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THE NATIONAL PURE FOOD LAW. THE Pure Food act, approved June 30, 1906, is entitled "An act for preventing the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated or misbranded or poisonous or deleterious foods, drugs, medicines and liquors, and for regulating traffic therein, and for other purposes.' It took effect by its terms on January 1, 1907.

The first section of the act makes it unlawful' for any person to manufacture within the District of Columbia or any Territory any article of food or drug which is adulterated or misbranded, under a penalty not to exceed $500, or one year's imprisonment, or both, at the discretion of the court, for the first offence, and not less than $1,000 or one year's imprisonment, or both, for each subsequent offence.

Sec. 2 of the act makes it applicable to food or drugs introduced into any State tror any other State, and from or to any foreign country

Sec. 3. That the Secretary, of the Treasury. tho Secretary of Agriculture, and the Secretary of Commerce and Labor shall make uniform rules and regulations for carrying out the provisions of this act, including the collection and examination of specimens of foods and drugs manufactured or offered for sale in the District of Columbia. or in any Territory of the United States. or which shall be offered for sale in unbroken packages in any State other than that in which they shall have been respectively manufactured or produced, or which shall be received from any foreign country. or intended for shipment to any foreign country, or which may be submitted for examination by the chier health, food. or drug officer of any State. Territory, or the District of Columbia, or at any domestic or foreign port through which such product is offered for interstate commerce, or for export or import between the United States and any foreign port or country.

Sec. 4. That the examinations of specimens of foods and drugs shall be made in the Bureau of Chemistry of the Department of Agriculture. or under the direction and supervision of such bureau, for the purpose of determining from such examinations whether such articles are adulterated or misbranded within the meaning of this act; and if it shall appear from any such examination that any of such specimens is adulterated or misbranded within the meaning of this act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall cause notice thereof to be given to the party from whom such, sample was obtained. Any party so notified shall be given an opportunity to be heard, under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed as aforesaid, and if it appears that any of the provisions of this act have been violated by such party. then the Secretary of Agriculture shall at once certify the facts to the proper United States District - Attorney, with a copy of the results of the analysis or the examination of such article duly authenticated by the analyst or officer making such examination, under the oath of such officer. After judgment of the court. notice shall be given by publication in guoh manner as may be prescribed by the rules and regulations aforesaid.

Sec. 5. That It shall be the duty of each District Attorney to whom the Secretary of Agriculture shall report any violation of this act, or to whom any health or food or drug cfficer or agent company State, Territory, or the District of Columbia shall present sausfactory evidence of any such violation, to cause appropriate proceedings to be cominenced and proseouted in the proper courts of the United States, without delay, for the enforcement of the penalties as in such case herein provided.

The sections descriptive of the articles which come within the scope of the act are as follows:

"Sec. 6. That the term drug.' as used in this act, shall include all medicines and preparations recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary for internal or external use, and any substance or mixture of substances inten to be used for the cure, mitigation or prevention of disease of either man or other animals. The term 'food, as used herein, shall include all articles used for food, drink, confectionery or condiment by man or other animals, whether simple, mixed or compound.

"Sec. 7. That for the purposes of this act an article shall be deemed to be aduiterated:"

In the case of drugs:

**First. It, when a drug is sold under or by a name recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary, it differs from the standard of strength, quality or purity, as determined by the test laid down in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary official at the time of investigation: Provided, That no drug defined in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary shall be deemed to be adulterated under this provision if the standard of strength, quality or purity be plainly stated upon the bottle, box or other container thereof, although the standard may differ from that determined by the test laid down in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary.

**Second. If this strength or purity fall below the professed standard or quality under which it is sold."

In the case of confectionery:

If it contain terra alba, barytes, talc, chrome yellow, or other mineral substance or poisonous color or flavor, or other ingredient deleterious or detrimental to health, or any vinous, malt or spirituous liquor or compound narcotic drug.

In the case of food:

"First. If any substance has been mixed and packed with it so as to reduce, or lower, or injuriously affect its quality or strength.

