A History of the Photographic Lens
Academic Press, 1989 - 334 Seiten
The lens is generally the most expensive and least understood part of any camera. In this book, Rudolf Kingslake traces the historical development of the various types of lenses from Daguerre's invention of photography in 1839 through lenses commonly used today.
From an early lens still being manufactured for use in low-cost cameras to designs made possible through such innovations as lens coating, rare-earth glasses, and computer aided lens design and testing, the author details each major advance in design and fabrication. The book explains how and why each new lens type was developed, and why most of them have since been abandoned. This authoritative history of lens technology also includes brief biographies of several outstanding lens designers and manufacturers of the past.
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A Brief Historical Survey
Identifying a Given Lens
The Achromatic Landscape Lens
Symmetrical Doublets Spherically Corrected
The Heliar and Its Variations
The Wray HighAperture Radiographic Lens
The Zeiss Planar Lens
Unsymmetrical DoubleGauss Lenses
Reversed Telephoto Lenses
Varifocal and Zoom Lenses
Catadioptric Mirror Systems
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Abbe achromat airspace Anastigmat Angenieux angular field Antiplanet Aplanat arrangement aspheric astigmatism attachment axis barium crown Bausch & Lomb became Bertele Brit cemented doublet cemented interface central stop Chevalier coma Company Cooke Triplet corrected crown glasses Dagor daguerreotype Dallmeyer developed diaphragm dispersion distortion double-Gauss early F-number field flattener focal length focus focusing front component Goerz H. W. Lee high-aperture Jena Kodak landscape lens large number later Leitz lens design main lens manufactured microscope mirror motion pictures mounted moved negative component negative element optical glass optician patent Paul Rudolph Petzval Petzval Portrait lens Petzval sum Phot Photographic Lens photographic lenses photographic objective plane Plasmat positive element Rapid Rectilinear rear component Rectigraphic reduced refractive index relative aperture reversed telephoto Rohr Ross Rudolph Schott separation Series shown in Figure spherical aberration Steinheil symmetrical Taylor-Hobson telephoto lens telescope Tessar type of construction varifocal Voigtlander wide-angle York Zeiss zoom lenses
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