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The National Pure Food Law.
THE NATIONAL PURE FOOD LAW-Continued.
vegetable substance, or any portion of an animal unfit for food, whether manufactured or not, or if it is the product of a diseased animal, or one that has died otherwise than by slaughter.
"Sec. 8. That the term 'misbranded,' used herein, shall apply to all drugs, or articles. or food. or articles which enter into the composition of food, the package or label of which shall bear any statement, design, or device regarding such article, or the ingredients or substances contained therein which shall be false or misleading in any particular, and to any food or drug product which is falsely branded as to the State, Territory, or country in which it is manufactured or produced.
"That for the purposes of this act an article shall also be deemed to be misbranded.” In the case of drugs:
"First. If it be an imitation of or offered for sale under the name of another article. "Second. If the contents of the package as originally put up shall have been removed, in whole or in part, and other contents shall have been placed in such package. or if the package fail to bear a statement on the label of the quantity or proportion of any alcohol, morphine, opium, cocaine, heroin, alpha or beta eucaine. chloroform. cannabis indica. chloral hydrate or acetanilide, or any derivative or preparation of any such substances contained If its package or label shall bear or contain any statement, design, or device regarding the curative or therapeutic effect of such article or any of the ingredients or substances contained therein, which is false and fraudulent." In the case of food:
"First. another article.
If it be an imitation of or offered for sale under the distinctive name of
"Second. If it be labelled or branded so as to deceive or mislead the purchaser, or pur port to be a foreign product when not so, or if the contents of the package as originally put up shall have been removed in whole or in part and other contents shall have been placed in such package, or if it fail to bear a statement on the label of the quantity or proportion of any morphine, opium, cocaine, heroin, alpha or beta eucaine. chloroform, cannabis indica, chloral hydrate, or acetanilide, or any derivative or preparation of any such substance contained therein.
"Third. If in package form, the quantity of the contents be not plainly and conspicuously marked on the outside of the package in terms of weight, measure, or numerical count: Provided. however, That reasonable variations shall be permitted, and (The act tolerances and also exemptions as to small packages shall be established by rules and regulations made in accordance with the provisions of Section 3 of this act. of March 3, 1913, provides that no penalty of fine, imprisonment, or confiscation shall be enforced for any violation of its provisions as to domestic products prepared or foreign products imported prior to eighteen months after its passage.)
If the package containing it or its label shall bear any statement, design or device regarding the ingredients or the substances contained therein, which statement, design or device shall be false or misleading in any particular: Provided. That an article of food which does not contain any added poisonous or deleterious ingredients shall not be deemed to be adulterated or misbranded in the following cases: In the case of mixtures or compounds which may be now or from time to time hereafter known as articles of food, under their own distinctive names, and not an imitation of or offered for sale under the distinctive name of another article, if the name be accompanied on the same label or brand with a statement of the place where said article has been manufactured or produced.
"Second. In the case of articles labelled, branded or tagged so as to plainly indiblends, and the word 'compound. cate that they are compounds, imitations or imitation' or 'blend,' as the case may be, is plainly stated on the package in which it is offered for sale: Provided. That the term "blend' as used herein shall be construed to mean a mixture of like substances, not excluding harmless coloring or flavoring ingredients used for the purpose of coloring and flavoring only: And provided further, That nothing in this act shall be construed as requiring or compelling proprietors or manufacturers of proprietary foods which contain no unwholesome added ingredients to disclose their trade formulas, except in so far as the provisions of this act may require to secure freedom from adulteration or misbranding.
"Sec. 9. That no dealer shall be prosecuted under the provisions of this act, when he can establish a guaranty signed by the wholesaler. jobber. manufacturer or other party residing in the United States, from whom he purchases such articles, to the effect that the same is not adulterated or misbranded within the meaning of this act, designating it."
The remaining provisions of the act provide the methods of prosecuting offenders and destroying goods imported or offered for import which are adulterated or falsely labelled.
SUMMARY OF RESULTS.
(Bureau of Chemistry, Carl L. Alsberg. Chief, Washington, D. C.)
The inspection force of the Bureau of Chemistry collected more than 10.000 offical samples of foods and drugs during the fiscal year of 1913, and many additional samples for investigating purposes relating to the enforcement of the law.
ABOLISHING GUARANTY LEGEND AND SERIAL NUMBER ON FOOD AND DRUGS. (Announcement of United States Department of Agriculture.)