**Second. If any substance has been substituted wholly or in part for the article. "Third. If any valuable constituent of the article has been wholly or in part extracted.

"Fourth. If it be mixed, colored, powdered, coated, or stained in a manner whereby damage or inferiority is concealed.

"Fifth. If it contain any added poisonous or other added deleterious ingredient which may render such article injurious to health: Provided. That when in the preparation of food products for shipment they are preserved by any external application applied in such manner that the preservative is necessarily removed mechanically, or by maceration in water, or otherwise, and directions for the removal of said preservatives shall be printed on the covering of the package, the provisions of this act shall be construed as applying only when said products are ready for consumption.

"Sixth. If It consists in whole or in part of a filthy, decomposed, or putrid animal or

or

THE NATIONAL PURE FOOD LAW-Continued. vegetable substance, or any portion of an animal unfit for food, whether manufactured or not, or if it is the product of a diseased animal, or one that has died otherwise than by slaughter.

*Sec. 8. That the term 'misbranded.' used herein, shall apply to all drugs, or articles, or food, or articles which enter into the composition of food, the package or label of which shall bear any statement, design, or device regarding such article, or the ingre. dients or substances contained therein which shall be false or misleading in any particular, and to any food or drug product which is falsely branded as to the State, Territory, or country in which it is manufactured or produced,

“That for the purposes of this act an article shall also be deemed to be misbranded." In the case of drugs: "First. If it be an imitation of or offered for sale under the name of another article.

Second. If the contents of the package as originally put up shall have been removed, in whole or in part, and other contents shall have been placed in such package, or if the package fail to bear a statement on the label of the quantity or proportion of any alcohol, morphine, opium. cocaine, heroin. alpha or beta eucaine. chloroform. cannabis indica. chlorai hydrate or acetanilide, or any derivative or preparation of any such substances contained therein.

“Third. If its package or label shall bear or contain any statement, design, or device, regarding the curative or therapeutic effect of such article or any of the ingredierte or substances contained therein, which is false and fraudulent.

In the case of food:

"First. Il it be an imitation of or offered for sale under the distinctive name of another article.

"Second. If it be labelled or branded so as to deceive or mislead the purchaser, or pur. port to be a foreign product when not so, or if the contents of the package as originally put up shall have been removed in whole or in part and other contents shall have been placed in such package, or if it fall to bear a statement on the label of the quantity or proportion of any morphine. opium, cocaine, heroin, alpha or beta eucaine. chloroform, cannabis indica, chloral hydrate. or acetanilide, or any derivative or preparation of any such substance contained therein.

“Third. If in package form. the quantity of the contents be not plainly and conspicuously marked on the outside of the package in terms of weight, measure, or nu; merical count: Provided, however, That reasonable variations shall be permitted, and tolerances and also exemptions as to small packages shall be established by rules and regulations made in accordance with the provisions of Section 3 of this act. (The act of March 3, 1913, provides that no penalty of fine, imprisonment, or confiscation shall be enforced for any violation of its provisions as to domestic products prepared or foreign products imported prior to eighteen months after its passage. )

"Fourth. If the package containing it or its label shall bear any statement, design or device regarding the ingredients or the substances contained therein, which statement, design or device shall be false or misleading in any particular: Provided. That an article of food which does not contain any added poisonous or deleterious ingredients shall not be deemed to be adulterated or misbranded in the following cases:

“First. In the case of mixtures or compounds which may be now or from time to time hereafter known as articles of food. under their own distinctive names, and not an imitation of or offered for sale under the distinctive name of another article, if the name be accompanied on the same label or brand with a statement of the place where said article has been manufactured or produced.

"Second. In the case of articles labelled, branded or tagged so as to plainly indi. cate that they

compounds, imitations blends, and the word compound. Imitation' or blend, as the case may be. is plainly stated on the package in which it is offered for sale: Provided. That the term "blend' as used herein shall be construed to mean a mixture of like substances, not excluding harmless coloring or flavoring ingredients used for the purpose of coloring and flavoring only: And provided further, That nothing in this act shall be construed as requiring or compelling proprietors or manufacturers of proprietary focis which contain no unwholesome added ingredients to disclose their trade formulas, except in so far as the provisions of this act may require to secure freedom from adulteration or misbranding.

