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(Prepared for THE WORLD ALMANAC by the General Land Office.) TABULAR statement showing area of public lands vacant and subject to entry and settlement in the public land States and Territories, June 30, 1914.




Surveyed. Unsurveyed Total,

Surveyed. Insurveyed! Total.
Acres, Acres.

Acres. Acie. Acres. Alabama...

51,920 Montana....

11,648,232 10,689,428 22,237,660 Alaska



4,620 270.169 Arizona, 9,890,583 97,069,166 36,958,749 Nevala......

29,523,163 25,975,886 35 502,433 Arkansas.... 317,972 51,000 868,972|| New Mexico..

20,062,519 10,012,312 30,104,843 California... 16,183,344 4,719,408 20,902,752|| North Dakota.


672,949 Colorado.. 16,979,843 1,919,598 18,899,441 Oklaboma.


42,353 Florida. 176,233 131,691 307,924 Oregon..

13,573,536 2,896,311 15,969,816 Idaho. 7,648,380 8,694,401 16,342,781 | South Dakota..

3,519,488 53,71 3,573,269 Kanis,

102,200 | Utah

19,411,611 21,344,891 83,756,502 Louisiana.



1,090,748 709,026 1, 199,174 Michigan

79,316| Wisconsin...


8,760 Mingesota.

1,089,169 Wyoming,

29,449,767 2,103,656 81,553, 423 Mississippi


46,793 Missouri...


1,061 Grand Total..... 174,916,493 315,842,640 290,759,133 "The unreserved lands in Alaska are not included herein. They approximate 367,900,000 acres and are mostly unsurveyed and unappropriated.

Cash receipts of the General Land Office during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1914: From sales of pnblfe lands, 84,256.102.96: sales of Indian lands, 81,844,802.17; leases of power sites, etc.. 92,681.98; depredation on the public lands, $21,913.85; copies of records and plats, $22,566.71. Total receipts for the year, 86,148,367.63.

Ares of public and Indian lands originally entered during the fiscal year, '15,925,179.52 acres; area of lands patented, 14,391,071,853 acres.

The total number of entries made, acres sold and amount received therefor under the Timber and Stone acts of Jane , 1878, and August 4, 1892, wore: Promu Jane 3, 1878, to Jane 20, 1914: Entries, 101,979; acres, 13,924,979.54; amount, $33,410,909.54.




Omce. Register.
Recelver. STATE. Omice.


Receiver. Montg'ery. Cato D. Glover. John S. Hunter. Neb.... Alliance... W. W. Weod. . . Harvey J. Ells. Alaska. Fairbanks. Angus McBride Lewis T. Erwin.

Brok'n Bow Jehn Reese... D.M.Amsberry.
C. B. Walker... F. A. Boyle.

Lincoln.... (Vacancy)... W. M. Gifford.
John Sunbaek.. E. R. Jordan.

N. Platte. . John E. Evans . Ira L. Bare. Arizona. Phoenix...T. E. Weedin... John T. Birdno.

SO'Nell.. B.E.Sturdevants. Parker. Ark....Camden... H. G. Friedhelm L. E. Rowe.

Valentine.. Luke M. Bates. Elof Olson. Harrison... B. B. Hudgins..W. F. Eatman. Nevada. Carson City Louis J. Cohn.. Edmund James Little Rock John W. Allen..JA. M. Ward.

Elko. J. E. Robbins..JA. G. Dawley. Eureka....D. J. Girard ...G. D. Little. N. Mex. Clayton. Paz Valverde... Thos. E. Owen. Inde'd'nce. 0. C. Harper... V. L. Jones.

Ft. Sumner C. C. Henry E. H. Salazar. Los Angeles Frank Buren...JO. R. Robinson.

Las Cruces J. L. Burnside. S. P. Ascarate. Sac'mento.J. F. Armstrong Sam. Butler.

Roswell ... Emmett Patton Wm. G. Cowan. s. Fran'co. T. G. Danlells. John J. Deane.

Santa Fe F. Delgado Juan N. Vigil. Susanville. T. A. Roseberry A. H. Taylor.

