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any fraudulent or deceptive intention. Reissue applications must

sworn to by the inventors, if they be living.


Fees must be paid in advance, and are as follows: On filing each original application for a patent, $15. On issuing each original patent. $20. In design cases: For three years and six months, $10; for seven years, $15; for fourteen years, $30. On every application for the reissue of a patent, $30. On filing each disclaimer, $10. For certified copies of patents and other papers in manuscript, ten cents per hundred words and twenty-five cents for the certificate; for certified copies of printed patents, eighty cents. For uncertified printed copies of specifications and drawings of patents, five cents each. For recording every assignment, agreement, power of attorney, or other paper, of three hundred words or under, $1; of over three hundred and under one thousand words, $2; for each additional thousand words, or traction thereof, $1. For copies of drawings, the reasonable cost of making them. The Patent Office is prepared to furnish positive photographic copies of the drawings of pending patented or abandoned cases, in sizes and at rates as follows: Large size, 10x15 inches, twenty-five cents; medium size, 8x12 inches, fifteen cents. Negative photographic copies of speci fications and drawings of foreign patents, or of any page or part of page of any printed publication in the possession of the office, will be furnished on paper 7x11 inches, for 15 cents per sheet. Fee for examining and registering trade-mark, 810, which includes certificate. Stamps cannot be accepted by the Parent Office in payment of fees. Stamps and stamped envelopes should not be sent to the office for replies to letters, as stamps are not required on mall matter emanating from the Patent Office.


....... ...........

Number of applications for registration of trade-marks..

Number of applications for registration of


Number of applications for prints
Number of disclaimers filed..

Number of appeals on the merits...


The receipts of the Patent Office during the year ending December 31, 1913, were $2,084, 417.79,
and expenditures, $1,947,383. 28. Receipts over expenditures, $137,034.51. Total net surplus to
December 31, 1913, $7,297,052. 46.
The following is a statement of the business of the office for the year ending December 31, 1913:
Number of applications for patents....... 68,117 Number of patents granted, including
Number of applications for design patents
Number of applications for reissue patents
Patents reissued.......................................................................









France.............................. ·

6,063 21.867






The total number of applications filed at the Patent Office in seventy-five years, 1837-1912, was 1,926,009; number of original patents, including designs and reissues issued, 1,106,235,

There is now no law permitting the filing of a caveat, the old law having been repealed July 1,1910. Patent No. 1,000,000 was granted August 8, 1911, to F. H. Holton, of Akron, O., for an automobile tire. The following is a statement of patents and designs issued in 1913 according to residence of patentees:

Great Britain.


Italy and Sardinia,


To 1870 fuclusive.


35,044 4,081 103,934

Alabama, 189; Alaska, 6; Arizona, 71; Arkansas, 141: California, 1,668; Canal Zone, 11: Colorado, 436: Connecticut, 968; Delaware, 40 District of Columbia, 241 Florida, 132; Georgia, 238; Hawall, 21; Idaho, 107; Illinois, 3,229; Indiana, 713; Iowa, 606; Kansas, 410; Kentucky, 228; Louisiana, 171; Maine, 113; Maryland, 317; Massachusetts, 809; Michigan, 969; Minnesota, 586; Mississippi, 94; Missouri, 1,027; Montana, 132; Nebraska, 274; Nevada, 42; New Hamp shire, 98; New Jersey, 1,610; New Mexico, 52; New York. 5,312; North Carolina, 161: North Dakota, 131; Ohlo, 2,099; Oklahoma, 263; Oregon, 254; Pennsylvania, 3,085; Philippine Islands, 10; Porto Rico, 5; Rhode Island, 271: South Carolina, 90; South Dakota, 124; Tennessee, 210: Texas. 599; Utah, 121; Vermont, 58; Virginia, 290; Washington, 529: West Virginia, 201; Wisconsin, 763; Wyoming, 39; U. S. Army, 7; U. S. Navy, 11. Total. †31,382.

Foreign countries: Austria-Hungary, 168; Belgium, 54; Canada, 557; Cuba, 21; Denmark, 28; England, 908; France, 340: Germany, 1,433; Italy, 55; Japan, 19: Mexico, 31: Norway, 31: Russia, 48; Scotland, 63; Sweden, 87; Switzerland, 181; other countries, 238. Total foreign, 4,212.

9,996 53,408

must be made and the specifications


The following table is compiled from the report of the Commissioner of Patents for 1914. It exhibits the number of patents issued by foreign countries (estimated) and the United States from the earliest records to December 31, 1913:

445 4,723

1871 to 1913.