"Sec. 9. That no dealer shall be prosecuted under the provisions of this act. when he can establish a guaranty signed by the wholesaler. jobber. manufacturer or other party, residing in the United States, from whom he purchases such articles to the effect that the same is not adulterated or misbranded within the meaning of this act, designating it."

The remaining provisions of the act provide the methods of prosecuting offenders and destroying goods imported or offered for import which are adulterated or falsely labelled.

SUMMARY OF RESULTS. (Bureau of Chemistry, Carl L. Alsberg. Chief, Washington, D. C.) The inspection force of the Bureau of Chemistry collected more than 10.000 offical samples of foods and drugs during the fiscal year of 1913, and many additional samples for investigating purposes relating to the enforcement of the law. ABOLISHING GUARANTY LEGEND AND SERIAL NUMBER ON FOOD AND DRUGS.

(Announcement of United States Department of Agriculture.) The legend “Gı aranteed under the Food and Drugs aot" is held to be misleading and deceptive, and the use of a serial number on food and drugs is prohibited after May 1, 1915, by a food inspection decision signed May 5. 1914. by the Secretaries of the Treasury. Agriculture and Commerce. The new regulation will take effect May 1. 1915, in order to give manufacturers an opportunity to use up their present stocks of labels. After that date guaranties of compliance with the law should be given by manufacturers directly to dealers, and should be incorporated in the invoice or bill or sale specifying the goods covered. This guaranty should not appear on the label or package of the product.

are

or

UNITED STATES INTERNAL REVENUE RECEIPTS.
SUMMARY OF INTERNAL REVENUE RECEIPTS FROM 1906 TO 1914, INCLUSIVE.
FISCAL

Income
Fermented
FISCAL

Fermented
Tobacco.

Income
YEARS.
Spirits.

Liquors

Тах. .
YEARS.

Tobacco.
Spirits.

Liquor Tax. 1906.... 8143,394,150 $48,422,997 B5,641,859

1911. $155,979,858 $67,006,950 $64,367,777 1907 156,120.54021 51,811,070 59,067,818

1912. 156,391,487 70.590,151) 63,268,7701 1906.. 140,15%,807 49,062,704 59,807,617

1913.. 163,879,342 76,709,424 66,266,989 1909.. 134,863.034 51,887,178 57,406,411

1914.....159,098,177 a 79,986,639 67,081,512,-60,710,197 1910.. 148.025,3111 58.118.457 60,572,288)

of the miscellaneous receipts received in 1914 (total $1,136,070), $714,307 was from playing, caris, and 284,501 from penalties, etc. Receipts from oleomargarine $1,325, 219, from corporation excise tax $10,671,011. (a) Including $170,779 from sale of internal revenue stamps affixed to Philippine products, as provided for in the act of August 5, 1909. "Income tax from corporations $32,456,662, from individuals $28,253,534.

INCOME TAX ON INDIVIDUALS. AGGREGATE OF COLLECTIONS BY DISTRICTS AND BY STATES AND TERKITORIES. Individual income tax was computed upon five-sixths of net incomes accruing for the calendar year 1913. The collections from this source as classified to conform to provisions of the act were as follows: Income tax, normal.........

.$12,728,038. 02 $100,000 and not more than $250,000... $3,835,948. 40 Income tax, additional, and are from

250,000 and not more than 600,000.. 2,334,589.95 net incomes exceediug:

500,000..

3,437,850.23 $20,000 and not more than $50,000... 2,934,754. 4C Offers in compromise, eto.............. 13,698. 89 50,000 and uot more than 75,000... 1,645,639.30 75,000 and not more than 100.000..... 7 323 022.61 Total.