The legend "Garanteed under the Food and Drugs act" is held to be misleading and deceptive, and the use of a serial number on food and drugs is prohibited after May 1, 1915, by a food inspection decision_signed May 5, 1914. by the Secretaries of the Treasury, Agriculture and Commerce. The new regulation will take effect May 1, 1915, in order to give manufacturers an opportunity to use up their present stocks of labels. After that date guaranties of compliance with the law should be given by manufacturers directly to dealers, and should be incorporated in the invoice or bill of This guaranty should not appear on the label or sale specifying the goods covered. package of the product.
Of the miscellaneous receipts received in 1914 (total $1,136,070), $714,307 was from playing cards, and 8284,501 from penalties, etc. Receipts from oleomargarine $1,325,219, from corporation excise tax $10,671,077. (a) Including $170,779 from sale of internal revenue stamps affixed to Philippine products, as provided for in the act of August 5, 1909. Income tax from corporations $32,456,662, from individuals $28,253,534.
550,531.69 1,447,648.89 1,505,885.72 W. Virginia
31.857.14 Maryland. 167,733.95 Massachusetts 245.021.53 Michigan 11,294,714.78 Minnesota 1,079,884.12 Mississippi 2,420,171.23 Missouri
729,779.04 New Hampshire.
98,374.05 New Mexico.
2,084,690.33 9,994,997.66 109.197.06 170,779.51
NOTE-Alabama and Mississippi comprise the district of Alabama; Colorado and Wyoming, the district of Colorado; Connecticut and Rhode Island, the district of Connecticut; Maryland, Delaware, District of Columbia, and the counties of Accomac and Northampton, Va., the district of Maryland; Montana, Idaho, and Utah, the district of Montana; New Hampshire, Maine, and Vermont, the district of New Hampshire; New Mexico and Arizona, the district of New Mexico; North Dakota and South Dakota, the district of North and South Dakota; Washington and Alaska, the district of Washington; Nevada forms a part of 3099&196402ARE the first district of California, and South Carolina a part of the fourth district of North Carolina until September 1, 1913, when at was re-established as a separate collection district.
United States Internal Revenue Receipts-Continued.
WITHDRAWALS FOR CONSUMPTION. The quantities of distilled spirits, fermented liquors, manufactured tobacco, snuff, cigars, cigarettes, and oleomargarine on which tax was paid during the last fiscal year are as follows:
Spirits distilled from apples, peaches, grapes, pears, pineapples,oranges, apricots, berries, prunes, figs and cherries.....
Spirits distilled from materials other than apples, peaches, grapes, pears, pine-
Cigars, weighing more than 3 pounds per thousand..
Tobacco, chewing and smoking.
Fiscal Year ended June 30, 1914.
CHANGE FROM PRECEDING
NOTE-The quantity of mixed flour withdrawn cannot be stated, owing to the variable number of pounds taxed.
Receipts of tax on Porto Rican products-spirits, cigars and cigarettes-year ended June 30, 1914, $632,550; on cigars and cigarettes from Philippines, $170,779.
SPECIAL TAXES AND RATES.
Rectifiers of less than 500 barrels a year, $100; rectifiers of 500 barrels or more a year, $200.
Brewers: Annual manufacture less than 500 barrels, $50; annual manufacture 500 barrels or more, $100.
Manufacturers of filled cheese, $400; wholesale dealers in filled cheese, $250; retail dealers in filled cheese, $12.
Manufacturers of oleomargarine, $600; wholesale dealers in oleomargarine artifically colored in imitation of butter, $480; wholesale dealers in oleomargarine free from artificial coloration, $200; retail dealers in oleomargarine artificially colored in imitation of butter, $48: retail dealers in oleomargarine free from artificial coloration, $6.
Manufacturers of adulterated butter. $600; wholesale dealers in adulterated butter, $480; retail dealers in adulterated butter, 848; manufacturers of process or renovated butter, $50; manufacturers, packers or repackers of mixed flour, $12,
DISTILLED SPIRITS, ETC.
Distilled spirits, per gallon, $1. 10; stamps for distilled spirits intended for export, each, 5 and 10 cents. Case stamps for spirits bottled in bond, 10 cents.
Wine made in imitation of champagne, and liquors produced by being rectified, etc., in bottles containing not more than one pint, per bottle or package, 10 cents; same, in bottles containing more than one pint and not more than one quart, per bottle or package, 20 cents; and, at the same rate for any larger quantity for such merchandise. Grape brandy used in the fortification of sweet wine, per gallon, 3 cents,
Tobacco, however prepared, manufactured and sold, or removed for consumption or sale, per 1b., 8 cents; snuff, however prepared, manufactured and sold, or removed for consumption or sale, per lb., 8 cents.