Tucumcart.R. P. Donohoo. D. S. y Baca. Visalla.... Frank Laning. Joseph Allen, N. Dak. Bismarck..R. N. Stevens. . C. T. Staley. Col.... Del Norte. Lee Fairbanks.. Lee A. Ruark.

Dickinson. J. G. Quinllvan. E. J. Hughes. Denver.... Mrs. M.Dargin. W. A. Maxwell.

Minot....F. F. Fritz. V. A. Corbett. Durango... G. H. Charlton.George Weaver.

Williston..T. B. Murphy. C.A. Mansfield. Glenw'd S.E. E. Fordham.w. E. Wallace. Okla... Guthrle.. J. Lot Calvert.. JA. X. Campbell. Hugo... P. 0. Hedlund .J. P. Diekinson.

Woodward. J. Y. Callahan..J. E. Terral. Lamar E. M, Whitaker John W. Bent. Oregon. Burns..... Wm. Farre. S. Mothershead. Leadville..G.S. Curtis. ...Mrs. A. Rogers.

La Grande.F. C. Bramwell. Nolan Skif. Montrose..0, C. Skinner. Sam. B. Berry.

Lakeview. J. F. Burgess... F.P.Cronemiller Pueblo....J. W. Hawley..G. G. Withers.

Portland... H. F. Higby...G. I. Smith. Sterling A. F. Browns. John W. Cloyd.

Roseburg. J. M. Upton. R. R. Turner, Florida. Gainesville a. S. Chubb...Shields Warren.

The Dalles H.F. Woodcock. L. A. Booth. Idaho... Blackfoot.. H. W. Kiefer...C. E. Harris.


B. R. Kester... H. G. Gulld. Bobé (Vacancy).... F. V. Tinker. 8. Dak.. B'lelourehe John A. Ross...K, E. Baxter. C. d'Alene. Frank Langley. F. A. McCall.

Gregory...E. M. Starcher D.F.Burkholder Halley ....J. E. Williams.. Wm. U. Hews.

Lemmon... E. G. Coleman. S.W.Huntl'gton Lewiston..H. Heltfeid... B. C. Barbor.

Pierre. John E. Kelley L.E.Cummings. Kansas. Dodge City R. R. Wilson...J. V. Killion.

Rapid City John L. Burke.. JH. L. Gandy. Topeka.. G. W. Fisher...J. G. Wood.

Timberlake Paul D. Kribs. . J. L. Parrott. L'Iglana. Bat. Rouge J, F. Nuttall...L. T. Dugazon. Utah... S. L. City.. E.D.R. Tb'pson M. M. Kaigbn. Mich... Marquette. Ozro A. Bowen T. H. Dawson.

Vernal Peter Hanson.. Don B. Colton. Minn... Cass Lake. 4. G. Swindleht Fred A. King. Wash...N. Yakima R. Strobach... A. C. Steinman. Crookston. P. M. Ringdal. J. P. O'Connell.

Olympla.. F. W. Stocking. R. W. Elwell. Duluth....C. F. Hartman. G. Bergquist.

Seattle John C. Denny. Albert Saylor. Miss... Jackson W. F. (ummins H. C. Sharkey.

Spokane. H. J. Cole....

Lucius B. Nash. Miss'ri.. Springfield.J. H. Bowen.. (Abolished.)

Vancotiver.G. N. Ranck. C. Kalahan. Mont... Bilings... F. H. Foster..JE. J. McLean.

Walla Willa J. H. McDonald J. G. Miller. Bozeman. FW. Appleton.W. H. Sales.

Watervllle. Wm. F. Haynes John E. Shore. Glasgow T. R. Jones. E.C.Hargadine.lWls....Wausau...H. Schmidt. H.G.McCrossen Great Falls R. N. Sutherlin Thos. Corbally. Wyo.. Buffalo.. Ralph R. Read. Grant T. Stahl. Havre.. M.W.H'chins'n J. A, Mayer.

