. 1909 8 hours. AEROPLANES, ALL TYPES, AVAILABLE. France. 1,1001 Great Britain.

450 Spain

100 Argentina. Gerrnany 1,000 Austria. 400 United States. 100 Norway.

10 Russia. 875 |Belgium. 250 Switzerland. 20|||Sweden.

10 Italy. 600||Japan..

10011 DIRIGIBLE AND SEMI-DIRIGIBLE BALLOONS. Germany. 30||Great Britain. 15 Japan

Spain, France.. 20 Italy 15 Belgium

4 United States.. Russia.

18|| Austria-Hungary. 1011

AVIATION FATALITIES DURING 1914. The following list of aviators, killed during flights in 1914, does not include those who lost their Ilves In the European war. No accurate list, elthier in number or name, was avallable at the time of going to press. DATE. Name.

Place.

Cause.

Jan.
Jan.

1913. Dec. 1 Capt. G. V. Widman. Dec.

7. Lleut. Wachsmuth. Dec. 15.

Letort.. Dec. 30.

Remus. 1914. Jan. 5 Lieut. Mery

19. Lleut. M. Ramos.

21 Sergt. Schweizer.,
Jan. 25 Geo. Lee Temple.
Jan. 26 M. Geo. L. Gipps.
Feb. 2

Capt. Niquet
Feb. 5 Raoul de Reale.
Feb. 7 F. M. Bell..
Feb. 9 Lieut. H. B. Post.
Feb.
10

Derner.
Feb.

16 Lleut. Murray Feb. 23 E. T. Haynes.

Capt. Fethi Feb.

Lieut. Sadik March 1..

Pierre Salvez March

1.... Gimenez Lastra

George Newbery} March 2.

Lleut. Elsner

Passenger March

9

Capt. Downer.
March 11. Lieut. Nouri.

Capt. Allen
March 11.
Lieut. Burroughs

18}
March 12 Nuri Bey
March 16

Hanouille. March 18 |Lieut. Bongard March 19. Lleut. H. F. Treeby March 21. Lleut. de Lesser. March 21

Borrer. March 21 Capt. A. Andreadı. March 26 Lleut. Groener Much 30. Capt. Reluhardt. March 31. Lieut. V. Gritta. April 1 Emile Vedrines April

Pierre Testulat
1.

M. Avigny
April 2 Lieut. Lankmeyer
April 8 Francois Verschaeve
April 8 Sergt. Eric Norman Deane.

Hermann Reichelt
April

10.... Fraulein Steglitsch

Lushington, England.
Libau, Russia.
Bordeaux, France
Johannisthal, Germany
Santiago, Chile...
Madrid, Spain
Munich, Germany.
Hendon, England.
Larkhill, England.
Bourges, France..
Versallles, France,
Meridian, Miss..
San Diego, Cal.
Johannisthal, Germany.
Pensacola, Fla.
Chichester, England.
Samar, Turkey.
Amberleu, France.
Buenos Ayres, Argentina. .
Vienna, Austria.....

28...

Machine turned turtle.
Unknown
Error in landing.
Broken plane.
Machine capsized.
Unknown
Lost control.
Machine side-slipped.
Sharp banking.
Plane capsized.
Wind gust.
Broken propeller.
Broken plane.
Collision
Drowned.
Broken rudder.
Wind gust.
Lost control.
Motor trouble.
Fractured propeller.
Sharp banking.
Engine trouble.
Broken rudder post.
Exhaustion.
Turned turtle.
Machine capsized.
Machine side-slipped.
Lost control.
Lost control.
Eugine trouble.
Struck by propeller.
Wing collapsed.
Sharp banking.
Machine capsized.
Wind gust.
Plane collapsed.
Broken wing.
Lost control.
Broken wing.

Netheravon, England.
Jaffa, Turkey ..
Netheravon, England
Jalta, Palestine
San Sebastian, Spain.
Metz, Germany
Salisbury, England
Königsberg, Germany
Basel, Switzerland.
Sebastopol, Russia
Johannisthal, Germany.
Kurve, Germany
Turin, Italy
Rheins, France.
Chalons Camp, France.
Munich, Bavarla..
Antwerp, Belgium.
Brooklands, England.
Dresden, Germany.

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