79.951 67,583

Number of trade-marks registered..
Number of labels registered
Number of prints registered


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Number of patents expired.

Number of patents forfeited for non-pay-
ment of final fees..

Number of applications allowed awaiting
final fees...

Number of trade-mark applications pas-
sed for publication.


79,951 Russia.........
82,933 Spain.........
270,123 Sweden..
156,033 Switzerland.
486,720 All other foreign
286,572 countries.........


85,624 158 35,788 5,065

708 290

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420, 419


24,904 24,904 Grand total....... 359, 0103,190,023 3,549,033

57,796 Total foreign,

238,487 2,217,373 2,455,810

13.023 United States. ...... 120,573 972,650 $1,093,223


*Including 9,957 patents issued prior to July 1, 1836, on which date the present series began. †Not including 164 reissues and 30 patents withdrawn,

*** C


Registration of Trade-Marks.


THE following are extracts from the new "Act to authorize the registration of trademarks used in commerce with foreign nations, or among the several States or Indian tribes, and to protect the same," approved February 20, 1905, and later amendatory acts.

"The owner of a trade-mark used in commerce with foreign nations, or among the several States, or with Indian tribes, provided such owner shall be domiciled within the territory of the United States, or resides in or is located in any foreign country, which, by treaty, convention, or law, affords similar privileges to the citizens of the United States, may obtain registration for such trade-mark by complying with the following requirements: First. by filing in the Patent Office an application therefor, in writing, addressed to the Commissioner of Patents, signed by the applicant, specifying his name, domicile, location, and citizenship; the class of merchandise and the particular description of goods comprised in such class to which the trade-mark is appropriated; a statement of the mode in which the same is applied and affixed to goods, and the length of time during which the trademark has been used: a description of the trade-mark itself shall be included, if desired by the applicant or required by the Commissioner, provided such description is of a character to meet the approval of the Commissioner. With this statement shall be filed a drawing of the trade-mark, signed by the applicant, or his attorney, and such number of specimens of the trade-mark, as actually used, as may be required by the Commissioner of Patents. Second, by paving into the Treasury of the United States the sum of ten dollars, and otherwise complying with the requirements of this act and such regulations as may be prescribed by the Commissioner of Patents.

"A certificate of registration shall remain in force for twenty years, except that in the case of trade-marks previously registered in a foreign country such certificates shall cease to be in force on the day on which the trade-mark ceases to be protected in such foreign country, and shall in no case remain in force more than twenty years, unless renewed. Certificates of registration may be, from time to time, renewed for like periods on payments of the renewal fees required by this act, upon request by the registrant, his legal representatives, or transferees of record in the Patent Office, and such request may be made at any time not more than six months prior to the expiration of the period for which the certificates of registration were issued or renewed. Certificates of registration in force at the date at which this act takes effect shall remain in force for the period for which they were issued, but shall be renewable on the same conditions and for the same periods as certificates issued under the provisions of this act. and when so renewed shall have the same force and effect as certificates issued under this act.

"The registration of a trade-mark under the provisions of this act shall be prima facle evidence of ownership. Any person who shall, without the consent of the owner thereof, reproduce, counterfeit, copy, or colorably imitate any such trade-mark and affix the the same to merchandise of substantially the same descriptive properties as those set forth in the registration, or to labels, signs, prints, packages. wrappers, or receptacles intended to be used upon or in connection with the sale of merchandise of substantially the same descriptive properties as those set forth in such registration, and shall use. or shall have used. such reproduction, counterfeit. copy, or colorable imitation in commerce among the several States, or with a foreign nation, or with the Indian tribes, shall be liable to an action for damages therefor at the suit of the owner thereof; and whenever in any such action a verdict is rendered for the plaintiff, the court may enter judgment therein for any sum above the amount found by the verdict as the actual damages, according to the circumstances of the case, not exceeding three times the amount of such verdict, together with the costs."