Cheyenne. W. E, Chaplin.. Luke Voorbees. Helena 1os. Binnard...G. O. Freeman,

Douglas. W. H. Fowler.. Harry H. Price. Kallspell. . F, O. Williams. R. M. Goshorn.

Evanston.. Alex Nisbet ...J. P. Folger. Lewiston H. J. Kelly A. Hogeland.

Lander.... John W. Cook.. Wm. H. Edley. Miles City. Albert Kircher. J. T. Hamilton.

Sundance. Wm, J. Wood. . C. R. Yeoman. Missoula. Josiah Shull... IR. W. Kemp.

PASSPORT REGULATIONS. RuLus governing the granting and issuing of passports in the United States:

1. Br Wow IssueD AND REFUSAL TO ISSUK. No one but th: Secretary of State may grant and issue passports in the United States (Revised Statutes, sections 4175, 4078), and he is empowered to refuse them in his discretion.

Passports are pot issued by American diplomatic and consular officers abroad, ercept in cases of emergency; and a cltisen who is a broad and desires to procure a passport must apply therefor through the nearest diplomatic or consular oficer to the Secretary of State.

Applications for passports by persons in Porto Rico or the Philippines should be made to the Chief Executives of those islands. The evidence required of such applicants is the same as thas required of applicants in the United States.

2. Feen-By act of Congress approved March 23, 1888, a fee of one dollar is required to be collected for every citizen's passport. That atnount in currency or postal money order should accompany each application made by a citizen of ihe United States. Orders sbould be made payable to the Disbursing Clerk of the Department of Slate. Drafts or checks will not be accepted.

3. APPLICATIONS.-A person who is entitled to receire a passport, if within the United States, must make a written application, In the forin of an affidavit, to the Secretary of State. The application must be made by the person to whom the passport is to be issued and signed by him, as it is not competent for one person to apply for another,

The affidavit must be attested by an officer authorized to sinister oaths, and it he has an official seal it must be affixed. It he has no seal his official character must be authenticated by certificate of the proper legal officer.

If the applicant signs by mark, two attesting witnesses to his signature are required. The applicant is required to state the date and place of his birth, his occupation, the place of his permanent residence and within what length of time he will return to the United States with the parpose of residing and performing the duties of citizenship.

The applicant must take the onth of allegiance to the Governinent of the United States.

The application must be accompanied by a description of the person applying, and should state the following particulars, vix, Age, years; stature,, - feet, - inches (English measure); forehead, ; eyes, -; nose, - ; mouth, - chin, -; hair, i complexion, -; face, -

The application must be accompanied by a certificate from at least one credible witness that the applicant is the person he represents himself to be, and that the facts stated in the affidavit are true to the best of the witness's knowlelige and belief.

4. NATIVE CITIZENS-Aa application containing the information indicated by rule 3 will be satficient evidence in the case of aative citizens ; but

A person of the Chinese race, alleging birth in the United States, must obtain from the Commissioner of Immigration or Chinese inspector in charge at the port through which he proposes to leave the country a certificate upon his application, under the seal of such oficer, showing that there has been granted to him by the latier a return certificate in nccordance with rule 16 of the Chinese Regulations of the Department of Labor. For this purpose special blank forms of application for passports are provided.

Passports Issued by the Department of State or its diplomatic or consular representatives are intended for ideatification and protection in foreign countries, and not to facilitate entry luto the Unlied States, immigration being under the supervision of the Department of Labor.

3. A PERSON BOUN ABROAD WHORE FATHER WAS A NATIVE CITIZEN OF THE UNITED STATES.„In addition to the statements required by rule 3, his application must show that his father was born in the United States, resided therein, and was a citizen at the time of the applicant's birth. The department may require that this affidavit be supported by that of ovo other citizen acquainted with the facto.

6. NATURALIZED CITIZENS.-In addition to the statements required by rule 3, & naturalized citizen must transmit his certificate of Dataralization, or a duly certified copy of the court record thereof, with his application. It will be returned to him after inspection. He must state in his affidavit when and from what port he emigrated to this country, what ship he sailed on, where he has lived

since his arrival in the United States, when and before what court he was naturalized, and that he is the identical person described in the certificate of naturalization. The signature to the application should conform in orthography to the applicant's name as written in his certificate of naturalization, or an explanation of the difference should be submitted.