Cigars weighing more than 3 lbs. per thousand, $3; cigars weighing not more than 3 lbs. per thousand, 75 cents; cigarettes weighing more than 3 lbs. per thousand $3.60; cigarettes weighing not more than 3 lbs. per thousand, $1.25.
OLEOMARGARINE, ADULTERATED BUTTER AND PROCESS OR RENOVATED BUTTER.
Oleomargarine, domestic, artificially colored in imitation of butter, per lb., 10 cents; oleomargarine, free from coloration that causes it to look like butter, of any shade of yellow, per lb., of 1 cent; oleomargarine, imported from foreign countries, per lb.. 15 cents.
Adulterated butter, per lb., 10 cents; process or renovated butter, per lb., of 1 cent.
Filled cheese, per lb.,1 cent; same, imported, per lb., 8 cents.
Mixed flour, per barrel of 196 lbs., or more than 98 lbs., 4 cents; half barrel of 98 lbs., or more than 49 lbs., 2 cents; quarter barrel of 49 lbs., or more than 241⁄2 lbs., 1 cent; eighth barrel of 24 lbs. or less, cent.
BANKS AND BANKERS, ETC.
Bank circulation, per month, 1-12 of 1 per cent. Bank circulation exceeding 90 per cent, of capital, in addition, per month, 1-6 of 1 per cent.
Banks, bankers, and other parties liable on amount of notes of any person, State bank, or State banking association, or of any town, city or municipal corporation, paid out by them, 10 per cent. CORPORATION INCOME.
Income tax on corporations, joint stock companies or associations, and insurance companies, 1 percent. INDIVIDUAL INCOME.
Income tax, normal, on individuals, 1 per cent. Income tax, additional-Net incomes exceeding $20,000 and not more than 850,000, 1 per cent.; exceeding $50,000 and not more than $75,000, 2 per cent.; exceeding $75,000 and not more than $100,000, 3 per cent.; exceeding $100,000 and not more than $250,000, 4 per cent.; exceeding $250,000 and not more than $500,000, 5 per cent.; exceeding $500,000, 6 per cent.
Playing cards, per pack, 2 cents. Opium, manufactured for smoking purposes, per lb., $300. White phosphorous matches, per hundred, 2 cents.
UNITED STATES PENSION STATISŤ.
NUMBER OF ARMY AND NAVY PENSIONERS ON THE Re an JUNE 30, 1914. Regular Establishment-Invalids or survivors, 14,919; widows or minors, 4,422.
Service-Act of May 11, 1912, invalids or survivors, 369,624; act of February 6, 1907, invalids or survivors, 7,158.
Civil War, General Law-Invalids or survivors, 50,347; widows or minors, 59,160.
Civil War, Act of Apr 19, 1908-Widows or minors, 235,524.
War with Spain-Invalids or survivors,24,250; widows or minors, 4,660.
War of 1812-Widows or minors, 170.
widows or minors, 4,699.
Indian Wars-Invalids or survivors, 915; widows or minors, 2,182.
Total pensioners on roll June 30, 1914, 785,239.
Civil War, Act of June 27, 1890-Invalids or survivors, 2,225; widows or minors, 4,091,
Total number of original applications during fiscal year ending June 30, 1914, 28.488. Total number of original claims allowed for fiscal year ending June 30, 1914, 19,287. Number of pensioners on roll June 30, 1914-Invalids or survivors, 470,331; widows or minors, 314,908; total, 785,239.
Pald pensioners during 1914, $172,417,546.26.
(For number of pension claims, pensioners and disbursements, by years, from 1867 to 1912, see WORLD ALMANAC for 1913, page 166.)
Expenses of the Pension Bureau and agencies in disbursing pension fund for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1914, $2,066.507.15.
All the pension agencies have been consolidated, and all pensioners are now paid by the Commissioner of Pensions through the Disbursing Clerk of the Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.
TOTAL DISBURSEMENTS FOR PENSIONS FOR ALL WARS AND OF THE PEACE ESTABLISHMENT TO JUNE 30, 1914.
Alabama... 3,094 Idaho...... 2,150 Minn.,...
War of the Revolution (estimate). $70,000,000; war of 1812 (service pension), $45,950,546.46; Indian wars (service pension), $12,801,520.61; war with Mexico (service pension), 848,693,102,34; civil war, $4,457,974,496.47; war with Spain and insurrection in the Philippine Islands, $46,092,740.84; regular establishment, $31,936,516.52; unclassified, $16, 508, 447.41. disbursements for pensions, $4,729,957,370, 65,
PENSIONERS IN EACH STATE AND TERRITORY.
