Friendship Processes

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SAGE, 1996 - 240 Seiten
"In this marvelous book, Beverly Fehr presents a comprehensive and richly detailed examination of what scholars have learned about the formation, maintenance, and dissolution of friendships. . . . Overall, a model of careful scholarship, clear writing, and good sense. For anyone studying friendships, there is no better place to start. This is perhaps the best book of its kind." --Choice Friends are an integral part of our lives--they sometimes replace family relationships and often form the basis for romantic relationships. Friendship Processes, new in the Sage Series on Close Relationships, examines exactly how friends give meaning to our lives and why we rely so heavily on them. Broad in its coverage, the book is process oriented and research based with each phase of the friendship process documented by empirical research. The result is a conceptual framework that illuminates the fascinating components of how we make friends, how we become close, how we maintain friends, and how friendships deteriorate and dissolve. Author Beverley Fehr equips the reader with valuable knowledge about the formations and continuations of the intriguing personal relationship called friendship. Friendship Processes also illustrates well the fact that, as a field of study, close relationships is maturing rapidly. Promising to be the definitive study of the subject for many years to come, this book will be of particular interest to professionals, academics, and students of social psychology, sociology, communication, family studies, and social work as well as any interested reader who is anxious to deepen his or her understanding and appreciation of a very engaging topic.
 

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Inhalt

Chapter 1 The Meaning of Friendship
1
The Place of Friendship in Our Lives
2
What is It?
5
Summary
20
Chapter 2 Theories of Friendship
21
Reinforcement Theories
22
Social Exchange and Equity Theories
24
Cognitive Consistency Theories
31
Activities
115
Conversation Topics
119
Social Support
127
Quality of Friendship
129
Love and Affection
130
Closeness and Intimacy
131
Are Womens Friendships Really more Intimate Than Mens?
133
Gender Role Differences
141

Developmental Theories
34
Comparison of the Theories
38
Summary
41
Chapter 3 Friendship Formation
43
Environmental Factors
44
Individual Factors
50
Situational Factors
58
Dyadic Factors
61
Convergence of Environmental Individual Situational and Dyadic Factors
65
Summary
68
Chapter 4 Achieving Closeness
70
Strangers versus Friends
71
Acquaintances versus Friends
74
Friends versus Close Friends
102
Friends versus Best Friends
104
Close Friends versus Best Friends
105
Other Friendship Typologies
106
Summary
111
Chapter 5 Gender Issues in Friendship
113
Amount of Time Spent with Friends
114
Issues in CrossSex Friendships
142
Summary
153
Chapter 6 Friendship Maintenance
155
Dialectics of Friendship Maintenance
156
Conflict and Anger in Friendships
159
Maintenance Strategies
165
Summary
177
Chapter 7 Deterioration and Dissolution
178
The Dark Side of Friendship
179
Deterioration
181
Rejuvenation
183
Dissolution
185
Strategies for Ending Friendships
197
Ending on a Happy Note
200
References
202
Author Index
228
Subject Index
235
About the Author
240
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