1. WOMAN'S APPLICATION.-If she is unmarried, in addition to the statements required by rule 3, she should state that she has Dever been married. If she is the wife or widow of a native citizen of the United States the fact should be made to appear to her application, which should be made accordiog to the form prescribed for a native citizen whether she was born in this country or abroad. If she is the wife or widow of a naturalized citizen, in addition to the statements required by rule 3, she must transtnit for inspection her husband's certificate of naturalization, or a certified copy of the court record thereof, must state that she Is the wife (or widow) of the person described therein, and must set forth the facts of his emigration, naturalization, and residence, as required in the rules governing the application of a naturalized citizen. A married woman citizenship follows that of her husband so far as her international statas ls concerned. It is essential, therefore, that a woman's marital relations be indicated in her application for a passport, and that in the case of a married woman her husband's citizenship be established.

8. THE CHILD OF A NATURALIZED CITIZEN CLAIMING CITIZENSHIP THROUGH THE NATURALIZATION OF THE PARENT.In addition to the statements required by rule 3, the applicant must state that he or she is the son or daughter, as the case may be, of the person described in the certificate of naturalization, which must be submitted for inspection, and must set forth the facts of enigra. tion, ontoralization, and residence, as required in the rule governing the application of a naturalized citizen.

*. A RESIDENT OF AN INSULAR PORSENSION OF THE UNITED STATES WHO OWES ALLEGIANCE TO THE UNITED STATES. In addition to the statements required by rule 3, he must state that be owes alleglance to the United States and that he does not acknowledge allegiance to any other Government; and must submit amidavits froin at least two credible witnesses having good means of knowledge in substantiation of his statements of birth, residence, and loyalty.

10. EXPIRATION OF PASSPORTO-A passport expires two years from the date of its issuance. A new one will be issued apoa a Bew application, and if the applicant be a naturalized citizen, the old passport will be accepted in lieu of a certificate of naturalization, it the application upon which it was issued is found to contain sufficient Information as to the naturalization of the applicant. Passports are not renewed by the department, but + person abroad holding a passport issued by the department may have it Tenewed for a period of two years upon presenting it to a diplomatio or principal consular oficer of the United States when it is about to expire.

11. WIVE, MINOR CHILDREN, AND SERVANTS.-When the applicant is accompanied by his wife, minor children, or servant who would be entitled to receive a passport, it will be sufficient to state the fact, giving the respective ages of the children and the allegiance of the servant, when oue passport will suffice for all. For any other person in the party a separate passport will be required. A woman's passport may include her minor children and servant under the above-named conditions. The term servant does not include a governess, iutor, pupil, companion, or person holding like relations to the applicant for a passport,

19. TITLES.-Professional and other titles will vot be inserted in passports.

13. BLANK FORMS OF APPLICATION.---They will be furnished by the department to persons who desire to apply for passports, but are not furnished, except as samples, to those who make a business of procuring passports.

14. ADDRESS - Communications should be addressed to the Department of State, Bureau of Citizenship, and each communics. ton should give the post office address of the person to whom the answer is to be directed.

Section 1075 of the Revised Statates of the United States, as amended by the act of Congress, approved June 14, 1909, provides that the Secretary of State may grant and issue passports, and cause passports to be granted, issued, and verified in foreign countries by such diplomatie or consular oficers of the United States, and by such chief or other executive oficer of the insular possessions of the United States, and under sach rules as the President shall designate and prescribe for and on behalf of the United States," the foregoing rules are accordingly prescribed for the issuing and granting of passports in the United States.

The Secretary of State is authorized to make regulations on the subject of granting and issuing passports additional to these rules and not inconsistent with them.

WOODROW WILSOX. Tae Wurs Hous, March 10, 1913.

Non-An applicant who expects to go to Russia accompanied by wife and children should in form the department to that effect and state the names of the wite and children so that they may be inserted in the passport, to conforin with the Russian regulations.