12,167 N. Dak...
382 R. Island 6,283 S. Car'a... 19.739 S. Dak...... 1,816 Tenn...... 65,369 Texas.... 3,478 Utah..
2.807 Vermont... 74.250 Virginia..... 10.916 Washing' n 7.469 West Va.... 72,407 Wisconsin. 4,293 Wyoming. 1,623 Canal Zone 5.164 Insul. Pos. 16.239 Foreign 8,047
6.264 8.341 9,522 10,170 18,941 804 1 167 5,163
983 Total..... 785,239
The following are the rates for total disability from causes incident to the service: Army-Lieutenant-colonel and all officers of higher rank. $30; major, surgeon, and paymaster, $25; captain, provost marshal, and chaplain, 820; first lieutenant, assistant surgeon, and deputy provost marshal, $17; second lieutenant and enrolling officer. $15; enlisted men, $8.
Navy-Captain and officers of higher rank. commander. lieutenant commanding and master commanding, surgeon, paymaster, and chief engineer, respectively ranking with commander by law, $30; lieutenant, surgeon. paymaster, and chief engineer, respectively ranking with lieutenant by law, and passed assistant surgeon. $25; master, professor of mathematics, assistant surgeon, assistant paymaster and chaplain. $20; first assistant engineer, ensign, and pilot. $15; cadet midshipman, passed midshipman, midshipman. clerks of admirals, paymasters, or other officers commanding vessels, second and third assistant engineers, master's mate, and warrant officers, $10; enlisted men, $8.
Marine Corps-Lieutenant-colonel and officers of higher rank, $30; major, $25; captain, 820; first lieutenant, $17, second lieutenant, $15; enlisted men, $8.
Pension at certain ages on account of service in the civil and Mexican wars, Act of May 11, 1912. Any person who served ninety days or more in the military or naval service of the United States during the late civil war. and who has been honorably discharged therefrom, and who has reached the age of sixty-two years or over, on making proof of such facts is entitled to receive a pension as follows: Age sixty-two years-For a service of 90 days. $13.00 per month; 6 months. $13.50; 1 year, $14.00; 1% years, $14.50; 2 years, $15.00; 2% years, $15.50, and 3 years and more, $16.00. Age 66 years--For a service of 90 days, $15.00 per month; 6 months. $15.50: 1 year, 816.00: 1 years, $16.50; 2 years, $17.00; 2 years, $18.00, and 3 years and more, $19.00. Age 70 years-For a service of 90 days, $18.00 per month; 6 months, $19.00; 1 year. $20.00; 14 years. $21.50; 2 years, $23.00: 2 years, $24.00, and 3 years and more $25.00. Age 75 years-For a service of 90 days, $21 per month; 6 months, $22.50; 1 year, $24.00; 1% years, $27.00, and 2 years and more, $30, 00. And such pension shall commence from the date of filing the application in the Bureau of Pensions. Any person who served sixty days or more in the war with Mexico, and who received an honorable discharge, is entitled to $30.00 per month. Any person who was wounded in battle or in line of duty in the civil war, and is now unfit for manual labor by reason thereof, or who from disease or other causes incurred in line of duty resulting in his disability, is now unable to perform manual labor, is entitled to $30.00 per month.
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW.
President-Elihu Root. Vice-Presidents-Chief Justice White, Justice William R. Day, P. C. Knox, Andrew Carnegie, Joseph H. Choate, John W. Foster, George Gray, William W. Morrow, Richard Olney. Horace Porter, Oscar S. Straus, Jacob M. Dickinson, James B. Angell, William H. Taft, William J. Bryan. Recording Secretary-James Brown Scott. Corresponding Secretary-Charles Henry Butler, Treasurer-Chandler P. Anderson, Headquarters, Washington, D. C.
CE PROCEDURE. TIAJ
he Patent Office for THE WORLD ALMANAC for 1915:
THE following stated
any person who has invente
States, and under the seal of the Patent Office, to w and useful art, machine, manufacture, or comement thereof, or any new, original and ornamental or used by others in this country before his invention
design for an article of manufacture, nuw or discovery thereof, and rot patented or described in any printed publication in this or any foreign country, before his invention or discovery thereof or more than two years prior to his application, and not in public use or on sale in the United States for more than two years prior to his application, unless the same is proved to have been abandoned; upon payment of the fees required by law and other due proceedings had.
Every patent contains a grant to the patentee, his heirs or assigns, for the term of seventeen years, except in the case of design patents, of the exclusive right to make, use, and vend the invention or discovery throughout the United States and the Territories, referring to the specification for the particulars thereof.