picture that has been adopted by any fraternal society as its emmany design or

No trade-mark will be registered which consists of or comprises immoral or scandalous matter, or which consists of or comprises the flag or coat of arms or other Insignia of the United States, or any simulation thereof, or of any State or municipality, or of any foreign nation, or which consists of or or of any name, distinguishing mark, character, emblem, colors, flag, or banner adopted by any institution, organization, club, or society which was incorporated in any State in the United States prior to the date of the adoption and use by the applicant; Provided, That said name, distinguishing mark, character, emblem, colors, flag, or banner was adopted and publicly used by said institution, organization, club, or society prior to the date of adoption and use by the applicant; unless it shall be shown to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of Patents that the mark was adopted and used as a trade. mark by the applicant or applicant's predecessors, from whom title is derived, at a date prior to the date of its adoption by such fraternal society as its emble, or which trade-mark is identical with a registered or known trade-mark ownel and in use by another, and appropriated to merchandise of the same descriptive properties. or which so nearly resembles a registered or known trade-mark owned and in use by another. and appropriated to merchandise of the same descriptive properties as to be likely to cause confusion or mistake in the minds of the public. or to deceive purchasers: or which consists merely in the name of an individual, firm, corporation, or association, not written, printed, impressed, or woven in some particular or distinctive manner or in association with a portrait of the individual, or merely in words or devices which are descriptive of the goods with which they are used. or of the character or quality of such goods, or merely a geographical name or term: no portrait of a living individual will be registered as a trade-mark, except by the consent of such individual evidenced by an instrument in writing; and no trade-mark will be registered which is used in unlawful business, or upon any article infurious in itself. or which has been used with the design of deceiving the Dublic in the purchase of merchandise, or which has been abandoned,

Any mark, used in commerce with foreign nations or among the several States or with Indian tribes, may be registered if it has been in actual and exclusive use as a


trade-mark of the applicant, or his predecessors from whom he derived title, for ten years next preceding the passage of the act of February 20, 1905.

By act of Congress approved February 18, 1909, the second section of the tradesmark act was amended so as to read as follows:

"The application prescribed in the foregoing section, in order to create any right whatever in favor of the party filing it, mus: be accompanied by a written declaration verified by the applicant, or by a member of the firm or an officer of the corporation or association applying, to the effect that the applicant believes himself or the firm, corporation, or assoclation in whose behalf he makes the application to be the owner of the trade-mark sought to be registered, and that no other person, firm, corporation, or association, to the best of the applicant's knowledge and belief, has the right to use such trade-mark in the United States, either in the identical form or in such near resemblance thereto as might be calculated to deceive; that such trade-mark is used in commerce among the several States, or with foreign nations, or with Indian tribes, and that the description and drawing presented truly represent the trade-mark sought to be registered. If the applicant resides or is located in a foreign country. the statement required shall, in addition to the foregoing, set forth that the trade-mark has been registered by the applicant, or that an application for the registration thereof has been filed by him in the foreign country in which he resides or is located, and shall give the date of such registration, or the application therefor, as the case may be, except that in the application in such cases it shall not be necessary to state that the mark has been used in commerce with the United States or among the States thereof. The verification required by this section may be made before any person within the United States authorized by law to administer oaths, or. when the applicant resides in a foreign country. before any Minister, Charge d'Affaires. Consul, or commercial agent holding commission under the Government of the United States, or before any notary public. judge. or magistrate having an official seal and authorized to administer oaths in the foreign country in which the applicant may be whose authority shall be proved by a certificate of a diplomatic or consular officer of the United States."


The following is a list of the Governments with which conventions for the reciprocal registration and protection of trade-marks have been entered into by the United States Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark. France, Germany, Great Britain (including colonies). Italy, Japan (including China and Korea). Luxemburg, Mexico, Rumania, Servia, Spain. The laws of Switzerland and the Netherlands being so framed as to afford reciprocal privileges to the citizens or subjects of any Government which affords similar privileges to the people of those countries, the mere exchange of diplomatic notes, giving notice of the fact, accomplishes all the purposes of a formal convention.



Approved projects commenced, area to be reclaimed, with expenditure to and percentage of completion on December 31, 1913 by locations.

(Source: The Reclamation Service, Department of the Interior.)

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10,000 c155,000


55,000 70.700 100,000 60,000

9,920 d137,361 164,122
















960,215 1,708,854






61 16



91 100





87 80 100

77 30






90 €84




a The amounts in this column include the total amounts paid out for construction and operation and maintenance without deducting amounts that have been collected for services rendered, operation and maintenance assessments, etc. b The percentages noted in this column represent the ratio which costs of construction to date bear to present estimate of total construction cost c 25,000 acres additional in Mexico. Sunnyside unit, 100,000 acres; Tieton unit, 34,000 acres. e Storage unit, 24 per cent.; Sunnyside, 98 per cent.; Tieton, 94 per cent.


The United States Government Printing Office.



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ORGANIZED at the National Commercial Conference called by the Presiden. of the United States and held at Washington, D. C., April 22 and 23, 1912.