All American citizens who go abroad should carry American passports.
American citizens are advised not to visit unnecessarily countries at war.

It is especially important that naturalized American citizens retraln from visiting their countries of origin or countries which are at war therewith.

W. J. BRYAN. Department of State, Washington, August 12, 1914.

PASSPORTS FOR AMERICAN CITIZENS IN EUROPE. Emergency passports may be obtalned by American citizens in Europe from American embassles, legations, or consulates upon their submitting thereto proper sworn applications supported by the necessary evidence of citizenship. A person clalming citizenship through naturallzation in his own right should submit his certificate of naturalization with the application, and person clalining citizenship through naturalization of parent or husband should submit the certincate of naturallzation of such person. If the certifcate of natural' zation has been left in this country it should be forwarded to the department, and notice of its recept will be sent by mall or telegraph to the embassy, legation, or consulate in which the passport application is to be made.

Where a person is residing in a remote place abroad and cannot, without great danger, diMculty, or expense, reach an American embassy, legation, or consulate to make his or her application, the department will consider the Issuance of a passport upon receipt of a proper sworn application made In behalf of such person by the husband, parent, Dext of kin, or legal representative in this country. The person who signs the application should set forth the full name and personal description of the one for whom the passport is sought, and should state, to the best of his knowledge and belief, where and when

such person was born, the nationallty of his father at the time of such person's birth, how long and in what places such persons resided in this country, what occupation he follows, when he went abroad and for what purpose, his exact present address, and his Intention of returning to the United States for permanent residence. In the case of a naturalized citizen he should also state when he or she, or the parent or husband through whom naturallzation was acquired, Arst came to this country, and when and before what court the naturallzation was obtained, and the application should be accompanied by the naturalization certificate. When the person in whose behalf the application is made is accompanied by wife, children, or servants, who are citizens of the United States, the application should include their names, with the dates and places of birth,

The department does not furnish special blank forms of applications for the use of persons applying in behalf of others. The blank forms prescribed for ordinary applications may be used, with the necessary alterations and additions. The applicant should sign his own name, followed by the name of the person for whom the passport is desired, and should state his relationship to such person: thus: "John Jones, in behalf of Sarah Jones, his wife." The seal of the notarial omcer before whom the application is executed should be as xed. The personal description should contain the following Items: Age, - years; stature, -- feet --- inches, English measure; forehead, eyes, -: nose, - mouth, chin, ; hair, ----; complexion,

face, The application must be accompanled by a certified statement of some credible witness, other than the applicant, that he is acquainted with the applicant and the person for whom the passport 1s requested, and that the facts stated in the application are true to the best of the witness's knowledge and belief.

Upon special requests the department, instead of Issuing a regular passport, upon the application recelved, and sending it through the mall, may telegraph the proper American diplomatic or consular omcer in Europe to issue an emergency passport and send it to the person for whom it is desired. Such telegraphic Instructions must necessarily set forth the full name, personal description, and address of the person for whom the passport Is sought.

Whenever it is possible the department prefers that the applicatlon for a passport be made by the person to whom it is to be issued, and, when so requested, the department will instruct diplomatic or consular omcers by telegraph to advise Americans abroad how and where applications may be made.

The expense of sending a telegram must, In every case, be assumed by some rellable person In this country. to whom a bill therefor will be sent.

The legal fee for the Issuance of a passport by the department is one dollar, and, 11 this amount 18 sent in the form of a money order, it should be made payable to the Disbursing Clerk, Department of State." In view of the present conditions in Europe, fees for the issuance of emergency passports by American diplomatic and consular omcers will be waived.

W. J. BRYAN. Department of State, Washington, August 12, 1914.


RESIDING IN THE UNITED STATES. THE Department of State has recently recelved numerous Inquiries from foreign-born persons residing in this country as to whether they may be compelled to perform military service in their native lands and as to what penalties, by way of fines, confiscation of property, or imprisonment in case of return, they will incur if they

fall to report to the authorities of their countries of origin for milltary service. Some of the inquiries reler to persons who have obtained naturalization as citizens of the United States, others to persons who have made declarations of Intention to become American citizens, and still others to persons who bave taken no steps toward acquiring American citizenship. Misconception and confusion concerning this matter appear to be current.

