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RULES governing the granting and issuing of passports in the United States:



1. BY WHOM ISSUED AND REFUSAL TO ISSUE.-No one but the Secretary of State may grant and issue passports in the United States (Revised Statutes, sections 4075, 4078), and he is empowered to refuse them in his discretion.

Passports are not issued by American diplomatic and consular officers abroad, except in cases of emergency; and a citizen who is abroad and desires to procure a passport must apply therefor through the nearest diplomatic or consular officer to the Secretary of State.


Applications for passports by persons in Porto Rico or the Philippines should be made to the Chief Executives of those islands. The evidence required of such applicants is the same as that required of applicants in the United States.

2. FER- By act of Congress approved March 23, 1888, a fee of one dollar is required to be collected for every citizen's passport. That amount in currency or postal money order should accompany each application made by a citizen of the United States. Orders should be made payable to the Disbursing Clerk of the Department of State. Drafts or checks will not be accepted.

3.APPLICATIONS-A person who is entitled to receive a passport, if within the United States, must make a written application, in the form of an affidavit, to the Secretary of State. The application must be made by the person to whom the passport is to be issued and signed by him, as it is not competent for one person to apply for another.

The affidavit must be attested by an officer authorized to administer oaths, and if he has an official seal it must be affixed. If he has no seal his official character must be authenticated by certificate of the proper legal officer.

If the applicant signs by mark, two attesting witnesses to his signature are required. The applicant is required to state the date and place of his birth, his occupation, the place of his permanent residence and within what length of time he will return to the United States with the purpose of residing and performing the duties of citizenship.

The applicant must take the oath of allegiance to the Government of the United States.

The application must be accompanied by a description of the person applying, and should state the following particulars, viz.: Age, years; stature, feet, hair,; complexion,; face, inches (English measure); forehead,; eyes, nose, ; mouth,; chin, The application must be accompanied by a certificate from at least one credible witness that the applicant is the person he represents himself to be, and that the facts stated in the affidavit are true to the best of the witness's knowledge and belief."

4.NATIVE CITIZENS. An application containing the information indicated by rule 3 will be sufficient evidence in the case of native citizens; but

A person of the Chinese race, alleging birth in the United States, must obtain from the Commissioner of Immigration or Chinese inspector in charge at the port through which he proposes to leave the country a certificate upon his application, under the seal of such officer, showing that there has been granted to him by the latter a return certificate in accordance with rule 16 of the Chinese Regulations of the Department of Labor. For this purpose special blank forms of application for passports are provided.



6. NATURALIZED CITIZENS. In addition to the statements required by rule 3, a naturalized citizen must transmit his certificate of naturalization, or a duly certified copy of the court record thereof, with his application. It will be returned to him after inspection. He must state in his affidavit when and from what port he emigrated to this country, what ship he sailed on, where he has lived since his arrival in the United States, when and before what court he was naturalized, and that he is the identical person described in the certificate of naturalization. The signature to the application should conform in orthography to the applicant's name as written in his certificate of naturalization, or an explanation of the difference should be submitted.

7. WOMAN'S APPLICATION.-If she is unmarried, in addition to the statements required by rule 3, she should state that she has never been married. If she is the wife or widow of a native citizen of the United States the fact should be made to appear in her application, which should be made according to the form prescribed for a native citizen whether she was born in this country or abroad. If she is the wife or widow of a naturalized citizen, in addition to the statements required by rule 3, she must transmit for inspection her husband's certificate of naturalization, or a certified copy of the court record thereof, must state that she is the wife (or widow) of the person described therein, and must set forth the facts of his emigration, naturalization, and residence, as required in the rules governing the application of a naturalized citizen. A married woman citizenship follows that of her husband so far as her international status is concerned. It is essential, therefore, that a woman's marital relations be indicated in her application for a passport, and that in the case of a married woman her husband's citizenship be established.

8. THE CHILD OF A NATURALIZED CITIZEN CLAIMING CITIZENSHIP THROUGH THE NATURALIZATION OF THE PARENT.-In addition to the statements required by rule 3, the applicant must state that he or she is the son or daughter, as the case may be, of the person described in the certificate of naturalization, which must be submitted for inspection, and must set forth the facts of emigra tion, naturalization, and residence, as required in the rule governing the application of a naturalized citizen.