President-John H. Fahey, Boston, Mass. Vice-Presidents-Henry L. Corbett, Portland, Ore., for Western States; Robert F. Maddox, Atlanta, Ga., for Southern Central States; A. B. Farquhar, York. Pa., for Eastern States, and A. H. Mulliken, Chicago, Ill., for Northern Central States. TreasurerJohn Joy Edson, Washington, D. C. Chairman Executive Committee-James G. Cutler, Rochester, N.Y. General Secretary-Elliot H. Goodwin, Washington, D. C. Assistant Secretary-D. A. Skinner, Washington, D. C. Field Secretary-E. F. Trefz, Chicago, Ill. Chief, Editorial Division-Grosvenor Dawe, Washington, D. C.

PURPOSES-To encourage and promote the organization of associations of business men in all parts of the country. To study the work of existing organizations and their value to their respective trades and communities, and to clear the information thus acquired for the benefit of all organizations desiring to increase their efficiency. To advocate the standardization of association methods and of association effort, and to urge the adoption of those standards which have been found most effective in so far as they may be applicable to local or trade conditions.

To study the work performed by all Government Bureaus in any way related to the commerce of the country, to encourage and support appropriation measures for their further development, and to utilize the data which they gather by directing it into the channels to which it is immediately applicable.

To carefully analyze all statistics with regard to the production and distribution of our manufactures at home and abroad; to be watchful of every influence calculated to retard our commercial development, and to become a source of information with respect to new opportunities for trade expausion, especially in foreign markets.

When debatable policies affecting our National commerce are advocated by the Federal authorities, there should be a recognized organization capable of expressing the business opinion of the entire country available for conference, alike to the executive and legislative branches of the Government. It is the purpose of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America to act in this capacity-not to originate legislation, nor to be unnecessarily critical of legislation proposed by others, but rather to assume that the National Government desires to act in harmony with the commercial interests of the country and will accept our co-operation in au endeavor to make all business legislation constructive.

There are three great wealth-producing factors in our National life-Commerce, Labor and Agriculture. Labor, through its State and National organizations, strives for legislation in its own interest and presents its demands with the united voice of two million union workers. Agriculture likewise presents its demands through its National organization, and these are heeded in both State and National Legislatures. Commerce has been organized into local and trade groups, but not as an effective National unit, and it is to provide such a unit, as powerful as those enjoyed by Labor and Agriculture, that the Chamber of Commerce of the United States is now organized. These three great factors, through their National organizations, may find a means for co-operation on many subjects in which there is a vital joint interest.

ORGANIZATION MEMBERSHIP-Every commercial or manufacturers' association not organized for private purposes shall be eligible for membership in the Chamber. Such associations shall be of two classes.

First-Local or State commercial or business organizations whose chief purpose is the development of the commercial and industrial interests of a single State, city or locality.

Second-Local, State, interstate or National organizations whose membership is confined to -one trade, or group of trades.

REPRESENTATION- Each member of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America shall be entitled to one delegate and one vote for the first twenty-five members, and one delegate and one vote for each additional two hundred members in excess of twenty-five, but no member shall be entitled to more than ten delegates and ten votes.' Organizations having less than twenty-five members may be admitted to membership if in the judgment of the Board of Directors their Importance would justify their admission, and these shall be entitled to one delegate and

one vote.

INDIVIDUAL MEMBERSHIP-Persons, firms and corporations who are members in good standing of any organization admitted to the Chamber are eligible for election as individual members. Individual members receive the regular publications of the Chamber and they may avail themselves of the facilities of the National headquarters, may attend all regular and special meetings of the Chamber and, subject to the rules of such meetings, may have the privilege of the floor, but they are not entitled to vote except as duly accredited delegates of organization members. Individual membership is limited to 5,000,


IN this establishment practically all the printing for the United States Government is done except the manufacture of paper money and postage stamps. The Public Printer is the executive head of the Government Printing Office. Directly or through his principal officers he purchases all materials and machinery subject to the provisions of law, disburses all money, appoints all officers and employés, and exercises general supervision over the affairs of the office. The Superintendent of Documents has general supervision over the distribution of all public documents, excepting those printed for the use of the two Houses of Congress and for the Executive Departments. He is required to prepare a comprehensive index of public documents and consolidated index of Congressional documents, and is authorized to sell at cost any public document in his charge, the distribution of which is not specifically directed.


The principal officers are as follows: Public Printer, Cornelius Ford; Deputy Public Printer, Henry T. Brian; Chief Clerk, John L. Alverson: Private Secretary, Joseph P. O'Lone; Purchasing Agent, Edward S. Moores: Superintendent of Work, Daniel V. Chisholm; Foreman of Printing. T. Frank Morgan; Congressional Record Clerk, William A. Smith; Superintendent of Documents. Josiah H. Brinker. ༈ཟླན་སྣུམ་རྒྱ་ཆོན


(Revised for this issue of THE WORLD ALMANAC by the Secretary of the Civil Service Commission.)