The United States is not a party to any treaties under which persons of foreign origin residing in this country may be compelled to return to their countries of origin for military service, nor is there any way in which persons may be forced in'o foreign armles against their will so long as they

The department cannot undertake to give authentic, omcial Information elther, in general, as to the requirements of the military service laws of foreign countries and the penalties provided therein for evasion of military service, or, in particular, as to the status and present or future llabilities of individuals under such lawg. Information of this kind must be obtalned from oMclals or the foreign countries concerned.

The department issues printed circulars concerning the status in their native lands of naturalized citizens of the United States, natives of certain European countries, and these will be fur nished to Interested persons upon request.

It is specifically stated in these circulars that the information contained in them is not to be considered as official so far as it relates to the laws and regulations of foreign countries.

The United States has concluded treatles of naturalization with the following European countries: Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, the German States, Great Britain, Norway and Sweden. Coples of these treaties are to be found in "Treatles, Conventions, etc., between the Ualted States

Y SERVICE IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES—Continued. LIABILITY FOR MILITARY of America and Other Powers" (Government Printing omce, 1910), and separate coples may be fur nished by the department upon request. Under these treaties the naturalization of persons concerned as citizens of the United States and the termination of their former alleglance are recognized, with the reservation, in most of them, that such persons remain Hable to trial and punishment in their native lands for offences committed prior to emigration therefroin, Including offences of evasion of military duty. The United States holds that no naturalized citizen of this country can rightfully be held to account for milltary llabuilty to his native land accruing gubsequent to emigration therelrom, but this principle may be contested by countries with which the United States has not entered into treaties of naturallzation. The latter countries may hold that naturalization of their citizens or subjects as citizens of other countries has no effect upon their original military obligation, or may deny the right of their citizens or subjects to become naturalized as citizens of other countries, in the absence of express consent or without the fulolment of military obligations, More speciic Information as to the department's understanding of the laws of these countries con. cerning nationality and military obligations may be found in the department's circulars mentioned above.

It is important to observe that an allen who declares his intention to become a citizen of the United States does not, at the time of making such declaration, renounce allegiance to bts original sovereign, but merely declares that he intends to do so. Such person does not, by his declaration of Intention, acquire the status of a citizen of the United States.

W, J. BRYAN. DEPARTMENT Or STATE, Washington, August 14, 1914.


Director-Joseph A. Holmes, Washington, D, C. ($6,000). THE general purpose of the Bureau of Mines, of the Department of the Interior, is to conduct, in behall of the public welfare, fundamental Inquiries and Investigations into the mining industry. Two phases of the Industry or greatest national concern are safety and efficiency-safeguarding the lives of our miners and Insuring the most enclent and least wastelul development and use of our mineral resources.

These Inquiries and investigations are national in scope: they do not contemplate the safeguarding of the life of the individual miner nor the promotion of the Interests of the Individual mine owner or operator, but seek the development of methods that will increase the safety of all miners and will promote the upbuilding and permanence of the whole mineral Industry. Yet, although the advancement of the public welfare is the primary purpose of this work, It is obvlous that broad fundamental inquiries and researches cannot fall to conser benets on the individual miner and the Individual mine owner. Hence, the function of the Bureau of Mines may be defined as the conducting of loquiries and Investigations that have for thelr purpose the improvement of health conditions, and the increase of safety, efficiency and economic development in the mining, quarrying, metallurgical and miscellaneous mineral Industries of the country, NUMBER OF MEN EMPLOYED. AND NUMBER OF MEN KILLED AND INJURED IN AND ABOUT ALL MINES AND QUARRIES IN THE UNITED STATES DURING 1912.




Per ployed, Total. 1,000 Em Total. 1,000 Em Total. 1,000 Employed. ployed.

ployed. Quarries. 113,105 213 1.88


7.95 5,653 49.98 Coal mines.