9. A RESIDENT OF AN INSULAR POSSESSION OF THE UNITED STATES WHO OWES ALLEGIANCE TO THE UNITED STATES.-In addition to the statements required by rule 3, he must state that he owes allegiance to the United States and that he does not acknowledge allegiance to any other Government; and must submit affidavits from at least two credible witnesses having good means of knowledge in substantiation of his statements of birth, residence, and loyalty.

10. EXPIRATION OF PASSPORT-A passport expires two years from the date of its issuance. A new one will be issued upon a new application, and if the applicant be a naturalized citizen, the old passport will be accepted in lieu of a certificate of naturaliza tion, If the application upon which it was issued is found to contain sufficient information as to the naturalization of the applicant. Passports are not renewed by the department, but a person abroad holding a passport issued by the department may have it renewed for a period of two years upon presenting it to a diplomatic or principal consular officer of the United States when it is about to expire.

11. WIFE, MINOR CHILDREN, AND SERVANTS.-When the applicant is accompanied by his wife, minor children, or servant who would be entitled to receive a passport, it will be sufficient to state the fact, giving the respective ages of the children and the allegiance of the servant, when one passport will suffice for all. For any other person in the party a separate passport will be required. A woman's passport may include her minor children and servant under the above-named conditions. The term servant does not include a governess, tutor, pupil, companion, or person holding like relations to the applicant for a passport.

12. TITLES.-Professional and other titles will not be inserted in passports.

13. BLANK FORMS OF APPLICATION.-They will be furnished by the department to persons who desire to apply for passports, but are not furnished, except as samples, to those who make a business of procuring passports.

14. ADDRESS Communications should be addressed to the Department of State, Bureau of Citizenship, and each communica tion should give the post-office address of the person to whom the answer is to be directed.

Section 4075 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, as amended by the act of Congress, approved June 14, 1902, provides that "the Secretary of State may grant and issue passports, and cause passports to be granted, issued, and verified in foreign countries by such diplomatic or consular officers of the United States, and by such chief or other executive officer of the Insular possessions of the United States, and under such rules as the President shall designate and prescribe for and on behalf of the United States," the foregoing rules are accordingly prescribed for the issuing and granting of passports in the United States. The Secretary of State is authorized to make regulations on the subject of granting and issuing passports additional to these rules and not inconsistent with them.


THE WHITE HOUSE, March 10, 1913.

Not-An applicant who expects to go to Russia accompanied by wife and children should in form the department to that effect and state the names of the wife and children so that they may be inserted in the passport, to conform with the Russian regulations..


Liability for Military Service in Foreign Countries.


NOTICE TO AMERICAN CITIZENS WHO CONTEMPLATE GOING ABROAD. All American citizens who go abroad should carry American passports. American citizens are advised not to visit unnecessarily countries at war. It is especially important that naturalized American citizens refrain from visiting their countries of origin or countries which are at war therewith. W. J. BRYAN.

Department of State, Washington, August 12, 1914.


Emergency passports may be obtained by American citizens in Europe from American embassles, legations, or consulates upon their submitting thereto proper sworn applications supported by the necessary evidence of citizenship. A person claiming citizenship through naturalization in his own right should submit his certificate of naturalization with the application, and a person claiming citizenship through naturalization of parent or husband should submit the certificate of naturalization of such person. If the certificate of natural zation has been left in this country It should be forwarded to the department, and notice of its receipt will be sent by mall or telegraph to the embassy, legation, or consulate in which the passport application is to be made.

Where a person is residing in a remote place abroad and cannot, without great danger, difficulty, or expense, reach an American embassy, legation, or consulate to make his or her application, the department will consider the issuance of a passport upon receipt of a proper sworn application made in behalf of such person by the husband, parent, next of kin, or legal representative in this country. The person who signs the application should set forth the full name and personal description of the one for whom the passport is sought, and should state, to the best of his knowledge and belief, where and when such person was born, the nationality of his father at the time of such person's birth, how long and in what places such persons resided in this country, what occupation he follows, when he went abroad and for what purpose, his exact present address, and his intention of returning to the United States for permanent residence. In the case of a naturalized citizen he should also state when he or she, or the parent or husband through whom naturalization was acquired, first came to this country, and when and before what court the naturalization was obtained, and the application should be accompanied by the naturalization certificate. When the person in whose behalf the application is made is accompanied by wife, children, or servants, who are citizens of the United States, the application should include their names, with the dates and places of birth.