........$28,253,634.80 Supplemental statement showing the receipts under act of August 5, 1909, and of section 2 of the act of October 3, 1913, during the Dscal year ended June 30, 1914, STATES, Corporation Corporation Individual STATES, Corporation Corporation Individual

ETC. Excise Tax. Income Tax. Income Tax. ETC. Excise Tax. Income Tax. Income Tax. Alabama. $59,813.19 $156,526.381 $62,102.89 Nebraska.. $69,114.30 $168,084.27 $76,857.75 Alaska. 1,075.81 4,682,87 2,427.83 Nevada...

941.06 45,987.43 13,490.37 Arizona.. 15,464.25 72,114.06 28.672.14 N. Hamp.. 26,518.74 60,135.21 48.732.88 Arkansas. 20,639.71 95,796.38 42,035.48 New Jersey 334,181.28 1,191,468.00 716,756.20 Callfornia 555.080.16 1,494,591.92 880,374.16 N. Mexico. 10,840.17 38,200.28 10.389.63 Colorado.. 117,967.781 220,785.02 111,877.30 New York. 2,318,311.41 7,447 600.19 12,522,797.34 Conn..

155,427.181 551,828,72 409,405.53 N. Carolina 84,410.55 173,267.99 46,566.55 Delaware., 34,574.69 121,468.77 94,904.93 N. Dakota. 13,939.03 58,967.08 20,645.38 Dist. Col. 34,551.51 132,649.22 289,275.101 Ohio..

545,023.32 1,856,007.05 904,508.22 Florida... 34,126.25 92,958.971 108,800.43 Oklahoma. 47,301.89 177.763.85 93,082.15 Georgla. 112.070.92 247,774.34 115,874.11 ||Oregon.... 88,366.52 146,751.89 90.054.36 Hawall.

19.387.711 97,524.92) 34,822.62||Penna... 1,452,511.09 4,643,794.19 3,176,095.38 Idaho..

9,293.62 36,406.84 12,314.44 Rhode Is. 75,937.69 247,465.04 324,221.74 Illinols. 1,141,536.28 3,152,113.40 2,076,171.11 S. Carolina 69,356.39 82,282.51 25,811.11 Indiana 144,572.02 547,853.20 180,770.77 | S. Dakota. 9,174.54 40.824.42 12,351.62 Iowa...

96,566.92 296,343.00 141,136.62 Tennessee. 49,202.67 226,143.07 98,274.54 Kansas. 58,611.781 267,858.91 49,960.11|Texas.....

161,632.891 551,241.43 360.965.21 Kentucky 82,065.65 303,990.65 98,244.62 | Utah... 65,623.72 192,503.21 27,375.04 Louisiana 103,488.17 290,569.181 148,261.18 Vermont.. 9,660.77 39,114.37 89,356.77 Maine.

84,544.351 199,547.24 75,772.35 Virginia... 98,222.03 414,471.52 103,449.30 Maryland 96,209.85 327,031.67 448,409.06 Wash'gton. 124,891.49 295.805.42 122,474.56 Mass.

550,531.69 1,447,648.89 1,505.885.72 W. Virginia 95,554.72 236.773.03 94,627.97 Michigan.. 530,477.45 1,045, 745.95 1,018,220.20 Wisconsin. 147,403.11 497,785.32 220,642.58 Minnesota. 325,615.48 1,183,977.40 372,527.41| Wyoming.. 13,022.07 48,124.72 7,533.49 Mississippi 18.691 18 65,746.741 40.502.46 Missouri. 333,624.28 1,030,968.27 657,058.31 Total..... 10,671,077.22 32,456,662.67 28,253,534.80 Montana. . 23,922.89 91.398.271 40.667.781 INTERNAL REVENUE RECEIPTS BY STATES AND TERRITORIES,

FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1914. STATES AND Aggregate STATES AND Aggregate STATES AND Aggregate

TERRITORIES, Collections. TERRITORIES Collections TERRITORIES. Collections. Alabama

$463,440.94 Maine
...
$480,583 01 Oregon ...

$956,309.55 Alaska... ........... 81.857.14 Maryland.