722,662 2,360 3.27 Metal mines

169,199 661 3.91 4,502 26.61 26.232 155.04 Totals.

1,004,966 3,234 3.22 During the first six months of 1913 fatalities in and about coal mines were 1316; for corre sponding period in 1914, 1,260.

Daring the calendar year 1913 there were 2,785 men killed in and about the coal mines of the United States. Based on an output of 570,048,125 short tons of coal produced by 747,644 men, the number of men killed for every 1,000,000 tons of coal mined was 4.89, and the death rate per 1.000 employed was 3.73. In 1913 the number of men killed was 425 more than in 1912, representing an increase of 18 per cent. There were 204,685 tons of coal mined for each man kiled in 1913, as compared with 226,469 in 1912.

In making comparisons with the Agures for 1912, it must be borne in mind that during the month of April, 1912, many of the mines throughout the United States were closed pending wage settlements, and during that month only 81 men were killed, as compared with 285 men killed during the same month in 1913, when the mines were in full operation.

During the year there were 8 mine disasters in which 5 or more men were killed, representing a total of 464 fatalities, as compared with 13 stmillar disasters in 1912, wherein 252 men were killed. Although the number of lives lost in the disasters of 1913 was larger than in the previous year, the number of mine disasters was reduced by 38 per cent.

• Statistics concerning Injuries in coal mines not collated since 1911.




ProducPer 1,000 1,000,000 tlon per

Per 1,000 1,000,000

tlon per ! YEARS. Total. Em

Death, YEARS.


Em Short

Death, ployed. Tons

ployed. Tons



Tons, 1908 2,449 3.64 6.05 165.000||1911 2,719 3.73


183,000 1909 2,668 4.00 5.79 173,000||1912 2.360 3.15 4:41 226,469 1910. 2,840 3.92 5,66 177,000ll 1913 ,785 3.73

89 204,685

NATURALIZATION. THz following paraphrase and condensation of the naturalization laws of the United States have been revised by the Commissioner of Naturalization of the

Department of Labor, and includes such minor changes in the law as were provided by the recent amendments embodied in the acts of Congress, approved June 25, 1910, and June 30, 1914. The following

courts alone have the power to naturalize allens: United States District Courts Dow existing, or which may hereafter be established by Congress in any State, Valted States District Courts for the Territories of Hawall and Alaska, also all courts of record in any State or Territory now existing, or which may herealter be created, having a seal, a clerk and jurisdiction in actions at law or equity, or law and equity, in which the

amount in controversy is unlimited. The power to naturalize, conferred upon the above mentioned courts, is limited to persons residing within the geographical Ilmits over

which their respective jurisdiction extends.

DECLARATION OF INTENTION. Any allen who is a white person, or of African nativity or African descent, is required, 11 he de stres to become naturalized, to nie a declaration of Intention in the clerk's omce of any court having jurisdiction over the place in which he llves, and such declaration may not be fled until the allen bas reached the age of eighteen years. This declaration must contain Information as to the name, age, occupation, time and place of arrival in the United States, and must further show that it is the de clarant's bona ilde Intention to become a citizen of the United States and to renounce forever all alleglance and didellty to any foreign prince, potentate, state or soverelgnty, and particularly to the one of which he may be at the time a citizen or subject.

Allens of the age of twenty-one years and upward, who have been honorably discharged from ser vice in the armles of the United States, elther regular or volunteer, are not required to make a declaration of Intention.

Any allen, of the age of twenty-one years and upward, who has served five connecutive years ID the Unlied States Navy or one enlistment in the United States Marine Corps. may be admitted to citizenship without any previous declaration of intention.

Under the act approved June 30, 1914, any allen of the age of twenty-one years and upward, who may under existing law become a citizen, who has served one enlistment of not less than four years in the United States

Navy or Marine Corps, or who has completed four years in the Revenue Cutter Service, and received an honorable discharge or an ordinary discharge with recommendation for re-enlistment, or has completed four years of honorable service in the naval auxillary service, is admissible to citizen ship, upon his petition, without a previous declaration of Intention, and without proof of residence on shore.

