Contextualisms in Epistemology

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Elke Brendel, Christoph Jäger
Springer Science & Business Media, 02.03.2005 - 368 Seiten

Contextualism has become one of the leading paradigms in contemporary epistemology. According to this view, there is no context-independent standard of knowledge, and as a result, all knowledge ascriptions are context-sensitive. Contextualists contend that their account of this analysis allows us to resolve some major epistemological problems such as skeptical paradoxes and the lottery paradox, and that it helps us explain various other linguistic data about knowledge ascriptions. The apparent ease with which contextualism seems to solve numerous epistemological quandaries has inspired the burgeoning interest in it.

This comprehensive anthology collects twenty original essays and critical commentaries on different aspects of contextualism, written by leading philosophers on the topic. The editors’ introduction sketches the historical development of the contextualist movement and provides a survey and analysis of its arguments and major positions. The papers explore, inter alia, the central problems and prospects of semantic (or conversational) contextualism and its main alternative approaches such as inferential (or issue) contextualism, epistemic contextualism, and virtue contextualism. They also investigate the connections between contextualism and epistemic particularism, and between contextualism and stability accounts of knowledge.

Elke Brendel is Professor of Philosophy at the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany. She has published numerous articles on logic, epistemology, the philosophy of science, and the philosophy of language. She is the author of Die Wahrheit über den Lügner (The Truth About the Liar, 1992), Grundzüge der Logik II – Klassen, Relationen, Zahlen (Foundations of Logic II – Sets, Relations, Numbers, with Wilhelm K. Essler, 1993), and Wahrheit und Wissen (Truth and Knowledge, 1999).

Christoph Jäger is Lecturer in Philosophy at Aberdeen University, United Kingdom, and Privatdozent of Philosophy (honorary office) at the University of Leipzig, Germany. He has published numerous articles on epistemology, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of religion. Books: Selbstreferenz und Selbstbewusstsein (Self-reference and Self-knowledge, 1999), Analytische Religionsphilosophie (Analytic Philosophy of Religion, ed., 1998), Kunst und Erkenntnis (Art and Knowledge, ed., with Georg Meggle, 2004), Religion und Rationalität (Religion and Rationality, forthcoming).

 

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Inhalt

PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS
1
FRED DRETSKE EXTERNALISM AND MODEST CONTEXTUALISM
31
DRETSKES THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE
45
MYLAN ENGEL Jr WHATS WRONG WITH CONTEXTUALISM AND A NONCONTEXTUALIST RESOLUTION OF THE SKEPTICAL PARAD...
61
COMMENTS ON ENGEL
91
BRUCE RUSSELL HOW TO BE AN ANTISKEPTIC AND A NONCONTEXTUALIST
103
WAYNE A DAVIS ARE KNOWLEDGE CLAIMS INDEXICAL?
115
COMMENTS ON DAVIS
141
COMMENTS ON BARKE
233
JOHN GRECO A DIFFERENT SORT OF CONTEXTUALISM
241
COMMENTS ON GRECO
259
PETER BAUMANN LOTTERIES AND CONTEXTS
273
STEWART COHEN REPLY TO BAUMANN
287
MARK LANCE and MARGARET LITTLE DEFEASIBILITY AND THE NORMATIVE GRASP OF CONTEXT
293
COMMENTS ON LANCE AND LITTLE
315
CONVERTING BELIEF INTO KNOWLEDGE
327

CONSTRAINTS FOR AN OPTIMAL CONTEXTUALIST ANSWER?
153
MICHAEL WILLIAMS KNOWLEDGE REFLECTION AND SCEPTICAL HYPOTHESES
173
COMMENTS ON WILLIAMS
203
ANTONIA BARKE EPISTEMIC CONTEXTUALISM
211
COMMENTS ON ROTT
353
CONTRIBUTORS
365
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Über den Autor (2005)

Elke Brendel is Professor of Philosophy at the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany. She has published numerous articles on logic, epistemology, the philosophy of science, and the philosophy of language. She is the author of Die Wahrheit über den Lügner (The Truth About the Liar, 1992), Grundzüge der Logik II - Klassen, Relationen, Zahlen (Foundations of Logic II - Sets, Relations, Numbers, with Wilhelm K. Essler, 1993), and Wahrheit und Wissen (Truth and Knowledge, 1999).

Christoph Jäger is Lecturer in Philosophy at Aberdeen University, United Kingdom, and Privatdozent of Philosophy (honorary office) at the University of Leipzig, Germany. He has published numerous articles on epistemology, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of religion. Books: Selbstreferenz und Selbstbewusstsein (Self-reference and Self-knowledge, 1999), Analytische Religionsphilosophie (Analytic Philosophy of Religion, ed., 1998), Kunst und Erkenntnis (Art and Knowledge, ed., with Georg Meggle, 2004), Religion und Rationalität (Religion and Rationality, forthcoming).

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