7,611,016.13 Pennsylvania...... 83,422,532.99 Arizona. ... 167,733.95 Massachusetts 9,116,790.33 Porto Rico

632,350.00 Arkansas............ 245,021.03 Michigan 9,349,315.83 Rhode Island..

1,600 366.51 California........... 11,294,714.78 Minnesota

4,057,510.48 South Carolina..... 320,873.23 Colorado ..." 1,079,884.12 Mississippi

140,873.87 South Dakota ..... 174.750.94 Connecticut. ......, 2,430,171.23 Missouri ........ 13,331,518.68 Tennessee............

2,345,315.52 Delaware... 6:29.774.26 Montana

540,709.06 Texas................ 2,025,339.69 District of Columbia 1,273,691.23 Nebraska.core. 2,861,077.16 Utah .................

476,363.42 Florida 1,509,908,89 Nevada

119.239.57 Vermont., ....

154,731.99 Georgia 729,779.04 New Hampshire. 575,269.91 Virginia....

8,487,406.10 Hawaii 246,754.46 New Jersey 13,829,051.13 Wasbington

1.865,247.53 Idaho.. 98,374.05 New Mexico 48.627.99 West Virginia

3,084.690.33 Illinois........ 60,761,833.58 New York, 62,116,763.31 Wisconsin

9,994.997.66 Indiana. 29,598,797.29 North Carolina.. 11,947,270.54 Wyoming......

109,197.06 low&... 1,499,475.89 North Dakota.

111.357.42 Philippine Islands.. 170,779.51 Kansas. 636,679.12 Ohio..

25,031,262.61 Kentucky 35, 405,517.87 Oklahoma...........

361,169.88

Total.... 8880,008,893.96 Louisiana,

5,664,435.171 NOTE Alabama and Mississippi comprise the district of Alabama; Colorado and Wyoming, the district of Colorado ; Con. necticat and Rhode Island, the district of Connecticut; Maryland, Delaware, District of Columbia, and the countles of Acc mac and Northampton, Va., the district of Maryland; Montana, Idaho, and Utah, the district of Montana; New Hampshire, Maine, and Vermont, the district of New Hampshire; New Mexico and Arizona, the district of New Mexico ; North Dakota and South Dakota, the district

of North and South Dakota ; Washington and Alaska, the district of Washington; Nevada forins a part of the first district of California and South Carolina a part of the fourth district of North Carolina until Sep ember 1, 1913, when 18 ww re-established as a separate collection district.

...

lbs..

lbs..

WITHDRAWALS FOR CONSUMPTION. The quantities of distilled spirits, fermented liquors, manufactured tobacco, sout, cigars, cigarettes, and oleomargarine on which tax was paid during the last tiscal year are as follows:

Fiscal Year

CHANGR FROM PRECEDING ARTICLES TAXED.

ended June 30,

YEAR, 1914.

Ipcresse. Decrease. Spirits distilled from apples, peaches, grapes, pears, pineapples,oranges, apricots, berries, prunes, figs and cherries.

..gals.. 2,704,752

97,015 Spirits distilled from materials other than apples, peaches, grapes, pears, pineapples, oranges, apricots, berries, prunes, figs and cherries...

gals.. 136,433,749

8,984,540 Fermented liquors....

bbls.. 66,105,445 859,901 Cigars, weighing more than 3 pounds per thousand,

.. number.. 7,670,832,280

28,205,313 Cigars, weighing not more than 3 pounds per thousand..

..burber.. 1,0361,793,000 8,014,840 Cigare:teweighing more than 3 pounds per thousand..

Dunber.. 11,418,880

705,481 Cigarettes, weighing not more than 3 pounds per thousand.

numlier.. 16,109,667,136 9,139,895,976 Snuff.

Ibs..
32,766,741

449.797 Tobacco, chewing and smoking.

412,406,913 8,142,593 Oleomargarine...

.lbs.. (1) 141,763,605

1,898,633 Adulterated butter...

179,593

45,786 Process or renovated butter...