The department does not furnish special blank forms of applications for the use of persons applying in behalf of others. The blank forms prescribed for ordinary applications may be used, with the necessary alterations and additions. The applicant should sign his own name, followed by the name of the person for whom the passport is desired, and should state his relationship to such person; thus: "John Jones, in behalf of Sarah Jones, his wife." The seal of the notarial officer before whom the application is executed should be affixed. The personal description should contain the following items: Age, years; stature, inches, English measure; forehead, eyes, - mouth, -; chin, ; hair, -; complexion, face, The application must be accompanied by a certified statement of some credible witness, other than the applicant, that he is acquainted with the applicant and the person for whom the passport is requested, and that the facts stated in the application are true to the best of the witness's knowledge and bellef.


: nose,

Upon special requests the department, Instead of issuing a regular passport, upon the application received, and sending it through the mall, may telegraph the proper American diplomatic or consular officer in Europe to issue an emergency passport and send it to the person for whom it is desired. Such telegraphic Instructions must necessarily set forth the full name, personal description, and address of the person for whom the passport is sought.

Whenever it is possible the department prefers that the application for a passport be made by the person to whom it is to be issued, and, when so requested, the department will instruct diplomatic or consular officers by telegraph to advise Americans abroad how and where applications may be made.

The expense of sending a telegram must, in every case, be assumed by some rellable person In this country, to whom a bill therefor will be sent.

The legal fee for the issuance of a passport by the department is one dollar, and, if this amount is sent in the form of a money order, it should be made payable to the "Disbursing Clerk, Department of State." In view of the present conditions in Europe, fees for the issuance of emergency passports by American diplomatic and consular officers will be waived. W. J. BRYAN.

Department of State, Washington, August 12, 1914.


THE Department of State has recently received numerous inquiries from foreign-born persons residing in this country as to whether they may be compelled to perform military service in their native lands and as to what penalties, by way of fines, confiscation of property, or imprisonment in case of return, they will incur if they fall to report to the authorities of their countries of origin for milltary service. Some of the Inquiries refer to persons who have obtained naturalization as citizens of the United States, others to persons who have made declarations of intention to become American citizens, and still others to persons who have taken no steps toward acquiring American citizenship. Misconception and confusion concerning this matter appear to be current.

The United States is not a party to any treatles under which persons of foreign origin residing In this country may be compelled to return to their countries of origin for military service, nor is there any way in which persons may be forced into foreign armies against their will so long as they remain in the United States.

The department cannot undertake to give authentic, offelal Information either, in general, as to the requirements of the military service laws of foreign countries and the penalties provided therein for evasion of military service, or, in particular, as to the status and present or future llabilities of individuals under such laws. Information of this kind must be obtained from officials of the foreign countries concerned.

The department issues printed circulars concerning the status in their native lands of naturalized citizens of the United States, natives of certain European countries, and these will be furnished to interested persons upon request. It is specifically stated in these circulars that the information contained in them is not to be considered as official so far as it relates to the laws and regulations of foreign countries.

The United States has concluded treatles of naturalization with the following European countries: Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, the German States, Great Britain, Norway and Sweden. Coples of these treatles are to be found in "Treaties, Conventions, etc., between the United States


of America and Other Powers" (Government Printing Office, 1910), and separate coples may be furnished by the department upon request. Under these treaties the naturalization of persons concerned as citizens of the United States and the termination of their former allegiance are recognized, with the reservation, in most of them, that such persons remain liable to trial and punishment in their native lands for offences committed prior to emigration therefrom, including offences of evasion of military duty. The United States holds that no naturalized citizen of this country can rightfully be held to account for military liability to his native land accruing subsequent to emigration therefrom, but this principle may be contested by countries with which the United States has not entered into treaties of naturalization. The latter countries may hold that naturalization of their citizens or subjects as citizens of other countries has no effect upon their original military obligation, or may deny the right of their citizens or subjects to become naturalized as citizens of other countries, In the absence of express consent or without the fulfilment of military obligations. More specific information as to the department's understanding of the laws of these countries concerning nationality and military obligations may be found in the department's circulars mentioned


It is important to observe that an allen who declares his intention to become a citizen of the United States does not, at the time of making such declaration, renounce allegiance to his original sovereign, but merely declares that he intends to do so. Such person does not, by his declaration of Intention, acquire the status of a citizen of the United States. W. J. BRYAN.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, August 14, 1914.