If it appear that the inventor, at the time of making his application, believed himself to be the first inventor or discoverer, a patent will not be refused on account of the invention or discovery, or any part thereof, having been known or used in any foreign country before his invention or discovery thereof, if it had not been before patented or described in any printed publication.
Joint inventors are entitled to a joint patent; neither can claim one separately. Independent inventors of distinct and independent improvements in the same machine cannot obtain a joint patent for their separate inventions; nor does the fact that one furnishes the capital and another makes the invention entitle them to make application as joint inventors; but in such case they may become joint patentees by means of a deed of assignment,
No person otherwise entitled thereto will be debarred from receiving a patent for his invention or discovery, by reason of its having been first patented or caused to be patented by the inventor or his legal representatives or assigns in a foreign country, unless the application for said foreign patent was filed more than twelve months prior to the filing of the application in this country, and four months in cases of designs, in which case no patent shall be granted in this country.
If an inventor wishes to file an application for patent, a copy of the Rules of Practice, containing forms and instructions, will be sent upon request. It is advisable, however, in every case, that the services of a competent registered patent attorney be secured, as the value of patents depends largely upon the skilful preparation of the specification and claims. The Patent Office cannot recommend any particular attorney or firm, but advises applicants to avoid doing business with those who advertise the possession of unusual facilities for obtaining patents.
Applications for a patent must be made in writing to the Commissioner of Patents. The applicant must also file in the Patent Office a written description of the invention or discovery, and of the manner and process of making, constructing, compounding, and using it, in such full, clear, concise, and exact terms as to enable any person skilled in the art or science to which it appertains, or with which it is most nearly connected, to make, construct, compound, and use the same; and in case of a machine, he must explain the principle thereof, and the best mode in which he has contemplated applying that principle, so as to distinguish it from other inventions, and particularly point out and distinctly claim the part, improvement, or combination which he claims as his invention or discovery. The specification and claim must be signed by the inventor and attested by two witnesses.
When the nature of the case admits of drawings, the applicant must furnish a drawing of the required size, signed by the inventor or his attorney in fact, and attested by two witnesses. The applicant, if required by the Patent Office, shall furnish a model of convenient size to exhibit advantageously the several parts of his invention or discovery, but a model should not be sent unless first called for by the Patent Office.
The applicant shall make oath that he verily believes himself to be the original and first Inventor or discoverer of the art, machine, manufacture, composition, or improvement for which he solicits a patent; that he does not know and does not believe that the same was ever before known or used, and shall state of what country he is a citizen and where he resides, and whether he is the sole or joint inventor of the invention claimed in his application. In every original application the applicant must distinctly state under oath that the invention has not been patented to himself or to others with his knowledge or consent in this or any foreign country for more than two years prior to his application, or on an application for a patent filed in any foreign country by himself or his legal representatives or assigns more than twelve months prior to his application in this country, or four months in cases of designs. If any application for patent has been filed in any foreign country by the applicant in this country or by his legal representatives or assigns, prior to his application in this country, he shall state the country or countries in which such application has been filed, giving the date of such application, and shall also state that no application has been filed in any other country or countries than those mentioned; that to the best of his knowledge and belief the invention has not been in public use or on sale in the United States nor described in any printed publication or patent in this or any foreign country for more than two years prior to his application in this country. Such oath may be made before any person within the United States authorized by law to administer oaths, or, when the applicant resides in a foreign country, before any Minister, Chargé d'Affaires, Consul, or commercial agent holding commission under the Government of the United States, or before any notary public, Judge or Magistrate having an official seal and authorized to administer oaths in that country whose authority shall be proved by a certificate of a diplomatic or consular officer of the United States, except that no acknowledgment may be taken by any attorney appearing in the case. On the filing of such application and the payment of the fees required by law, if, on examination, it appears that the applicant is justly entitled to a patent under the law, and that the same is sufficiently useful and important, the Commissioner will issue a patent therefor.
Every patent or any interest therein shall be assignable in law by an instrument in writing; and the patentee or his assigns or legal representatives may, in like manner, grant and convey an exclusive right under his patent to the whole or any specified part of the United States.
JJARLAR<3 REISSUES, 721508 # 919 LSA
A reissue is granted to the original patentee, his legal representatives, or the assignees of the entire interest when, by reason of a defective or insufficient specification, or by reason of the patentee claiming as his invention or discovery more than he had a right to claim as new, the original patent is looperative or invalid, provided the error has arisen from inadvertence, accident, or mistake, and without