.. lbs.. 31,997,2487

6,814,356 NOTE-- The quantity of mixed four withdrawn cannot be stated, owing to the variable number of pounds taxed. (1) Ineludes 4,198,741 pounds at 10 cents and 137,564,864 pounds at one-fourth of 1 cent per pouud.

Receipts of tax on Porto Rican products-spirits, cigars and cigarettes-year ended June 30, 1914, $632,550; on cigars and cigarettes from Philippines, $170,779.

SPECIAL TAXES AND RATES. Rectifiers of less than 500 barrels a year. $100; rectifiers of 500 barrels or more a year, $200. Wholesale liquor dealers, $100; retail liquor dealers, $25. Wholesale dealers in malt liquors. $50: retail dealers in malt liquors, $20. Manufacturers of stills, $50; and for stills or worms, manufactured, each. $20.

Brewers: Annual manufacture less than 500 barrels, $50; annual manufacture 500 barrels or more, $100.

Manufucturers of filled cheese, 8400; wholesale dealers in filled cheese, $250; retail dealers in Blled cheese, $12.

Manufacturers of oleomargarine, $600; wholesale dealers in oleomargarine artifically colored in imitation of butter, $480; wholesale dealers in oleomargarine free from artificial coloration, $200; retail dealers in oleomargarine artificially colored in imitation of butter, $48: retail dealers in oleomargarine free from artificial coloration, $6.

Manufacturers of adulierated butter, 8600; wholesale dealers in adulterated butter, $480; retall dealers in adulterated butter, $48; manufacturers of process or renovated butter, $50; manufacturers, packers or repackers of mixed dour, $12.

DISTILLED SPIRITS, ETC. Distilled spirits, per gallon, $1. 10; stamps for distilled spirits intended for export, each, 6 and 10 cents. Case stamps for spirits bottled in bond, 10 cents.

Wine made in imitation of champagne, and liquors produced by being rectified, etc., in bottles containing uot more than one pint, per bottle or package, 10 cents; same, in bottles containing more than one piot and not more than one quart, per bottle or package, 20 cents; and, at the same rate for any larger qnautity for such merchandise. Grape brandy used in the fortification of sweet wine, per gallon, 3 cents,

FERMENTED LIQUORS. Fermented liquors per barrel (see special tax list above).

TOBACCO, SNUFF, CIGARS AND CIGARETTES. Tobacco, however prepared, manufactured and sold, or removed for consumption or sale, per 16., 8 cents; snutt, however prepared, manufactured and sold, or removed for cousumption or sale, per lb., 8 cents.

Cigars weighing more than 3 lbs. per thousand, $3; cigars weighing not more than 3 lbs. per thousand, 75 cents; cigarettes weighing more than 3 lbs. per thousand $3,60; cigarelles weighing not more than 3 lbs. per thousand, $1.25. OLEOMARGARINE, ADULTERATED BUTTER AND PROCESS OR RENOVATED BUTTER.

Oleomargarine, domestic, artificially colored in imitation of butter, per Ib., 10 cents; oleomargarine, free from coloration that causes it to look like butter, of any shade of yellow, per lb., of 1 cent; oleomargarine. imported from foreign countries, per lb.. 15 cents. Adulterated butter, per lb., 10 cents; process or renovated butter, per Ib., * ofl cent.

FILLED CHEESE. Filled cheese, per lb., 1 cent; same, imported, per lb., 8 cents.

MIXED FLOUR. Mixed flour, per barrel of 196 lbs., or more than 98 lbs., 4 cents; half barrel of 98 lbs., or more than 49 lbs., 2 cents; quarter barrel of 49 lbs., or more than 24 by Ibs., 1 cent; eighth barrel of 24% lbs. or less, % ceni,

BANKS AND BANKERS, ETC. Bank circulation, per month, 1-12 of 1 per cent. Bank circulation eiceeding 90 per cent of capital, in addition, per month, 1-6 of 1 per cent. Banks, bankers, and other

parties liable on amount of notes of any person, State bank, or State banking association, or of any town, city or municipal corporation, paid out by them, 10 per cent

CORPORATION INCOME. Income tax on corporations, joint stock companies or associations, and insurance companies, 1 percent.