Director-Joseph A. Holmes, Washington, D. C. ($6,000).

THE general purpose of the Bureau of Mines, of the Department of the Interior, is to conduct, in behalf of the public welfare, fundamental inquiries and investigations into the mining Industry, Two phases of the industry of greatest national concern are safety and efficiency-safeguarding the Ilves of our miners and insuring the most efficient and least wasteful development and use of our mineral resources.

These inquiries and Investigations are national in scope; they do not contemplate the safeguarding of the life of the individual miner nor the promotion of the Interests of the individual mine owner or operator, but seek the development of methods that will increase the safety of all miners and will promote the upbuilding and permanence of the whole mineral industry. Yet, although the advancement of the public welfare is the primary purpose of this work, it is obvious that broad fundamental inquiries and researches cannot fail to confer benefits on the Individual miner and the Individual mine owner. Hence, the function of the Bureau of Mines may be defined as the conducting of Inquiries and investigations that have for their purpose the Improvement of health conditions, and the increase of safety, efficiency and economic development in the mining, quarrying, metallurgical and miscellaneous mineral industries of the country.


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During the first six months of 1913 fatalities in and about coal mines were 1316; for corre sponding pertod in 1914, 1,260.

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During the calendar year 1913 there were 2,785 men killed in and about the coal mines of the United States. Based on an output of 570,048,125 short tons of coal produced by 747,644 men, the number of men killed for every 1,000,000 tons of coal mined was 4.89, and the death rate per 1,000 employed was 3.73. In 1913 the number of men killed was 425 more than in 1912, representing an increase of 18 per cent. There were 204,685 tons of coal mined for each man killed in 1913, as compared with 226,469 in 1912.

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In making comparisons with the figures for 1912, it must be borne in mind that during the month of April, 1912, many of the mines throughout the United States were closed pending wage settlements, and during that month only 81 men were killed, as compared with 285 men killed during the same month in 1913, when the mines were in full operation.

During the year there were 8 mine disasters in which 5 or more men were killed, representing a total of 464 fatalities, as compared with 13 similar disasters in 1912, wherein 252 men were killed. Although the number of lives lost in the disasters of 1913 was larger than in the previous year, the number of mine disasters was reduced by 38 per cent.

Statistics concerning injuries in coal mines not collated since 1911.

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226,469 204,685



THE following paraphrase and condensation of the naturalization laws of the United States have been revised by the Commissioner of Naturalization of the Department of Labor, and includes such minor changes in the law as were provided by the recent amendments embodied in the acts of Congress, approved June 25, 1910, and June 30, 1914.

The following courts alone have the power to naturalize allens: United States District Courts now existing, or which may hereafter be established by Congress in any State, United States District Courts for the Territories of Hawall and Alaska, also all courts of record in any State or Territory now existing, or which may hereafter be created, having a seal, a clerk and jurisdiction in actions at law or



The power to naturalize, conferred upon the above mentioned courts, is limited to persons residing within the geographical limits over which their respective jurisdiction extends. DECLARATION OF INTENTION.

Any allen who is a white person, or of African nativity or African descent, is required, if he desires to become naturalized, to file a declaration of intention in the clerk's office of any court having Jurisdiction over the place in which he lives, and such declaration may not be filed until the allen has reached the age of eighteen years. This declaration must contain information as to the name, age, occupation, time and place of arrival in the United States, and must further show that it is the de clarant's bona fide intention to become a citizen of the United States and to renounce forever all alleglance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, and particularly to the one of which he may be at the time a citizen or subject.

Allens of the age of twenty-one years and upward, who have been honorably discharged from service in the armies of the United States, either regular or volunteer, are not required to make a declaration of Intention.

Any allen, of the age of twenty-one years and upward, who has served five consecutive years in the United States Navy or one enlistment in the United States Marine Corps, may be admitted to citizenship without any previous declaration of intention.

Under the act approved June 30, 1914, any allen of the age of twenty-one years and upward, who may under existing law become a citizen, who has served one enlistment of not less than four years in the United States Navy or Marine Corps, or who has completed four years in the Revenue Cutter Service, and received an honorable discharge or an ordinary discharge with recommendation for re-enlistment, or has completed four years of honorable service in the naval auxillary service, is admissible to citizen ship, upon his petition, without a previous declaration of Intention, and without proof of residence on shore.