The widow and children who are under age at the time that an allen who has made his declaration of Intention has died, without having secured a certificate of naturalization, are also exempted from the necessity of niing a declaration of intention.

By act of June 25, 1910, any person who on May 1, 1905, was an inhabitant for five years and quallded to become a citizen of the United States and who for the five years preceding May 1, 1910, had resided in the United States continuously and who, because of misinformation in regard to bis citizenship, had in good faith exercised the rights and duties of a citizen of the United States because of wrongful Information and beli el, may, upon proof of these facts satisfactory to a court having Jurisdiction to naturalize allens, petition for naturalization without Aling the required declaration of Intention upon compllance with the other requirements of the law.

PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION. Not less than two years after an allen has Aled his declaration of Intention, and after not less than Ove yearscontinuous residence in the United States, he may ble a petition for citizenship in any one of the courts above stated which has jurisdiction over the place in which he resides, provided he has Il ved at least one year continu ously, immediately prior to the filing of such petition, in the State or Territory in which such place is located. This petition must be signed by the petitioner in his own handwriting and shall give his full name, place of residence, occupation, place of birth and the date thereol, the place from which he emigrated, and the date and place of his arrlval in the United States. Il such arrival occurred subsequent to the passage of the act of June 29, 1906, he must secure a certificate from the Department of Labor showing the fact of such arrival and the date and place there of, for aling with the clerk of the court to be attached to hls petition. Il be is married he must state the name of his wife and, 1! possible, the country of her nativity and her place of residence at the tlme of the Aling of his petition, and, it he has children, the name, date and place of birth and present place of residence of each living child. The petition must set forth that he is not a disbeliever in or opposed to organized government, or a member of or amllated with any organization or body of per sons teaching disbelief in or opposition to organized government, that he is not a polygamist or a be llever in the practice of polygamy, and that he absolutely and forever renounces all allegiance and ödellty to any foreign country of which he may, at the time of Aling such petition, be a citizen or subject. This petition must be verified at the time it is filed by the affidavit of two credible witnesses, who are citizens of the United States and who sball state that they have known the petitioner during his entire residence (not exceeding Ove years) in the State in which the petition is Aled, which must be not less than one year, and that they have known him to be a resident of the United States continuously during the A ve years immediately preceding the bling of the petition: that during such time he acted as a man of good moral character, attached to the principles of the Constitution of the United States and well dis posed to the good order and happiness of the same. Il a portion of the five years has been passed by the petitioner in some other state than that in which he resides at the time of ning his petition the affidavit of the witnesses may verify so much of the petitioner's residence as has been passed in the State (not less than one year), and the portion of sald five years' residence out of the State may be shown by depositions at the time of hearing on the petition.

No petition may be heard until the expiration of at least ninety days after it is fled nor within thirty days preceding & general election. At the hearing upon a petition, which shall be at & date nxed by order of the court, the witnesses are required to again attend and testlly in open court 80 that the Judge or Judges thereot may be satisfied chat the petitioner 18 qualified and that he has complied with all the requirements of the law.

Any allen who has borne an hereditary title or been a member of an order or nobility must renounce such title or position expressly before becoming baturalized. No allen may become paturallzed, il physically capable, who does not speak the English language.

Aliens who are admitted to citizenship by order in open court will be required to take the oath of alleglance and thereafter will be entitled to a certificate of naturalization.

The law also provides as to those persons, who though not citizens ove permanent alleglance to the United States, and who may become citizens of any State or organized Territory of the United Btates, that they may be naturalized upon compliance with all the requirements of the law, except that they will not be called upon to renounce allegiance to any foreiga sovereignty.

At the time of allng his declaration of Intention an allen is required to pay to the clerk of the court a fee of one dollar. At the time of Bling a petition for naturalization a petitioner is required to pay to the clerk of the court a fee of four dollars. This latter lee is for the cost of recording the petition and hearing the case, as well as for the issuance, if the petition is granted, of the certificate of naturallzation.

CHINESE. The naturallaation of Chldamen is expressly prohibited by Sec. 14, Chap. 126, Lawo of 1882. /

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