INDIVIDUAL INCOME. Income tax, normal, on individuals, 1 per cent. "Income tax, additional-Net incomes exceeding $20,000 and not more than $60,000. 1 per cent. ; exceeding $60,000 and not more than $75,000, 2 per cent., exceeding $75,000 and not more than $100,000, 3 per cent.; exceeding

$100,000 and not more than $250,000. 4 per cent; exceeding $250,000 and not more than $500,000, 5 per cent ; exceeding $500,000, 6 per cent.

MISCELLANEOUS. Playing cards, per pack, 2 cents. Opium, manufactured for smoking purposes, per 16.$800. White phosphorous matches, per hundred, 2 cents.

UNITED STATES PENSION STATIS NUMBER OF ARMY AND NAVY PENSIONERS ON THE Rle an JUNE 30, 1914. Regular Establishment--Invallds or survivors, Civil War, Act of Apr 19, 1908-Widows or 14,919; widows or minors, 4,422.

minors, 235,524. Service-Act of May 11, 1912, invalids or War with Spaln-Invalids or survivors, 24,250; survivors, 369,624: act of February 6, 1907, Inva- widows or minors, 4,660. lids or survivors, 7.158.

War of 1812-Widows or minors, 170.
Civil War, General Law-Invalids or survivors, widows or minors, 4,699.

War with Mexico-Invalids or survivors, 893; 50.347; widows or minors, 59,160.

Indian Wars-invalids or survivors, 915; widCivil War, Act of June 27, 1890-Invalids ows or minors, 2,182. or survivors, 2,225; widows or minors, 4,091, Total pensioners on roll June 30, 1914, 785,239.

Total number of original applications during fiscal year ending June 30, 1914, 28,488.
Total number of original claims allowed for Oscal year ending June 30. 1914, 19,287.

Number of pensioners on roll June 30, 1914-Invalids or survivors, 470,331; widows or minorg, 314,908; total, 785.239.

Pald pensioners during 1914, $172,417,546.26.

(For number of pension claims, pensioners and disbursements, by years, from 1867 to 1912, see WORLD ALMANAC for 1913, page 166.)

Expenses of the Pension Bureau and agencies in disbursing pension fund for the Escal year ending June 30, 1914, 82.066,507.15.

All the pension agencies have been consolidated, and all pensioners are now pald by the Commissioner of Pensions through the Disbursing Clerk of the Pension Bureau, Washington, D. C.

TOTAL DISBURSEMENTS FOR PENSIONS FOR ALL WARS AND OF THE PEACE

ESTABLISHMENT TO JUNE 30, 1914. War of the Revolution (estimate). $70,000,000; war of 1812 (service pension), $45,950,546. 46; Indian wars (service pension), $12,801,520,61 ; war with Mexico (service pension), $48,693, 102.34; civil war. $4,457,974,496.47; war with Spain and insurrection in the Philippine Islands, $46,092,740.84; regular establishment, $31,936,516.52; unclassified, $16,508, 447.41. Total disbursements for pensions, $4,729,957,370.65.

PENSIONERS IN EACH STATE AND TERRITORY. Alabama... 3,094 Idaho...... 2,150 Minn ...... 12,767 N. Dak... 2,8071) Vermont... 6.267 Alaska T... 77 mlinois... 84.078 Miss. ......