The widow and children who are under age at the time that an allen who has made his declaration of intention has died, without having secured a certificate of naturalization, are also exempted from the necessity of filing a declaration of intention.

By act of June 25, 1910, any person who on May 1, 1905, was an inhabitant for five years and qualified to become a citizen of the United States and who for the five years preceding May 1, 1910, had resided in the United States continuously and who, because of misinformation in regard to his citizenship, had in good faith exer cised the rights and duties of a citizen of the United States because of wrongful information and bell ef, may, upon proof of these facts satisfactory to a court having Jurisdiction to naturalize allens, petition for naturalization without filing the required declaration of Intention upon compliance with the other requirements of the law.


Not less than two years after an allen has filed his declaration of intention, and after not less than five years' continuous residence In the United States, he may file a petition for citizenship in any one of the courts above stated which has jurisdiction over the place in which he resides, provided he has lived at least one year continu ously, Immediately prior to the filing of such petition, in the State or Territory in which such place is located. This petition must be signed by the petitioner in his own handwriting and shall give his full name, place of residence, occupation, place of birth and the date thereof, the place from which he emigrated, and the date and place of his arrival in the United States. If such arrival occurred subsequent to the passage of the act of June 29, 1906, he must secure a certificate from the Department of Labor showing the fact of such arrival and the date and place thereof, for filing with the clerk of the court to be attached to his petition. If he is married he must state the name of his wife and, if possible, the country of her nativity and her place of residence at the time of the filing of his petition, and, if he has children, the name, date and place of birth and present place of residence of each living child. The petition must set forth that he is not a disbeliever in or opposed to organized govern ment, or a member of or affiliated with any organization or body of persons teaching disbelief in or opposition to organized government; that he is not a polygamist or a bellever in the practice of polygamy, and that he absolutely and forever renounces all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign country of which he may, at the time of filing such petition, be a citizen or subject. This petition must be verified at the time it is filed by the affidavit of two credible witnesses, who are citizens of the United States and who shall state that they have known the petitioner during his entire residence (not exceeding five years) In the State in which the petition is filed, which must be not less than one year, and that they have known him to be a resident of the United States continuously during the five years immediately preceding the filing of the petition; that during such time he acted as a man of good moral character, attached to the principles of the Constitution of the United States and well disposed to the good order and happiness of the same. If a portion of the five years has been passed by the petitioner in some other State than that in which he resides at the time of filing his petition the amdavit of the witnesses may verify so much of the petitioner's residence as has been passed in the State (not less than one year), and the portion of said five years' residence out of the State may be shown by depositions at the time of hearing on the petition.

No petition may be heard until the expiration of at least ninety days after it is filed nor within thirty days preceding a general election. At the hearing upon a petition, which shall be at a date fixed by order of the court, the witnesses are required to again attend and testify in open court so that the Judge or Judges thereof may be satisfied that the petitioner is qualified and that he has complied with all the requirements of the law.

Any allen who has borne an hereditary title or been a member of an order or nobility must renounce such title or position expressly before becoming naturalized. No allen may become naturalized, if physically capable, who does not speak the English language.

Allens who are admitted to citizenship by order in open court will be required to take the oath of allegiance and thereafter will be entitled to a certificate of naturalization.

The law also provides as to those persons, who though not citizens owe permanent allegiance to the United States, and who may become citizens of any State or organized Territory of the United States, that they may be naturalized upon compliance with all the requirements of the law, except that they will not be called upon to renounce allegiance to any foreign sovereignty.

At the time of filing his declaration of Intention an allen is required to pay to the clerk of the court a fee of one dollar. At the time of filing a petition for naturalization a petitioner is required to pay to the clerk of the court a fee of four dollars. This latter fee is for the cost of recording the petition and hearing the case, as well as for the issuance, if the petition is granted, of the certificate of naturalization. CHINESE.

The naturalisation of Chinamen is expressly prohibited by Sec. 14, Chap. 126, Laws of 1882.



THE Pure Food act, approved June 30, 1906, is entitled "An act for preventing the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated or misbranded or poisonous or deleterious foods, drugs, medicines and liquors, and for regulating traffic therein, and for other It took effect by its terms on January 1, 1907. purposes."