THE purpose of the Civil Service act, as declared in its title, is "to regulate and improve the Civil Service of the United States." It provides for the appointment of three Commissioners, a chief Examiner, a Secretary, and other employés, and makes it the duty of the Commissioners to aid the President as he may request in preparing suitable rules for carrying the act into effect; to make regulations to govern all examinations held under the provisions of the act, and to make investigations and report upon all matters touching the enforcement and effect of the rules and regulations. The address of the Commission is Washington, D. C.


The act requires the rules to provide, as nearly as the conditions of good administration will warrant, for open competitive practical examinations for testing the fitness of applicants for the classified service; for the filling of all vacancies by selections from among those graded highest: for the apportionment of appointments at Washington among the States upon the basis of population, for a period of probation before absolute appointment; that no person in the public service shall be obliged to contribute service or money for political purposes; that persons in the competitive service, while retaining the right to vote as they please or to express privately their political opinions, shall take no active part in political campaigns; and that no person in said service has any right to use his official authority or influence to coerce the political action of any person or body.


There were on June 30, 1913, 469,879 positions in the Executive Civil Service, including 74,000 star route contractors and clerks in fourth-class post-offices not heretofore included, 60 per cent, of which, or about 282,597, were subject to competitive examination. The expenditure for salaries in the Executive Civil Service is over $200,000,000 a year. The Civil Service act does not require the classification of persons appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate or of persons employed merely as laborers or workmen. Many positions are excepted in part from the provisions of the rules for various reasons.


Persons seeking to be examined must file an application blank. The blank for the Departmental Service at Washington, Railway Mail Service, the Indian School Service, and the Government Printing Service should be requested directly of the Civil Service Commission at Washington. The blank for the Customs, Postal, or Internal Revenue Service should be requested of the Civil Service Board of Examiners at the office where service is sought.

Applicants for examination must be citizens of the United States, and of the proper age. No person using intoxicating liquors to excess may be appointed. No discrimination is made on account of sex, color, or political or religious opinions. The limitations of age vary with the different services, but do not apply to any person honorably discharged from the military or naval service of the United States by reason of disability resulting from wounds or sickness incurred in the line of duty.


The examinations are open to all persons qualified in respect to age, citizenship, legal residence, character, and health. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 1913, 34,515 persons were appointed. Of those appointed, 3,059 were rural letter-carriers, 8,554 were mechanics and workmen at navy yards appointed on registration tests of fitness given by a board of labor employment at each yard. Several hundred different kinds of examinations were held, each one of which involved different tests. Three hundred and sixty-five of these examinations contained educational tests, the others being for mechanical trades or skilled occupations and consisting of certificates of employers or fellow-workmen. Examinations are held twice a year in each State and Territory, the places and dates being publicly announced.


In case of a vacancy not filled by promotion, reduction, transfer, or reinstatement, the highest three of the sex called for on the appropriate register are certified for appointment, the apportionment being considered in appointments at Washington, In the absence of eligibles, or when the work is of short duration, temporary appointments, without examination, are permitted. The number of women applying for ordinary clerical places is greatly in excess of the calls of appointing officers. The chances of appointment are good for teachers, matrons, seamstresses, and physicians in the Indian Service, for male stenographers and typewriters, draughtsmen, patent examiners, civil, mechanical, and electrical engineers, and for technical and scientific experts.


Persons who served in the military or naval service of the United States, and were discharged by reason of disabilities resulting from wounds or sickness incurred in the line of duty, are, under the Civil Service rules, given certain preferences. They are released from all maximum age limitations, are eligible for appointment at a grade of 65, while all others are obliged to obtain a grade of 70, and are certified to appointing officers before all others. Subject to the other conditions of the rules, a veteran of the rebellion or of the war with Spain, or the widow of any such person, or any army nurse of either war, may be reinstated without regard to the length of time he or she has been separated from the service.


Examinations are also held for positions in the Philippines, Porto Rico, and Hawaii, and also for the Isthmian Canal service.


Under an executive order unclassified laborers are appointed after open, competitive examination upon their physical condition. This action is outside the Civil Service act.


Among the publications of the Commission for free distribution are the following:

Manual of Examinations, giving places and dates of examinations, rules by which papers are rated, descriptions of examinations, specimen questions, and general information.

The Civil Service act and rules.

The Annual Reports of the Commission, showing its work. These annual reports may be consulted at public libraries.

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