3.840 Ohio.......

74.250 Virginia.... 8.341 Arizona... 857|Indiana. 47,858 Missouri.. 37.804 Okla. 10.916 Wasbing'n 9,522 Arkansas, 8 436 Iowa ...... 26,647 Montana 2.264 Oregon ... 7.469 West Va... 10,170 California. 27.742 Kansas... 31.017 Nebras'a 13.758 Penn'a... 72,407 Wisconsin. 18,941 Colorado... 7,709 Kentuc'y 20,449 Nevada .. 382 R. Island 4.293 Wyoming . 804 Conn ....... 9,581 Louis'a... 5, 146 N. Hamp 6.283 S. Cara... 1,623 Canal Zone

1 Delaware. 2,491 Maine.... 13,659 N. Jersey 19, 239 S. Dak..... 5.164 Insul. Pos, 167 D. of Col..... 8,607 Maryla'd 11,914 N. Mex... 1,816 Tenn ...... 16.239 Foreign ... 5,163 Florida...... 4,870 Mass....... 32,675 N. York.. 65,369 Texas ....

8,047 Georgia...... 2.869 Michigan 32.812 N. Car'a 3,478 Utah...... 983

Total.....

785,239 The following are the rates for total disability from causes incident to the service:

Army--Lieutenant-colonel and all officers of higher rank, $30; major, surgeon, and paymaster, $25; captaiu, provost marshal, and chaplain, $20, first lieutenant, assistant surgeon, and deputy provost marshal, $17; second lieutenant and enrolling officer, $15; enlisted men. $8.

Navy-Captain and officers of higher rank. commander lieutenant commanding and master commanding, surgeon, paymaster, and chief engineer, respectively

ranking with

commander by law, $30; lieutenant, surgeon: paymaster. and chief engineer, respectively ranking with lieutenant by law, and passed assistant surgeon. $25; master, professor of mathematics, assistant surgeon, assistant paymaster and chaplain. $20: first assistant engineer, ensign, and pilot. $15; cadet midshipman, passed midshipman, midshipman. clerks of admirals, paymasters, or other officers commanding vessels, second and third assistant engineers, master's mate, and warrant officers, $10; enlisted men, $8.

Marine Corps-Lieutenant-colonel and officers of higher rank, $30; major, $25; captain, 820; first lieutenant, $17; second lieutenant, $15; enlisted men, $8.

Pension at certain ages on account of service in the civil and Mexican wars. Act of May 11, 1912.

Any person who served pipety days or more in the military or naval service of the United States during the late civil war, and who has been honorably discharged therefrom, and who has reached the age of sixty-two years or over, on making proof of such facts is entitled to receive a pension as follows: Age sixty-two years-For a service of 90 days. $13.00 per month: 6 months. $13.50; 1 year, $14.00;

14 years, $14.50; 2 years, $15.00; 2% years, $15.50, and 3 years and more. $16.00. Age 68 years--For a service of 90 days, $15.00 per month: 6 months, $15,

50: 1 year, $16.00: 14 years, $16.50; 2 years, $17.00; 2% years, $18.00, and 3 years and more. $19.00. Age 70 years-For a ser vice of 90 days, $18.00

per month; 6 months, $19.00: 1 year. $20.00; 14 years. $21.50; 2 years, $23.00: 2% years, $24.00, and 3 years and more 825.00. Age 75 years-For a service of '90'days, $21 per month; 6 months. $22.50; 1 year, $24.00; 1% years, $27.00, and 2 years and more, $30.00. And such pension shall commence from the date of filing the application in the Bureau of Pensions. Any person who served sixty days or more in the war with Mexico, and who received an honorable discharge, is entitled to $30.00

per month. Any person who was wounded in battle or in line of duty in the civil war, and is now unit for manual labor by reason thereof, or who from disease or other causes incurred in line of duty resulting in his disability, is now unable to perform manual labor, is entitled to $30.00 per month.

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AMERICAN SOCIETY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW.
President-Elhu Root. Vice-Presidents-Chief Justice White, Justice William R. Day, P. C.
Knox, Andrew Carnegie, Joseph H. Choate. John W. Foster, George Gray, Wiliam W. Morrow,
Richard Olney. Horace Porter, Oscar 8. Strans,

Jacob M. Dickinson, James B. Angell, William H.
Taft, William J, Bryan. Recording Secretary-James Brown Scott. Corresponding Secretary--Charles
Henry Butler. Treasurer-Chandler P. Anderson, Headquarters, Washington, C.

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