The first section of the act makes it unlawful for any person to manufacture within the District of Columbia or any Territory any article of food or drug which is adulterated or misbranded, under a penalty not to exceed $500, or one year's imprisonment, or both, at the discretion of the court, for the first offence, and not less than $1,000 or one year's imprisonment, or both, for each subsequent offence.

Sec. 2 of the act makes it applicable to food or drugs introduced into any State from any other State, and from or to any foreign country

Sec. 3. That the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Agriculture, and the Secretary of Commerce and Labor shall make uniform rules and regulations for carrying out the provisions of this act, including the collection and examination of specimens of foods and drugs manufactured or offered for sale in the District of Columany foreign bia, or in any Territory of the United States, or which shall be offered for sale in unbroken packages in any State other than that in which they shall have been respectively manufactured or produced, or which shall be received from country, or intended for shipment to any foreign country, or which may be submitted for examination by the chief health, food, or drug officer of any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or at any domestic or foreign port through which such product is offered for interstate commerce, or for export or import between the United States and any foreign port or country.

Sec. 4. That the examinations of specimens of foods and drugs shall be made in the Bureau of Chemistry of the Department of Agriculture, or under the direction and supervision of such bureau, for the purpose of determining from such examinations whether such articles are adulterated or misbranded within the meaning of this act; and if it shall appear from any such examination that any of such specimens is adulterated or misbranded within the meaning of this act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall cause notice thereof to be given to the party from whom such sample was obtained. Any party so notified shall be given an opportunity to be heard, under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed as aforesaid, and if it appears that any of the provisions of this act have been violated by such party, then the Secretary of Agriculture shall at once certify the facts to the proper United States District-Attorney, with a copy of the results of the analysis or the examination of such article duly authenticated by the analyst or officer making such examination, under the oath After judgment of the court. notice shall be given by publication in of such officer. such manner as may be prescribed by the rules and regulations aforesaid.

Sec. 5. That it shall be the duty of each District Attorney to whom the Secretary of Agriculture shall report any violation of this act, or to whom any health or food or drug cfficer or agent of any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia shall present satisfactory evidence of any such violation, to cause appropriate proceedings to be commenced and prosecuted in the proper courts of the United States, without delay, for the enforcement of the penalties as in such case herein provided.

The sections descriptive of the articles which come within the scope of the act are as follows:

"Sec. 6. That the term 'drug,' as used in this act, shall include all medicines and preparations recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary for internal or external use, and any substance or mixture of substances intended to be used for the cure, mitigation or prevention of disease of either man or other animals. The term 'food,' as used herein, shall include all articles used for food, drink, confectionery or condiment by man or other animals, whether simple, mixed or compound. "Sec. 7. That for the purposes of this act an article shall be deemed to be aduiterated:"" In the case of drugs:

First. If, when a drug is sold under or by a name recognized in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary, it differs from the standard of strength, quality or Provided, That no drug defined in the purity, as determined by the test laid down in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary official at the time of investigation: United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary shall be deemed to be adulterated under this provision if the standard of strength, quality or purity be plainly stated upon the bottle, box or other container thereof, although the standard may differ from that determined by the test laid down in the United States Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary. "Second. If this strength or purity fall below the professed standard or quality under

which it is sold."

In the case of confectionery:

"If it contain terra alba, barytes, talc, chrome yellow, or other mineral substance or poisonous color or flavor, or other ingredient deleterious or detrimental to health, or any vinous, malt or spirituous liquor or compound or narcotic drug.'

In the case of food:

"First. If any substance has been mixed and packed with it so as to reduce, or lower, or injuriously affect its quality or strength.

"Second. If any substance has been substituted wholly or in part for the article. "Third. If any valuable constituent of the article has been wholly or in part extracted. "Fourth. If it be mixed, colored, powdered, coated, or stained in a manner whereby damage or inferiority is concealed.

Provided, That when in the preparation of "Fifth. If it contain any added poisonous or other added deleterious ingredient which may render such article injurious to health: food products for shipment they are preserved by any external application applied in such manner that the preservative is necessarily removed mechanically, or by maceration in water, or otherwise, and directions for the removal of said preservatives shall be printed on the covering of the package, the provisions of this act shall be construed as applying only when said products are ready for consumption.

"Sixth. If it consists in whole or in part of a filthy, decomposed, or putrid animal or

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